Info
Warning
Danger

Study Resources (Anthropology)

    11)Throughout human history A)women have often held most of the power. B)women have had extremely little influence. C)women have ruled matriarchies D)women have usually controlled religious aspects of culture. E) none of the above 12)________ culture is exceptional for its gender equality. A)Vietnamese B)Dani C)Irish D)Kwa Kwaka'  Wakw E)none of the above 13)Manifestations of sexuality include A) procreation. B)visual and verbal art. C)pornography.
1 Views
View Answer
    21)Anthropology can help in the area of immigrant health care by understanding beliefs and traditions in the health care methods of immigrants and figuring out how to be of better service without just forcing U.S. health care on them. 22)The Khmer homeland is in the nation of Indonesia. 23)In the film House.
3 Views
View Answer
1)Bioanthropologists study modern humans as well as humans in the past just as any if they were any other species of animal. 2)Applied anthropologists hope to use their research findings to help solve human problems. 3)The authors of this book take the position that paleoanthropology should be restricted to studying human biology.
5 Views
View Answer
    11)The emphasis is on material goods that will magically appear. 12)A new era is anticipated in which the poor and disadvantaged will be saved. 13)Isolated cultures A)are found, rarely, only in remote areas of the Amazon. B)remain stable. C)did not trade with the outside world. D)were tied into regional systems of trade. E)none of the above 14)The Cherokee.
3 Views
View Answer
1)Archaic traits are A)arrow heads used by Native Americans. B)persistent remnants from earlier times that are found in cultures. C)those characteristics which define a hierarchy. D)the characteristics of hereditary transmission and variation. E)none of the above 2)An anthropologist who studies the cultural changes that occur from extended, direct contact between two or more autonomous group is.
4 Views
View Answer
  11)The culture a scientist was brought up in can be an important biasing agent in what that scientist observes. 12)A hypothesis is a good guess about something that can be tested. 13)Hypotheses cannot be proved but theories can. 14)Sherlock Holmes maintained that only deductive science yields knowledge. 15)Of all of the countries of the.
2 Views
View Answer
    21)"Ghost marriage" among the Nuer enables a dead man to be recognized as the social father of children and allows the lineage segment to continue into the next generation. 22)A household is an economic unit made of kin and friends. 23)Most societies are patrilocal and patrilineal. 24)In the United States, nonunilineal descent and.
0 Views
View Answer
  11)An exception to Mendel’s genetic principles would result if A)individuals are heterozygous for a trait if a sibling is homozygous B)two traits are found on the same chromosome C)both parents had two dominant genes for a trait D)both parents had two recessive genes for a trait 12)Watson and Crick discovered there were only four ___.
0 Views
View Answer
  11)Based on molecular evidence, orangutans split from the lineage leading to humans about 9 myr ago. 12)Your text suggests there are over 250 species of primates alive today. 13)There are more primates in Kenya per square mile than anywhere else on Earth. 14)Average life expectancy increases from prosimian to monkey to ape to.
0 Views
View Answer
    11)Technology refers to the tools and techniques of manufacture and production including A) material objects. B)cultural ideas. C)psychology. D)both A and B. E)none of the above. 12)Anthropologists theorize that food sharing A)encourages others to share when you need it. B)weakens social networks because of competition. C)eliminates ceremonial relationships. D)both B and C E)none of the above 13)Historically, Ju/’hoansi primarily practiced  A).
1 Views
View Answer
    21)Research has shown that, in traditional societies, women have very little significant exchange. 22)The U.S. tax system is a form of redistributive gift-giving. 23)Marriage is about two individuals or their families and has nothing to do with exchange. 24)Garage sales combine the concepts of market and gift. 25)Marcel Mauss wrote a book called The.
2 Views
View Answer
  1)Of the following, all are inherent problems in studying humans rather than other species EXCEPT A)human generations are very long B)it is difficult for scientists to control human matings C)the human genetic code is different from all other animals in basic DNA D)humans have relatively small numbers of offspring 2)Geneticists traditionally use fruit flies in.
1 Views
View Answer
1)Distribution, or the exchange of goods and services, serves to A) form strands of social networks. B)decrease solidarity. C)cause tension between groups. D)both B and C E)none of the above 2)Small-scale societies (band, tribes) have the following types of exchange: A) reciprocity, redistribution, and markets. B)reciprocity and redistribution. C)reciprocity. D)redistribution. E)none of the above 3)Midsized societies with some central power.
