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Study Resources (Anthropology)

21.Most cultures include a mixture of individualistic and collectivistic elements. 22.Arab culture emphasizes the needs of the group over the needs of an individual. 23.The Chinese perception of collectivism is heavily influenced by Confucianism, and the interests of society and other groups are more important than family interests. 24.Unlike many other societies, the.
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MULTIPLE CHOICE 1.A culture's unconscious assumptions about how the world operates is referred to as its: a.subculture b.foundation c.deep structure d.matrix e.protoculture 2.The three most enduring and influential organizations in cultures are: a.family, state, religion b.family, community, nation c.community, nation, religion d.family, community, religion e.state, nation, religion 3.Which of the following is not true about deep structure institutions? a.carry culture's most important messages b.the institutions.
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31.As modernization occurs, all of the following changes are likely to follow except: a.increase in literacy. b.decrease in the role of religion. c.kinship plays a less significant role. d.movement from commercial farming to subsistence production. e.social mobility increases. 32.About 5,000 years ago, which of the following began occurring? a.Cargo cults b.Revolutions c.Religion d.Diffusion e.Modernization 33.The development of a bureaucracy, expansion of educational.
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TRUE/FALSE 1.Globalization, domestic diversity, and immigration make acquiring intercultural communication skills imperative. 2.Higher education has resisted globalization. 3.By 2023, minorities are expected to constitute the majority of all U.S. children under the age of 18. 4.Technology has enabled ordinary individuals cheaply and quickly to organize themselves around a common interest, ideology, or social cause. 5.Technology.
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11.A full-time religious specialist formally recognized for his or her role in guiding the religious practices of others is called a(n) a.shaman. b.priest or priestess. c.pastor. d.spiritual guide. e.preacher. 12.Which of the following is not a change that affects women who become a Chan monastic? a.They devote themselves to their families unselfishly b.They begin to refer to each.
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21.Why did the community of Mallku Khota protest so vigorously against the South American Silver Association? a.They were concerned that the mining operation would ruin their land b.They were not allowed to have shares in the corporation and so could not benefit from market success c.They felt that the hiring processes of the.
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TRUE/FALSE 1.All cultures are capable of adapting to changing conditions. 2.Eric Wolf helped expose counterinsurgency use of anthropological research in Southeast Asia. 3.Progress is a term that is often used by anthropologists who are involved in applied research working to improve the lives of indigenous peoples. 4.Diffusion can occur without acculturation. 5.Maize originated in Mexico..
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MULTIPLE CHOICE 1.What is sometimes referred to as the first multicultural nation in the world? a.the East India Trading Company b.the United States c.Egypt d.Rome e.Islam 2.Which of the following was not among the chief values adopted by early settlers in the United States? a.individuality b.lack of formality c.efficient use of time d.limited government e.C and D 3.What concept applied in the U.S..
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21.What is the adaptation process by which a people resist assimilation by modifying traditional culture in order to preserve their ethnic identity? a.Acculturation b.Syncretism c.Diffusion d.Accommodation e.Modernization 22.Traditions play an important role in all aspects of cultural change; however, among those listed below, they are most significant in a.diffusion. b.syncretism. c.accommodation. d.assimilation. e.modernization. 23.In the 1960s, the children of many middle- and.
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11.The Tokugawa era of Japanese history was characterized by: a.self-imposed isolation b.near constant civil war c.conflict with China and Korea d.large scale immigration e.C and D 12.Group affiliation in Japan was historically inculcated by: a.feudal government system b.rigid class system c.natural geography and topography d.A and B e.A, B, and C 13.Contemporary social issues facing Japanese society include: a.demographic, economic, and religious changes b.demographic.
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MULTIPLE CHOICE 1.Which of the following statements best describes changes during the past five centuries? a.This period has been marked by the reduction of human diversity to a single species. b.During this time, humans have first faced cultural change and diversity. c.This has been a period of radical culture change. d.Humans have migrated from African.
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MULTIPLE CHOICE 1.Which explanation accurately reflects the "Interpersonal needs" use of communication? a.it assists in helping us learn about other people b.it helps us decide how to present ourselves to other people c.it provides a sense of inclusion and affection d.it allows us to shape the behaviors of others e.A and B 2.The idea that "Self is.
