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Study Resources (Anthropology)

  37.Among the many racist events in U.S. history, little-known legislation in several states made which kind of intermarriage illegal? A.Filipino-white B.Korean-white C.Jewish-Christian D.Native American-white 38.During the period 1901-1920, most legal immigrants into the United States were from: A.Latin America B.Southern and Eastern Europe C.Northern and Western Europe D.Asia 39.When minority ethnic groups want to resist cultural hegemony by the dominant.
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  31.  Because sickle cell anemia is an autosomal recessive disease, there is a __________ % chance that the child of two carriers will have the disease. a.50 b.25 c.100 d.0 32.  Trinucleotide repeat diseases are caused by __________. a.insertion mutations b.autosomal recessive mutations c.deletion mutations d.point mutations 33.  Which of the following is caused by an insertion mutation? a.sickle cell disease b.Down’s.
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  11.  Early natural philosophers like Aristotle and Plato considered themselves the first real scientists. a.True b.False 12.  Which of the following is inconsistent with Aristotle?s ideas about nature? a.life-forms are always changing b.humans are at the top of a “Great Chain of Being” c.all life is arranged in an orderly and hierarchical fashion d.all of these 13.  During.
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  51.  Pleiotropy is best defined as __________. a.one gene, one effect b.one gene having multiple phenotypic effects c.heritability d.the effect of the environment on gene action 52.  __________ is a measure of the proportion of the total variation observed in a population that can be attributed to genetics, rather than the environment. a.Eugenics b.Pleiotropy c.Heritability d.Qualitative variation 53.  The twin.
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  11.  When populations migrate, their genes are experiencing __________. a.genetic drift b.gene flow c.founder effect d.differential mortality 12.  Gene flow cannot counter the deleterious effects of inbreeding. a.True b.False 13.  A change in the frequency of a gene in a population over time due to entirely random factors is called __________. a.gene flow b.admixture c.genetic drift d.bottleneck effect 14.  Which of the following.
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  21.  Which of the following is an example of a multicellular organism? a.bacteria b.protozoa c.worms d.archaea 22.  The Marine sea slug is commonly studied because it possesses    cells. a.larger b.colored c.more d.fewer 23.  Which of the following is true of prokaryotes? a.they are single-celled organisms b.they lack intercellular compartments c.they include bacteria d.all of these 24.  A single-celled organism with a nucleus is an.
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  21.  The difference in size, shape, or color between the sexes within a species is referred to as __________. a.sexual selection b.genetic bottleneck c.reproductive variance d.sexual dimorphism 22.  It is thought that males often compete for access to females because females have __________. a.greater strength b.limited reproductive potential c.larger size d.more parental investment 23.  Linnaeus classified species based on evolutionary.
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  11.  Environmental factors play little to no role in determining obesity. a.True b.False 12.  Mendel’s work proved the blended nature of inheritance. a.True b.False 13.  The pea plants Mendel studied were ideal because they display __________ for several independent traits. a.blended inheritance b.no variation c.dominant alleles d.dichotomous variation 14.  In Mendel’s experiments, the F1 generation __________. a.was a mating of two lines.
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  61.  An organism?s fitness can be best measured by observing its __________. a.strength b.size c.number of offspring d.color 62.  In order for evolution by natural selection to occur, __________. a.the trait in question must be inherited b.the trait in question must vary between individuals c.there must be environmental pressure d.all of these 63.  Whereas evolution happens at the level of.
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  49.Norman Chance, the first anthropologist to do fieldwork in China in the 1970s after a long period during which ethnography was prohibited, concentrated on the economic life of: A.a bicycle factory in Shanghai B.a mining cooperative in southern China C.nomadic herdsmen near the border with Nepal D.an agricultural commune near Beijing 50.Studies of everyday life.
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  11.The United States continues to only allow white European immigrants across its borders. 12.Assimilation between ethnic groups is not dependent on similarities of physical or cultural characteristics. 13.Intermarriage is one example of biological assimilation. 14.“Jim Crow” laws are credited with beginning the process of school desegregation. 15.Cases of ethnic cleansing and genocide have been.
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  1.  What was the result of the Scopes Monkey Trial? a.Scopes was found guilty of teaching evolution and lost his job. b.The state of Tennessee was forced to allow the teaching of evolution. c.Evolution was disproved. d.Scopes was found innocent. 2.  Today, federal courts uphold the idea that __________. a.evolution should not be taught in public.
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  61.  The symptoms of PKU include __________. a.neurological problems b.characteristic gait and stance c.light skin and hair d.all of these 62.  The effects of the PKU allele __________. a.can be combated with dietary regulation b.are immediately fatal c.pose no threat to infants d.are more dangerous in adults 63.  Nutritional intervention can completely suppress the effects of the PKU allele. a.True b.False 64.  From.
