Info
Warning
Danger

Study Resources (Anthropology)

  11.Gods are often anthropomorphic, that is, conceived in the image of __________. a. a person b.an animal c.a celestial body d.a geologic entity 12.To either divert anger or to attract goodwill, some societies __________ to/for a god in order to influence the god’s action.  a. perform seances b.make sacrifices c.ingest hallucinogens d.practice magic 13.One factor suggested in __________.
5 Views
View Answer
    31.Anthropologists must be cautious in drawing inferences about the past from observations on contemporary foragers for all of the following reasons except __________. a.the environments most foragers live in today may not be representative or comparable to the environments foragers lived in the past b.contemporary foragers have evolved and are not relics.
1 Views
View Answer
  11.Barbara Ayres suggested that the importance of regular rhythm in the music of a culture       is related to the rhythm’s __________—that is, its associations with feelings of security or relaxation in infancy. a.devaluation b.diffusion c.evolution d.acquired reward value   12.__________ is a broad category comprising all the myths, legends, folktales, ballads, riddles, proverbs, and superstitions of.
6 Views
View Answer
  21.A set of explicit, usually written rules stipulating what is permissive and what is not is a(n) __________. a.oath b.codified law c.ordeal d.ritual 22.States generally have all of the following except __________. a.monopoly on the use of physical force to coerce people b.complex, centralized political structure c.egalitarian distribution of wealth d.large bureaucracy 23.State-level societies generally get most of their food.
6 Views
View Answer
    21.How is chiefly status obtained among the Ifaluk culture? a.war b.purchase c.genealogically in the female line d.genealogically in the male line   22.Racial classifications are __________. a.biological categories b.cultural categories c.economic categories d.social categories       23.Which of the following would anthropologists not consider a caste? a.the Eta of Japan b.blacks in the American South in segregation days c.the Camar (leather-workers) of India d.Anthropologists would classify all.
3 Views
View Answer
  1.Most societies do not have a word for art. Perhaps that is because art, particularly in societies with relatively little__________, is often an integral part of religious, social, and political life.                a. specialization b.artistic ability c.invention d.unconscious invention   2.From the viewpoint of the person who creates it, art __________ feelings and ideas; from.
10 Views
View Answer
    21. The types of research in anthropology can be classified according to two criteria: the __________ scope and the __________ scopes of the study. a.spatial; temporal b.historical; prehistorical c.spatial; situational d.temporal; historical   22. Anthropologists accept a theory when __________. a.it has been tested and there is sufficient reason to accept it b.other scientists accept it c.its persuasiveness gives.
2 Views
View Answer
  1.Marriage includes two major factors. These are __________. a.economic and kinship considerations b.economic and land-ownership considerations c.sexual and economic considerations d.sexual and kinship considerations   2.In a patrilocal residence, who leaves the household so that the married couple lives with or near the husband’s parents? a.son b.daughter c.sister d.brother   3.Which of the following is not a stated explanation for marriage? a.gender division.
7 Views
View Answer
    21.Which type of society is most likely to have a monotheistic religion? a.a society with hierarchical political systems b.a society that is located near the equator c.a relatively small society in which most members know each other well d.a society in which children are harshly disciplined   22.In which type of society are the gods most.
4 Views
View Answer
    21.A set of explicit, usually written rules stipulating what is permissive and what is not is a(n) __________. a.oath b.codified law c.ordeal d.ritual   22.States generally have all of the following except __________. a.monopoly on the use of physical force to coerce people b.complex, centralized political structure c.egalitarian distribution of wealth d.large bureaucracy   23.State-level societies generally get most of their food.
4 Views
View Answer
  1.Religion deals with the __________. a.existential b.dialectic c.supernatural d.nonexistent 2.After their efforts at creation, many creator gods __________. a.die b.retire c.watch their creation d.demand to be worshiped 3.According to Clifford Geertz, it is when faced with ignorance, pain, and the unjustness of life that a person explains events __________. a. as capricious b.based on scientific knowledge c.as supernatural d.by the intervention of the.
8 Views
View Answer
    31.Two variables in Whiting’s study were amount of protein and __________. a.length of first marriage b.length of postpartum sex taboo c.amount of fat d.amount of Vitamin D   32.Science depends on the repetition of results, or __________. a.observation b.tests c.hypotheses d.replication   33.A researcher who fails to describe how variables were measured in a particular experiment is subject to __________. a.hate mail b.fame c.skepticism d.a redo   34.A.