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31.Which of the following is not a factor in determining what caste one is assigned in the Indian caste system? a.Occupation b.Food habits c.Wealth d.Dress e.Ideas of purity and pollution 32.All of the following are true of Indian harijan except: a.they endure discrimination based on their birth status. b.they make up about 15% of the Indian population. c.even their.
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TRUE/FALSE 1.All human societies have some division of labor along gender lines. 2.From the age of nine, Mundurucu males live with adult men in the men’s house. 3.Age sets are distinct from simple age grades. 4.In American society, age does not play a role in social organization. 5.The Tiriki have a eunoto ceremony in which.
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TRUE/FALSE 1.Historical evidence supports the idea that a global culture will eliminate conflict. 2.The more divergent cultural traditions are, the more difficult it is for pluralism to be successful. 3.Multiculturalism is a public policy for managing cultural diversity in a multi-ethnic society. 4.Almost 7% of the world’s population lives outside its country of birth. 5.The.
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11.All of the following statements about tattoos are correct except: a.tattoos are transformed into fine art through redefinition and framing based on formal and ideological qualities. b.tattoos were first brought to the U.S. by British Captain John Smith from the Pacific. c.tattoos can function as a mark of affiliation and identity for the.
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21.A society composed of several groups that differ in their access to resources and prestige is said to be a.stratified. b.unstratified. c.egalitarian. d.open. e.accessible. 22.You are a member of a Ju/’hoansi hunter-gatherer band. Which of the following statements demonstrates that you belong to an egalitarian society as opposed to a stratified society? a.Your father is a poor.
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31.Based on primatological studies, what does Richard Wrangham conclude about human violence and sexual selection? a.Males are better at diplomacy than females b.Sexual selection has no effect on biological differences c.There are no differences between males and females d.Females’ evolutionary interests cannot be met without cooperation from males e.Females are far more aggressive than males 32.We.
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21.In the myth of Tabaldak and Odziozo, Tabaldak first created the Abenakis from stone, and then from living wood. What does this tell us about the functions of myths? a.Myths function to tell actual history; the Abenakis believe that they were originally made of wood. b.Myths bring humor into the lives of.
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11.If a farmer leaves his land behind and comes to the city to seek work, this is classified as which type of migration? a.External b.Internal c.Interstate d.Civil e.National 12.What is xenophobia? a.Fear of anything strange or foreign b.Belief that all cultures are of value c.Fear of change d.Reluctance to live a multicultural society e.Inability to learn a foreign language 13.Xenophobia tends to.
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11.A conviction that one's own culture is superior to all other cultures is known as: a.ethnocentrism b.egoism c.endoculturalism d.multiculturalism e.plurisy 12.Which ethical approach supports the view that "ethical principles are universally applied... and timeless moral truths are rooted in human nature and independent of the conventions of particular societies?" a.fundamentalism b.relativism c.moral absolutism d.A and C e.none of the above 13.The philosophical.
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11.The tonowi of the Kapauku of New Guinea acquires political power by all of the following except: a.being generous. b.being coercive. c.being a good talker. d.being wealthy. e.being a male. 12.The source of the Kapauku tonowi’s wealth is a.money. b.cows. c.pigs. d.land. e.shell necklace. 13.A ranked society in which every member has a position in the hierarchy and an individual’s status is.
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11.According to Stephen Jay Gould, “Wheels, like wings, fins, and brains, are exquisite devices for certain purposes, not signs of intrinsic superiority.” Which of the following statements about the use of the wheel in the Middle East is correct? a.Wheels were never appropriate vehicles in the Middle East and were never.
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TRUE/FALSE 1.Twenty-five percent of the world’s population identifies itself as “non-religious.” 2.Among food foragers, religion tends to be inseparable from daily life. 3.Religion and spirituality are the same thing to anthropologists. 4.The belief in ancestral spirits is associated with a dualistic approach of body/matter versus mind/soul. 5.All religions anthropomorphize the supernatural components of their pantheon. 6.Animatism.
