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Anatomy & Physiology Expert Answers & Study Resources : Page 15

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MATCHING Match each mineral and vitamin with its function. a. calcium f. vitamin A b. iodine g. vitamin B3 c. iron h. vitamin B12 d. potassium i. vitamin E e. zinc j. vitamin K 1.synthesizes red blood cells 2.metabolizes vitamin A 3.enables normal blood clotting 4.is a component of thyroid hormones 5.enables normal metabolism 6.maintains the body’s water balance 7.forms bones and teeth 8.acts as an antioxidant 9.is a component of hemoglobin 10.enables night vision     .

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  • MATCHING Match each mineral and vitamin with its function. a. calcium f. vit
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6.____________________ is/are found only in plant foods such as whole grain breads, cereals, and fruits. 7.The ______________________________ is legally required to include information on servings, calories, and nutrient content. 8.The most common nutritional disorder in the United States today is ____________________. 9.The refusal to eat because of a fear of being overweight is.

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  • 6.____________________ is/are found only in plant foods such as whole
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TRUE/FALSE 1.Excretion is the process of moving nitrogenous waste material, excess salts, and excess water from the body. 2.Each kidney has more functional capacity than is ordinarily needed. 3.The kidneys share one ureter. 4.Caffeine increases the loss of sodium ions, thus increasing the loss of water. 5.Urinary incontinence is frequently observed in the elderly.     .

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  • TRUE/FALSE 1.Excretion the process of moving nitrogenous waste material, excess salts,
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TRUE/FALSE 1.The sensation of taste is coupled with the sense of touch. 2.Adults normally develop 32 teeth. 3.Absorption in the small intestine is possible because its lining is smooth. 4.The average person produces between 1 and 3 pints of gas per day. 5.Each part of the alimentary canal contributes to the overall digestive process.     .

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  • TRUE/FALSE 1.The sensation of taste coupled with the sense of touch. 2.Adults
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MATCHING Match each condition with its definition. a. oliguria f. polyuria b. anuria g. cystitis c. renal calculi h. dysuria d. hydronephrosis i. chronic renal failure e. pyelonephritis j. uremia 1.stones formed in the kidney 2.frequent need to urinate 3.diminished production of urine 4.painful urination 5.accumulation of fluid in the kidney 6.lack of urine formation 7.retention of urinary waste products in the blood 8.inflammation of kidney tissue and renal pelvis 9.inflammation of the lining of the urinary bladder 10.gradual loss of.

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  • MATCHING Match each condition with its definition. a. oliguria f. polyuria
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COMPLETION 1.A(n) ____________________ is an opening between an artery and vein that provides an insertion site to enable dialysis treatments. 2.The ____________________ is the basic structural and functional unit of the kidney. 3.The ______________________________ stores urine until about 1 pint is accumulated. 4.____________________ increase urinary output by inhibiting the reabsorption of water. 5.The sudden loss.

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  • COMPLETION 1.A(n) ____________________ an opening between an artery and vein that
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11.What is the minimum amount of time that hands should be washed to prevent transmitting infection? a. 5 seconds c. 15 seconds b. 10 seconds d. 20 seconds   12.Certain bacteria have been designated as “super bugs” because they _____. a. are easy to transmit and, therefore, are favored by bioterrorists. b. cause especially serious respiratory infections. c. are resistant to even very powerful antibiotics. d. are spread.

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  • 11.What the minimum amount of time that hands should be
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11.The area superior to the right lumbar region is the ____________ ________________ region. 12.______________ is the ability of the body to regulate its internal environment within narrow limits. 13.The metric system is a decimal system based on the power of ____________. 10 14.One tablespoon of cough medicine equals ____________ milliliters of cough medicine. 15     .

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  • 11.The area superior to the right lumbar region the ____________
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6.Which of the following is an example of an agent in the chain of infection? a. handwashing c. a contaminated pillowcase b. a virus d. roper nutrition.   7.In the chain of infection, which of the following would most likely serve as a portal of exit? a. nose c. hair b. fingernail d. ear   8.Which of the following is an example of a host in the chain of infection? a. insect.

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  • 6.Which of the following an example of an agent in
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11.Which is the correct sequence of the urine’s pathway as it is formed and exited from the body? a. kidney, urethra, urinary bladder, ureter b. urinary bladder, ureter, kidney, urethra c. urinary bladder, kidney, ureter, urethra d. kidney, ureter, urinary bladder, urethra   12.Which range indicates normal urinary output for a 24-hour period? a. 1,000 to 1,500 ml c. 1,500 to 2,000 ml b. 1,000 to.

