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Study Resources (Anthropology)

31) All of the following have an effect on computer-mediated communication EXCEPT A) non-verbal cues B) physical appearance C) response time D) the role of the written word 32) Which of the following is NOT a rule that you should follow during CMC? A) Don't disclose too much too soon. B) Confirm the statements made by your.
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104) Define family according to the authors of your textbook. 105) Identify the type of family in which you were raised by applying the makeup of your family to the definitions in your textbook. 106) What is the circumplex model of family interaction? 107) Explain how the circumplex model of family interaction can.
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11.Societies characterized by low population density, no full-time specialists or social stratification, whose food is obtained primarily from gathering, hunting, and fishing are: a.foragersb.pastoralists c.horticulturalistsd.intensive agriculturalists 12.Kuru, a disease found among the Fore, is caused by: a.microscopic particles transmitted through cannibalism b.a parasite transmitted through poorly-cooked pork c.a hereditary factor passed on through the mother to.
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51) ________ strategies are ways and methods of getting people to like us. A) Relational escalation B) Turning points C) Causal turning points D) Affinity-seeking 52) Control, visibility, mutual trust, politeness, concern and caring, and politeness are all what kind of strategy? A) relational escalation B) turning points C) affinity-seeking D) causal turning points 53) The following strategies are.
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41) The state of mind that occurs during computer-mediated interactions in which partners think and act as though they were face-to-face is called A) a hyperpersonal relationship. B) asynchronous communication. C) social or psychological co-presence. D) synchronicity. 42) Co-present interactions in which both partners are actively engaging in the interaction at the same time are.
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41) Sustaining eye contact, smiling, being animated, or winking are A) courtship behaviours. B) approachability cues. C) approachability minimizers. D) illustrators. 42) In the initiation phase of starting a new relationship, when circumstances prevent us from exchanging non-verbal approachability cues, you may try              A) postponing approaching. B) telling the person how much you like them. C) saying.
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89) List three of the five principles of interpersonal power that enable us to more effectively manage power in our day-to-day interactions and on-going relationships. 90) Compare and contrast the three types of power relationships. In your opinion which power relationship is best? 91) What are the five sources of power we.
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71) Be visible, elicit feedback and comments, or have informal discussions are all A) recommended behaviours for managers. B) ways to manipulate superiors. C) strategies used by individuals who quickly climb corporate ladders. D) ways to manage up. 72) Downward communication is A) the flow of information from those higher up in an organization to those.
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21.  The Navaho story Diné Bahanè is an example of a(n): a.origin storyb.apocalyptic story c.trickster mythd. hero myth 22.The Navaho Creation Story takes place: a.in a special garden similar to the Judeo-Christian Garden of Eden b.in the realm of the gods in the sky c.in a series of layers that exist underneath the present world d.in another.
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11) Information gathered about another person without directly interacting is gained A) actively B) transactionally C) interactively D) passively 12) During the pre-interaction awareness stage of relational escalation, you A) form your initial impression of another person. B) respond to a large number of questions posed by the other person. C) begin to engage in risky self-disclosure. D) turn.
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Multiple Choice Questions 1.Which of the following would not be an appropriate task for an anthropologist? a.translating a religious text in the Navaho language b.excavating the ruins of a Mayan temple c.filming an American religious ceremony d.studying the chimpanzees of the Gombe National Park e.all of the above would be appropriate tasks 2.A study of a people's.
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81) Which of the following qualities is not a description of horizontal communication? A) Most employers try to discourage grapevine communication because it gets in the way of productivity. B) The focus is on exchange of information between employees in the same department, or different departments in a similar level. C) The flow.
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61) Increasing our partner's sense of self-worth can be accomplished through A) conflict management. B) adaptation. C) compliance gaining. D) confirming responses. 62) The comfort and support that are needed in a relationship can be improved and maintained through A) compliance gaining. B) affinity seeking strategies. C) socially decentring and adopting an other-oriented perspective. D) relational escalation. 63) Being open.
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21) Which of the following is NOT a factor associated with families that have good communication, according to John Caughlin? A) open discussion of personal and hurtful topics B) openeness C) mind-reading D) politeness 22) Which skill for improving family communication is involved when family members ask questions, reflect content and feelings, and perception check.
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85) Using your own example, discuss the four elements that make up the definition of interpersonal relationship. 86) What is the difference between a relationship of circumstance and a relationship of choice? 87) Explain how the elements of short-term initial attraction and long-term maintenance attraction work. 88) What is the difference.