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MULTIPLE CHOICE 1.The ability of individuals or groups to impose their will upon others and make them do things even against their own will is called a.power. b.force. c.coercion. d.legitimacy. e.authority. 2.Politics is best defined as a.the process of electing officials and making decisions. b.the process determining who gets what, when, and how. c.the structure that determines the authority for.
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TRUE/FALSE 1.A sense of self is acquired through the process of communicating with others. 2.All people, regardless of culture, have a need to communicate and interact with others. 3.Encoding is an external activity. 4.Skype is a software application that allows people to communicate with live audio and video in real-time. Skype uses a different.
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11.Most communication behavior is: a.innate b.inborn c.learned d.habitual e.A and D 12.Culture is accurately reflected in which of the following statements? a.culture is innate b.culture and communication are inseparable c.culture is monolithic d.culture includes opera but not sporting events e.A and C 13.A good analogy for the relationship between a culture and a group of people would be: a.a car and its driver b.gasoline.
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31.The demand by “developed” countries for such items as coffee, tea, chocolate, bananas, and beef has led to a.pushing subsistence farmers off their land to make way for huge farms and ranches that specialize in cash crops. b.an increase in food supplies in “underdeveloped” nations. c.a return of urban workers to the land.
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31.Which musical system divides the octave into five nearly equidistant tones? a.Octave b.Pentatonic c.Natural d.Tonal e.Formless 32.Two people playing different patterns of beats at the same time is called a.syncopation. b.irregular repetition. c.polyrhythm. d.pentatonality. e.tone color. 33.In Western music, the distance between the basic tone and the first overtone is called a(n) a.tone. b.pentatone. c.octave. d.scale. e.pentatonic scale. 34.All of the following are functions of art except: a.art is.
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31.Mount Kailash is a sacred site for many religious traditions. In all of the following religious traditions it is a taboo to climb Mount Kailash except: a.Jainism. b.Buddhism. c.Hinduism. d.Islam. e.Bönpo. 32.All of the following statements about pilgrimages are correct except: a.a pilgrimage is a sacred journey involving religious drama. b.a pilgrimage demands personal sacrifices. c.pilgrims usually wear special.
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MULTIPLE CHOICE 1.Anthropology examines spirituality and religion in terms of the society’s a.traditions. b.expectations. c.worldview. d.belief systems. e.sacred places. 2.All of the following constitute a definition of religion except: a.a means by which people deal with things beyond their control. b.a group of associated ceremonial practices. c.a system by which people interpret aspects of the universe. d.a sacred narrative that explains.
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TRUE/FALSE 1.Art is universal to human societies. 2.Originally, the objects from the tomb of Tut-ankh-amen were made for public display. 3.Some form of visual art is a part of every historically known human culture. 4.An art form that has developed recently is tattooing. It involves the puncturing and coloring of human skin with symbolic.
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11.A society's economic system and family structures are usually independent of one another. 12.By observation, imitation, and practice, each family introduces young children to many of the values and behaviors that are important to a culture. 13.Family is a product of communication as well as a context of communication. 14.The primary influence on.
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TRUE/FALSE 1.Deep structures of culture are sources of insight for significant universal questions. 2.Family, community, and religion are the three institutions that make up the deep structure of culture. 3.Deep structure institutions have little to do with the development of a person's identity. 4.Community is the principal transmitter of knowledge, values, attitudes, roles, and.
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21.When an individual undergoes rituals to celebrate birth, puberty, and marriage, he or she is practicing a.rites of rebellion. b.rites of passage. c.rites of intensification. d.rites of magic. e.life stage rituals. 22.The initiation rites for male Australian aborigines include a stage when they are isolated from the rest of society and undergo a cram course in.
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11.The Ju/’hoansi believe that illness is caused by invisible arrows shot by spirits. 12.A sick person who is given a medical explanation for his disease (for example, that he has tuberculosis) may still prefer to explain his illness as the result of witchcraft because it explains why he, and not someone.