3 Views
View Answer
  11)The first nucleated life were the eucaryotes dated to about 2.3 byr ago. 12)The earliest evidence of what has come to be known as the Cambrian Explosions occurred in Alberta Canada. 13)The beginning of the Cambrian shows fossils with skeletons. 14)A tetrapod is known from its four chambered heart. 15)An example of analogy in.
1 Views
View Answer
  19)Chromosomes are segments of DNA on genes that give instructions for traits. 20)Adaptation to an existing environment is usually easy to see. 21)Zygotes never have the same genotype as either parent. 22)Mutations must occur in the body cells for them to have evolutionary significance. 23)The geneticist Sewall Wright discovered that populations can change from.
0 Views
View Answer
1)All forms of life today, including humans, use a variant of the same DNA code. 2)Mendel established the principles of heredity using peas rather than humans because humans vary from other animals in their DNA base. 3)Anthropologists are as interested in the biology of individual humans as in groups of them. 4)“Descent with.
3 Views
View Answer
  11)Japanese science differs from Western science mostly in its focus on A)individuals rather than groups B)the difference between humans and other animals C)hearing rather than seeing D) both a and b are equally important. 12)In order for a bone to be a true fossil, it must A)be at least 100 kyr old B)contain carbon C)become mineralized D)not be.
0 Views
View Answer
    31)The main function of the Dani moiety is to regulate warfare and create two opposing sides. 32)Marriage creates affinal kin; birth creates consanguinal kin. 33)Exogamy means that marriage is forbidden between members of the same group. 34)Matrilineality is found only in matriarchies. 35)Raymond Firth discovered that Maori of New Zealand have a unilineal descent.
2 Views
View Answer
  17)Women produce sex cells A)twice as much during ovulation as between any two menstrual periods B)less often than males but they are more fertile C)and store them long before a baby is born D)starting before they are teenagers, but the cells are not fully formed 18)Current knowledge about the tempo of evolution concludes that A)all species.
2 Views
View Answer
1)Smaller societies generally exhibit A) less importance to kinship. B)more sophisticated languages. C)more subunits. D)less sophisticated languages. E)none of the above 2)Anthropologists differ from sociologists in that they give more attention to A) kinship and family. B)occupation. C)power relationships. D)social class. E)all of the above. 3)Kinship groups function to provide A) rules of behavior. B)a common identity. C)a basis for organizing people.
4 Views
View Answer
    11)The etic approach to kinship studies is A) known as culture-neutral analysis. B)is less useful because it does not use the culture's terms. C)useful for understanding kinship from the native perspective. D)all of the above. E)none of the above. 12)Minangkabau matrilineal society  A) is nonterritorial. B)is composed of a core group of women. C)is exogamous. D)has some polyandrous.
0 Views
View Answer
    11)Which characteristic below is NOT supported by the cross-cultural data on the nature of war? A)War involves structures of command and control. B)War is an almost exclusively male undertaking. C)Wars have rules. D)All societies have war. E)War involves homicide. 12)Define law’s relationship to basic cultural postulates.  A) Law reflects basic cultural postulates. B)Law is in opposition to.
4 Views
View Answer
  11)Lamarck used giraffes to demonstrate his belief that okapi-like animals changed to giraffes. 12)The three cornerstones to explain evolution are inheritance, natural selection, and mutations. 13)If there are two and only two forms of a gene for a trait, each is called an allele. 14)Mendel’s principle of segregation claims that genes for different.
0 Views
View Answer
  1)An example of the principle of homology is A) bat and butterfly wings B)whale flippers and bird wings C)hair on bodies of chimpanzees and gorillas D)bipedalism in humans and kangaroos 2)The principle that claims scientists believe populations changed in the past for the same reasons they change today is called A)inferencing B)biouniformitarianism C)natural selection D)contingency 3)The best estimate for.
0 Views
View Answer
    21) Margaret Mead wrote The Chrysanthemum and the Sword. 22)Margaret Mead's studies confirmed biological determinism. 23)Cultural themes are no longer considered useful in anthropology though they were   once a central focus of cultural anthropological studies. 24)Standardized testing is unreliable if it is culture-specific. 25)"Experience is the best teacher" is an example of embodied or.
