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Study Resources (Anthropology)

11.Under what kinds of conditions would you expect to find convergent evolution? a.Similar environmental pressures on various species b.Environment in which two or more species occupy the same ecological niche c.Environment in which there are scarce resources d.Environment that is facing climate change e.Environment of abundant resources where no species needs specialization 12.What kind of evidence.
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            32. William Byrd     a. The Tempest 33. Elizabeth I     b. Utopia 34. Hans Holbein     c. A briefe and true report of the new found land of Virginia 35. Henry VIII     d. “List to Hunt” 36. Thomas More     e. “On Monsieur’s Departure” 37. Christopher Marlowe   f. The Ambassadors 38. William Shakespeare   g. A Defense of the Seven Sacraments against Martin Luther 39. Thomas Hariot   h. Psalms,.
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  21.The ten storytellers in Boccaccio’s Decameron leave Florence for a country estate to a.escape the Black Death. b.avoid a potential scandal. c.enjoy the pastoral life. d.establish a new society.   22.In the Decameron, Boccaccio introduces into Western literature the literary convention of a. the framing tale. b.the epic poem. c.satire. d.social realism.   23.Petrarch perfected the literary form of a.terza rima. b.satire. c.the Italian.
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  11.Roger van der Weyden’s Descent from the Cross displays tension between a.sexuality and salvation. b.wealth and poverty. c.Christianity and paganism. d.material well-being and spiritual narrative.   12.Hieronymus Bosch’s famous triptych, the Garden of Earthly Delights, seems to have been intended to a.serve as a conversation piece. b.frighten sinners into repentance. c.hang in the ‘s-Hertogenbosch cathedral. d.provide instruction on the Seven.
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MULTIPLE CHOICE 1.Anthropology is a.the study of Western culture primarily through the analysis of its folklore. b.the study of humankind everywhere, throughout time. c.the study of nonhuman primates through an analysis of their myth and folklore. d.the study of the species Homo sapiens by analyzing its cultural but not its biological dimensions. e.the analysis of humankind.
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TRUE/FALSE 1.Among primates, the sense of smell has increased and the visual sense has diminished in significance, directly related to a change from nocturnal to diurnal activities. 2.Primatologists focus solely on studying primates in the wild. 3.Primates are isotherms, or warm-blooded, and are able to adapt in almost any temperature environment. 4.All vertebrates are.
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    21. Until James Burbage opened his Shoreditch theater, who supported the acting companies? a. audiences b.Queen Elizabeth c.Parliament d.noblemen   22. Christopher Marlowe’s Dr. Faustus turns to black magic out of a.dissatisfaction with traditional scholarship. b.a desire to achieve immortality. c.a wish to be the world’s greatest professor. d.anger about dissention in religion   23.What in Dr. Faustus would become a.
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MULTIPLE CHOICE 1.How do scientific accounts and creation stories differ from each other? a.Evolution is true, and creation stories are not b.Evolution, unlike creation stories, explains how life forms became diverse c.Scientific accounts focus on testable ideas, and creation stories do not d.Creation stories are based on religion, and scientific accounts are based on ideology e.These.
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              31. Sofonisba Anguissola   a. Allegory with Venus and Cupid 32. Giovanni Bologna   b. Bernardino Campi Painting Sofonisba Anguissola 33. Agnolo Bronzino   c. Feast in the House of Levi 34. Giovanni Palestrina   d. Jupiter and Io 35. Correggio   e. Last Judgment 36. El Greco   f. The Madonna with the Long Neck 37. Michelangelo   g. The Rape of Europa 38. Parmigianino   h. Rape of the Sabine Women 39.Teresa.
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1.Desiderius Erasmus and Thomas More revived the Classical literary genre of a. satire. b.dramatic dialogue. c.epistle. d.parody.   2.Satire aims to convey the contradiction between a.law and practice. b.real and ideal situations. c.faith and tangible evidence. d.the moral and the secular.   3.In his In Praise of Folly, Erasmus attacks Church officials for a.spending money on lavish art. b.not allowing clergy to marry. c.supporting.
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  1.What had the Aztecs done that caused other native tribes to resent them and thus be willing to help Hernán Cortés in his conquest? a. confiscated their gold and silver b.established Tenochtitlán on the best farmland c.raided their villages for sacrifice victims d.seized their land to build Tenochtitlán   2.Within two years after Hernán Cortés’s.
