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Study Resources (Anthropology)

1.According to Stryker (Ethnography in the Public Interest), the Women‘s Prison Healthcare Project she directed discovered that a.women lived in overcrowded cells. b.women were paid very little for the work they did in the prison. c.women sometimes faked illness to get special attention. d.two of the above  e. a, b, and c above   2.According to Stryker.
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  21.Upper Paleolithic people of Europe produced ivory sculptures and mural paintings. 22.During the Upper Paleolithic period, modern Homo sapiens migrated throughout the world, including North and South America and Australia. 23.Homo erectus was the first hominid species to intentionally bury their dead. 24.Neandertals had a much reduced cranial capacity and intellect compared to.
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1. According to Shandy (The Road to Refugee Resettlement), the Nuer refugees who have been resettled in the United States were originally a pastoral people living in the     southern Sudan.   2. According to Shandy (The Road to Refugee Resettlement), Nuer refugees have been    sent to the United States by Christian missionaries.
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1. According to Alverson (Advice for Developers), Peace Corps volunteers working in Botswana often isolated themselves, hung out with other Americans or Europeans, felt spiteful toward the Tswana, and failed to complete contracts.   2. According to Alverson (Advice for Developers), Peace Corps volunteers maintained an aloof distance when they talked with.
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  47.The Amish emphasize their ethnic differences through __________. A.language and dress B.strange haircuts C.cars and trains D.using the newest technology 48.Which of the following is true of symbols? A.They are rooted deeply in genetic structure. B.They are different for everyone. C.They cannot be easily identified. D.They are arbitrary but meaningful units we use to represent reality. 49.Ways of enforcing mores.
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  21.According to Marvin Harris, the dietary practices of various cultures may be rooted in ecological conditions. 22.Anthropologists have determined that specific food preferences are biologically based, not culturally influenced. 23.Cultural diversity is a reflection of environmental adaptations and the consequence of symbolic creations. 24.The Rastafarian movement of Jamaica is an excellent example of.
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1.Although anthropologists study the unique features of diverse cultures, they also recognize the fundamental similarities among all peoples in the world. 2.The field of anthropology has been divided into four branches: physical anthropology, archaeology, linguistic anthropology, and cultural anthropology or ethnology. 3.Physical anthropologists focus their research in two areas: human evolution and.
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1. According to Barrett (Leprosy on the Ganges), medical anthropologists treat disease and illness as related but different concepts.   2. According to Barrett (Leprosy on the Ganges), medical anthropologists focus their ethnographic research on the social aspects of disease.   3. According to Barrett (Leprosy on the Ganges), the Indian city of Varanasi.
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1. According to Omohundro (Career Advice), anthropology majors have a difficult time knowing how to apply for a job because they live in a society where there are an enormous number of different jobs and where their lives have been separated from the world of work during childhood and college.   2..
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  35.One goal of anthropological linguistics is to determine the number of phonemes (phonetic structure) that exist in different languages. This goal is accomplished by employing the use of: A.minimal pairs B.phone taps C.maximal differences D.syntax units 36.The word "lower" contains: A.two bound morphemes B.two bound phonemes C.two free morphemes D.one bound morpheme and one free morpheme E.no morphemes of any.
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1.Unilineal evolution is the view that all societies evolve in a single direction called "progress" toward complexity and civilization. 2.In the 19th century, E. B. Tylor suggested that all societies progressed through three evolutionary stages: savagery, barbarism, and civilization. 3.Lewis Henry Morgan believed in a hierarchical evolution of society from "savagery" to "civilization,".
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1. Cultural hybridization is the process by which a cultural custom, item, or concept is     transformed to fit the cultural context of a society that borrows it.   2. Refugees are individuals who emigrate from one country to another.   3. Cultural diffusion is the process by which a cultural custom, item, or concept.
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1.Culture consists of both material and nonmaterial components. 2.The concept of "culture" is central to many anthropological discussions and issues. 3.Culture can be defined as a shared way of life that includes values, beliefs, and norms that are transmitted within a particular society from generation to generation. 4.A society and a culture are.
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1.Language is a system of symbols with standard meanings. 2.Chimpanzees and gorillas have been taught to speak up to 100 English sentences so they can communicate their daily needs as well as humans. 3.According to Herbert Terrace's research, chimpanzees are highly intelligent animals that can learn many signs, but they cannot understand.
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  42.Noam Chomsky suggests humans are born with a brain prewired to enable us to acquire languages easily.  This “prewiring” is referred to as __________. A.syntax B.universal grammar C.infinite model D.functional template 43.If someone came up to you and said, "Oh, you see everything through rose-colored glasses," this might suggest to you that the person speaking.
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  36.Kelley Hays-Gilpin, a southwestern U.S. archaeologist, studied: A.Brazil B.gender approaches to the archaeological record C.tropical rainforests D.East Africa 37.The people known as classical archaeologists conduct research on: A.ancient civilizations of Greece and Rome B.the evolution of prehistoric stone tools C.societies of the more recent past D.ancestors of contemporary Native Americans     38.Research on artifacts found in the remains of slave quarters.