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TRUE/FALSE 1.In many cases, the word "culture" can easily be replaced with the word "history." 2.The values of early settlers in the U.S. were a combination of selected English values as well as new beliefs, such as individuality and efficient use of time. 3.The early frontier individualism of U.S. setters commonly portrayed in.
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11.The following caveats regarding cultural interaction patterns are true except for ____. a.all of the major institutions of culture are linked b.families within a culture rarely display differences c.families within a given culture are internally homogenous d.A and C e.B and C 12.In the United States, which of the following is not true about gender roles? a.children.
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11.So great is the power of global corporations that they increasingly hamper the wishes of governments. 12.Social media is a type of “soft power.” 13.Almost half (44%) of all people in the world get by on less than $2.00 per day. 14.President Barack Obama’s mother worked extensively in Kenya and South Africa as.
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11.Social impact assessments are required of any projects that use bank loans or any type of borrowed monies. 12.The Dalits are also known as the Sudras in the caste system. 13.South Africa during apartheid years was a pluralistic country with social stratification. 14.Differences in life chances may also signal differences in class standing. 15.The.
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MULTIPLE CHOICE 1.Whether beneficial or unbeneficial, all art is an expression of a.the innate need to be playful and engage in manual arts. b.a fundamental human capacity for symbolic and religious expression. c.state-level societies that can afford specialists. d.political domination of minorities by elites. e.the symbolic representation of form and the expression of creative imagination. 2.When ideas.
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11.History, unlike religion and culture, give objective guidance for daily life. 12.Values reflect culture, but they play no role in perpetuating the culture. 13.Language is fundamental to the functioning of culture. 14.Schools represent informal ways of learning culture. 15.Because of the brevity of proverbs, their influence is often overlooked. 16.Folktales are often simple morality lessons.
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11.To some extent, in literate societies, the function of legends has been taken over by history. 12.The significance of tales to anthropologists is partly in their distribution across cultures. 13.In all cultures, the words of songs constitute a type of poetry. 14.Ethnomusicology began in the early 20th century. 15.Zale Seck is a West African.
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11.Applied anthropology began in the 1960s as a way of improving life in developing countries. 12.Cargo cults occur primarily during moments of high social stress. 13.In Bolivia, the revitalization movement Qullasuyu promises material riches to indigenous Andean farmers. 14.A revitalization movement that attempts to overthrow an existing social structure with its accompanying ideology.
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11.Among the traditional Igbo of Midwestern Nigeria, women were not allowed positions in the administrative hierarchy. 12.Cultural control is control through external sanctions against individual misbehavior. 13.The Azande use a talking circle in order to detect who is accused of wrong-doing. 14.Punitive justice has been extremely successful in changing criminal behavior in state.
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MULTIPLE CHOICE 1.All of the following statements about cultural change are correct except: a.all cultures are capable of adapting to changing conditions. b.not all change is positive or adaptive. c.all cultures are equally well equipped for making adjustments in a timely way. d.sometimes the pace of culture change increases dramatically. e.elements of a culture may persist.
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MULTIPLE CHOICE 1.Which of the following is an example of global interconnectedness presented in the text? a.the 2011 Great Eastern Japan Tsunami b.The European Union's Sovereign Debt crisis c.the debate on U.S. Immigration policy d.A and B e.A, B, and C 2.By 2050, world population growth is expected surpass ____. a.5 billion b.6 billion c.9 billion d.15 billion e.16 billion 3.What percentage of.
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TRUE/FALSE 1.All social relations involve power. 2.“Political organization” refers to the way power has evolved, whether from war, political intrigue, or by ascription. 3.Bands have formal leadership, although it changes when necessary. 4.Relationships among members of a chiefdom are egalitarian. 5.Leadership in a tribe is formal. 6.An example of tribal leadership is the concept of the.
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11.Which cultural group has an age grade that has the eunoto ceremony to mark the passage from Warrior age grade to that of Junior adults, able to marry and start families? a.Tiriki b.Maasai c.Yakuza d.Zuni e.Ju/’hoansi 12.Associations resulting from an act of joining because of similar activities and interests are called a.common-hobby association. b.common-interest association. c.age-grade association. d.voluntary regional association. e.voluntary.
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