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Study Resources (Anthropology)

  1. According to the text, about two-thirds of those living in poverty do not have a job. 2. Conservatives, more than liberals, think the best approach to poverty is laissez-faire  3. Medicare benefits are eligible to all qualifying seniors, regardless of their ability to pay for alternative health insurance. 4. The U.S..
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1. Externalities are a sign of: A. the effectiveness of the free market economy. B. failure in the free market economy. C. the effectiveness of socialism. D. failure in socialist economies. 2. If a new shopping center forces a local government to invest in new water and sewer improvements, street widening, and environmental initiatives, those.
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    14)What are some disadvantages of using electronically mediated communication in a particular relationship?       15)Use the criteria for determining the richness of communication channels to compare face-toface, interpersonal communication with e-mail communication.   16)What do we mean when we refer to hyperpersonal relationships?     .
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1. When President Obama took office in 2009, he proposed a multiyear investment in: A. airport security. B. bridges to nowhere. C. high speed rail. D. the interstate highway system. 2. A good example of antidiversion legislation is found in the: A. general sales tax. B. property tax. C. gasoline tax. D. income tax. 3. The Highway Trust.
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  4)What makes interpersonal communication irreversible?   5)Define ethics and discuss the behaviors of an ethical communicator.   6)Define explicit and implicit rules in interpersonal communication, and give your own example of each.     .
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    21) The set of enduring internal predispositions and behavioral characteristics that describe how you react to your environment is your A) self-concept. B)true self. C)reflexive self. D)personality.   22) The ability to think about what we are doing while we are doing it is called A) self-talk. B)self-reflexivity. C)self-fulfilling prophecy. D)reframing.   23) Which of the following is NOT one.
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    Matching Sequences   1. Match the term with its definition. 1)communication A) the process of acting on information   2)electronically mediated communication    B) communication through electronic means   3)interpersonal communication   C) an address given to an audience that is physically present   4)impersonal communication D) true dialogue and honest sharing of self with others   5)public communication E) when one person communicates a.
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    31) The social information-processing theory explains how A)information about society is conveyed to the public by the mass media. B)family members convey essential information to one another through e-mail. C)information about social groups learned over the Internet is used to form opinions that affect communication with those groups. D)we can develop quality relationships with.
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    11)Define metacommunication and provide an example in an interpersonal relationship.   12)What are the main differences between other-oriented and egocentric communicators?   13)Discuss in which communication model the sources can be both sender and receiver.     .
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  1. Local control of education policy has been eroding over the last quarter of a century. 2. The U.S. Constitution requires that public schools be funded equitably.  3. According to the textbook, the research shows conclusively that private school children perform much better than children who attend public schools. 4. College and.
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  1. Water pollution is among the easiest to regulate because the sources of pollution are always obvious. 2. The federal government plays a major role in environmental regulation. 3. The cost-benefit approach to environmental regulation is effective because it is not difficult to identify the costs or benefits of environmental protection. 4. According.
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  21. A Democratic initiative to equalize school funding by increasing state aid and taxes led to a voter reaction that gave Republicans control of the state government in: A. New Jersey. B. Californi A. C. Minnesot A. D. Texas. 22. Which state adopted a school finance plan that forced rich districts to share their property tax.
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    True/False Questions   1)Impersonal communication differs from interpersonal communication in that it treats people as objects rather than unique individuals.   2)There is one definition of communication with which most experts agree.   3)The receiver is the person who decodes and attempts to make sense out of what the source encoded.   4)The interaction model of communication views.
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    21)Research shows that the lack or loss of a close relationship can lead to ill health and even death.   22)In the message transfer model of communication, participants use feedback to verify and clarify messages.   23)The message transfer model of communication is concerned primarily with the linear movement of a message from source.
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    11)Tom is anticipating a meeting with his professor about the grade on his last assignment. He visualizes the conversation and considers responses to challenges he expects the professor to make. This activity reflects Tom’s intrapersonal communication.   12)Human communication is at the core of our existence.   13)Noise is usually, but not always, present.
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  11. The Clinton administration’s Urban Empowerment Zones differ from earlier urban enterprise zones in that the empowerment zones: A. cover many more locations across the country. B. offer social services as well as business incentives. C. rely on social services rather than business incentives. D. none of the above 12. A/An _____ uses a city.
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  21. The premier example of high-tech stimulated economic development is: A. Silicon Valley, Californi A. B. Youngstown, Ohio. C. Yonkers, New York. D. Charleston, South Carolin A. 22. A major drawback of relying on high-tech manufacturing as an economic development strategy is that: A. most legislatures do not support those initiatives. B. high-tech industries are changing so quickly.
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    11) A hyperpersonal relationship is an electronically mediated relationship, which is  A) more personal than a face-to-face relationship. B)less personal than a face-to-face relationship. C)energetic. D)charismatic.   12) The theory that emotional expression is severely restricted when we use only text-based messages to communicate is called __________ theory. A)media richness B)cues-filtered-out C)diminished capacity D)transactional interference   13) Which of the following.
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  11. The great variation in TANF benefits from state to state can be best explained by: A. geographical factors. B. the era in which the state government was created. C. state Supreme Court rulings. D. state wealth and ideological factors. 12. A transfer payment is called a transfer because: A. money is transferred from a.
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    Short Answer/Essay Questions   1)What three psychological constructs shape and reflect a person’s self-concept?   2)Name and briefly describe the three components of the self that were identified by William James. 3)Explain social comparison and provide an example.     .
