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Study Resources (Anthropology)

Multiple Choice 1.Approximately how many Christians are there in the world? A.Two billion B.One billion C.Two hundred million D.One hundred million 2.What was Jesus’ first public act? A.Declaring himself the messiah. B.Baptism by John the Baptist. C.Preaching to the poor. D.Working a miracle. 3.Nothing is known about what period of Jesus’ life? A.Birth B.Childhood C.Young adulthood D.Death 4.Which of the following is an author of the.
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True/False 11.  The first set of books of the Hebrew Scriptures are called the Pentateuch. 12.  Ezra was an influential Jew who returned from the Babylonian Exile and probably began the process of collecting the books that make up the Jewish Bible. 13.  The synagogue – rabbinical system develops in Judaism because of.
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11.Confucius began his career as a monk. 12.According to Confucius, humanity’s natural state is evil. 13.Confucianism is not an officially recognized religion in China. Fill in the Blank 14.The name of the most influential Chinese divination text is __________. 15.The __________ are beneficial spirits associated with lighted places, while __________ are evil spirits associated with.
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  81.A(n) __________ psychologist studies how genetically-influenced behavior that was functional or adaptive during our species’ past may be reflected in the present behaviors, mental processes, and traits of modern humans. a.cognitive b.behavioral c.sociocultural d.evolutionary 82.Tom is a psychologist investigating the contributions of genes in the development of abilities and personality               traits in human beings..
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  1.Compared to “pop psychology,” psychology: a.is based on empirical evidence. b.is less complex. c.addresses only human behavior. d.is narrower in the issues it addresses. 2.Which of the following is one of the critical-thinking guidelines described in the textbook? a.don’t overthink; go with your gut reaction b.define your terms c.accept all opinions as equally valid d.simplify as much as possible 3.Which.
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Multiple Choice 1.Baha’i originated in __________. A.Syria B.Persia C.Egypt D.India 2.The Baha’i faith stemmed from what preexisting religion? A.Buddhism B.Hinduism C.Shi’ite D.Christianity 3.Baha’is __________ the Qur’an and the Bible but believe much of their teachings to be __________. A.rejected; plausible B.confirmed; contradictory C.revered; symbolic D.consulted; heretical 4.According to Baha’i belief, evil is __________. A.nonexistent B.fated to destroy humanity C.embodied in all organized religions D.to be worshipped as an emanation from.
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  41._______________ is revered by psychologists because his laboratory was the first to have its results               published in a scholarly journal. a.René Descartes b.Aristotle c.Sigmund Freud d.Wilhelm Wundt 42.Researchers in Wilhelm Wundt’s laboratory studied: a.phrenology. b.psychology. c.sociology. d.chemistry. 43.Your textbook discusses a famous laboratory set up in Leipzig, Germany in 1879. The goal of this laboratory was the study of: a.psychology. b.phrenology. c.sociology. d.chemistry. 44.The.
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71.The _______________ was the forerunner of modern cognitive therapies and made efforts to correct the               false ideas that were said to make people anxious, depressed, and unhappy. a.learning revolution b.sociocultural revolution c.Mind Cure movement d.functional movement 72._______________ concluded that his patients’ distress was due to conflicts and emotional traumas that had               occurred in.
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Multiple Choice 1.How many Tirthankaras preceded Mahavira in the founding of Jainism? A.Ten B.Fifteen C.Twenty-three D.Thirty-three 2.Mahavira and the other figures associated with the establishment of Jainism are called Tirthankaras, which means __________. A.noble ones B.crossing builders C.conquerors D.enlightened one 3.Mahavira taught that karma is built up as the result of what type of conduct? A.evil conduct B.righteous conduct C.all conduct D.prayerful conduct 4.Because of their.
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Multiple Choice 1.What makes studying basic religions a challenge for scholars? A.There are too many written sources to read and assimilate. B.There is limited archaeological evidence for most basic religions. C.The written records are subject to many different interpretations. D.There are no living members of basic religions to study. 2.How do people use magic in ancient.
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Fill in the Blank 21.According to the Qur’an, Mohammad was visited by __________ while meditating. 22.Schools of Islamic theology associated with mosques are known as __________. 23.The Qur’an is divided into __________ that are organized according to __________. 24.Many Africans turned to Islam as a response to __________. 25.The month long fast required of Muslims.
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11.African religions generally believe that ancestors can only help the living. 12.In many African societies, children are not named of given much consideration for the first week of life. 13.African religions do not have leaders or specialists. Fill in the Blank 14.The __________ are lesser deities that often have special relationships with specific Yoruba.
