Info
Warning
Danger

Study Resources (Anthropology)

  True/False Questions 42.The commandant to remember the Sabbath is one of the Ten Commandments. Sabbath rituals are therefore prescribed rituals. 43.Examples of ideological rituals include therapy and salvation rituals. 44.The first-fruit ceremonies of the Cahuilla of the California desert are an example of both a technological ritual and a hunting and gathering rite.
3 Views
View Answer
11.Therianthropes are: a.images of transformed shamansb.guardian spirits c.divinersd.a class of gods 12. The feeling of being at one with the universe or supernatural beings is called a(n): a.nirvanab.sympathetic state c.unitary stated.entoptic phenomena 13.David Lewis-Williams suggests that Upper Paleolithic cave paintings are: a.decorations b.a form of imitative magic designed for successful hunting c.representations of altered states of consciousness d.a part.
8 Views
View Answer
  1.Racial and ethnic discrimination signals that there is a discrepancy between the ideals and realities of Canadian society. 2.Sociologist William J. Wilson believes that people of all racial and ethnic categories share certain common interests that they should work toward. 3.In Canada, through the Census, we have mainly collected data about people’s.
3 Views
View Answer
11.An example of homeopathic magic is: a.praying for a god's blessing b.Hopi villagers performing a kachina dance c.imitating the mating and reproduction of an animal d.reciting an evil spell over an enemy's hair clippings   12.Image magic is an example of: a.contagious magicb.homeopathic magic c.harmonious magicd.representational magic 13.The doctrine of signatures tells us that: a.plants have signs that proclaim their.
5 Views
View Answer
Multiple Choice Questions 1.In small-scale societies witches differ from sorcerers in that witches kill by: a.using contagious magic b.using poisons and other lethal devices c.willing death to occur d.creating dolls in the image of the victim 2.One of the universal characteristics of witchcraft is that: a.witches are always female b.witches achieve their evil ends through magical techniques c.witches.
13 Views
View Answer
1.Which of the following is analogous to the “American Dream” as described in Chapter 2? a.standard of living b.meritocracy c.social stratification d.generational mobility 2.The extent to which individuals and groups have access to food, clothing, shelter, education and health care is known as: a.poverty b.standard of living c.life chances d.class system 3.All of the following statements regarding social class are.
12 Views
View Answer
35.Shamans can only be found in small-scale societies. 36.Core shamanism is a concept that was developed by Carlos Castaneda. 37.In contrast with traditional shamanism, neoshamanism focuses on the individual, often as a self-help means of improving one’s life. 38.A priest is more focused on individual problems such as a person’s illness than on.
4 Views
View Answer
  1.   Derek Powder, speaking about his path to involvement in an Alberta youth gang argued that having the title “tough guy” attached to him at school at a young age was empowering. 2.   According to sociologists, the definition of violence includes harm to other people or damage of property. 3.   The provinces.
3 Views
View Answer
1.According to the text, one of the most divisive social problems facing Canadians today is: a.sexism b.racism c.ageism d.homophobia 2.Racism is a problem for everyone except: a.non-White people b.Indigenous people c.White people d.Racism is a problem for everyone. There are no exceptions. 3.All of the following have been identified by Fleras and Elliott as problematic in asserting that White Canadians.
12 Views
View Answer
Multiple Choice Questions 1.Generally speaking, all of the following are true about gods except: a.they are individualized supernatural entities b.they are anthropomorphic entities c.they are human in origin d.they are associated with a community or a segment of a community 2.Generally speaking, all of the following are true about spirits except: a.they are most often seen as.
12 Views
View Answer
  True-False Questions 26.Witches in small-scale societies derived their power from the knowledge and use of spells. 27.Among the Azande witchcraft is basically evil, but it is good when it is directed at enemies. 28.An Azande is a witch because of the inheritance of mangu or witchcraft substance. 29.The Azande confirm the identity of.
7 Views
View Answer
1.Feminists question the individualistic analysis of the Montreal Massacre because they say that: a.we do not know the motives of the shooter. b.we have no proof that the shooter was working alone. c.sexism creates a climate for this kind of violence to occur in Canadian society. d.we have no idea how many other potential.