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  21.How does Benvenuto Cellini’s Perseus counter the classical contrapposto pose? a. Both legs are stiff. b.Both arms are straight. c.Perseus’s weight is on the right foot. d.Perseus rises in a complex spiral.   22.Benventuto Cellini’s Life is a.the first Western novel. b.the first book to be banned by the Italian Inquisition. c.one of the first secular autobiographies. d.the primary.
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11.Certain traits have three or more allelic forms. One example of this is hemoglobin. 12.Even two unrelated genetic sequences will be 25 percent identical. 13.Microevolution is changes in allelic frequencies in populations. 14.Gene flow always occurs between populations of related organisms. 15.If five campers from Albany are killed in a chance avalanche, this event.
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    11. Henry VIII broke away from Rome and started his own Church of England to a.retaliate for not being appointed Holy Roman Emperor. b.support Martin Luther’s Reformation. c.annul his marriage to Katharine of Aragon. d.place himself on the same level as the pope.   12.Why did Mary I order mass executions of Protestants when she assumed.
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    31.Leon Battista Alberti a. The Book of the Courtier 32.Sandro Botticelli b. Camera Picta 33.Filippo Brunelleschi c. Florence Cathedral 34.Baldassare Castiglione d. Meeting of Solomon and Sheba 35.Lorenzo Ghiberti e. Lives of the Most Excellent Painters, Architects, and Sculptors 36.Leonardo da Vinci f. Mona Lisa 37.Andrea Mantegna g. Primavera 38.Masaccio h. On Painting 39.Pico della Mirandola i. Oration.
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  21.Ludovico Sforza, duke of Milan, was interested in Leonardo da Vinci because he a.could design great machines of war for him. b.could help him earn his people’s support. c.agreed to paint Sforza’s 16-year-old mistress. d.could help heal a rift between Sforza and the Medici.   22.Leonardo da Vinci’s Last Supper fresco is unique for its a.inclusion of.
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  11.What ritual activity is universally practiced across West Africa? a.scarification b.mother worship c.masked dance d.marimba music   12.European military commanders viewed the Kongolese minkonde figures as a.evidence of aggressive native opposition to colonial control. b.native ancestral connection to a spirit world. c.adaptation of Christ to feature African characteristics. d.proof that the Africans believed the Europeans were divine.   13.Eighteenth-century Spanish-American casta paintings.
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21.All of the following are lessons that emerge from the orangutan study except: a.the concept of biological stress cannot be applied equally across species. b.reproductive strategies can be flexible. c.orangutans have no forms of aggression within their communities. d.primate behavior is serious and has social consequences that may not be anticipated. e.one must be cautious.
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11.Which of the following statements about rank is true for bonobos? a.Number of offspring is the sole factor involved in determining rank b.Female rank determines the social hierarchy of the group exclusively c.Male rank determines the social hierarchy of the group exclusively d.Female rank determines the social order of the group more than male.
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  11.Martin Luther rebelled against the Church mandate about celibacy for those in a religious vocation, because a.faith, to him, equalized everyone, including the clergy. b.he was already excommunicated when he married. c.marriage prevented clergy from committing adultery. d.God decreed that humans should procreate.   12.Why was Thomas Müntzer so critical of Martin Luther about the Peasant.
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11.Genes are portions of molecules of long strands of which form chromosomes, or a.codons. b.DNA. c.RNA. d.ribosomes. e.transcriptions. 12.The three base sequence of a gene that specifies production of an amino acid is the a.condom. b.DNA. c.codon. d.alleles. e.ribosome. 13.A particular kind of protein within a DNA molecule that initiates and directs a chemical reaction is known as a(n) a.virus. b.enzyme. c.bacteria. d.platelet. e.antioxidant. 14.What is a karyotype? a.It.
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21.Among many species, males possess larger canine teeth than females. This is an example of a.prowess. b.dominance. c.incompatibility. d.sexual dimorphism. e.polygenetic inheritance. 22.Primates have a fovea centralis, leading to which of the following consequences? a.They can focus clearly on a particular object b.They can hear sounds from two different directions c.Their fingers are better at feeling d.They are less likely.
