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Anatomy & Physiology Expert Answers & Study Resources : Page 16

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11.Unbroken skin and mucus are examples of _____. a. natural immunity c. natural acquired immunity b. passive acquired immunity d. artificial acquired immunity   12.How does inoculation protect the body against infectious diseases? a. Booster substances are injected to increase the strength of the immune system. b. The antibody for a specific infection is injected to be available to defend the body. c. Small amounts of.

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  • 11.Unbroken skin and mucus examples of _____. a. natural immunity c. natural acquired immun
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MATCHING Match the term with the best descriptor. a. Holter monitor f. CAD b. murmurs g. lipid panel c. diuretics h. cardiac stents d. cardiac catheterization i. pacemaker e. thrombolytic therapy j. third-degree block   1.narrowing of the arteries that supply oxygen to the heart muscle 2.small, portable battery-operated EKG machine 3.when blood thinners are given intravenously after a MI 4.measures cholesterol, LDL, HDL, and triglycerides 5.drugs given to reduce the amount of fluid in the body 6.a.

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  • MATCHING Match the term with the best descriptor. a. Holter monitor f. CAD
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MULTIPLE CHOICE 1.The substance that diffuses from the capillaries into the tissue spaces is called _____. a. lymph c. synovial fluid b. extracellular fluid d. blood   2.The types of immunity a person is born with is called _____ immunity. a. natural and passive acquired b. natural acquired and passive acquired c. passive acquired and artificial acquired   3.Which of the following diseases suppresses the body’s immune system? a. HIV c. ARC b. AIDS d. ELISA   4.By what.

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  • MULTIPLE CHOICE 1.The substance that diffuses from the capillaries into the
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6.The portal circulation is a branch of the general circulation. 7.Congenital heart defects occur when there is a malformation of the heart within the first six months after birth. 8.Cerebral hemorrhage refers to bleeding from the blood vessels within the brain. 9.Peripheral vascular disease is caused by blockage of the coronary arteries. 10.Hypertension is.

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  • 6.The portal circulation a branch of the general circulation. 7.Congenital heart
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10.Which of the following would contain deoxygenated blood? a. left ventricle c. pulmonary artery b. aorta d. pulmonary vein   11.If someone’s heart beats at 70 beats per minute and with each contraction of the ventricle 70 ml of blood is ejected from the ventricles, what is the person’s stroke volume? a. 1400 c. 70 b. 4900   12.The QRS wave of the ECG reading represents _____. a. the contraction.

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  • 10.Which of the following would contain deoxygenated blood? a. left ventricle c. pulmonary
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COMPLETION 1.The average adult has ____________________ pints of blood in the body. 2.____________________ is necessary for blood clotting. 3.Red blood cells, or ____________________, are biconcave, disc-shaped cells. 4.The manufacture of red blood cells is called ____________________. 5.White blood cells are known as ____________________.     .

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  • COMPLETION 1.The average adult has ____________________ pints of blood in the
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5.The ____________________ stores large amounts of red blood cells. 6.The body’s ability to resist pathogens is called ____________________. 7.A severe and sometimes fatal allergic reaction is called ____________________. 8.___________________________________ progressively destroys the body’s T4-lymphocytes, the immune system’s key infection fighters.     .

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  • 5.The ____________________ stores large amounts of red blood cells. 6.The body’s
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6.When the secretions from the gland must go through a duct, it is a(n) _____ gland. a. endocrine c. islets of Langerhans b. exocrine   7.Which of the following hormones controls the rate of metabolism, heat production, and oxidation of cells? a. thyroxine c. thymosin b. testosterone d. ACTH   8.A patient is discovered to have a high calcium blood level. Which gland is most likely causing the.

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  • 6.When the secretions from the gland must go through a
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6.What is a blood disease in which there is a decrease in the number of platelets? a. hemophilia c. leukemia b. thrombocytopenia   7.Which of the following conditions is most likely to occur in someone who is immobile? a. embolism c. hematoma b. thrombosis   8.When the donor is the patient himself, it is what type of bone marrow transplant? a. autologous c. engraftment b. allogenic   9.A person who has type A- (A.

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  • 6.What a blood disease in which there a decrease in
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6.Health care professionals who carefully follow prescribed precautions are at very low risk of contracting HIV from patients. 7.Cancer cells can become trapped in lymph nodes, which may necessitate their surgical removal. 8.Hodgkin’s disease is usually fatal. 9.If a person has been fully immunized as a child, there is no need for vaccines.