3 Views
View Answer
    21.People are most likely to be forced to work in __________. a.societies dependent on tree crops b.food collector societies c.complex societies d.societies dependent on shifting agriculture   22.This is a form of commercialization that took place in Tikopia and involved the movement of people to neighboring islands to find employment. a.nonagricultural commercial production b.production of supplementary cash crops c.migratory.
0 Views
View Answer
  1.Most societies do not have a word for art. Perhaps that is because art, particularly in societies with relatively little__________, is often an integral part of religious, social, and political life. a.specialization b.artistic ability c.invention d.unconscious invention 2.From the viewpoint of the person who creates it, art __________feelings and ideas; from the viewpoint of the.
7 Views
View Answer
    11.The smallest unit of language that has meaning is a __________. a.phone b.phoneme c.morph d.morpheme   12.One way a society may reflect its corresponding culture is in its lexical content, or ________.  a. syntax b.linguistics c.terminology d.vocabulary   13.The Sapir-Whorf hypothesis states that __________. a.societies are heavily influenced by their languages b.language is a force in its own right, that affects how individuals.
1 Views
View Answer
  1.A person’s ____________, or pronunciation, can tell a lot about the person’s background.   a. lexicon b.syntax c.grammar d.accent   2.When we say that a communication is __________, we mean at least two things. First, the communication has meaning even when the referent is not there, and second, the meaning is arbitrary. a.understandable b.symbolic c.representative d.rhetorical   3.To a linguist, __________ consists.
7 Views
View Answer
  1.Why do members of food-collecting societies not own land individually? a.Land has no intrinsic value to collectors. b.No system of surveying existed in these types of societies. c.Food-collectors were not interested in land because they needed family more. d.Land was an unknown commodity.   2.Of the following economic activities, which finds the individual ownership of land.
8 Views
View Answer
  1.__________ is not a phase of applied anthropology. a.Research into the life ways of a particular group b.Assembling relevant knowledge c.Assessing the likely social and environmental impact of particular plans d.Implementing and monitoring the program and its effects 2.One out of two anthropologists in the United States is employed __________. a.outside of the field of applied.
14 Views
View Answer
    11.Gods are often anthropomorphic, that is, conceived in the image of __________. a. a person b.an animal c.a celestial body d.a geologic entity   12.To either divert anger or to attract goodwill, some societies __________ to/for a god in order to influence the god’s action.  a. perform seances b.make sacrifices c.ingest hallucinogens d.practice magic   13.One factor suggested in __________.
4 Views
View Answer
    21.The custom of allowing a man to marry more than one woman is __________. a.found in most of the societies anthropologists have studied b.found in only a small minority of the world’s societies c.unlikely to engender jealousy among co-wives d.strictly forbidden by the Muslim religion   22.A long post-partum sex taboo is most likely to occur.
3 Views
View Answer
  11.Which of the following is not considered a classification of political organization? a.Bands b.Tribes c.Clans d.States 12.In discussing political groups, anthropologists generally focus on groups organized on the basis of __________. a. age b.kinship c.territory d.sex 13.A society composed of a number of politically autonomous, small, and unusually nomadic groups is classified as a __________. a. band society b.tribal society c.state.
6 Views
View Answer
  1.The Mbuti people practice which form of social stratification? a.egalitarian b.caste c.class d.rank   2.A society is practicing which form of stratification when the members of the society have equal access to economic resources but not to prestige? a.egalitarian b.caste c.class d.rank   3.Modern industrial societies are noted for having disparate access to economic resources and power. What type of stratification exists.
8 Views
View Answer
  1.Why do climatic and other events in the physical environment become disasters? a.because people are killed b.because of the lack of medical knowledge c.because of conditions in the natural environment d.because of conditions in the social environment   2.What is the major cause of China’s Hwang River floods? a.burst dams b.deforestation c.farming on floodplains d.too few dams   3.Which did not contribute.
12 Views
View Answer
    11.Anthropology is literally the study of __________. a.human history b.human population patterns c.humans d.the products of human societies   12.Applied anthropologists practice __________. a.in the field of cultural anthropology b.in the field of ethnology c.in the field of paleontology d.in all subfields of anthropology   13.The __________ seeks to understand how and why peoples of today and the recent past differ in.
3 Views
View Answer
  1.Political life includes all of the following except __________. a.party politics b.the various branches of government c.the issuing of parking tickets d.the resolution of disputes   2.A __________ is politically autonomous and is comprised of the local group or community.   a. band b.tribe c.chiefdom d.state   3.Societies with tribal political organization are similar to band societies in their tendency to be.
8 Views
View Answer
    11.Of the following societies, which is the most lenient about restrictions dealing with the timing of sexual intercourse inside of marriage? a.the Yapese b.the Chenchu c.American d.the Lesu   12.Of the following societies, which is the most pro-homosexual? a.American b.the Etoro c.the Siwans d.the Papago   13.Societies that frown on sexual expression by young children __________. a.allow premarital and extramarital sexual relations b.do not.