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  26.One methodology for the study of extraterrestrial cultures that would come from anthropology would be: A.field studies of planetary geography and geology B.participant observation to get an "insider's" perspective C.lab studies of comparative anatomy and physiology D.interpretations of alien songs and poetry 27.According to the author of your textbook, the major goal(s) of anthropology is/are: A.to.
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  27.A way of life shared by a group of human beings – including their language, beliefs, and things they make and use – is referred to by anthropologists as their __________. A.religion B.heritage C.culture D.environment 28.__________ is credited with providing us with the first, detailed definition of culture, "...that complex whole which includes knowledge, belief,.
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  37.The earliest traces of material culture are: A.fossil teeth of the species Australopithecus B.words like "ma" to indicate mother C.simple stone tools, like choppers and scrapers D.forms of social organization among different primates 38.Which of the following would NOT be considered a form of material culture? A.igloos B.cufflinks C.lullabies D.forks 39.The term "ideology" refers to: A.signs and symbols used to communicate.
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  31.According to Piaget, humans demonstrate the ability to use symbols from the time they are born. 32.Evolutionary psychologists emphasize innate human predispositions. 33.Psychological anthropologists differ from psychologists in that their research focuses on: A.the behavior of social deviants B.physiological characteristics of the human brain C.cross-cultural similarities and differences D.individuals in their own societies 34.The process by.
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1. According to Guneratne and Bjork (Village Walks), Nepalese tourist  companies characterize the Tharu as primitive forest dwellers untouched by civilization.   2. According to Guneratne and Bjork (Village Walks), most of guides that led tours to Pipariya were from lower ranking ethnic groups and had little knowledge of the Tharu.   3. According.
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  28.Most cultures have developed sophisticated ideas and myths to provide answers to fundamental questions such as: "Who are we?", "Where did we come from?", and "Why are we here?"  These conceptual frameworks that present the universe as an orderly system and answer these basic questions are called __________. A.analogs B.cosmologies C.paradigms D.apologies 29.The theory of.
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  25.A system of symbols with standard meanings is a __________. A.society B.phonology C.syntax D.language E.semantic 26.The gorilla named "Koko" was able to: A.speak and communicate by using over 100 English words B.learn to program a computer using the computer language called FORTRAN C.communicate using about 170 signs from American Sign Language (ASL) D.write her own name and verbally communicate her.
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1. According to Miner (Body Ritual among the Nacirema), the Nacirema display an extreme concern for the maintenance and care of their bodies.   2. Miner (Body Ritual among the Nacirema) notes that among the Nacirema, a ritual specialist called a latipso specializes in the care of the mouth.   3. According to Miner.
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  18.The principal theoretical objective of modern anthropology is: A.to document differences between ethnic groups B.to study the close relationship between genetics and culture C.to provide useful explanations of human society and behavior D.to formulate laws for predicting human behavior and thought 19.Edward B. Tylor, who published a major book entitled Primitive Culture in 1871, is.
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  11.According to general evolutionists such as Leslie A. White, since the degree of societal development is measured by the amount of energy harnessed by the sociocultural system, the greater the energy, the more highly evolved the system. 12.The cultural ecological perspective of cultural evolution focuses on how specific sociocultural systems adapt.
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  41.The human capacity for culture is: A.learned after birth B.genetically programmed C.weaker than for instinctual behavior D.severely limited 42.Most modern anthropologists are of the opinion that individual human behavior is: A.influenced more strongly by cultural than by hereditary factors B.controlled primarily by inherited characteristics in the structure of the brain C.completely a product of learning and culture, with.
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  1. Innovation is the recombination of concepts, which are previously known, to form something qualitatively new.   2. Acculturation refers to the process of learning one's culture.   3. Social acceptance of an innovation involves three steps: identification, analysis, and substitution.   4. If an anthropologist studied how the use of tobacco spread throughout the world,.
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1. According to Stryker (Ethnography in the Public Interest), public interest ethnography looks at public policy from the perspective of those who are affected by it.   2. According to Stryker (Ethnography in the Public Interest), public interest ethnography involves fieldwork among policy makers.   3. According to Stryker (Ethnography in the Public Interest),.
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  11.Culture allows humans to adjust to a wide range of physical environments. 12.According to the culture-and-personality theory, there is a correlation between personality and ethnicity. 13.Franz Boas had a guiding influence on Margaret Mead. 14.According to Mead, Samoan adolescents engaged freely in premarital sex. 15.Human behavior can be entirely attributed to cultural factors. 16.According to.
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  1.According to Barrett (Leprosy on the Ganges), in India leprosy is  a. easily treated. b.highly contagious. c.caused by a bacterium that kills the body‘s cells in one‘s hands and feet and other extremities. d.carried by mosquitoes. e.none of the above   2.According to Barrett (Leprosy on the Ganges), the Ganges river water a. ritual pollutes the bodies.