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  • 6.Health care professionals who carefully follow prescribed precautions at very
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MATCHING Match the condition with its descriptor. a. strabismus f. glaucoma b. astigmatism g. sty c. rhinitis h. amblyopia d. tinnitus i. Ménière’s disease e. hairiness of the tongue j. myopia   1.irregular curvature of the cornea or lens 2.nearsightedness 3.cross-eyes 4.affects the semicircular canals of the inner ear, causing vertigo 5.inflammation of the lining of the nose 6.excessive intraocular pressure 7.reduction, or dimness, of vision 8.may result from taking salicylates 9.tiny abscess at the base of an eyelash 10.may occur after.

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  • MATCHING Match the condition with its descriptor. a. strabismus f. glaucoma
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9.Name the two types of antibody tests used to screen for AIDS: _______________________________ and ____________________________________. 10.When a person is infected with a virus, but does not develop symptoms of that virus, the person is said to be ____________________. 11.Drugs are used to control the HIV virus by blocking ______________________________. 12.The Centers for Disease.

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  • 9.Name the two types of antibody tests used to screen
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TRUE/FALSE 1.Water makes up about 75 percent of the total volume of plasma. 2.A rupture, or bursting, of the red blood cell is called hemolysis. 3.Monocytosis is a process that surrounds, engulfs, and digests harmful bacteria. 4.The characteristic symptoms of inflammation are redness, local heat, swelling, and pain. 5.Thrombosis is the formation of a blood.

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  • TRUE/FALSE 1.Water makes up about 75 percent of the total volume
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10. At the sternoclavicular joint, identify which surface is concave and which is convex. Joint Concave Convex Strenoclavicular _____ _____   11. With the possible exception of scapular tilt, in which plane do the motions of the scapula occur? _____ 12. In an erect posture, scapular elevation is moving _____ gravity and is produced by a _____ contraction of.

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  • 10. At the sternoclavicular joint, identify which surface concave and
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6.The clotting time for humans is ______________________________. 7.Name the four types of blood: ____________________, ____________________, ____________________, and ____________________. 8.A person with type O negative blood is considered a(n) _________________________. 9.A person with type AB positive blood is considered a(n) ______________________________. 10.A disease in which the red blood cells are abnormally shaped is called ___________________________________.     .

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  • 6.The clotting time for humans ______________________________. 7.Name the four types of
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TRUE/FALSE 1.Most microorganisms have the ability to cause disease in humans. 2.Different people may experience different symptoms from the same viral infection. 3.Many fungi are sources of food and medicines that are beneficial to humans. 4.The virus that causes measles can be transmitted through the air from one person to another. 5.Most infectious diseases are.

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  • TRUE/FALSE 1.Most microorganisms have the ability to cause disease in humans. 2.Different
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6.A sensation of ringing, or buzzing perceived in the ear in the absence of a stimulus is called ____________________. 7.Smell accounts for about _________________________ of what we think we taste. 8.Growths in the nasal cavity associated with rhinitis are called _________________________. 9.The ____________________ is a mass of muscle tissue with structures called papillae. 10.Located.

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  • 6.A sensation of ringing, or buzzing perceived in the ear
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6.The general term for inflammation and swelling of a lymph node is _____. a. mononucleosis c. adenitis b. tonsillitis d. lupus   7.Which of the following is the major reason why tonsils are not surgically removed as frequently today as in the past? a. This surgery is especially risky. b. Children usually recover quickly from tonsillitis. c. The symptoms of tonsillitis are generally mild. d. The tonsils perform.

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  • 6.The general term for inflammation and swelling of a lymph
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TRUE/FALSE 1.The pancreas can perform both as an endocrine gland and an exocrine gland. 2.The secretion of hormones operates on a negative feedback system. 3.Vasopressin is released during childbirth, causing strong contractions of the uterus. 4.Adrenalin is a powerful cardiac stimulant. 5.Persons with Type II diabetes must take insulin and monitor blood glucose levels daily.     .

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  • TRUE/FALSE 1.The pancreas can perform both as an endocrine gland and
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6.The term used to describe a slow heart rate is____________________. 7.An inflammation of the heart muscle is called ____________________. 8.The blood contains ____________________ and other fat substances called ____________________. 9.____________________ is a procedure to help open clogged vessels. 10.A device that shocks the heart to return it to a normal rhythm is called a(n).

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  • 6.The term used to describe a slow heart rate is____________________. 7.An
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COMPLETION 1.A(n) ____________________ is any organ that produces a secretion. 2.Name the two glands located in the neck close to the Adam’s apple ____________________ and ____________________. 3.The hormone that controls the calcium ion concentration in the body is called ____________________. 4.The ____________________ glands are located on the top of the kidneys. 5.The sex glands include.

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  • COMPLETION 1.A(n) ____________________ any organ that produces a secretion. 2.Name the two
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6.Hypersecretion of the growth hormone in the adult results in ____________________. 7.The characteristics of a swollen face, weight increases, and failure in initiative and memory can result from ____________________. 8.______________________________ results from hypersecretion of the glucocorticoid hormones from the adrenal cortex. 9.______________________________ is a condition caused by decreased secretion of insulin or the.

