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a. Psychotherapy is less effective for men than it is for women. b. Psychological problems tend to be less severe for men than for women. c. Men often believe that seeking treatment conflicts with masculinity. d. Psychological problems are more likely to resolve on their own for men than for women. 2. Rita is.
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76) Sandra is suffering from major depression. She is convinced that she will always be unhappy and her life will never change. Which of the three elements of the depressive explanatory style does this illustrate? a. globalizing b. internalizing c. stabilizing d. unstabilizing 77) One biological explanation for depression is that an overactive ______________ responds.
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1) If a therapist thinks about psychological disorders in the same general way a physician thinks about diseases, the therapist is primarily applying the ______________ model to understand mental illness. a. diagnostic b. biopsychosocial c. maladaptive d. medical 2) Jonah's therapist tells him that his depression is likely the result of several factors, including having.
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6) The bacterium Helicobacter pyloriisnow known to be the cause of ________. 7) Having a Type ________ personality is a risk factor for developing coronary heart disease. 8) Kyle had to relearn how to walk after suffering severe injuries in a car accident. Although the event was traumatic, Kyle has proven himself.
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56) Manny has such an intense fear of flying insects that he hardly ever goes outside his house during the summer months. He is probably suffering from a a. panic disorder. b. posttraumatic stress disorder. c. personality disorder. d. phobia. 57) Davis has such an intense, irrational fear of clowns that he cannot take his.
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31) A recurring irrational thought that cannot be controlled or banished from one's mind is called a/an a. phobia. b. obsession. c. hypnagogic image. d. compulsion. 32) Sudden, paralyzing episodes of fear describe which type of anxiety disorder? a. phobia b. generalized anxiety c. panic d. obsessive-compulsive 33) An overwhelming desire to set fires is called a/an a. obsession. b. phobia. c. compulsion. d..
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11) The diagnostic criteria in the DSM-5 are based on a __________ approach. a. biological b. biopsychosocial c. psychological d. social and cultural 12) The ________ rule is a test of legal insanity that came from an 1843 British trial. a. Irresistible Impulse b. Durham c. M'Naghten d. ALI 13) Which of the following is an accurate statement regarding the.
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46) ______________ disorders are characterized by fear or nervousness that is excessive, irrational, and maladaptive. a. Anxiety b. Personality c. Mood d. Dissociative 47) Dikeshia is giving a presentation in her abnormal psychology class on the prevalence of psychological disorders. If you were a student in that class, what general category of disorders would you.
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51) Leo worries all of the time. He worries about his money, his children, and his dog. He cannot identify the specific source of his worry, but rather feels an overall sense of constant concern. Leo's symptoms sound most like a. panic disorder b. obsessive-compulsive disorder c. generalized anxiety disorder d. a dissociative disorder 52).
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1) The latest version of the classification system used by psychologists is a. DSM-III. b. DSM-IV. c. DSM-IV-TR. d. DSM-V. 2) The DSM-V includes a description of the ___________________ of each mental disorder. a. symptoms, duration, and severity b. symptoms, cause, and severity c. symptoms, cause, and progress d. symptom, cause, and treatment options 3) Destruction of one's home or.
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36) A compulsion is a. a recurring irrational thought which you cannot put out of your mind. b. a behaviour that you cannot control. c. an inability to express your emotions. d. all of the above. 37) Arlene has an intense, irrational fear of flying in airplanes. She is probably suffering from a a. somatoform disorder. b..
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31) A psychiatric patient repeatedly breaks the law, behaves impulsively, and generally demonstrates a disregard for, and violation of, the rights of others. It is most likely that this patient will be diagnosed with a. borderline personality disorder. b. antisocial personality disorder. c. bipolar disorder. d. schizophrenia. 32) When people diagnosed with antisocial personality disorder.
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96) Dr. Knight is trying to diagnosis a patient suffering from what appears to be a form of schizophrenia. The patient appears to have symptoms from several different types of schizophrenia. Dr. Knight is most likely to conclude that the patient should be classified as suffering from _________________ schizophrenia. a. disorganized b..
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6) Thoughts that repeatedly intrude into consciousness against one's will are called a. compulsions. b. loose associations. c. neologisms. d. obsessions. 7) Which of the following is NOT a symptom of depression? a. hallucinations b. loss of appetite c. inability to sleep properly d. self-blame 8) The most common psychological disorder is a. phobia. b. schizophrenia. c. depression. d. mania. 9) An affective disorder that.
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41) Disorders characterized by disturbances in a person's prolonged emotional state are known as __________ disorders. a. mood b. dissociative c. somatoform d. conversion 42) An episode of intense sadness that may last for several months is called a. bipolar disorder. b. hypomania. c. major depressive disorder. d. dysthymia. 43) Abnormally high energy level, distractibility, increased sex drive, and positive.