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1.Bruges became the financial capital of Northern Europe because it a.was a favorite destination of the Burgundian dukes. b.was home to the Medici banking interests in the region. c.occupied a central location. d.was home to a great fair for painters, goldsmith, and jewelers.   2.Bruges’s status as an important trade center owed to its a.waterway that led.
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  1.The word “Renaissance” means a.“humanism.” b.“apex.” c.“rebirth.” d.“exploration.”   2.It is remarkable that a competition was held in 1401 to design the doors to the Florence Baptistery, given that scarcely over a half century earlier, the city had witnessed a. as much as four fifths of its population succumb to the Black Death. b.the military destruction of.
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  11.Donatello depicts David as a young adolescent a.because Florentine law dictated youth as a requirement for nude statuary. b.to represent his own recollected youthful image as a veiled self-portrait. c.to symbolize Florence’s youthful vitality and ability to conquer tyrants. d.because Cosimo commissioned a statue of a youth for his palace courtyard.   12.The Medici were the.
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    31.Leon Battista Alberti a. The Book of the Courtier 32.Sandro Botticelli b. Camera Picta 33.Filippo Brunelleschi c. Florence Cathedral 34.Baldassare Castiglione d. Meeting of Solomon and Sheba 35.Lorenzo Ghiberti e. Lives of the Most Excellent Painters, Architects, and Sculptors 36.Leonardo da Vinci f. Mona Lisa 37.Andrea Mantegna g. Primavera 38.Masaccio h. On Painting 39.Pico della Mirandola i. Oration.
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21.The protection of cultural resources as part of archaeology is called a.ethnographic resource management. b.cultural resource management. c.cultural resource administration. d.cultural area management. e.cultural resource excavation. 22.As part of your job, you may study the frequency of blood types in human populations, or watch the behavior of monkeys and apes, or dig for early hominid bones.
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  21.Ludovico Sforza, duke of Milan, was interested in Leonardo da Vinci because he a.could design great machines of war for him. b.could help him earn his people’s support. c.agreed to paint Sforza’s 16-year-old mistress. d.could help heal a rift between Sforza and the Medici.   22.Leonardo da Vinci’s Last Supper fresco is unique for its a.inclusion of.
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MULTIPLE CHOICE 1.“Habituation” refers to acceptance by wild animals of a human observer as a neutral element in their environment. It affects the gorilla groups discussed in the text in all the following ways except: a.changes in daily ranging behavior. b.decreased movement overall. c.artificial increase in group size. d.exposure to disease. e.vulnerability to poachers. 2.Which of the.
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31.Unique to lemurs and lorises are all of the following except: a.use of their hands in pairs instead of separately. b.a dental comb for grooming. c.a 2-1-2-3 dental formula. d.retention of a claw on their second toe for scratching. e.particularly strong and sensitive fingerpads. 32.Tarsiers resemble monkeys in their noses and lips, and in that part.
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21.The U.S. government found that Africans seeking asylum on the basis of family reunification had committed fraud in 80% of the tested cases. What is the best possible explanation for this high degree of dissonance between what the individual said and what the genetic test showed? a.Africans seeking political asylum rarely.
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1.In 1545, Pope Paul III called for the Council of Trent to a.reform the Church in response to Protestantism. b.decide action to take against the German princes. c.codify the tenets of the Catholic religion. d.negotiate peace between France and Spain.   2.The Council of Trent ordered all of the following EXCEPT a.belief in the reality of purgatory. b.cessation.
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MULTIPLE CHOICE 1.Jane Goodall did her pioneering field research on chimpanzees at Gombe Stream Chimpanzee Reserve. In what country is this located? a.Uganda b.Kenya c.Japan d.Tanzania e.Brazil 2.Male baboons are significantly larger than female baboons. This anatomical difference is called a.sexual diversity. b.sexual dimorphism. c.gender morphology. d.morphological distinction. e.anatomical errancy. 3.In what century did paleoanthropologists begin to observe living apes to shed light.
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  26.Hieronymus Bosch a. Malleus Maleficarum 27.Robert Campin  b. Self-Portrait 28.Albrecht Dürer  c. Witches’ Sabbath 29.Jan van Eyck d. Isenheim Altarpiece 30.Hans Baldung Grien e. Heptameron 31.Matthias Grünewald f. Garden of Earthly Delights 32.Heinrich Kramer g. Descent from the Cross 33.Marguerite de Navarre .