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  1.Demographers define fertility as the maximum number of children that could be born to a woman if she reproduced at maximum capacity. 2. By early 2009, the Canadian population had exceeded 37 million. 3.Recent data indicate that approximately 300, 000 people die every year in Canada. 4. The infant mortality rate for Indigenous.
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Multiple Choice 1.Sikhism originated in the __________ century C.E. A.14th B.15th C.16th D.17th 2.Based on the religious vision of Nanak, Sikhs believe that: “There is no __________ and there is no __________.” A.Muslim/Hindu B.Hindu/Buddhist C.right/wrong D.Sikh/Muslim 3.Who was the first reformer to attempt to bring Hinduism and Islam together? A.Nanak B.Gandhi C.Kabir D.Mahavira 4.What is the Adi Granth? A.A collection of myths. B.A collection of stories. C.A collection of.
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1.Psychology is defined as the discipline concerned with: a.the study of all physical stimuli that affect human sensations and perceptions. b.behavior and mental processes and how they are affected by an organism’s physical state, mental state,                                           and external environment. c.the study of humankind and the importance of culture in explaining.
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Fill in the Blank 11.Baha’i originated in the __________ century. 12.The largest number of Baha’i adherents live in ­­__________. 13.Bahaullah taught that __________ was a necessary condition for world peace and stability. 14.In Iran, Baha’i is considered a __________ movement. 15.According to Baha’i, __________ must exist between religion and science. Matching Match the name or term to.
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11.Mahavira died immediately after he achieved release from the wheels of life. 12.The goal of Jainism is to liberate the soul from matter. 13.Jains worship a Supreme Being called Tirthankara. Fill in the Blank 14.Because of their emphasis on truthfulness, Jains have a reputation for being __________, and have hence become one of the.
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Multiple Choice 1.The Israelites began worshipping their God in the First Temple when __________. A.Moses led them out of Egypt B.Solomon was the king C.Judas Maccabaeus fought the Greeks D.Theodor Herzl taught them to believe in Zionism 2.The First Temple was destroyed in 586 B.C.E. when __________. A.the Jews rebelled against God and God lashed out in.
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Multiple Choice 1.What are the Gathas? A.prayers B.hymns C.gods D.priests 2.Pre-Zoroastrian religion in what would later become Persia included the worship of __________. A.daevas B.divas C.deus D.devos 3.Zoroaster was trained as a __________ and received a revelation from __________. A.warrior; Ahura Mazda B.prophet; spenta mainyu C.priest; vohu mana D.ruler; visthapa 4.Most Zoroastrians outside of India are mostly found living in __________. A.Iran B.Iraq C.India D.Syria 5.The Amesha-Spenta are __________ of Ahura.
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Multiple Choice 1.Muslims believe that there is one deity known as __________ and Muhammad is his __________. A.Yahweh; priest B.The Father; Son C.Allah; Prophet D.Ahura Mazda; messenger 2.Mecca was originally famed for a __________, which became a subject of veneration. A.statue of Muhammad B.mountain C.burning bush D.black stone 3.Muhammad was given divine messages from God that he memorized and taught to.
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11.Sikhs believe in a single God. 12.The True Name is term Sikhs use to refer to clergy. 13.Following the death of Nanak, Kabir led the Sikh movement. Fill in the Blank 14.__________ is remembered for beginning the compilation of the Adi Granth and for giving Sikhism its militant aspect. 15.Nanak was the first in a.
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True/False 11.In Japan and Korea, Theravada Buddhism is the predominant form of religion. 12.Tibetan Buddhism emphasizes the use of magical words or formulas as a means of achieving various goals. 13.The Buddha never married and had no children. 14.The Hinayana branch of Buddhism is known for its liberal openness and acceptance of all varieties.
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Fill in the Blank 21.__________ was the Roman Emperor when Jesus was born. 22.The Roman Emperor who converted to Christianity in 337 was __________. 23.The powerful medieval pope who excommunicated the German King Henry VI and publicly humbled him was __________. 24.Two men considered precursors of the Protestant Reformation are __________ of Bohemia and.
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Multiple Choice 1.Siddhartha Gautama’s father protected him from __________ when he was young. A.sights of human misery and ugliness B.abstract philosophical thinking C.wealth and luxury D.non-Hindu religious ideas 2.Tibetan Buddhists believe that when the Dalai Lama dies, he __________. A.reaches Nirvana B.becomes the Buddha C.is reborn as a child D.sits under a heavenly bo tree 3.Buddhism began as an interpretation of.