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  • 11.Which the correct sequence of the urine’s pathway as it
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6.Which of the following is known as the study of microscopic one-celled organisms, multicelled organisms, plants, animals, and humans? a. biology c. physiology b. anatomy   7.Which of the following conditions would occur on the anterior part of the body? a. injury to the bottom of the foot c. bruise on the back of the head b. ventral hernia   8.A scratch on the left thigh.

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  • 6.Which of the following known as the study of microscopic
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6.Which organ performs the major role in excreting wastes from the body? a. lungs c. skin b. colon d. kidneys   7.Which process is the first step in the formation of urine in the nephrons? a. absorption c. reabsorption b. filtration d. secretion   8.What causes filtrate to flow from the blood into the glomerulus? a. increase in blood pressure in the capillaries b. hormonal secretions c. stimulation from the nerves d. level of salt in the blood   9.How.

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  • 6.Which organ performs the major role in excreting wastes from
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COMPLETION 1.____________________ is/are an essential component of all body tissues. 2.____________________ is/are the main source of energy for the body. 3.A(n) ____________________ is a unit that measures the amount of energy contained within the chemical bonds of foods. 4.____________________ has/have twice as many calories as the other calorie-containing nutrients. 5.____________________ play(s) a major role in.

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  • COMPLETION 1.____________________ is/are an essential component of all body tissues. 2.____________________ is/are
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COMPLETION 1.____________________ refers to the ability of an organism to produce disease. 2.Infection from ____________________ is spread through the bites of fleas, tick, mites, and lice. 3.The ______________________________ is an interactive process that involves the agent, host, and environment. 4.In terms of the chain of infection, a person whose normal defense mechanisms are impaired.

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  • COMPLETION 1.____________________ refers to the ability of an organism to produce
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MULTIPLE CHOICE 1.The exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide between the lungs, body, and outside environment is called _____. a. external respiration c. cellular respiration b. internal respiration d. oxidation   2.A deep, prolonged breath that fills the lungs, believed to be caused by the need to increase the level of oxygen in the blood, is called _____. a. coughing c. sneezing b. hiccups d. yawning   3.The amount of air.

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  • MULTIPLE CHOICE 1.The exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide between the
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6.The stomach is located ____________ to the diaphragm. 7.The term ____________ is used to reference the ventral surface of the body. 8.The region superior to the left inguinal region is the ____________ ____________ region. 9.The pubic area can also be referred to as the lower, or ______________, region. 10.The region inferior to the right.

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  • 6.The stomach located ____________ to the diaphragm. 7.The term ____________ used
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TRUE/FALSE 1.All of the inherited traits possessed by offspring are established at the time of fertilization. 2.Some sexually transmitted infections can be passed from the mother to her child during the birth process. 3.The prostate gland is about the size and shape of a pear. 4.Sexually transmitted diseases are transmitted through the exchange of.

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  • TRUE/FALSE 1.All of the inherited traits possessed by offspring established at
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MATCHING Match each condition with its major signs and/or symptoms. a. gastroesophageal reflux disease f. diverticulitis b. hiatal hernia g. cholecystitis c. gastric ulcer h. pyloric stenosis d. inflammatory bowel disease i. cirrhosis e. hepatitis j. heartburn 1.backflow of stomach acid into the esophagus 2.chronic diarrhea 3.sore in the lining of the stomach 4.inflamed colon wall 5.replacement of normal liver tissue with connective tissue 6.stomach contents move up into the esophagus 7.inflamed liver 8.inflamed gallbladder 9.protrusion of the stomach above.

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  • MATCHING Match each condition with its major signs and/or symptoms. a. gastroesophageal reflux
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6.Proteins are broken down into amino acids in the _________________________. 7.A(n) ____________________ is a sore, or lesion, that forms in the mucosal lining of the stomach or duodenum. 8.Bile is produced in the ____________________. 9.Excessive ____________________ may lead to dehydration and electrolyte imbalance. 10.Hidden blood in stool is called ____________________.     .

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  • 6.Proteins broken down into amino acids in the _________________________. 7.A(n) ____________________
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Match the branch of anatomy with its description. a. gross anatomy d. comparative anatomy b. microscopic anatomy e. systematic anatomy c. developmental anatomy 7.study of the growth and development of an organism during its lifetime 8.study of large and easily observable structures of an organism 9.examples are dermatology, endocrinology, and neurology 10.study of similarities and differences between different animals 11.includes cytology and histology     .