13 Views
View Answer
21.The Massacre at Wounded Knee was associated with the: a.John Frum Cultb.Vailala Madness c.Ghost Danced.Santeria 22.Many revitalization movements developed within Christianity in the United States in the early nineteenth century. An example of such a movement which developed into a mainstream religion is the: a.Methodist Churchb.Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints c.Amishd.Vodou 23.An example.
5 Views
View Answer
  True/False Questions 25.The term shaman is a term used for a kind of religious specialist; the term is derived from Latin. 26.Shamans are frequently individuals who are driven to become shamans because of illness including mental illness. 27.The power of a shaman lies in her ability to successfully memorize religious texts and rituals. 28.The.
3 Views
View Answer
31.   Some people use primary groups to remedy a personal problem. All of the following are characteristics of primary groups, except: a.interactions take place over a limited period of time b.face-to-face interactions c.small, less specialized groups d.emotion-based relationships 32.   When individuals operate within small groups to try and remedy a problem that affects them, their.
5 Views
View Answer
11.Which of the following event occurred in the case of the Zande co-wives? a.The younger wife was identified as the witch by an ordeal. b.The younger wife was beaten until she confessed. c.The younger wife cooled her witchcraft by spitting water. d.The husband was forced to divorce his younger wife because of witchcraft. 12.Witchcraft beliefs.
7 Views
View Answer
  True/False Questions 34.Edward Tylor did not include magic in his definition of religion. 35.Magic involves the manipulation of words and objects so as to compel a deity to bring about the desired result. 36.The apparent connection between things that are no longer connected as a basis of magic defines homeopathic magic. 37.By acting out.
4 Views
View Answer
21.  All of the following statements regarding homelessness in Canada are correct, except: a.Hundreds of thousands of Canadians are homeless. b.One-third of the homeless are families. c.Elderly women are the fastest growing group of homeless Canadians. d.20 percent of shelter users are under the age of 18. 22.  Canada deals with the problem of poverty.
6 Views
View Answer
Multiple Choice Questions 1.Magic refers to the: a.belief in a generalized supernatural power b.belief in an ancestor that has been transformed into a god c.use of ritual to cause injury or death d.use of ritual to control events through supernatural mechanisms 2.Magic refers to rituals that people use to: a.control the supernatural b.call upon the deities.
6 Views
View Answer
  1.The American Dream is based on the assumption of equality of opportunity. 2.In high-income nations such as Canada, most people have similar life chances. 3.The number of people who die from hunger-related causes each year is equivalent to three jumbo jet crashes each day with no survivors. 4.Karl Marx believed that inequality and.
4 Views
View Answer
  True/False Questions 27.Any mental state that is different from one’s usual mental state, including day dreaming, is an altered state of consciousness. 28.Characteristics of altered states of consciousness include disturbances in concentration, attention, memory, and judgment. 29.Fasting leads to an alteration of the body chemistry which, in turn, leads to an altered state.
5 Views
View Answer
11.A Korean shaman may be asked to: a.guide the dead to the underworld b.locate game for hunters c.identify and remove layers of illness d.travel along the Axis Mundi to the underworld 12.Examples of practices that can be labeled shamanism that are found in today’s American society are: a.Pentecostal healersb.Neoshamans c.clown doctorsd.all of the above 13.A technique of body.
5 Views
View Answer
Multiple Choice Questions 1.The development of full-time religious specialists is associated with: a.foraging societies b.small-scale horticultural societies c.large, technologically advanced societies d.all of the above 2.The term shaman comes from the Tungus language of: a.Siberiab.the American Southwest c.West Africad.Australia 3.Which of the following features characterizes a shaman? a.shamans are usually full-time specialists b.shamans are usually associated with permanent shrines and temples c.the.
9 Views
View Answer
21.Magic involves the use of plant material, called medicines, in which supernatural power resides among the: a.Trobriand Islandersb.Fore c.Azanded.Wiccans 22.Magic that is worked for antisocial and evil ends is known as: a.witchcraftb.sorcery c.oneiromancyd.necromancy 23.Which of the following statements about Wiccan magic is false?: a.It is based on the worldview that there is a power that exists in.