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  41.Polygynous marriage in Muslim countries is most likely to be practiced by: A.wealthy individuals B.poor individuals C.Christians D.urban residents 42.The term purdah refers to: A.the idea of physical attractiveness and sensuality B.the wearing of the veil and forced seclusion of Muslim women C.the concept of the traditional extended family D. bridewealth paid in traditional Islamic families 43.The collapse of.
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  81.  An individual who is homozygous for a gene has __________. a.different alleles for the gene b.no alleles for that gene c.two of the same alleles for that gene d.only one locus for that particular gene 82.  Two identical daughter cells result from which process? a.mitosis b.translation c.mutation d.meiosis 83.  Messenger RNA brings the amino acids to the ribosome to.
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  31.  The __________ contains organelles. a.prokaryote b.nucleus c.cytoplasm d.all of these 32.  Fossil prokaryotes appeared before eukaryotes. a.True b.False 33.  The first eukaryotes appear in the fossil record around __________years ago. a.3.4 billion b.1.5 billion c.850 million d.600 million 34.  Multicellular organisms have dominated most of the history of life on earth. a.True b.False 35.  Somatic cells __________. a.are the sex cells b.have the same function as gametes c.are.
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  1.  Early researchers such as Mendel and Bateson learned about inheritance __________. a.by looking at the genes themselves b.by replicating small sequences of DNA c.by studying human d.none of these 2.  A gene that contains information important to initiating transcription is a          gene. a.structural b.regulatory c.coding d.phenotype 3.  Structural genes __________. a.contain information to make proteins b.are surrounded be.
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  1.  Where do new variations come from? a.changes in the genetic material b.point mutations c.chromosomal mutations d.all of these 2.  Mutations of great significance usually occur within one generation. a.True b.False 3.  Many mutations are __________. a.positive b.negative c.neutral d.fatal 4.  Natural selection works on the __________ of an individual organism. a.phenotype b.genotype c.chromosomes d.alleles 5.  Evolution by natural selection works directly on            , transforming __________. a.alleles,.
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  31.An example of cultural assimilation is: A.the popularity of Chinese restaurants B.interracial dating C.English as a second language D. minority quotas for college enrollments 32.An example of biological assimilation is: A.school segregation B.interethnic marriage C.ethnic cleansing D.immigration quotas 33.The systematic attempt to kill and totally eliminate a particular ethnic group is: A.apartheid B.fratricide C.ethnocide D.genocide 34.Which of the following is not a pattern of.
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  21.Many scientists argue that the increased levels of carbon dioxide that are produced by the burning of fossil fuels and the tropical rainforest will create a(n)                   , in which the carbon dioxide will trap the heat from the sun and prevent it from radiating back into space. A.ultraviolet leach B.greenhouse effect C.biotechnological.
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  21.  Mendel’s Law of Independent Assortment indicates that __________. a.dominant alleles suppress recessive alleles b.inheritance is governed by discrete particles c.segregating pairs of unit factors assort independently d.chromosomes randomly segregate into sex cells 22.  Linkage refers to __________. a.genes that are on the same chromosome b.alleles that appear on different chromosomes but are linked to the same.
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  11.  Population geneticists only study traits at the molecular level. a.True b.False 12.  The genetic field of phylogenetics is concerned with __________. a.determining evolutionary relationships between species b.studying varying groups within the same species c.constructing pedigrees d.none of these 13.  A geneticist constructing tree-like diagrams that visually indicate relationships  between species is engaged in __________. a.behavioral genetics b.molecular genetics c.phylogenetics d.population genetics 14. .
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  11.Applied anthropologists often act as consultants for farmers in underdeveloped areas such as rural India. 12.Applied studies in medical anthropology can often help health providers design more effective means of delivering health care to a group of people. 13.Some applied medical anthropologists study the relationship and interactions between western medical practices and.
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  71.  Transcription occurs in the __________. a.cytoplasm b.ribosome c.messenger RNA d.nucleus 72.  mRNA  __________. a.carries genetic information from the nucleus to the cytoplasm b.splits a DNA molecule during transcription c.is completed replicated d.carries amino acids to a ribosome to be attached to other amino acids 73.  tRNA __________. a.carries genetic information from the nucleus to the cytoplasm b.splits a DNA molecule during.
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  1.  A basic understanding of heredity __________. a.is a relatively new phenomena b.did not happen until we fully understood DNA c.can be found in almost all human societies d.requires a thorough understanding of genetics and reproduction 2.  The term “gene” was coined by __________. a.Jean Lamarck b.Wilhelm Johannsen c.Charles Lyell d.Gregor Mendel 3.  The term “gene” was coined after DNA.