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  • Match the branch of anatomy with its description. a. gross anatomy d. comparative anatomy
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MULTIPLE CHOICE 1.The main reason that the spores of disease-causing bacteria are dangerous is that they _____. a. are very difficult to destroy b. cause very serious infections c. cause infections that are difficult to diagnose d. destroy the cells they inhabit   2.Which of the following microorganisms must live inside the cell of another organism in order to secure nourishment.

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  • MULTIPLE CHOICE 1.The main reason that the spores of disease-causing bacteria
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8.Children receive a vaccine to protect them against _________________________, a disease characterized by severe coughing attacks. 9.Infants should be placed on the ____________________ when sleeping in order to reduce the risk of SIDS. 10.Chronic bronchitis and emphysema are referred to collectively as _________________________________________.     .

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  • 8.Children receive a vaccine to protect them against _________________________, a
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MULTIPLE CHOICE 1.The dorsal cavity contains the _____. a. heart and lungs c. structures of the nervous system b. major organs of digestion ANS:C 2.Lateral means _____. a. near the beginning of a structure c. toward the midline b. near the front of the body d. toward the side   3.The midsagittal plane divides the body into _____. a. anterior and posterior portions c. upper and lower sections b. cephalic and caudal halves d. left and right.

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  • MULTIPLE CHOICE 1.The dorsal cavity contains the _____. a. heart and lungs c.
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MULTIPLE CHOICE 1.The upper end of each ureter flares into a funnel-shaped structure known as the _____. a. renal pelvis c. renal papilla b. renal pyramid d. renal column   2.The Bowman’s capsule contains the _____. a. loop of Henle c. glomerulus b. collecting tubules d. afferent arteriole   3.Salt retention in the body’s tissues reduces the production of urine by _____. a. increasing the level of potassium b. increasing the secretion of ADH c. reducing the.

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  • MULTIPLE CHOICE 1.The upper end of each ureter flares into a
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5.During ____________________, the external intercostals lift the ribs upward and outward; during ____________________, the ribs are pushed downward and inward. 6.The respiratory infection that affects the most people each year is the _________________________. 7.The respiratory center is located in the ______________________________ in the brain.     .

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  • 5.During ____________________, the external intercostals lift the ribs upward and
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COMPLETION 1.The ____________________ is an accessory organ of digestion consisting of skeletal muscles that lie in many different planes. 2.____________________ teeth start to erupt at about 6 months of age and continue emerging until about 2 years. 3.Name the three major parts of the tooth: ____________________, ____________________, and ____________________. 4.The final preparation of food.

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  • COMPLETION 1.The ____________________ an accessory organ of digestion consisting of skeletal
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11.In the metric system, which of the following is used to measure weights? a. grams c. liters b. meters d. milliliters   12.Place the following prefixes in the order of smallest to largest. a. micro, milli, centi c. centi, milli, micro b. milli, centi, micro d. micro, centi, milli   13.The provider instructs the patient to take 1 gram of acetaminophen for their fever. The patient only has capsules marked.

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  • 11.In the metric system, which of the following used to
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TRUE/FALSE 1.The pelvic cavity contains the organs of the reproductive and excretory system. 2.The thoracic cavity protects the heart and lungs. 3.The lungs are located inferior to the diaphragm. 4.The kidneys are located within the abdominal cavity. 5.The midsagittal plane divides the body into front and back halves. 6.Caudal means “skull, or head, end” of the.

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  • TRUE/FALSE 1.The pelvic cavity contains the organs of the reproductive and
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COMPLETION 1.Any abnormal change in the structure or function which produces symptoms is considered a(n) ____________. 2.A(n) ____________, or cross, section is a horizontal cut that divides the body into upper and lower parts. 3.The dorsal cavity contains the ____________ cavity and the ____________ cavity. 4.The ____________ divides the ventral cavity into two parts:.

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  • COMPLETION 1.Any abnormal change in the structure or function which produces
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MATCHING Match each anatomical part with its function. a. anterior nares f. alveoli b. turbinates g. pleural fluid c. cilia h. bronchi d. mucous membrane i. larynx e. pharynx j. diaphragm 1.increase(s) movement of air in the nasal cavity 2.serve(s) as passageway for air and food 3.provide(s) passage for air from trachea to lungs 4.enable(s) entry of air from the outside environment 5.warm(s) and moisten(s) air entering from the outside environment 6.serve(s) as point of exchange of.

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  • MATCHING Match each anatomical part with its function. a. anterior nares f.
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MULTIPLE CHOICE 1.Disaccharides are a type of _____. a. protein c. vitamin b. carbohydrate d. fat   2.Water makes up about _____ percent of our total body weight. a. 25 to 35 percent c. 45 to 55 percent b. 35 to 45 percent d. 55 to 65 percent   3.The abbreviation for the type of cholesterol that removes fat from cells is _____. a. LDL c. HDL b. VLDL d. VHDL   4.Milk, cheese, and dark green vegetables are good sources.