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11.Zoroaster had six wives and six children. 12.Zoroaster’s theology was polytheistic. 13.Spenta Mainyu is the evil spirit of Zoroastrianism. Fill in the Blank 14.The best translation of Ahura Mazda is __________. 15.The term __________ refers to hymns of the early Zoroastrians. 16.Zoroaster converted Vishtaspa to his religion after he healed the ruler’s favorite __________. 17.Zoroaster’s original name.
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21.  Which of the following is true of Bill C-36? a.It was passed in the wake of domestic terrorism in Canada. b.It was passed after several months of debate and public consultation. c.It may violate civil liberties and make government less accountable. d.It is part of Canada’s decades old, multi-pronged Anti-Terrorism Act. 22.  According to.
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1.According to the text, ideal solutions for social problems must be distinguished from: a.grassroots coalitions. b.workable solutions. c.unrealistic expectations. d.governmental handouts. 2.From the functionalist perspective, the origins of social problems can often be traced to: a.social disorganization. b.social inequality. c.social networks. d.social control. 3.The functionalist approach for reducing social problems might include all but which of the following? a.preventing too rapid.
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  31.The forerunners of psychology developed the theory of phrenology, which in Greek means: a.a map of thoughts. b.a map of behavior. c.study of the mind. d.study of mental diseases. 32.Phrenology: a.is a modern perspective in psychology. b.is the study of the thought processes and behaviors of criminals. c.is a theory arguing that the mind works by associating ideas.
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11.Critical thinking requires: a.creativity for creating alternative explanations. b.treating all theories as equally valid. c.low tolerance for uncertainty. d.emotional reasoning. 12.Critical thinking gives importance to: a.emotional reasoning. b.commonsense statements. c.looking for flaws in claims and arguments. d.accepting all opinions as having equal merit. 13.Which of the following is one of the critical-thinking guidelines described in the textbook? a.don’t overthink; go with.
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11.  Post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is most documented among: a.   war vets b.   peacekeepers c.   civilians d.   a and b 12.  Canada as a member of the 26-member NATO Alliance is ranked ___________ in terms of its military spending. a.   third b.   fourth c.   fifth d.   sixth 13.  In David Hay-Edie’s brief to the International Peace Bureau, he advised.
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  Multiple Choice Questions 1.Psychology is defined as the discipline concerned with: a.the study of all physical stimuli that affect human sensations and perceptions. b.behavior and mental processes and how they are affected by an organism’s physical state, mental state,                                           and external environment. c.the study of humankind and the importance of culture.
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Matching Match each characteristic of basic religion to the named religious activity; some characteristics will apply to more than one religious activity. A. rite of passageB. tabooC. divinationD. myth 16. marriage 17. interpreting the patterns of entrails 18. telling the story of the sun god 19. avoiding menstruating women 20. birth of twins Match each characteristic of basic.
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11.Shamans in basic religions are believed to have the ability to predict the future. Fill in the Blank 12.The two primary sources of information about basic religions are archaeology and __________. 13.Neolithic societies erected mysterious stone monuments known as __________. 14.The presence of animism as a religious force in contemporary human life is evidenced.
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21.“My memory of getting knocked down by a wave at Newport Beach could be based on what my parents               told me later, not on my own recollection.” Which of the following critical thinking guidelines does this               example illustrate? a.define your terms b.avoid emotional reasoning c.consider other interpretations d.don’t oversimplify 22.Randy meets a Californian.
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True/False 11.Nearly all the world’s Muslims live in Arabic speaking Middle Eastern countries. 12.Muhammad insisted on a clear separation between social and religious aspects of life. 13.The five religious obligations known as the Five Pillars require participation in a pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in one’s lifetime. 14.The 1979 Sunnis focus on the.
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Multiple Choice 1.Which of the following contrasts is not part of the concept of yin and yang? A.negative and positive B.moon and sun C.female and male D.truth and falsity 2.During the Cultural Revolution, __________ were repressed. A.all religions B.no religions C.only native Chinese religions D.only western religions 3.What is the sacred book of Taoism? A.Tao Tê Ching B.I Ching C.Te Tao Chang D.Tsu Tsa Lu 4.What.
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Multiple Choice 1.Which of the following sacred books contains materials to be recited during sacrifice to the Hindu gods? A.Rig-Veda B.Yajur-Veda C.Sama-Veda D.Atharva-Veda 2.__________ was the Aryan God of fire, through whom offerings were presented to the other Gods. A.Vishnu B.Lakshmi C.Kali D.Angi 3.Which of the following religions arose from Hinduism? A.Jainism B.Shinto C.Daoism D.Islam 4.In the Vedas, more hymns are written to __________, who is.