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  21.Why did The Nuremberg Chronicle’s illustrators not concern themselves with depicting the different cities accurately? a.Precise details cannot be portrayed in woodcuts. b.Most readers had not been to those cities. c.The artists were unfamiliar with the cities. d.The images were too small to be exact pictures.   22.To create deeper and darker shadows in Melancholia I,.
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11.Molecular anthropology is the study of primates and the closest human relatives. 12.Physical anthropologists are only concerned with the past evolutionary development of the human animal and the biological variations with the species that occurred in the past. 13.Besides providing factual accounts of the fate of victims who had disappeared (desaparecidos) to.
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  21.Zhu Di conceived of the treasure fleet to a.extend Chinese influence throughout the world. b.scout other cultures for potential threats. c.open diplomatic relations with other cultures. d.obtain building materials for the Forbidden City.   22.What determined if a painter belonged to the Northern or the Southern school? a.the painter’s place of residence b.the painting’s focus on nature or.
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TRUE/FALSE 1.Anthropology is different from other disciplines that study humans because it is very focused on singular aspects of a culture. 2.Ethnocentrism is the belief that one’s own culture is superior to another. 3.One way that culture is preserved and shared is by language. 4.Ethnographic fieldwork is never done in Western societies. 5.While ethnography is.
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  1.The word “Renaissance” means a.“humanism.” b.“apex.” c.“rebirth.” d.“exploration.”   2.It is remarkable that a competition was held in 1401 to design the doors to the Florence Baptistery, given that scarcely over a half century earlier, the city had witnessed a. as much as four fifths of its population succumb to the Black Death. b.the military destruction of.
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  11.Donatello depicts David as a young adolescent a.because Florentine law dictated youth as a requirement for nude statuary. b.to represent his own recollected youthful image as a veiled self-portrait. c.to symbolize Florence’s youthful vitality and ability to conquer tyrants. d.because Cosimo commissioned a statue of a youth for his palace courtyard.   12.The Medici were the.
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TRUE/FALSE 1.Both creation stories and evolution strive to account for the diversity of life on Earth. 2.Evolution explains the diversity of life by using hypotheses. 3.Monkeys are anthropoids, but humans are not. 4.Carolus Linnaeus based his classificatory system on body structure and function. 5.Analogous structures arise in similar fashion and pass through similar stages before.
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31.A chance creation of a new allele is called a.mutation. b.meiosis. c.genotype. d.genetic drift. e.directional selection. 32.There are four evolutionary forces. Which of the following is not one of these? a.Gene flow b.Genetic drift c.Mutation d.Translation e.Natural selection 33.Which of the following statements about mutation is correct? a.The rate at which mutations occur in populations is constant. b.Mutation does not contribute to the variability.
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31.Anthropology studies the language of a culture, its philosophy, and its forms of art. In the process of doing research, ethnographers involve themselves intensively in the lives of those they study, trying to experience culture from their informants’ points of view. In this sense, anthropology is a.scientific. b.humanistic. c.radical. d.conservative. e.systematic. 32.Anthropology has been called the.
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11.The hallmark of ethnographic fieldwork is a.participant observation. b.formal interviews. c.fieldnotes. d.applied anthropology. e.holism. 12.In-depth descriptive studies of specific cultures are called a.ethnologies. b.ethnobotanies. c.biologies. d.ethnographies. e.anthropologies. 13.Anthropologists doing fieldwork typically involve themselves in many different experiences.They try to investigate not just one aspect of culture (such as the political system) but how all aspects relate to each other (for example, how.
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  1. Sixteenth-century London’s construction and population growth was precipitated by a. Henry VIII’s death. b.the Dissolution Act of 1536. c.the end of the Black Death. d.England’s defeat of the Spanish Armada.   2. Henry VIII insisted upon being called “Your Majesty” rather than “Your Highness” to a.equate himself with God. b.distinguish himself from other European kings. c.associate himself.
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  11.Daniele da Volterra and others earned the name braghettoni (“breeches-painters”) by a.wearing extravagant outfits while they worked. b.painting fig leaves on the genitals of the Vatican statues. c.refusing to wear shirts while they painted. d.painting draperies on the Last Judgment’s nudes.   12.Outside of religious settings, in what kinds of paintings did artists express the Mannerist.
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