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  • MULTIPLE CHOICE 1.Disaccharides a type of _____. a. protein c. vitamin
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MULTIPLE CHOICE 1.The structure that regulates the entrance of food into the duodenum is called the _____ sphincter. a. cardiac c. anal b. pyloric d. duodenal   2.The digestive juice that breaks down protein into amino acids is _____. a. trypsin c. lipase b. amylase d. bile   3.The _____ is the largest organ in the body. a. pancreas c. stomach b. liver d. gallbladder   4.Inflammation of the intestine caused by bacterial or viral infection is called _____. a. enteritis c. appendicitis b. gastritis d. diverticulosis   5.A chronic, progressive.

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  • MULTIPLE CHOICE 1.The structure that regulates the entrance of food into
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6.The adult alimentary canal, from the mouth to the anus, is about how many feet long? a. 10 c. 30 b. 20 d. 40   7.The nerves and blood supply of the teeth are contained in the _____. a. periodontal membrane c. dentin b. gingiva d. pulp cavity   8.What is the purpose of bile in the digestive process? a. encourages peristalsis c. converts starches into glucose b. stores vitamins d. breaks down fats   9.The digestive actions of the.

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  • 6.The adult alimentary canal, from the mouth to the anus,
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11.How do cellulose-containing foods, such as fruits and vegetables, help the process of digestion? a. encourage formation of acids in the stomach b. provide essential enzymes c. contribute to the bulk of feces d. promote peristalsis   12.Which process is regulated by secretions of the thyroid gland? a. digestion c. defecation b. metabolism d. absorption   13.Periodontal disease is a bacterial infection of the _____. a. gums c. peritoneum b. liver d. pancreas   14.Many common diseases of the digestive.

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  • 11.How do cellulose-containing foods, such as fruits and vegetables, help
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COMPLETION 1.____________________ facilitates the release of energy stored in nutrient molecules. 2.____________________ is the physical and chemical process by which the body supplies its cells and tissues with oxygen. 3.The ____________________ is a flap of cartilage that prevents food and liquids from entering the trachea. 4.____________________ is an inflammation of the membranes that cover.

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  • COMPLETION 1.____________________ facilitates the release of energy stored in nutrient molecules. 2.____________________
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6.Fats should provide no more than what percentage of a person’s daily caloric intake? a. 10 percent c. 30 percent b. 20 percent d. 40 percent   7.Which of the following fats would be the BEST choice for individuals who have high cholesterol levels? a. monosaturated c. saturated b. polyunsaturated d. trans   8.Which of the following foods tends to help lower cholesterol levels? a. eggs c. beef b. liver d. oat bran   9.Two minerals that are especially important.

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  • 6.Fats should provide no more than what percentage of a
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6.The ______________________________ is the outside opening through which urine leaves the body. 7.____________________ involves the passage of blood through a device with a semipermeable membrane to rid the blood of harmful wastes, extra salt, and water. 8.The second step in urine formation is ____________________. 9.The term used to describe the limit of reabsorption.

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  • 6.The ______________________________ the outside opening through which urine leaves the
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11.What is the basal metabolic rate for a 28-year-old woman who is 65 inches tall and weighs 135 pounds? a. 1,822 c. 1,533 b. 1,681 d. 1,402   12.The body’s basal metabolic rate (BMR) is the amount of energy needed by the body _____. a. to maintain current weight c. at rest b. to perform vigorous exercise d. to gain weight   13.The general range for a healthy body mass.

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  • 11.What the basal metabolic rate for a 28-year-old woman who
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11.If a client has a condition called orthopnea, this means that she _____. a. experiences painful breathing b. breathes too slowly to inhale sufficient air c. breathes rapidly and shallowly d. has difficulty breathing when he is lying down   12.Which of the following infectious diseases is increasing in incidence after being on the decline for many years? a. tuberculosis c. pneumonia b. diphtheria d. SARS   13.Asthma is a.

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  • 11.If a client has a condition called orthopnea, this means
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MATCHING You must make a notation on a patient’s record. Match the correct anatomical terminology to the description of the location. a. pain in the back b. pain below the right ribs c. a cut in the lower part of the right arm d. heartburn e. stomach cramps f. right inguinal hernia 1.proximal to wrist 2.lumbar region 3.epigastric area 4.right hypochondriac area 5.umbilical area 6.right iliac area     .

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  • MATCHING You must make a notation a patient’s record. Match the
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