Info
Warning
Danger

Study Resources (Anthropology)

  21.Which of the following helped pottery flourish in Athens? a.Athens was the only site with clay deposits in Greece. b.Athenians had more leisure time to create art than residents of other cities. c.The Athenian government provided financial support for artists. d.Athenians developed a new, much faster potter’s wheel.   22.Whom did the Athenians view as the.
1 Views
View Answer
  11. The origins of the organ date back to a.ancient Greece. b.ancient Egypt. c.the Romanesque period. d.early Christian period in Rome. 12. Why, in 1179, did the cathedral school of Notre-Dame in Paris start admitting nonclerical students? a.France had an excess of clergy. b.A papal decree ordered their admittance. c.The Church withdrew funding of the school. d.Enrollment of clerical.
7 Views
View Answer
  1.Why are the more than 100 Aegean islands between mainland Greece and Crete known as the Cyclades? a.This area of the Aegean is prone to cyclones. b.The islands historically played an important role in the trade route cycle. c.The Greeks believed this to be the home of the mythic Cyclops. d.The islands form a.
8 Views
View Answer
1. The term “Gothic,” as applied to France’s new architecture, was originally a derogatory term, because the a.Gothic cathedrals were considered too dark. b.Goths had destroyed Classical traditions. c.French were considered to be a barbaric people. d.French were descended from the Visigoths. 2. Who designed the Abbey of Saint-Denis’s renovation and thus began the Gothic.
11 Views
View Answer
  11. Second- and first-century BCE Romans portrayed their ancestors with verism to a.frighten their youth into respect. b.contrast foolish youthful optimism against ambition. c.show the wisdom and experience of age. d.emphasize the Roman virtue of piety.   12. In the sculpture Augustus of Primaporta, Cupid rides a dolphin at Augustus’s feet to a.establish Augustus as a kind.
4 Views
View Answer
  11. Qin Shihuangdi ordered the building of the Great Wall of China to a.free up prisons by giving criminals and disfavored civil servants work. b.establish tangible evidence of his status as “First Emperor.” c.provide employment for soldiers languishing from lack of action. d.protect against invasion from nomadic invaders from the north.   12. The Qin dynasty.
3 Views
View Answer
  1. Around the time of the destruction of the Second Temple in Jerusalem, Judaism became increasingly messianic, meaning that greater emphasis was placed on the a. coming of God on the day of judgment. b.worship of  the Seleucid king. c.worship of the Roman gods. d.liberation of all captive peoples.   2. By the early first.
11 Views
View Answer
  11.How does Duccio di Buoninsegna’s Maestá break from Byzantine portrayals of Mary and the Christ Child? a.Mary and the Christ Child are larger than the surrounding figures. b.Mary’s body has substance, and the Christ Child resembles an actual baby. c.Mary and the Christ Child are depicted in reverse perspective. d.Mary and the Christ Child.
3 Views
View Answer
    1.It is evident that the Sutton Hoo burial ceremony was not Christian, because a.its decoration was ornate. b.the deceased was mummified. c.the deceased was buried in war gear. d.it included cremation.   2.Sutton Hoo’s purse cover is decorated with a.floral motifs. b.geometric shapes. c.animal imagery. d.cross shapes.   3.Which literary work describes a scene similar to the Sutton Hoo discovery? a.Beowulf b.The Luttrell Psalter c.Song.
11 Views
View Answer
              27. Djingareyber Mosque     a. Alhambra 28. Dome of the Rock     b. Jerusalem 29. Kaaba     c. Mecca 30. Mathnavi     d. Medina 31. Palace of the Lions     e. Rumi 32. Prophet’s Mosque     f. Scheherazade 33.The Thousand and One Nights g. Timbuktu         .
10 Views
View Answer
  1.Both Siena and Florence are located a.in the Alps near France. b.in the Arno River valley. c.on the Tyrrhenian seacoast. d.in the region of Tuscany.   2.Why did Siena experience population growth after 1125? a.Its free commune status offered release from feudalism. b.While other city-states warred, it remained peaceful. c.It lay on a critical trade route between Florence and.
15 Views
View Answer
  1. After the Han dynasty fell in 220 CE, the Chinese rejected Confucianism for Buddhism, because they a.blamed Confucianism for civil and cultural dysfunction. b.embraced Buddhism’s emphasis on the soul. c.rejected Confucianism’s social hierarchy. d.needed Buddhism’s position against warfare.   2. The Tang Chinese believe their capital city’s grid plan mirrored the a.social hierarchy of the region. b.diversity.
11 Views
View Answer
  1. The word Islam means a.chosen. b.recitation. c.servant. d.submission.   2. The Kaaba is significant to Muslims because it is believed to a.represent the physical center of the planet and universe. b.house the remains of the prophet Muhammad. c.be the largest mosque ever built. d.be the oldest madrasa ever built.   3. Muslims believe that in 610 CE the Archangel Gabriel first.
