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Study Resources (Anthropology)

1. Which of the following is not one of the major legislative functions discussed in the text? A. public policy making B. legislative oversight C. representation D. capital improvements 2. Legislatures sometimes create an agency or program for a specific number of years. At the end of that period, legislators evaluate the agency or program..
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  11. A law requiring states to register people to vote when they applied for their drivers’ licenses is referred to as: A. Driver’s License Act. B. Motor Voter Act. C. Driver Voter Act. D. none of the above 12. The _____ option facilitates political participation, while the _____ option discourages political participation. A. voice; exit B. exit;.
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  1. A moralistic political culture is most likely to place high value on citizen participation and expect public officials to follow high standards of ethical conflict. 2. State and local governments rarely, if ever, get involved in issues of political economy.   3. People on the conservative end of the ideological spectrum.
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  21. All of the following EXCEPT _____ were minority mayors of big cities in the 1980s or 1990s: A. Wilson Goode (Philadelphia) B. Edward Koch (New York) C. Coleman Young (Detroit) D. Thomas Bradley (Los Angeles) 22. People who move out of a city because of its problems are dealing with urban problems through what.
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  1. Generally, state constitutions are longer than the federal constitution. 2. ?Earmarking? revenue in the state constitution can often have unintended negative consequences for the state legislature’s ability to establish policy priorities. 3. State constitutions often place restrictions on the actions of local government. 4. Courts have the power to evaluate.
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  21. A study of people’s encounters with public bureaucracies found: A. a majority of the people were very dissatisfied with the bureaucracy. B. a majority expressed confidence that the bureaucracy in general treated people satisfactorily. C. a majority expressed satisfaction with their own encounters with the bureaucracy. D. a majority thought that government offices.
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  1. Ronald Reagan is the president most associated with New Federalism.  2. The Constitution grants unlimited powers to Congress. 3. Federal block grants usually have extensive federal guidelines stipulating how the grant can be used. 4. The federal government’s policy-making role grew under cooperative federalism. 5. Regional politics rarely play a role in.
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  21. The most popular mechanism for resolving interstate problems is: A. regional lobbying groups. B. Dillon’s Rule. C. interstate competition. D. interstate compacts. 22. One effect of fiscal federalism on Sunbelt states is that most of those states: A. send more money to the federal government in taxes than they get back in federal expenditures.
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    11.Applied or practicing anthropologists may be involved in all of the following except __________. a.assembling data relevant to a program b.assessing the likely social and environmental impact of particular plans c.monitoring the effects of a program d.applied anthropologists may be involved in all of the above   12.Applied anthropology in the United States developed __________. a.out of.
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  21. Reforms to strengthen the governors’ administrative powers include: A. electing other state executives independently of the governor. B. reorganizing the state executive branch into a larger number of departments. C. allowing the governor to appoint a cabinet of department heads. D. all of the above 22. Which of the following is not regarded.
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1. Proposition 13 in California: A. reduced property taxes. B. reduced income taxes. C. effectively brought an end to the tax rebellion movement. D. had a liberalizing effect on the tax structure. 2. Over the past 40 years, state and local government spending has risen: A. much more slowly than either federal spending or the.
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  21. A good example of a professionally motivated interest group is: A. Amnesty International. B. the Swedish-American Friendship Society. C. the National Audubon Society. D. a state medical association. 22. An organization that collects money from individuals and uses that money to make campaign contributions is a: A. labor union. B. corporation. C. PAC. D. PIRG. 23. If.
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  11. Which of the following is not characteristic of most county governments? A. a single, elected chief executive B. fragmentation of executive power among different departments and agencies C. several elected executives D. agency heads who report directly to the board of commissioners rather than to a chief administrative officer 12. The form of municipal.
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  11. John Engel’s style of gubernatorial leadership in Michigan is best referred to as: A. Demagogue. B. Policy Entrepreneur. C. Frustrated Warrior. D. Caretaker. 12. In providing policy leadership in a state, the governor does all of the following EXCEPT: A. setting the agenda for public policy decision-making. B. coordinating the formulation of policy. C. overseeing.
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  1. Although most states have county governments, counties usually have little responsibility. 2. Most local office holders see themselves primarily as volunteers with a strong sense of civic duty. 3. The city-manager form of municipal government attempts to separate the administration of city services from partisan politics. 4. Municipal governments are usually granted.