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1.The use of anthropology to offer practical solutions to problems faced by a society is known as basic anthropology. 2.When an anthropologist becomes the spokesperson for the particular group that he or she is studying, the anthropologist is assuming the role of informant. 3.As a facilitator, the anthropologist actively helps to bring.
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  41.  It is likely that every individual carries a mutation in some gene. a.True b.False 42.  The __________ chromosome is larger. a.Y b.X 43. Because X-linked disorders are essentially __________, they will only appear in the __________ sex. a.autonomic recessive disorders/ homogametic b.autonomic dominant disorders/ homogametic c.autonomic recessive disorders/ heterogametic d.autonomic dominant disorders/ heterogametic 44.  Females are usually only carriers of.
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  31.The principal religious text of Islam is called the: A.Torah B.Qur'an C.Bible D.Upanishad 32.The first doctrine of Hinduism is samsara, which refers to: A.animal sacrifice B.personal salvation C.the authority of the priesthood D.reincarnation 33.The ultimate aim and spiritual goal for all Hindus is: A.freedom from the cycle of reincarnation through spiritual enlightenment B.following the code of law given to humans by God C.emulating.
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  11.A major factor that has influenced the emergence of the global economic network is the multinational corporation. 12.With the removal of government-controlled price restraints in Russia, the costs of food and other basic commodities went down. 13.The globalization of the world economy has had relatively little effect on core industrial societies such.
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  38.In order to tolerate practices such as racism, child abuse, spouse abuse, homicide, torture, human sacrifice, and the mass murder (genocide) of Jews, Gypsies, and homosexuals by the Nazis, one would have to abide strictly by the principle of: A.lost causes B.misplaced perceptions C.ethical relativism D.moral turpitude E.immoral tolerance 39.Which of the following is a way.
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  21.  Sixteenth century scholars who argued for polygenism were __________. a.rewarded by the Church b.ignored c.imprisoned or burned d.celebrated 22.  The idea that there is a single, divine origin of humanity is called __________. a.monogenism b.polygenism c.evolution d.fixity of species 23.  Which is more aligned with the view of nature common to the Middle Ages? a.polygenism b.monogenism 24.  Archbishop James Ussher calculated the.
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  41.  The most influential current alternative to the biological species concept is the ecological species concept. a.True b.False 42.  Recent genetic studies of gorillas have revealed a.a surprising amount of genetic diversity b.that gorillas and chimps are almost genetically identical c.that gorilla phenotypes vary more widely than previously known d.all of these 43.  Anagenesis is said to have.
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  51.  In the years following his journey on the Beagle, Darwin pursued his ideas of evolution by studying __________. a.artificial selection b.animals he found on subsequent journeys c.the works of Alfred Russel Wallace d.all of these 52.  In what ways did Wallace differ from Darwin? a.Wallace was from a working class family b.Wallace collected specimens for wealthy.
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  21.Anthropologist Robert Redfield has suggested that there are general standards of judgment that can be applied to most societies. 22.One can understand the values and worldviews of another people and not accept all of their practices or standards. 23.Cultural and applied anthropologists have a role in helping to define universal standards for.
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  51.  The basic unit of DNA is a molecule called a __________. a.nucleotide b.base c.thymine d.prokaryotic cell 52.  Nucleotides come together to form __________. a.proteins b.cells c.bases d.amino acids 53.  A nucleotide consists of three parts __________. a.a phosphate, a sugar, and a ribosome b.a sugar, a phosphate, and a base c.a phosphate, a base, and a nucleus d.a sugar, a base, and a.
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  39.Anthropologist Marvin Harris has suggested that the entire fabric of society in the former Soviet Union was undermined by: A.Marxist theories of social organization B.influence from the cultures of the U.S. and Europe C.widespread racial prejudice and ethnic conflict D.deficiencies in economic infrastructure 40.Perestroika and glasnost are terms that refer to: A.the power of the masses.
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  41.  James Hutton is associated with __________. a.Lysenkoism b.catastrophism c.uniformitarianism d.adaptive radiation 42.   Which of the following statements best defines the idea of uniformitarianism? a.All species are fixed and unchanging. b.The world is periodically destroyed by divine catastrophes. c.The geologic processes that drive the world today have always done so. d.Creatures transform and their offspring inherit those transformations. 43.  While.
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  21.Arabic is the exclusive language of the Middle East region. 22.Historically, Afghanistan was a buffer zone between the Russian and British empires. 23.The Suez Canal, built in 1869, resulted in: A.greater independence for Middle Eastern countries B.the economic isolation of Egypt from European commerce C.greater contact between the Middle East and Europe D.the Napoleonic Wars 24."Zionism" refers.