9 Views
View Answer
                29. Peter Abelard   a. Abbey of Saint-Denis 30. Abbot Suger   b. Canticle of the Sun 31. Thomas Aquinas   c. Magnus Liber Organi 32. Léonin and Pérotin   d. Roman de la Rose 33. Limbourg brothers   e. Siena Cathedral 34. Jean de Meung   f. Sic et Non 35. Giovanni Pisano   g. Summa Theologica 36. St. Francis of Assisi   h. Très Riches Heures du Duc de Berry     .
10 Views
View Answer
    21.What distinguished the Amarna style from earlier Egyptian art? a.nudity in the portrayal of royals b.idealized depictions of the gods c.increased focus on scenes taking place in the afterlife d.a sense of realism and immediacy   22.Akhenaten’s reforms to religion and art lasted until e.the Late Period. f.his death. g.Tutankhamun’s death h.Alexander the Great’s arrival.   23.Nubia was an important neighbor to.
4 Views
View Answer
    21. The mosaicists working in San Vitale depicted their subjects in reverse perspective and in shallow space to a.draw the viewer’s eye to one vanishing point. b.reject earthly illusion for the sacred space of the image. c.cause the objects that are further away to seem smaller. d.make the objects seem to float in ethereal.
2 Views
View Answer
  1. Athens’s Golden Age began and ended, respectively, with a.victory over the Persians and defeat by Sparta. b.the rise of Cleisthenes and the death of Pericles. c.victory over the Spartans and the death of Socrates. d.the rise of Alexander the Great and the death of Cleopatra.   2. The Greek word eudaimonia refers to a.knowledge of the.
8 Views
View Answer
  11. The Parthenon’s 40-foot ivory-and-gold statue of Athena was intended to represent a.the Delian League’s wealth. b.the cult of the body. c.Pericles’s mistress, Aspasia. d.Athens’s political power.   12. The Sophists differed from the pre-Socratics in their focus on a.the natural universe. b.the actions of the gods. c.the actions of human beings. d.the basis of reality.   13. Socrates differed from the.
2 Views
View Answer
  1. Roman culture traces its origins to the a.Dorians and the Phoenicians. b.Greeks and the Etruscans. c.the Persians and the Etruscans. d.the Egyptians and the Greeks.   2. The Etruscan homeland, Etruria, was located in a.the northernmost portion of present-day Italy. b.the southern coastal portion of Italy. c.Sicily. d.the present-day Italian region of Tuscany.   3. By the fifth century BCE, the.
10 Views
View Answer
  21. During Alexander’s time there was a growing taste for representations of men and women a.with a quality of symmetria. b.in dreamy, contemplative moods. c.posed with contrapposto. d.at an imposing scale.   22. Praxiteles’s Aphrodite of Knidos maybe the first Greek sculpture to a.aspire to a physical ideal. b.impart sexual allure to the human form. c.represent a fully nude.
2 Views
View Answer
  1.Why did the ancient Egyptians call their land Kemet, or “Black Land”? a.Black was the color associated with Osiris. b.Egypt contained rich deposits of coal. c.The Nile’s annual floods deposited black silt. d.Narmer, the first king, was a Nubian.   2.The Egyptians believed that the constant aim of the individual, the state, and the gods was.
9 Views
View Answer
  11.In the Song of Roland, Roland’s fate is brought on by his a.sense of pride. b.cowardice in battle. c.jealousy of Oliver. d.refusal to pray.   12.Charlemagne insisted upon a Christian education for his people primarily to a.gain more favor from Pope Leo. b.enable them to read aloud and sing in church. c.persuade more people to convert to Christianity. d.encourage more.
2 Views
View Answer
  11. In Christian iconography, the evangelist John is symbolized by a.a winged man. b.an ox. c.a lion. d.an eagle.   12. The Roman emperor Constantine actively supported Christianity in Constantinople by a.tearing down the pagan temples. b.declaring Christianity the city’s sole religion. c.openly favoring Christians as officials. d.persecuting pagans who refused to become Christian.   13. By the fourth century CE, naturalism.
4 Views
View Answer
  1.The arts developed in Sumerian city-states largely as a.celebrations of the priest-kings’ powers. b.embodiments of the concept of pairidaeza, or paradise. c.decorations for the ziggurats’ interiors. d.votive offerings to Gilgamesh.   2.The Mesopotamian ziggurat, with its crowning temple, might have symbolized a.an entrance to the earth’s womb. b.the triumph of good over evil. c.a bridge between heaven and earth. d.the.
12 Views
View Answer
      Matching Sequences   1.Match the example with the term. 1)Bill and Nada are married and have five of A) extended family their biological children living at home with them. 2)Tiffany and Dane have been married for five B) blended family years, and live with Dane’s son from a previous marriage. 3)Bob and Marie have been married.
3 Views
View Answer
  11. The Qur’an advises Muslim women to dress modestly to a.distinguish themselves from Christian women. b.demonstrate submissiveness to men. c.distinguish themselves from Jewish women. d.avoid harassment.   12. Why was Islam able to spread so quickly after Muhammad’s death? a.Rome’s collapse left the Middle East, Eastern Europe, and Central Asia leaderless. b.A long war had exhausted the Byzantine.