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  61._______________ had the opinion that searching for building blocks of experience was a waste of time               because the brain and the mind are constantly changing. a.William James b.Wilhelm Wundt c.Sigmund Freud d.E. B. Titchener 62._______________ argued that searching for building blocks of experience was a waste of time because the               brain and the.
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11.Japan is among the oldest of all Asian cultures. 12.During the Tokugawa regime, Buddhism was the only foreign religion that was afforded official support. 13.The Tenrikyo sect of Shinto emphasizes faith healing. Fill in the Blank 14.The __________, or “god shelf” is central to domestic Shinto. 15.All Japanese emperors are believed to have descended from.
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Multiple Choice 1.Among the curers of the Acholi of Uganda, the jok and ajwaka are terms for __________. A.the evil spirits and the healer B.the divination of the illness and the diviner C.the illness and the herbal remedy D.the curse and the blessing 2.According to the Yoruba creation story, the High God Olorun __________. A.creates the world.
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1.  Civil and guerrilla wars are examples of: a.   general warfare b.   declared wars c.   undeclared wars d.   a war system 2.  All of the following statements regarding war are correct, except: a.The 20th century was a period of both war and resistance to war. b.The term war system refers to social institutions and cultural practices that.
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11.  The Anti-Terrorism Act is a major component of Canada’s new Anti-Terrorism Plan. 12.  Racial profiling accompanies racist structures and attitudes. 13.  Dr. Sunera Thobani spoke about the history of US foreign policy in an October 2001 speech. 14.  From a conflict perspective, economic sanctions or cutting off all trade may be useful.
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Multiple Choice 1.Which religion was not influential in Japan after the fourth century C.E.? A.Christianity B.Buddhism C.Confucianism D.Hinduism 2.The Samurai were expected to __________. A.collect the heads of peasants B.demonstrate self-discipline through fasting C.show courtesy and politeness to authorities D.meditate and pray to the sun god Amaterasu 3.What is the major source of knowledge regarding ancient Japanese mythology? A.Kami B.Kojiki C.Shen Tao D.Rojiki 4.Which of the.
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  1.  Today 75% or more of people killed or wounded in wars are civilians. 2.  Canadian involvement in peacekeeping has changed in the last twenty years.  In 2007, public opinion poll, two-thirds of those polled mistakenly agreed that “Canada is an essential contributor to peacekeeping.” 3.  War is an abstract concept for.
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11.  The 20th century witnessed unprecedented global population growth.  From the 1890’s to 1990’s, the global population increased by a factor of four. 12.  According to the 2006 Census, more than 30 percent of the total Canadian population has come here from other countries. 13.  An edge city is an urban area.
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True/False 11.On October 31, 1517, Martin Luther posted his Ninety-Five Theses to protest against the use of Aristotle’s philosophy in Roman Catholic Christianity. 12.Roman Catholic churches separated from the Eastern Orthodox churches in 1054 C.E. over a theological dispute regarding the real presence of Christ in the Eucharist. 13.The Second Vatican Council was.
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  1.Efforts to reduce or eliminate social problems may only give rise to a whole new set of problems. 2.According to the functionalist perspective, high rates of immigration and rapid changes in technology often reduce social problems in a society. 3.Functionalists believe that certain groups of people are privileged while others are disadvantaged.
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21.__________ is the god of love, benevolence, and forgiveness. Matching Match each Hindu deity to its identity or characteristic; a deity might have more than one identity or characteristic. A. Brahma B. Shiva C. Vishnu D. Indra 22.This deity rules heaven and receives praise in most of the hymns in the Vedic texts. 23.This deity’s wife is Sarasvati,.
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51.Which school of thought in psychology used the method of trained introspection in research studies? a.phrenology b.structuralism c.functionalism d.psychoanalysis 52.Which school of thought in psychology hoped to analyze sensations, images, and feelings into basic elements? a.phrenology b.structuralism c.functionalism d.psychoanalysis 53.A person is asked to break down all the different components of taste when biting into an orange. Which of              .
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True/False 11.Unlike many other world religions, Hinduism has no single identifiable founder. 12.Today the Vedic texts are widely read and studied by the average Hindu. 13.The Upanishads proscribe rituals and sacrifices performed by priests as the primary means of devotion. 14.Islam and Hinduism have been rivals in India because they are so similar that.
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