1 Views
View Answer
    21)The "principle of sexual dimorphism" has had little effect on Western thought. 22)Careful fieldwork among the foragers of the Kalahari Desert has shown that men provide more food than women. 23)Men in Mexico develop a macho identity so there are no "ambiguous relationships" between genders in Mexican culture. 24)Matriarchal myths validate the patriarchy,.
1 Views
View Answer
1)Molecular dating suggests all primate species alive today can trace their ancestry back to a common ancestor some 63 myr ago. 2)Since primates can be found today in jungles, forests, woodlands, savannas, and deserts, they can be characterized as ecologically variable and adaptable. 3)All primates can walk, run, bound, climb, cling, leap,.
5 Views
View Answer
1)The principle of contingency claims what life is like at any given time depends on what happened previously. 2)Derived traits are defined as being inherited from an earlier species. 3)The authors of this text prefer the words “derived” and “ancestral” to “primitive” and “advanced” because the latter words are subjective and connote.
4 Views
View Answer
    11)Modern foragers were A)living artifacts of our early ancestors. B)more primitive and less adapted than our early ancestors. C)more biologically advanced than our early ancestors. D)not to be equated exactly with our early ancestors. E)none of the above 12)Foragers have always lived only in A) ideal environmental settings. B)marginal environments. C)extremely cold or extremely hot environments. D)temperate climates. E)none of.
1 Views
View Answer
1)The institution of marriage within a society always includes all of the following EXCEPT A)socially recognition of a union. B)a public wedding ceremony. C)the establishment of a family. D)a societal blessing to produce children. E)a new alliance or the strengthening of an existing one. 2)Marriage can solve which of the following problems? A)channels human sexuality B)provides long-term care of.
3 Views
View Answer
  31)Bahemba of Congo have a marriage process that mediates the two alternatives—love marriage and arranged marriage. 32)In some cultures, children are married at early ages to create social alliances. 33)The nuclear biological family (man, woman, child) is often less important as a basic economic, residence, social unit because it is submerged in.
0 Views
View Answer
    21)In what country does The Nuer take place and in what other country do most Nuer live? A)Congo and Liberia B)Ethiopia and Sudan C)Namibia and Botswana D)Congo and Sudan E)Ethiopia and Botswana 22)The gar ceremony in The Nuer initiated young men into  A) their patrilineage. B)their patrilocal residence group. C)a new age grade. D)their matrilineage. E)the village secret society. 23)In the.
1 Views
View Answer
  21)In the film Milagro Beanfield War, the food production strategy threatened by the  development of a golf resort was                A) slash-and-burn horticulture. B)herding. C)small scale intensive agriculture. D)pastoralism. E)agribusiness. 22)Innovation leads to two sorts of change:  cultural change and environmental change. 23)The environment determines the ways in which a culture will elaborate. 24)Division of labor by.
2 Views
View Answer
    21)All societies have explicit legal systems. 22)It's easy to distinguish between "laws" and "customs" because laws are written and do not change. 23)Deviants and deviant behavior are of interest to anthropologists because they can help explain the rules of the culture. 24)The states in antiquity, including Greece, Rome, Egypt, and the Aztecs, all.
2 Views
View Answer
1)Examples of applied anthropology are A) the study of HIV/AIDS. B)the study of menopause. C)the study of knowledge of plants in a particular environment. D)the study of development projects. E)all of the above. 2)Lock's medical anthropology study of menopause has led to the insights that A) Japanese and American women have different symptoms. B)Japanese and American.
7 Views
View Answer
    31)Careful fieldwork among foragers of the Kalahari Desert showed that men’s hunting throughout the year produced more food calories than women’s gathering. 32)In the film N!ai, The Story of a !Kung Woman, N’ai was betrothed to her husband when Gunda when she was 13 and he was 18. 33)In the film N!ai,.
2 Views
View Answer
    21)The anxiety theory of religion means that religion makes people anxious. 22)All cultures believe in supernatural beings. 23)Most Americans do not practice any kind of magic. 24)The only purpose of religious rituals is to give people hope. 25)Scapulamancy, an adjunct to hunting, may function within the ecological system. 26)Rites of passage are found only in.
1 Views
View Answer
    11) Who filmed The Medium is the Masseuse? A)Robert Gardner B)Karl Heider C)John Marshall D)Timothy Asch E)Linda Connor 12) In the film The Medium is the Masseuse, the healer A)uses massage for diagnosing as well as treating her patients. B)treats a  Brahmin (high caste) patient. C)notes that sorcery is one of the causes of her pateint's illness. D)points out that.