3 Views
View Answer
    11.Neolithic Nok heads have an artistry based upon a.animal imagery. b.burial masks. c.woven patterns. d.abstract geometrical shapes.   12.According to the most recent discoveries, Stonehenge was constructed as a a. sacrificial altar. b.royal residence. c.burial ground. d.marketplace.   13.What is the most basic architectural technique for spanning space? a.post-and-lintel b.corbel c.cromlech d.menhir   14.What can myths tell about their cultures? a.place of origin b.views and beliefs c.social hierarchy d.form of government   15.The.
7 Views
View Answer
  21.Pope Urban II presented the Crusades as a.a Holy War. b.an act of penance. c.a chance for economic gain. d.a missionary opportunity.   22.All of the following were motivations for the First Crusade EXCEPT a.gaining free access to Jerusalem. b.receiving monetary rewards. c.creating a homeland for Jews. d.reducing conflict in Europe.   23.Although the first three Crusades were political and religious failures,.
2 Views
View Answer
  21.Bruges was a desirable place to live in the late Middle Ages, because its a.climate was mild year-round. b.rate of plague contraction was the lowest in Europe. c.government was independent of any king’s control. d.people earned the highest wages in northern Europe. 22.In fifteenth-century Bruges, the Radiant style could be seen in the a.town hall. b.hospital. c.palace. d.treasury.   23.Giovanni Pisano.
4 Views
View Answer
  21. Muhammad and his followers initially thought that music would a.incite the baser passions of the people. b.distract the faithful from their true purpose. c.make Islam too similar to Christianity. d.cause Muslims to commit the sin of vanity.   22. Traditional Arabic music is based on the intonations and rhythms of a.the four seasons. b.the gurgling of water. c.algebraic.
1 Views
View Answer
  11.In the Iliad, why does Achilles become angry with the Greek leader Agamemnon and withdraw from the Trojan War? a.Agamemnon takes the beautiful Briseis from Achilles. b.Agamemnon names Hector, not Achilles, as general. c.Achilles sympathizes with Priam, the Trojan king. d.Achilles wants to attack the Trojans, rather than surrender.   12.The Greek concept of arête involves a.showing.
6 Views
View Answer
  11.Who is credited with the idea of stacking increasingly smaller mastabas to create a monumental symbol of the king’s everlasting power? a. Imhotep b.Khafre c.Djoser d.Khufu   12.The primary purpose of Egyptian funerary sculpture was to a.intimidate potential tomb robbers. b.preserve and guarantee the king’s existence after death. c.provide concealment for gold and jewels. d.hold the king’s preserved vital.
7 Views
View Answer
  1. According to Chinese legend, Fu Xi’s invention of a pictographic writing system was inspired by a.visions that came to him in a dream. b.random scratches that he noticed on animal bones. c.constellations and bird and animal footprints. d.papyruses left behind by seafaring Egyptians.   2. Oracle bones were used to a.record business transactions. b.foretell the future. c.make contact.
7 Views
View Answer
  11. The moat surrounding the Hindu temple Angkor Wat represents a.the womb. b.purification. c.the force of destruction. d.the oceans.   12. Shiva is commonly portrayed dancing within a circle of fire to a.instruct his followers on how to worship him. b.symbolize his creative and destructive powers. c.represent the mystical state created by dancing. d.represent his incarnation as sun god.   13. Japan’s.
8 Views
View Answer
  21. The Yoruba king must cover his face with rows of beads to a.prevent his subjects from looking at him. b.conceal his identity from the gods. c.shield viewers from the power of his gaze. d.avoid seeing the suffering of his people.   22. The Benin built massive earthwork walls and moats around their capital city as a.protection.
6 Views
View Answer
    11.Which god helps Gilgamesh and Enkidu kill Humbaba the Terrible, guardian of the Cedar Forest? a. Anu, the sky god b.Enlil, the storm god c.Ea, the water god d.Shamash, the sun god   12.In the Epic of Gilgamesh, Ishtar sends the Bull of Heaven to destroy Gilgamesh and Enkidu because Gilgamesh a.killed her friend, Humbaba. b.declared war.
6 Views
View Answer
    21.In prehistoric times, communication with the spiritual world is thought to have been largely conducted in a. groves. b.semi-permanent huts. c.river valleys. d.Caves.   22.The Olmec’s giant mounds where the priests dwelled are thought to have possibly represented a. volcanoes. b.pregnant wombs, c.mountains. d.female breasts.   23.Why might the Olmec have carved their leaders’ heads in colossal size? a.to intimidate potential.
4 Views
View Answer
  1.Paleolithic cave paintings may have been intended to do all of the following EXCEPT a.serve as magic charms to ensure successful hunting. b.function as lunar calendars, predicting seasonal migration of the animals. c.conjure game by depicting it. d.commemorate the dead buried in the caves.   2.Why are the Chauvet animal paintings probably NOT associated with the.
11 Views
View Answer