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  31.The study of disease patterns in different societies is called: A.ethnodisease B.medical mapping C.epidemiology D.lepidopterology E.xenophobia 32.When patients in Thailand used a combination of ritual, magic, and modern scientific medicine to treat an illness, Louis Golomb referred to this behavior as: A.the multi-mix cure B.being maladaptive and potentially dangerous C.therapeutic pluralism D.the multiple treatment scenario 33.The anthropologist who studied heroin addicts.
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  31.  Who is most associated with the taxonomy used by scientists today? a.Carolus Linnaeus b.Georges Cuvier c.Comte de Buffon d.Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire 32.  A taxonomy is made up of discrete units called __________. a.species b.nomenclatures c.particles d.taxons 33.  The use of the two-level genus-species labels is known as “binomial nomenclature.” a.True b.False 34.  Comte de Buffon __________. a.invented binomial nomenclature b.accepted the notion of biological change c.offered.
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  51.  Gaps in the fossil record can be explained as episodes of __________. a.saltation b.macroevolution c.punctuated equilibrium d.all of these 52.  The idea of __________ asserts that some evolutionary changes may not even involve intermediate forms. a.saltation b.punctuated equilibrium c.gradualism d.anagenesis 53.  Adaptations are __________. a.traits that evolved for a purpose other than their present purpose b.genotypic traits that decrease an organism’s.
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  41.  In most eukaryotic cells, the most prominent structure is the __________. a.nucleus b.mitochondria c.ribosomes d.DNA 42.  Deoxyribonucleic acid has one main function – protein synthesis. a.True b.False 43.  RNA is essential for carrying out the                   function of DNA. a.cell replication b.energy production c.cytoplasmic d.protein synthesis 44.  The two main functions of DNA are __________. a.protein synthesis and cell reproduction b.protein.
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  101. One of the most common forms of direct DNA analysis is __________. a.DNA sequencing b.protein sequencing c.cytogenetics d.PCR 102.  Which of the following best defines polymerase chain reaction? a.the process of replicating or amplifying small segments of DNA b.studying immune system proteins to learn the relationship between species c.the process of mapping an organism?s entire DNA sequence d.studying.
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  31.Which of the following countries is likely to have the lowest per capita energy consumption? A.Sudan B.Japan C.Mexico D.Canada 32.Because of human activities and growth, it is estimated that at least one species becomes extinct every day. In fact, biologist E.O. Wilson thinks, with the expansion of industrialism, mechanized agriculture, and deforestation, as many as.
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  31.  A species’ derived characters are __________. a.shared with related species b.what distinguishes it from other related species c.the result of convergent evolution d.none of these 32.  A scientist focusing on the evolutionary history of specific significant traits is engaged in __________. a.Lysenkoism b.phylogeny c.homology d.cladistics 33.  A clade contains species __________. a.linked by a set of unique traits b.that display no.
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  61.  Permanent changes in the DNA of a cell are called mutations. a.True b.False 62.  Hormones, antibodies, and hemoglobin are all __________. a.enzymes b.amino acids c.catalysts d.proteins 63.  Proteins are comprised of long chains of __________. a.hormones b.amino acids c.hemoglobin d.enzymes 64.  Some of the amino acids essential to creating proteins cannot be synthesized by the body. a.True b.False 65.  The base-pair sequence of DNA is.
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1.Anthropologists have helped dismiss the notion of clearly bounded, racially-distinct populations of humans. 2.Multiculturalism means that a person can easily switch between two or more cultures without getting confused and frustrated. 3.African Americans had the largest demographic increase compared to other ethnic groups, according to the 2000 census. 4.Ethnic boundary markers include religion,.
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  91.  The reduction division is another term for the __________. a.first meiotic division b.second meiotic division c.meiotic prophase d.none of these 92.  During the first meiotic prophase, the genes are shuffled between chromosomes in a process called __________. a.crossing over b.recombination c.interphase d.meiotic division 93.  Which of the following best describes the results of the second meiotic division? a.two daughter cells.
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1.According to the demographic transition model, populations go through three stages of change in fertility and mortality rates. 2.The United States, Japan, and Western Europe are now in Phase 2 of the demographic transition model. 3.Thomas Malthus predicted that populations would grow much slower than the production of food and other resources.
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  21.The “one-drop rule” of racial categorization was never used to classify Native Americans because: A.They received legal entitlements. B.They inhabited North America first. C.There were too many different tribes. D.There was never prejudice against them. 22.The majority of legal immigrants admitted to the United States in the early 1980s came from: A.Asia B.Latin America C.Africa D.Europe 23.Since the 19th century,.
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