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  19.Most anthropologists maintain that language influences a person's thinking and worldview, but language does not determine thought. 20.Using glottochronology, historical linguists can work with archaeologists in order to reconstruct protolanguages and prehistoric migrations. 21.Glottochronology is the study of the interrelationships among the vocal tract, glottis, larynx, and pharynx in the production of.
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  44.Anthropology is said to be "holistic" because it: A.is concerned with primitive societies B.makes use of both written and spoken sources C.combines studies of biological and cultural phenomena D.studies the mystical aspects of human experience 45.The use of anthropological data to offer practical solutions to problems within a society is called: A.applied anthropology B.forensics C.ethnography D.participant observation E.holism   46.An example of.
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  48.The Upper Paleolithic period, which dates from about 40,000 to 10,000 years ago, was characterized by: A.big game hunting B.blade tools of many traditions C.the invention of composite tools D.cave art E.all of these choices 49.Upper Paleolithic hunters increased the power and accuracy of their projectiles by using: A.slingshots B.spear throwers C.bows and arrows D.stone projectile points 50.The term "composite tool".
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1.Origin myths account for the ways in which supernatural forces and beings fashioned the world and all the living things. 2.In the religious tradition of Taoism, the spiritual and material sources for the origins of humans are the opposite forces of yin (female) and yang (male). 3.The theory of natural selection was.
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  58.The use of government legislation to prohibit or limit homosexual behavior is a practice that: A.has been universally adopted by civilized nations of both the East and West B.reflects cross-cultural values shared by human societies worldwide C.is still common in the U.S. despite its abandonment by other Western nations D.is justified on the basis.
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1. According to Ehrenreich and Hochschild in their selection, ?Global Women in the New Economy,? millions of women now migrate from poor countries to work in rich ones.   2. Ehrenreich and Hochschild (Global Women in the New Economy) argue that most women who migrate from poor countries to rich ones can‘t.
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  38.One of the most important tool types invented by Homo erectus was the: A.Mousterian hammerstone B.Clovis projectile point C.Neolithic grinding stone D.Acheulian hand axe 39.The stone tool industry associated with Neandertal populations was called the: A.Oldowan complex B.Mousterian tradition C.Acheulian technology D.chopper tool system E.composite tool tradition 40.The climate characteristic of environments occupied by Neandertals was: A.hot B.warm C.temperate D.cold 41.Fossil and archaeological evidence suggests that.
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  21.Children can be active agents in the enculturation of their siblings and parents. 22.Individualism is valued differently in different cultures. 23.According to Francis Hsu, the individual in China is strongly encouraged to reject familistic and group norms. 24.Melford Spiro's research was strongly influenced by the theories of Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung. 25.Incest avoidance.
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  11.According to the fossil evidence, the first hominids to migrate out of Africa were the Neandertals. 12.One factor that contributed to the demise (extinction) of the Neandertals was the fact that dinosaur hunting was extremely dangerous and many individuals were killed in the pursuit of these animals. 13.The replacement model or "Eve.
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  20.The scientific method is a logical system used to evaluate data derived from systematic observation. 21.Inductive reasoning takes general statements and develops specific facts. 22.Applied research in anthropology involves using the research methods and findings developed in basic research to solve human problems and fulfill the perceived needs of various societies. 23.The deductive.
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  11.Research has concluded that language, as we know it, appeared only within the last 10,000 years and is associated with the development of agriculture and the domestication of animals. 12.Phonology is the study of morphemes, the smallest units of a language that convey meaning. 13.Semantics is the study of the meaning of.
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  51.Cross-cultural studies of human sexual desire have revealed that: A.in all cultures, adults seek to engage in regular sexual activity B.sexual desire and sexual activity are strongly conditioned by cultural practices C.there are universal taboos against premarital sex D.human sexual desire is greatest among people who live in the tropics 52.Value judgments concerning homosexuality are.
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1.Psychological anthropologists tend to study people in their own societies. 2.Humans are animals. 3.Instincts can be learned. 4.A parrot's ability to speak like a human is an example of a closed instinct. 5.A basketball player's knowledge of where he or she is relative to the basket would be an example of instinct, as defined.
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  28.The concept of                  maintains that societal change occurs when societies borrow cultural traits from one another. A.functionalism B.structuralism C.evolutionary dispersal D.cultural scatter E.diffusionism       29.The body of anthropological theory concerned with the spread of technology, religion, economic systems, art forms, and other expressions of culture is known as: A.idealism B.particularism C.functionalism D.diffusionism 30.Grafton Eliot Smith and William Perry, major figures.
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1.According to McCurdy (Using Anthropology), the first thing a new manager at UTC did after assuming a new position was to a. shrink-wrap books in the warehouse. b. ask warehouse workers, customer outlet staff, and other employees about problems and procedures. c.ask previous warehouse managers for advice. d.change the counting and shipping procedures in.
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  11.All human societies share the same basic values. 12.A worldview consists of various beliefs about the nature of reality that provide people with a means of interpreting and understanding the world around them. 13.Most people in a given society assume that their beliefs are rational and firmly grounded in common sense. 14.Culture consists.
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