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  True/False Questions 32.A symbol can be a physical thing, a sound, or a dance step. 33.The assignment of meaning to a symbol is always based upon what the symbol looks like or sounds like. 34.Symbols are arbitrary, that is, new symbols can be created when necessary. 35.In a Buddhist temple the swastika stands for.
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1) Researchers agree that relational development A) proceeds in discernible stages. B) occurs differently for men and women. C) differs from couple to couple. D) is affected by the stage of the relationship. 2) It is important to be aware of the stages of relational development because A) it allows partners to skip stages. B) it helps.
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113) Why do some relationships formed primarily through CMC become hyperpersonal? 114) Does CMC enhance or detract from interpersonal relationships?  Discuss in regard to your own life. 115) What are some of the dangers of CMC? Have you had experience with any of these in your own life? Explain. 116) How do workplace.
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31.Which of the following anthropologists is most closely associated with the functionalist approach? a.Melford Spirob.Edward Tyler c.Alfred Radcliff-Brownd.Bronislaw Malinowski 32.Ethnographic fieldwork among the Trobriand Islanders was carried out by: a.E. E. Evans-Pritchardb.Bronislaw Malinowski c.Karen McCarthy Brownd.Alfred R. Radcliffe-Brown 33.The interpretative approach, in which religion is described as a cluster of symbols that together make up.
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71) Which of the following is NOT a true statement about how we evaluate relationships? A) We can assess their current value. B) We can forecast the future outlook of relationships. C) We can evaluate relationships based on compliance gaining. D) We can assess the cumulative costs and rewards. 72) Expected costs and rewards are.
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121) Name and describe the stages of relational escalation, identifying what happens during each stage, particularly the self-disclosures that occur at each stage. 122) Name and describe the stages of relational de-escalation and what occurs at each of the stages, paying particular attention to communication behaviours at each stage. .
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49.Human universals refer to biological characteristics of human beings that reflect a common biology. 50.Postmodernism highlights the scientific method and rationality in the discovery of knowledge. 51.Robert Edgerton believes that all cultural practices are valid and must be accepted in the context of the society’s culture. 52.Culture is based upon the use.
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Multiple Choice Questions 1.Objects and actions whose meanings are arbitrary and conven­tional are known as: a.valuesb.symbols c.constraintsd.worldviews 2.An example of a symbol is: a.black as the color of mourning b.the swastika woven into Navaho rugs c.the American flag d.all of the above 3.Displacement is a characteristic of symbols. This term refers to the fact that a symbol: a.can be used.
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44.Émile Durkheim used a psychoanalytic approach to the analysis of myth and focused on the impact of myth on social structure. 45.Proponents of the psychoanalytic approach to the analysis of myth see such stories as the Oedipus story as manifestations of the collective unconscious. 46. An example of an archetype is the.
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21) Fewer words are needed to communicate effectively in which escalation stage? A) initiation B) intensification C) intimacy D) interaction awareness 22) During the intimacy stage, partners A) engage in routine interaction. B) share an understanding of one another's language and non-verbal cues. C) passively gain information about each other. D) begin to share more in-depth information about themselves. 23).
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11.Lord Pakal ruled what is now called the site of Palenque. Palenque was built by the ancient: a.Egyptiansb.Incas c.Mayasd.Aztecs 12.Lord Pakal, a Mayan ruler of Palenque, ruled in the: a.fifth centuryb.seventh century c.thirteenth centuryd.eighteenth century 13.On the sarcophagus cover in which Lord Pakal was entombed we see the image of Lord Pakal: a.riding into battle on an.
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51) What percentage of young Canadians have admitted to sending threatening instant messages? A) 14% B) 20% C) 18% D) 16% 52) Which of the following is NOT a negative aspect of CMC? A) Circulating intimate, private, or false information about an individual. B) Sending viruses or hacking into and controlling others' computers. C) Sending misleading non-verbal cues. D).
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Multiple Choice Questions 1.A patterned act that involves the manipulation of religious objects is termed a: a.spellb.ritual c.sacrificed.prayer 2.A prescriptive ritual that one that is: a.performed because of the will or desire of a deity b.associated with critical events in the life of an individual c.involved with an altered state of consciousness d.celebrated on a ritual calendar 3. The.