4 Views
View Answer
    11.Why are maladaptive customs likely to disappear from a society? a.No one likes them. b.They diminish the chances of survival and reproduction. c.They are immediately destructive of the group. d.They are too unique for the group.   12.Participant observation refers to the __________. a.observation of how people interact in carefully contrived situations b.use of a laboratory to standardize.
6 Views
View Answer
    11.__________ occurs when prices are subject to supply and demand and do not necessarily involve money. a.Redistribution b.Reciprocity c.Commercial exchange d.Balanced reciprocity   12.The concept of private ownership of land is least likely among __________. a.intensive agriculturalists b.food collectors c.horticulturalists d.pastoralists   13.Under the Homestead Act of 1862, how long did a person need to farm a 160-acre piece of land before.
2 Views
View Answer
    21.The term “subculture” refers to __________. a.the conscious behaviors, beliefs, attitudes, values, and ideals of a society b.the unconscious behaviors, beliefs, attitudes, values, and ideals of a society c.a cultural pattern considered inferior by members of a society d.the variant culture of a group of people within a larger society   22.The fact that monkeys and.
8 Views
View Answer
    11.Which of the following societies is more likely to practice bride service? a.Asian horticulturalists b.African agriculturalists c.Native North and South American societies d.European industrialists   12.Most people in the United States practice which kinship system? a.ambilineal b.double unilineal descent c.bilateral d.unilineal   13.A __________ is a set or kin whose members believe themselves to be descended from a common ancestor or ancestress,.
5 Views
View Answer
    31.Archaeologists do all of the following except __________. a.reconstruct the daily life and customs of peoples who lived in the past b.reconstruct prehistoric languages c.trace cultural changes d.offer possible explanations for why culture changed   32.How far do the earliest written languages date back? a.15,000 years ago b.10,000 years ago c.5,000 years ago d.2,000 years ago   33.A linguist studying the American.
4 Views
View Answer
  11.What percent of the violence against women comes from a male intimate partner, such as a husband? a.50 b.65 c.75 d.90 12.The reasons for infanticide are similar to those given for __________. a.murder b.abortion c.wife battering d.physical abuse 13.Cross-culturally, __________ is the most common form of family violence. a.murder b.child abuse c.wife beating d.husband beating 14.Societies that have violent methods of conflict resolution within communities,.
5 Views
View Answer
  1.Humans display __________. That is, the females and males of the species exhibit fairly marked differences in size and appearance. a.physiological differences b.chromosomal differences c.genotypic differences d.sexually dimorphic characteristics   2.Which of the following statements best describes humans as they grow taller? a.Females achieve their ultimate height shortly after puberty, but boys continue to grow for years.
8 Views
View Answer
    11.Which of the following is not considered a classification of political organization? a.bands b.tribes c.clans d.states   12.In discussing political groups, anthropologists generally focus on groups organized on the basis of __________. a. age b.kinship c.territory d.sex   13.A society composed of a number of politically autonomous, small, and unusually nomadic groups is classified as a __________. a. band society b.tribal society c.state.
6 Views
View Answer
  21.__________ is most likely to have a monotheistic religion. a.A society with hierarchical political systems b.A society that is located near the equator c.A relatively small society in which most members know each other well d.A society in which children are harshly disciplined 22.In __________ the gods are most likely to take an active interest.
4 Views
View Answer
    21.Cross-cultural studies show that which of the following factors is related to higher status for women in many areas of life? a.being a member of an intensive agriculture society b.less hunting c.the presence of religions with many female deities, or a female high god d.kin groups and marital residence organized around women         22.Among the Iroquois,.
5 Views
View Answer
  1.Anthropology takes a(n) __________ approach that includes a wide geographic and historical range. a.personal b.cultural c.topical d.holistic   2.What explanation did American educators give when they discovered African American schoolchildren rarely drank milk? a.milk intolerance b.a lack of money or education c.a dislike for the flavor of milk d.milk was only drunk at home   3.A human paleontologist would be least interested.
5 Views
View Answer
    11.Without exception, recent and modern industrial and postindustrial societies are __________.                 a. caste systems b.ranked c.egalitarian d.socially stratified   12.__________ are persons who do not own their own labor, and as such they represent a class. a.Peasants b.Serfs c.Slaves d.Prisoners   13.If all social groups in a society have equal access to wealth, prestige, and power, then anthropologists call that.