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  • 6.Hypersecretion of the growth hormone in the adult results in
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TRUE/FALSE 1.Instead of using its own lungs, the fetus obtains oxygen and nutrients from the mother’s blood. 2.Arteries carry deoxygenated blood to the heart. 3.Capillaries are the largest of the blood vessels. 4.Congenital heart defects occur when there is a malformation of the heart during fetal development. 5.A stroke is the sudden interruption of the.

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  • TRUE/FALSE 1.Instead of using its own lungs, the fetus obtains oxygen
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MULTIPLE CHOICE 1.Excessive thirst is called _____. a. polyuria c. polyphagia b. polydipsia d. polygastria   2.Hyperfunction of the pituitary gland in preadolescence results in _____. a. gigantism c. Cushing syndrome b. dwarfism d. diabetes mellitus   3.The hormone secreted by the pineal gland is _____. a. prostaglandins c. calcitonin b. melatonin d. oxytocin   4.The anterior pituitary gland secretes _____. a. growth hormone c. oxytocin b. vasopressin d. calcitonin   5.The gland located at the base of the brain is the _____ gland. a. pituitary c. thymus b. thyroid d. adrenal       .

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  • MULTIPLE CHOICE 1.Excessive thirst called _____. a. polyuria c. polyphagia
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COMPLETION 1.Blood leaves the heart through ____________________ and returns by ____________________. 2.The heart is located in the ____________________ cavity. 3.The double layer of fibrous tissue surrounding the heart is the ____________________. 4.Name the four valves of the heart: ____________________, ____________________, _________________________, and _________________________. 5._________________________ is the total volume of blood ejected from the heart per.

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  • COMPLETION 1.Blood leaves the heart through ____________________ and returns by ____________________. 2.The
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COMPLETION 1.The wall of the eye is made up of three layers: ____________________, ____________________, and ____________________. 2.The innermost, or third coat, of the eye is called the ____________________. 3.____________________ is a condition where the lens of the eye gradually becomes cloudy. 4.Name the three parts of the ear: ____________________, ____________________, and ____________________. 5.The ______________________________ contain.

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  • COMPLETION 1.The wall of the eye made up of three layers:
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MULTIPLE CHOICE 1.The taste buds can sense sweet, sour, bitter, and _____. a. salty c. spicy b. hot d. moldy   2.A condition in which there is a bend in the cartilage structure of the septum is called: a. nasal polyps c. deviated septum b. rhinitis d. snoring   3.An infection of the middle ear is called _____. a. otitis media c. tinnitus b. otosclerosis d. presbycusis   4.The _____ collects sound waves and directs them to the auditory canal. a. eustachian tube c. incus b. malleus d. pinna   5.A.

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  • MULTIPLE CHOICE 1.The taste buds can sense sweet, sour, bitter, and
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6.The outer layer of the eye is the a. sclera c. cornea b. retina d. choroid   7.Tears are secreted by a. conjunctiva c. sclera b. lacrimal glands d. choroid   8.What separates the outer and middle ear? a. pinna c. organ of Corti b. tympanic membrane   9.Loud noise heard for too long will damage your hearing. For example, hearing a continuous noise at 100 decibels may damage hearing within how many hours? a. 2 c. 8 b. 4 d. 10   10.What type of hearing loss.

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  • 6.The outer layer of the eye the a. sclera c. cornea
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MATCHING Match the gland with its hormone. a. pituitary - anterior lobe f. adrenal cortex b. pituitary - posterior lobe g. pancreas c. thyroid h. thymus d. parathyroid i. ovaries e. adrenal medulla j. testes 1.testosterone 2.estrogen 3.thyroxine 4.adrenaline 5.thymosin 6.parathormone 7.antidiuretic hormone 8.androgens 9.follicle-stimulating hormone 10.glucagon     .

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  • MATCHING Match the gland with its hormone. a. pituitary - anterior lobe f. a
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MULTIPLE CHOICE 1.A person’s total cholesterol level should be below _____. a. 200 c. 150 b. 300 d. 250   2.Severe chest pain that occurs when the heart does not receive enough oxygen is called _____. a. pericarditis c. atherosclerosis b. myocardial infarction d. angina pectoris   3.A rapid heartbeat is most accurately called _____. a. arrhythmia c. tachycardia b. bradycardia d. fibrillation   4.The _____ sends out an electrical impulse that regulates the heartbeat. a. AV node c. Purkinje fibers b. SA node d. AV bundle   5.Cardiac muscle tissue,.