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21.Defining terms so they are observable and measurable is called a(n): a.  analytic definitionb. functional definition c.anthropological definitiond.operant definition 22.In an analytic definition of religion, the study of the organization and leadership of a religious system represents the: a.social dimensionb.ritual dimension c.institutional dimensiond.narrative dimension 23.A definition of religion that is concerned with the role that religion.
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11.Myths differ from folktales in that: a.myths are recounted in ritual and folktales are not b.myths reflect the worldview and folktales do not c.myths with the supernatural and folktales do not d.all of the above 12.Which of the following is correct about oral texts? a.The recitation of oral texts is often a performance. b.The story may change.
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108) Use the research reported in your textbook to evaluate the communication qualities of a family you are familiar with. 109) Compare and contrast the challenges of FtF with CMC. 110) What are the challenges of CMC? Use some examples from your own life to help illustrate these. 111) Describe synchronous interaction and.
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61) Demonstrating a positive attitude and behaviour, being responsible and adaptable, learning continuously, and working safely are all ________ skills needed for growth in the workplace. A) teamwork B) fundamental C) personal management D) behavioural 62) Socializing outside the workplace is more important for A) men in their relationship with female co-workers. B) women in.
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61) Individuals with reward power A) have the ability to manage conflict through their ability to punish. B) have the ability to manage conflict through their knowledge and skill. C) have the ability to manage conflict through their interpersonal attraction. D) have the ability to manage conflict through their resources. 62) People who use rewards.
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Multiple Choice Questions 1.In every society there are particular ways in which people perceive and interpret their reality. This is what is meant by the concept of: a.supernaturalb.worldview c.cultured.sacred 2.The Navaho phrase to “walk in beauty” and the Euro-American phrase “Thou makest him to have dominion of the works of thy hands” point out.
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91) Incremental endings occur when A) a couple drifts apart. B) a major conflict occurs. C) one partner dies. D) the costs outweigh the benefits. 92) When relationships cost us more than they reward us, A) we work to make them more rewarding. B) we often terminate them. C) we escalate them. D) we stabilize them. 93) Unwillingness to.
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  True/False Questions 39.The study of religious art excavated from now extinct cultures is a part of the field of archaeology. 40.An important method of field study in anthropology is participant observation. 41.Anthropologists frequently apply the term primitive to small-scale societies. 42.Karen McCarthy Brown’s study of vodou in New York City is an example of.
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71) In comparison with maladjusted couples, one study found that well-adjusted couples A) complained about each other's personal characteristics. B) focused complaints on specific behaviours. C) launched counter complaints. D) displayed fewer attempts to avoid conflict. 72) In comparison to happy couples, unhappy couples A) display affection via nonverbal cues. B) have more humour. C) make attempts to.
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21.Rituals that are performed according to a set temporal cycle are called: a.periodic ritualsb.calendrical rituals c.time sensitive ritualsd.annual rituals 22.Christian groups descended from the Millerism movement of the early Nineteenth Century believed that: a.life on earth was created by extraterrestrial aliens b.people die and are reborn in other people or animals c.after death people travel to.
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42.Different Yoruba deities, or orisha, can be identified, in part, by the colors used in their representations. 43.The unit of time we call a week is an arbitrary unit. The number of days that make up a week varies among the world’s societies. 44.The ancient Maya used several calendar cycles simultaneously. There.
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  Match the example on the left with the term on the right. A) natural family B) asynchronous C) extended family D) blended family E) synchronous 95) Bill and Nada are married and have five of their biological children living at home with them. 96) Bill and Nada have been married for five years, and live with Bill's.
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  True/False Questions 34.The Navaho worldview suggests an exploitation of natural resources by human society. 35.The Navaho phrase “to walk in beauty” refers to the accumulation of material goods. 36.The story of Snow White is not a religious story because it does not involve the sacred supernatural and is not the basis of ritual. 37.The.
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11) The three basic dimensions of the circumplex model of family interaction are A) adaptability, cohesion, and communication. B) adaptability, communication, and values. C) communication, structure, and adaptability. D) structure, cohesion, and values. 12) In the circumplex model of family interaction, the traditions, or lack thereof, that a family consistently celebrates is most likely to.
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31) There is an increase in physical, emotional, and psychological distance and a decrease upon the other partner for self-confirmation during which de-escalation stage? A) de-intensification B) post interaction C) individualization D) separation 32) The perspective of partners changes from "we" to "you" and "us" to "me" during which de-escalation stage? A) separation B) individualization C) de-intensification D) stagnation 33).
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