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1. Judicial review refers to: A. legislatures assessing the performance of the court system. B. chief executives deciding whether to obey judicial orders. C. administrators assessing whether their policies conform to legal guidelines. D. judges deciding whether laws are constitutional. 2. The constitution usually prescribes _____ law while the legislature prescribes _____ law. A. fundamental; statutory B..
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    21.What type of national political systems rarely fight each other? a.totalitarian dictatorships b.participatory governments c.government by tribunal d.fascist dictatorships   22.What is one marker of the difference between most crime and terrorism? a.Criminals rarely take credit for their activities. b.Terrorists have higher motives than simple criminals. c.One country’s terrorism is another country’s salvation. d.Terrorists are not criminals, just misunderstood freedom-fighters.   23.R..
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  1. A municipality outsourcing its trash collection to a company such as Waste Management would be an example of privatization. 2. The fact any agencies are made up both permanent, professional administrators and amateur executives elected or appointed to head the agency, means that there is little tension or disagreement within.
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  11. A block grant: A. allows the recipient government to have considerable (but not complete) discretion in spending the funds. B. requires the recipient government to submit an application to the granting agency, which has considerable discretion in deciding which applicants will receive funding. C. permits the grant funds to be used.
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  11. In terms of the ideological spectrum, the largest number of Americans tend to think of themselves as: A. liberal or slightly liberal. B. conservative or slightly conservative. C. extremely liberal or extremely conservative. D. moderate or middle-of-the-road. 12. A conservative would be more likely than a liberal to favor: A. regressive taxes. B. progressive taxes. C..
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  11. A tightly knit party organization that controls the parties nomination and controls many patronage jobs is the: A. party in the electorate. B. party ward. C. political machine. D. tripartite organization. 12. A campaign contribution channeled from one party organization to another and sometimes used to bypass campaign finance regulations is known as: A..
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1. The ability of a group or individual to influence what a government does is Chapter 7’s definition of: A. elitism. B. pluralism. C. decision-making. D. power. 2. On which of the following point(s) does/do elitist theories of community power differ from pluralist theories? A. the amount of overlap among the economic elites, social elites,.
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    21.CRM firms complete what type of anthropological projects? a.biological b.forensic c.contract archaeology d.residual 22.Which field of anthropology is devoted to solving crimes? a.forensic b.archaeology (but only crimes of the past) c.biological anthropology d.ethnology   23.CRM work is carried out by “contract archaeologists” who typically work under contract to __________. a.a government agency b.a private developer c.a native group d.all of the above   24.__________ is the health-related.
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  11. In the political arena, a non-decision occurs when: A. the mayor and city council decide to take some action. B. the mayor and city council cannot agree on a course of action. C. political opposition groups force the city government to deal with their demands. D. a question is kept from being placed.
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    11.What percent of the violence against women comes from a male intimate partner, such as a husband? a.50% b.65% c.75% d.90%   12.The reasons for infanticide are similar to those given for __________. a.murder b.abortion c.wife battering d.physical abuse   13.Cross-culturally, what is the most common form of family violence? a.murder b.child abuse c.wife beating d.husband beating   14.Societies that have violent methods of conflict resolution within communities,.
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  11. In Rutan v. Republican Party of Illinois (1990), the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that: A. states must establish comparable worth policies. B. policy-level officials may be fired for politically partisan reasons, but lower-level officials may not. C. policy-level officials may not be fired for politically partisan reasons, but lower-level workers may. D..
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1. The fact that administrators are permanent employees while executives are temporary officials leads to: A. harmony between administrators and executives. B. tension between administrators and executives. C. administrators who are usually willing to follow the lead of executives because they will not be around long. D. all of the above 2. Policy implementation takes.
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  21. Which political culture is least likely to be found in the Pacific Northwest? A. the individualistic B. the moralistic C. the traditionalistic D. the opportunistic 22. Concerning political culture’s impact on state politics, researchers found that: A. political culture affected political participation. B. political culture did not affect political corruption. C. political culture did not affect.
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  21. Which of the following is not characteristic of a reformed city council? A. at-large elections B. ward elections C. nonpartisan elections D. lack of direct intervention in administrative agencies 22. The _____ nominates a party’s candidates for public office by having the voters pick the nominees through the ballot box. A. long ballot B. convention C. direct.
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1. The introductory case on Occupy Wall Street’s political activities demonstrates which of the following approaches to political participation? A. spectator B. gladiator C. direct democracy D. lobbying 2. Which of the following was not identified as one of the mechanisms providing traditional and legal channels of citizen input to government? A. public opinion B. the ballot.