2 Views
View Answer
1)Anthropologists have suggested that religious ritual is A)an acting out of the society itself, a dramatization of the moral community of the group. B)a superstitious practice which has no validity in real life. C)a way to alleviate individual anxieties at critical life moments. D)both A and C. E)none of the above. 2)In Malinowski's research, Trobriand Islanders.
4 Views
View Answer
  1)Bioanthropologists might study all of the following topics except A)people’s cultural pasts B)comparative femur bones of prehumans C)a comparison of head shapes all over the world D)how colobus monkeys behave 2)The best way to study science is by its A)method of inquiry B)use of quantitative methods C)adherence to rules of math and physics D)ability to repeat experiments 3)If you wanted.
1 Views
View Answer
1)Bioanthropologists study modern humans as well as humans in the past just as if they were any other species of animal. 2)Unless a hypothesis can be found to be false, it is not a scientific inquiry. 3)“Venus figurines” have always been hypothesized to be connected to fertility. 4)In inductive research and reasoning, a.
5 Views
View Answer
1)Bands, tribes, chiefdoms, and states are categories based upon A) economic activity. B)subsistence strategy. C)sociopolitical organization. D)composition of tools and technology. E)none of the above 2)The paradigm of social control in culture-neutral terms is A) laws, crimes, and punishment. B)morals, sins, and adjudication. C)norms, transgressions, and resolution. D)morals, transgressions, and punishment. E)none of the above. 3)A traffic light is an.
5 Views
View Answer
  11)The first animals in the Cambrian had A)a four chambered heart B)skeletal hard parts C)bilateral symmetry D)both A and C are correct 12)The Changjiang Formation is important because it A)was the first Cambrian era fossil find B)showed early mammal diversity C)was excavated exclusively by Chinese scientists D)shows the first nucleated cell life 13)Which was not in the human lineage? A)ray-finned fish B)amphibians C)tetrapods D)amniotes 14)Which.
0 Views
View Answer
    21)Since all cultures change all of the time, archaic traits are rarely found. 22)Most cultures come in contact with other cultures. They exchange ideas simply through contact.  This is known as the ethnographic present. 23)There is a trend towards consistency in accepting or rejecting traits.  Therefore we can say that culture change.
1 Views
View Answer
    31)Jews and Muslims do not eat pork because it is their totem. 32)According to the textbook, school mascots like Cocky at the University of South Carolina, are a manifestation of totemism in American life. 33)Hemba funerals usually are completed in two or three days. 34)With a musuusa song-dance, Bahemba women help cleanse a.
2 Views
View Answer
1)Cultural adaptation involves A) innovation. B)cultural change. C)environmental change. D)all of the above. E)none of the above. 2)Which of the following are NOT true?  The case study on Dirty Dani pigsties shows that   A) pigs cause disease. B)pigs are helpful to humans. C)traditional knowledge is important. D)pigs close to home are harder to steal. E)pigs are important to the.
5 Views
View Answer
  11)The AMA was the first professional organization to pass a code of ethics. 12)The capacity for culture is defined as the biological underpinnings that allow people to have culture.   1)The following are all professionals in subfields of anthropology along with what they study EXCEPT A)archaeologists reconstruct past cultures of humans B)bioanthropologists study the evolution.
1 Views
View Answer
1)Gender, which is culturally constructed, A)is used to organize cultural activity. B)may be represented by more than two genders in a society. C)has variation in meanings depending on the society. D)all of the above E)none of the above 2)Anthropology has neglected the topic of sexuality primarily because A) of issues regarding privacy. B)of issues of impropriety. C)sexuality was.
5 Views
View Answer
    11)A woman’s family giving some significant wealth to her husband’s family at the time of marriage is called A)dowry. B)bride wealth. C)bride service. D)both B and C. E)none of the above 12)A husband’s family compensating the wife’s family with money and/or goods at the time of marriage is called  A) dowry. B)bride wealth. C)bride service. D)betrothal. E)none of the above 13)Different.
1 Views
View Answer
    11)In the film El Sebou’: An Egyptian Birth Ritual, the twin babies are in which stage of this rite of passage (following van Gennep and Turner) before being “winnowed”? A)separation B)reincorporation C)evaluation D)liminal E)post-ritual state   12)The rite of intensification is designed to dramatize and reaffirm the social network of a culture. Which would be considered a.
1 Views
View Answer