4 Views
View Answer
31.Physical alterations of the human body function to: a.separate humans from nonhuman animals b.identify particular affiliations with certain groups c.mark completion of some type of ritual, including initiation rituals d.all of the above 32.Types of modifications of the human body seen in human societies include: a.modifying the shape of the skull by wrapping the child’s skull.
4 Views
View Answer
  True/False Questions   32.An invention occurs where someone uses technology to bring about a deliberate change. 33.Traits that diffuse from one culture to another are usually altered to fit into the cultural system of the receiving culture. 34.A remote, isolated society that nevertheless uses manufactured clothing and canned goods received from the outside.
7 Views
View Answer
11.In Buddhism, rebirth is seen not as the transmission of a distinct personality, but as a transmission of: a.consciousnessb.karma c.lineaged.thoughts 12.The importance of ancestors in a society is often a reflection of the importance of: a.kinshipb.death c.inheritance of wealthd.reincarnation 13.The egungun are spirits that travel fromthe land of the lead to visit the living among the: a.Hmongb.Yoruba c.Tana.
38 Views
View Answer
11.   Sociologist C. Wright Mills referred to the private problems of individuals as: a. social problems. b.personal troubles. c.individual concerns. d. public issues. 12.   According to C. Wright Mills, widespread unemployment resulting from changes in the national economy is: a.a personal problem. b.a public issue. c.not a social problem since it will be corrected with the next change.
7 Views
View Answer
21.From an etic perspective, the appearance of exhumed bodies thought to be vampires were actually the result of the: a.acidic nature of the soil found in some eastern European cemeteries b.natural process of decay c.mutilation of bodies by people wanting the village to believe in vampires d.real work of supernatural forces 22.The Viking draugr was.
6 Views
View Answer
21.The society with one of the greatest number of gods is the Ifugao of the Philippines with over: a.100 godsb.500 gods c.1200 godsd.2000 gods 22.Gods such as “Separator of Seeds from Cotton” and “Winder into Ball” are found among the: a.Yorubab.Ifugao c.Danid.Shoshoni 23.The goddess Ishtar was found in: a.Mesopotamiab.Egypt c.Greeced.India 24.The embodiment of a god in human form is.
8 Views
View Answer
21.In the Holiness Church, an altered state of consciousness is interpreted as a physical manifestation of: a.demonic possessionb.possession by the Holy Ghost c.the need for salvationd.being chosen for an afterlife with God 22.Dancing to heat up the energy known as n/um to enable healing characterized the: a.Yanomamöb.Blessing Way c.Sun Danced.San healing ritual 23.Pain brought about by.
6 Views
View Answer
11.Supernatural beings with humanlike qualities are said to be: a.anthropocentricb.hominoid c.heliocentricd.anthropomorphic 12.The term pantheon refers to: a.a hierarchy of godsb.a collective of spirits c.a coven of witchesd.the followers of a culture hero 13.A goddess of agriculture is an example of a(n): a.creator goddessb.trickster goddess c.attribute goddessd.otiose goddess 14.A god who withdraws from active interactions with the world is a(n) a.otiose.
6 Views
View Answer
46.The distinction between a soul and a ghost is not always a clear one. 47.Among the Dani a major function of a funeral is to appease the ghost.   48.Vampires and zombies as depicted in American movies are very similar to actual ethnographic examples. 49.Supernatural figures such as vampires and zombies reflect our.
12 Views
View Answer
21.Rituals that mark an individual's changing statuses as he or she moves through life's various stages are called: a.rites of passageb.puberty rituals c.stage ceremoniesd.change of life ceremonies 22.Among the !Kung San of southern Africa the marriage ceremony involves the mock forcible carrying off of the bride from her parent’s hut to a specially.
5 Views
View Answer
21.   According to sociologist Georg Simmel, rapid industrialization and urbanization: a.greatly enhanced the fortunes of wealthy capitalists. b.broke up the “geometry of social life.” c.had little impact on most people’s daily lives. d.caused massive social disorganization in urban areas. 22.   Which of the following is not reflective of some interactionists’ analysis of social problems: a.social problems.