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1. The type of local government that has decreased the most in numbers since the 1940s is: A. municipalities. B. townships. C. special districts. D. school districts. 2. A local government such as a metropolitan transit commission that performs only one service is called a: A. single purpose government. B. general purpose government. C. general commission. D. municipality. 3..
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  21. All of the following generalizations about party influence in state legislatures are true EXCEPT for: A. two-party competition does not always lead to liberal social welfare policies. B. in states which are relatively competitive and in which party control over government changes hands frequently, increases in party competition tend to produce.
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  21. Deliberately breaking a law in order to turn public opinion against that law is: A. a protest. B. civil disobedience. C. a strike. D. a sit-in. 22. A very successful example of a direct action political tactic was: A. the Harlem Rent Strikes of 1963–64. B. the Newark Community Union Project of the mid–1960s. C..
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  1. According to the textbook, minority mayors face a number of problems that white mayors rarely face. 2. Pluralist theory argues that most cities are dominated by an upper class business elite. 3. According to Peter Bachrach and Morton Baratz, considering what issues are not the political agenda (nondecisions) can reveal a.
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1. Which of the following statements is untrue? A. state and local budgets have risen since 1950 B. early in our history, states provided few services C. compared to the federal government, state and local governments are minimal providers of public services today D. government’s role in health care expanded dramatically since 1950 2..
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  1.Which is not a phase of applied anthropology? a.Research into the life ways of a particular group. b.Assembling relevant knowledge. c.Assessing the likely social and environmental impact of particular plans. d.Implementing and monitoring the program and its effects.   2.One out of two anthropologists in the United States is employed __________. a.outside of the field of applied.
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  21. Due to judicial interpretations of bills of rights in recent years: A. both state and federal courts set lower standards for human rights. B. both state and federal courts set higher standards for human rights. C. federal courts have been more likely than state courts to set higher standards for human rights. D..
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  1. Constitutionally, all U.S. states are required to have bicameral legislatures. 2. Sunshine laws are designed to bring transparency to the activities of legislative committees.   3. According to the textbook, attempts at legislative reform have had a number of unintended consequences. 4. The U.S. Supreme Court has found all forms of gerrymandering.
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1. Courts get involved in public policy making primarily through their power of: A. judicial review. B. judicial restraint. C. judicial politics. D. judicial curbs. 2. A minor crime such as stealing a small amount of money is a: A. civil violation. B. tort. C. misdemeanor. D. felony. 3. Which of the following methods of selecting judges is.
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1. Our expectations of state and local executives have gone through three historical states. Which of the following is not among the three stages? A. executive representation B. neutral competence C. polarized pluralism D. executive leadership 2. The demand for executive representation coincided with the period of: A. Jacksonian Democracy. B. Progressive Reformism. C. the American Revolution. D. Executive.
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  21. Robert Martinson’s assessment of 231 studies of criminal offenders concluded that: A. rehabilitation programs usually reduce recidivism rates. B. rehabilitation programs emphasizing vocational training generally reduce recidivism, but other rehabilitation programs do not. C. with few exceptions, rehabilitation programs have no appreciable effect on recidivism. D. drug therapy and corrective surgery appear.
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  1. The background of those serving in the judiciary has little influence over their decisions.   2. When it comes to criminal justice policy, there are few differences between liberals and conservatives. 3. According to the text, the privatization of prisons raises significant constitutional issues. 4. The merit system of judicial selection is.
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  1. A low sense of political efficacy is likely to lead to higher participation in the political process. 2. Holding state elections at the same time as presidential elections yields higher turnout.   3. The propensity for exit often leaves troubled communities without people or resources to tackle community issues 4. Labor unions.
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  1. Incumbency provides little, if any, advantage in American electoral politics  2. In American political parties each level of the party organization (national, state, local) has considerable autonomy. 3. The Republican Party has always had a significant electoral advantage in the South. 4. A group blocking the entrance to a logging road.
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  11. A provision that would have governors appoint all state department heads is found in the: A. Texas constitution. B. model state constitution. C. typical state constitution. D. traditional state constitution. 12. If a state constitution requires that a bill be read aloud three times before it can be passed into law, but the.
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  11. A legislative district deliberately created to ensure that it will have a black or Hispanic representative is called a: A. traditional district. B. black/Hispanic district. C. majority-minority district. D. minority district. 12. Legislators who vote their conscience rather than voting as their constituents wish fit the role pattern of: A. trustee. B. delegate. C. politico. D..
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