3 Views
View Answer
  1.The anthropological attitude that a society’s customs and ideas should be described objectively and understood in the context of that society’s problems and opportunities is called __________. a.ethnocentrism b.cultural relativism c.humanistic d.empathetic   2.Why would San individuals of the Kalahari Desert give away all of the animals they kill every day? a.They are really nice people who.
13 Views
View Answer
  21.CRM firms complete what type of anthropological projects? a.Biological b.Forensic c.Contract archaeology d.Residual 22.Which field of anthropology is devoted to solving crimes? a.Forensic b.Archaeology (but only crimes of the past) c.Biological anthropology d.Ethnology 23.CRM work is carried out by “contract archaeologists” who typically work under contract to ____________. a.a government agency b.a private developer c.a native group d.all of the above 24.__________ is the health-related.
2 Views
View Answer
  1.Climatic and other events in the physical environment become disasters because __________.                a. people are killed b.of the lack of medical knowledge c.of conditions in the natural environment d.of conditions in the social environment 2.The major cause of China’s Hwang River floods is __________. a.burst dams b.deforestation c.farming on floodplains d.too few dams 3.__________ did not contribute to.
8 Views
View Answer
  1.Religion deals with the __________. a.existential b.dialectic c.supernatural d.nonexistent   2.After their efforts at creation, many creator gods __________. a.die b.retire c.watch their creation d.demand to be worshiped   3.According to Clifford Geertz, it is when faced with ignorance, pain, and the unjustness of life that a person explains events __________. a. as capricious b.based on scientific knowledge c.as supernatural d.by the intervention of the.
7 Views
View Answer
  11.Applied or practicing anthropologists may be involved in all of the following except ___________. a.assembling data relevant to a program b.assessing the likely social and environmental impact of particular plans c.monitoring the effects of a program d.Applied anthropologists may be involved in all of the above 12.Applied anthropology in the United States developed ___________. a.out of.
3 Views
View Answer
  21.What type of national political systems rarely fight each other? a.Totalitarian dictatorships b.Participatory governments c.Government by tribunal d.Fascist dictatorships 22.What is one marker of the difference between most crime and terrorism? a.Criminals rarely take credit for their activities. b.Terrorists have higher motives than simple criminals. c.One country’s terrorism is another country’s salvation. d.Terrorists are not criminals, just misunderstood freedom-fighters. 23.R..
4 Views
View Answer
    21.Which of the following is least likely to interest an archaeologist? a.ancient garbage heaps b.ancient temples c.pieces of ancient pottery d.dinosaur bones   22.The study of anthropology may be useful for all of the following except __________. a.giving us a sense of humility about our own culture’s failings b.helping us avoid misunderstandings between people c.giving us a better understanding.
3 Views
View Answer
  1. Associations and theories are two kinds of __________. a.scientific reasoning b.explanations c.scientific methods d.hypotheses   2. A __________ is something that almost all physical scientists accept. a.hypothesis b.cultural norm c.law d.cultural practice   3. When two or more variables tend to be related in a predictable way and the observed relationship is unlikely to be due to chance, scientists propose a.
12 Views
View Answer
    11. Probabilities, or p values, are used in __________. a.statistical tests of significance b.only the hard social sciences c.statistical tests of contingency d.variable testing   12. When change in one aspect of culture takes time to produce change in another aspect, __________ has occurred. a.cultural tradition b.cultural conflict c.cultural lag d.cultural jetlag   13. The description and in-depth analysis of a culture.
5 Views
View Answer
    21.The use of more than one language in the course of conversation is referred to as _________.  a. spanglish b.code-switching c.annoying d.bilingual   22.The roles that determine how phrases and sentences are formed make up a language’s __________. a.morphology b.descriptive grammar c.syntax d.phonology   23.About 50 percent of the English general vocabulary originated in __________. a.Finnish b.Norman c.German d.French   24.Historical linguists reconstruct changes that have occurred.
0 Views
View Answer
  11.Barbara Ayres suggested that the importance of regular rhythm in the music of a culture       is related to the rhythm’s__________—that is, its associations with feelings of security or relaxation in infancy. a.devaluation b.diffusion c.evolution. d.acquired reward value 12.__________ is a broad category comprising all the myths, legends, folktales, ballads, riddles, proverbs, and superstitions of a.
4 Views
View Answer
    31.__________ argues that all humans have an innate language-acquisition device, leading to a basic, “universal” grammar. a.Roger Fouts b.Noam Chomsky c.Cecil Brown d.Derek Bickerton   32.In which language would you expect children to develop a concept of gender permanence at the earliest age? a.one in which many nouns are clearly defined as either masculine or feminine b.one in.
2 Views
View Answer