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  1. Sales taxes are generally considered regressive forms of taxation. 2. Using property taxes to fund local schools leads to few fiscal disparities between school districts. 3. Since the early 1900s, expenditures by state and local governments have gone up considerably. 4. Income taxes score high on the criteria of equity, administrative convenience,.
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    11) Maria is sitting in a study area in the library trying to study a lesson in which she really isn’t interested. All of a sudden, she smells cologne, which causes her to look up. Which of the following processes is Maria most likely employing? A)interpersonal perception B)active perception C)selective perception D)passive perception   12) Mr..
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    11)Self-worth is a term often used interchangeably with self-concept.   12)The material self is the total of all the tangible things you own: your possessions, your home. Your body is part of your social self.   13)Jeremiah just got called in to see the principal. As he walks to the office he wonders, “What have.
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  11. BART is: A. an express bus system in Washington. B. a personalized rapid transit system in West Virgini A. C. a multimodal transit system in Boston. D. a rapid transit system in San Francisco. 12. Gated communities exemplify: A. minimum security prisons. B. redlining. C. exclusionary housing. D. downtown housing. 13. What is redlining? A. banks and insurance companies refusing to.
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  21. Which of the following was not a social welfare policy change that took place during the Nixon-Ford administration? A. Supplemental Security Income B. work requirements for welfare recipients C. the War on Poverty D. expanded food stamp coverage 22. President Reagan’s approach to social welfare reform included all of the following A. replacing AFDC and.
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  Multiple Choice Questions   1) A learned predisposition to respond to a person, object, or idea in a favorable or unfavorable way is a(n) A) attitude. B)belief. C)value. D)motive.   2) Which of the following is most resistant to change? A)attitudes B)beliefs C)values D)dislikes   3) People with low self-esteem are likely to be more A) critical of others. B)open to seeking opportunities to.
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  21. Which of the following was the site of a conflict between nuclear power proponents and opponents? A. Love Canal, NY B. Prairie Island, MN C. Phoenix, AZ D. Portland, OR 22. An approach that tries to change people’s ultimate values and lifestyles is: A. traditional politics. B. incremental politics. C. transformational politics. D. institutionalized policies. 23..
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  21. President Nixon proposed a consolidation of housing subsidies and renewal programs in the early 1970s. The result was: A. the Housing and Community Development Act. B. too small to achieve its goals. C. the Ideal Cities Initiative. D. deadlock caused by the Watergate scandal. 22. The Housing and Community Development Act of 1974: A..
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1. The percentage of people below the federal government’s poverty line: A. fell considerably during the 1960s. B. rose in the early 1980s. C. tends to go up in recessions and decline in boom times. D. all of the above 2. Absolute poverty can be defined as: A. 50 percent of the median family income. B..
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    Short Answer/Essay Questions   1) Describe the differences between impersonal and interpersonal communication. 2)Define episode in interpersonal communication and give an example.   3)What makes interpersonal communication inescapable?     .
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    11) Alan seems to always challenging Alana’s positive face. Alan is engaging in A) positive face. B)corrective face. C)face-threatening acts. D)politeness.   12) Politeness theory was developed by A) Brown and Brown. B)Lewinson and Maslow. C)Goffman. D)Brown and Levinson.   13) Which of the following reflects the approach that the self is learned through our own labels? A) Dad always.
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    21) Communication as __________ is the oldest and most simplistic of the models of human communication. A)action B)interaction C)transaction D)contraction   22) Which of the following models is considered by the authors to be the most realistic model of interpersonal communication? A) communication as action B)communication as interaction C)communication as transaction D)communication as contraction   23) The message transfer model of.
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  1. The federal government supports the interstate highway system with a 90–10 matching formul A. 2. Although Americans complain about highway congestion, most are unwilling to give up the convenience and flexibility of having their own cars. 3. Despite the efforts of state and local governments, homelessness is still a major problem facing.
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  11. Which of the following is not important in financing public schools in most states? A. the local property tax B. the state foundation aid program C. the state property tax D. the state categorical aid program 12. A device that keeps a person’s property taxes from exceeding a certain percentage of his or her.
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  Multiple Choice Questions   1) What three elements distinguish interpersonal communication from other forms of human communication? A)It is a distinctive, transactional form of human communication involving mutual influence, for the purpose of managing relationships. B)It involves treating people as objects, responding to roles rather than the person, and distinctive conversations. C)It is a mechanical,.
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Multiple Choice Questions   1) All but which one of the following are processes of interpersonal perception? A)forming impressions of others B)describing others C)interpreting the behavior of others D)identifying barriers to accurate perception   2) What process is involved when we direct our attention to specific elements of our environment and ignore others? A)interpersonal perception B)selective perception C)perception D)passive perception   3) A woman.
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  11. The Education Consolidation and Improvement Act of 1981 _____ federal funding for education and _____ state discretion over the use of those funds. A. increased; increased B. increased; decreased C. decreased; increased D. decreased; decreased 12. A liberal education reformer would be most likely to favor which of the following educational reforms? A. rote.
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    True/False Questions   1)Beliefs are learned predispositions to respond to persons, objects, or things in a favorable or unfavorable way.   2)According to William James, a person has as many social selves as there are people who recognize him or her.   3)The theory that suggests that we make sense of the world based on our.
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    9)Define mindfulness and provide the three ways of being mindfully self-aware.   10)Your roommate, Anthony, is a freshman with an excellent academic background. He has begun to have problems with one of his classes and is really getting down on himself. Because he spends so much time on his school work he.
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