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  • MULTIPLE CHOICE 1.A person’s total cholesterol level should be below _____. a. 200 c.
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6.Deoxygenated venous blood leaves the liver through the _____, which carries it to the inferior vena cava. a. hepatic vein c. mesenteric veins b. pancreatic vein   7.Someone with a blood pressure of 130/90, has a pulse pressure of _____. a. 20 c. 130 b. 40 d. 220   8.The most common symptom of heart disease is _____. a. hypertension c. cyanosis b. hypotension d. fatigue   9.Which of the following blood pressure reading would be considered prehypertension? a. 120/80 c. 140/90 b. 130/80 d. 150/90   10.Hypotension.

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  • 6.Deoxygenated venous blood leaves the liver through the _____, which
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6.The ballooning out of an artery and thinning of the artery wall is called a(n) ____________________. 7.Another term used to describe high blood pressure is ____________________. 8.Another term used to describe low blood pressure is ____________________. 9.A temporary interruption of blood flow to the brain is a(n) ______________________________. 10.A loss of ability to speak.

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  • 6.The ballooning out of an artery and thinning of the
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COMPLETION 1.The ______________________________ takes deoxygenated blood from the heart to the lungs where carbon dioxide is exchanged for oxygen. 2.The ____________________ is the largest artery in the body. 3.The ______________________________ brings oxygenated blood to the heart muscle. 4.The pressure measured at the moment of the heart’s contraction is the ___________________________________, while the lessened force.

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  • COMPLETION 1.The ______________________________ takes deoxygenated blood from the heart to the
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6.Emotional stress can increase an individual’s chance of becoming a susceptible host for infection. 7.If a health care worker is wearing gloves during a client procedure, it is not necessary to wash the hands immediately following the procedure. 8.Used needles should never be recapped. 9.If transmission-based precautions are used, it is not necessary.

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  • 6.Emotional stress can increase an individual’s chance of becoming a
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MATCHING Match each condition/disease with its description. a. acquired immunodeficiency syndrome b. anaphylactic shock c. asthma d. Hodgkin’s disease e. hypersensitivity f. infectious mononucleosis g. lupus h. lymphadenitis i. scleroderma j. tonsillitis 1.autoimmune disease in which the skin and blood vessels thicken 2.inflammation and swelling of the lymph nodes 3.serious allergic reaction 4.chronic, multisymptom, inflammatory, autoimmune disease 5.cancer of the lymph nodes 6.infection of the tonsils 7.condition caused by antibodies binding to the bronchi and bronchioles 8.infectious disease caused.

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  • MATCHING Match each condition/disease with its description. a. acquired immunodeficiency syndrome b.
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MULTIPLE CHOICE 1._____ is the death of body tissue as a result of an insufficient blood supply caused by disease or injury. a. Arteriosclerosis c. Varicose veins b. Hemorrhoids d. Gangrene   2.A traveling blood clot is called _____. a. hemorrhage c. phlebitis b. embolism d. claudication   3.The pulse point behind the knee is from the _____ artery. a. temporal c. dorsalis pedis b. radial d. popliteal   4.The artery that runs along the upper arm and elbow area where.

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  • MULTIPLE CHOICE 1._____ the death of body tissue as a result
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MATCHING Match the term with the best descriptor/definition. a. hemiplegia f. phlebitis b. arteriole g. vascular c. dysphasia h. atherosclerosis d. hypoperfusion i. arteriosclerosis e. cyanosis j. tunica adventitia 1.difficulty with speech or inability to say what one wants to say 2.small branch of an artery 3.inflammation of a vein 4.arterial walls thicken because of a loss of elasticity as aging occurs 5.paralysis on one side of the body 6.blue appearance to the skin 7.hardening of the arteries.

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  • MATCHING Match the term with the best descriptor/definition. a. hemiplegia f.
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COMPLETION 1.The _________________________ can be considered a supplement to the circulatory system. 2.____________________ acts as an intermediary between the blood in the capillaries and the body’s tissues. 3._________________________ are tiny, oval-shaped structures ranging in size from a pinhead to an almond. 4.There are three pairs of tonsils named ____________________, ____________________, and ____________________.     .

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  • COMPLETION 1.The _________________________ can be considered a supplement to the circulatory
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MULTIPLE CHOICE 1.A hereditary disease in which blood clots slowly or abnormally is called _____. a. polycythemia c. hematoma b. embolism d. hemophilia   2.A deficiency in the number and/or percentage of red blood cells and the amount of hemoglobin in the blood is called _____. a. anemia c. pernicious anemia b. aplastic anemia d. sickle cell anemia   3._____ are formed in the bone marrow and the spleen. a. Neutrophils c. Monocytes b. Eosinophils d. Granulocytes   4._____ is vital.

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  • MULTIPLE CHOICE 1.A hereditary disease in which blood clots slowly or
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