6 Views
View Answer
21.  When the B.C. Liberals handed down the first budget of their term in office, the day was labeled by media and by many forward-thinking people as “Black Thursday”. This is a classic example of: a.systemic racism b.active racism c.organized racism d.everyday racism 22.  The mechanism by which two contradictory sets of values, for example,.
5 Views
View Answer
11.   Which of the following statements is correct regarding the poor in Canada? a.The poor make up about 40 percent of the Canadian population. b.Children are not considered to be among the chronically poor. c.Individuals who are unable to work because of age or disability are often in the category of the chronically.
8 Views
View Answer
1.According to sociologists, a social problem is a social condition or a pattern of behaviour that: a.individuals typically bring upon themselves; therefore, they must take action to solve their own problems. b.everyone agrees is harmful for all individuals and the society. c.often is of relatively short duration and is problematic only for those.
15 Views
View Answer
11.Which of the following is an example of institutional discrimination? a.A taxi driver refuses to pick up Indigenous male passengers after dark. b.A landlord informs an Indo-Canadian couple that there are no vacancies in her apartment building but later that day rents two units to White Canadians. c.A real estate agency has an.
8 Views
View Answer
11.Rituals that reinforce community standards of behavior and community cohesiveness are: a.rites of passageb.social rites of intensification c.revitalization ritualsd.salvation rituals 12.  A regular Sunday morning Christian service would be classified primarily as a: a.rites of passageb.social rites of intensification c.revitalization ritualsd.salvation rituals 13.An offering is: a.an economic exchange designed to influence the supernatural b.the destruction of.
6 Views
View Answer
Multiple Choice Questions 1.A shaman finds a new kind of bush whose leaves, made into a tea, soothes a stomach ache. This is an example of: a.diffusionb.syncretism c.a discoveryd.an invention 2.A solution to a particular problem that is found through the application of technology is a(n): a.discoveryb.creation c.inventiond.diffusion 3.The movement of culture traits from one culture to.
13 Views
View Answer
Multiple Choice Questions 1.A belief in souls is probably found in all societies.  This belief is likely derived from the experience of: a.dreamsb.hallucinations c.faintingd.all of the above 2.Differences in the concept of the soul among human societies include: a.the size of the soul b.the number of souls a human possesses c.the location of the soul in the.
10 Views
View Answer
11.   C. Wright Mills linked personal problems and public issues in his examination of social problems. 12.   Conflict theorists focus on inequalities in society, whereas functionalists emphasize consensus and shared values. 13.   Evidence supports the conclusion that the creation and implementation of the new Canadian Youth Criminal Justice Act was merely a.
7 Views
View Answer
  True/False Questions 36.The soul is the noncorporeal, spiritual component of an individual. 37.The concept of a single soul that animates the living body and leaves upon death is found in the vast majority of societies that have been studied. 38.In most societies, the fate of the soul after death depends upon the behavior.
4 Views
View Answer
Multiple Choice Questions 1.Characteristics of an altered state of consciousness include: a.acceleration or slowing of time b.sudden and unexpected displays of intense emotion c.various parts of body may appear or feel shrunken, enlarged, dis­torted, heavy, or weightless d.all of the above 2.Characteristics of an altered state of consciousness include: a.attachment of new meaning to experiences b.perceptual distortions and.
7 Views
View Answer
11.Which of the following is true about Vodou deities? a.God is a remote creator deity who is no longer directly involved with the everyday lives of the people b.Catholic Saints are seen as manifestations of Vodou deities c.during rituals deities will possess worshippers d.all of the above 12.A deliberate attempt to bring about change in.
8 Views
View Answer
11.  Generalizing often leads to discrimination, as does stereotyping. 12.  All people have prejudices whether or not they acknowledge them. 13.   Jewish immigrants were not the objects of prejudice and discrimination like the members of most other racial and ethnic groups. 14.   The use of analogies can further the oppression that Indigenous people.
6 Views
View Answer
  True/False Questions 33.One can ask spirits for assistance and protection since they live in the human world and interact with humans. 34.The division of Dani spirits into categories represents a fundamental classification scheme found in their religion and well-known by the elders. 35.The attainment of a guardian spirit and supernatural power among the.
5 Views
View Answer