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61) A strong, intense fear of being in public or performing behaviours in public might be characteristic of a. antisocial personality disorder. b. obsessive-compulsive disorder. c. panic disorder. d. social anxiety disorder. 62) During the day, Barb suffers from frequent, unwanted thoughts that she has left her front door unlocked and recurrent images that all.
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16) Which of the following best describes the antisocial personality? a. low intelligence b. lack of remorse or guilt c. depression d. paranoid schizophrenic tendencies 17) Which of the following statements about antisocial personality is TRUE? a. It is a relatively rare disorder. b. People with antisocial personalities seek professional help because their distress level is high. c..
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41) A disorder marked by the apparent appearance within one person of two or more personalities, each with its own name and distinctive traits, is called _____________ disorder. a. dissociative identity b. personality c. bipolar d. schizophrenia 42) Which of the following disorders is the most controversial diagnosis? a. dissociative identity disorder b. histrionic personality disorder c. narcissistic.
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81) For young individuals, the risk for suicide is greatest when they are a. the victim of bullying. b. the perpetrator of bullying. c. not involved in bullying. d. both a victim and a perpetrator of bullying. 82) The rate of schizophrenia in the general population is around a. 1%. b. 5%. c. 10%. d. 20%. 83) A patient in.
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1) Any unusual behavior should be considered maladaptive. a. True b. False 2) Psychologists all agree that dissociative identity disorder is not a true disorder. a. True b. False 3) Generalized anxiety disorder is an anxiety disorder marked by repeated episodes of sudden, very intense fear. a. True b. False 4) Major depression occurs twice as often among women.
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106) Researchers have discovered that the brain volume of individuals with schizophrenia is less than normal. This decrease in brain volume is accompanied a corresponding a. decrease in the size of the ventricles. b. increase in the size of the ventricles. c. decrease in the size of the skull. d. increase in the size.
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56) Nick was admitted to a mental institution because he heard voices talking to him that no one else could hear, and he saw demons attacking him, though no one else could see anything near him. Nick's symptoms are known as a. delusions b. obsessions c. hallucinations d. compulsions 57) How do most antipsychotic drugs.
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66) People with OCD often develop ____________ in response to ______________. a. agoraphobia; anxiety b. anxiety; agoraphobia c. an obsession; a specific compulsion d. a compulsion; a specific obsession 67) Which of the following is an example of the "vicious cycle" of anxiety disorders? a. a child inherits a gene for anxiety from her parents b. a.
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51) Nancy smells smoke when there is no fire. This is an example of a. a delusion. b. a hallucination. c. paranoia. d. olfactory inhibition. 52) Which of the following is considered the most severe psychological disorder? a. antisocial personality b. schizophrenia c. depression d. bipolar 53) Of the following, which would provide the strongest evidence for a genetic component.
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21) Multiple personality is an example of which disorder? a. schizophrenia b. dissociative c. personality d. depression 22) The multiple-personality disorder was a. a form of psychosis. b. quite rare. c. a phenomenon unique to England. d. not a formal diagnostic label. 23) Overall, research has indicated that __________ influences the amount of stress that people experience. a. the seriousness of.
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11) What do behaviour therapists see as the cause of maladaptive behaviours? a. learning b. distortions in thinking c. unconscious conflicts d. discrepancy between the real self and ideal self 12) Martha vacuums the carpet in her living room 15 times a day. It is very likely that she is suffering from which of the.
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16) In a famous study discussed in your textbook, eight normal individuals were committed to a psychiatric hospital after claiming that they were experiencing hallucinations. Which of the following happened next? a. The hospital staff continued to view them as abnormal, despite the fact that they had no symptoms. b. The hospital.
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86) False sensory perceptions that often take the form of hearing voices are called a. delusions. b. hallucinations. c. obsessions. d. compulsions. 87) Shreen is diagnosed with schizophrenia. She believes that she is a powerful person who can save the world. Shreen is experiencing a. delusions of persecution. b. delusions of grandeur. c. delusions of reference. d. delusions of.
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111) People diagnosed with schizophrenia are more likely to have been born during the winter months. One explanation for this phenomenon is that a. people born during these months are more likely to be exposed to the flu virus while still in the womb. b. cold temperatures slow down neuronal development. c. summer.
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71) Kayla has experienced a decrease in the need for sleep for the past three nights, is extremely talkative and sexually charged, and has been very irresponsible with money during this time. Kayla is in the midst of a(n) a. dissociated amnesiac episode. b. major depressive episode. c. manic episode. d. obsessive episode. 72) A.
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21) Antisocial, paranoid, and schizoid are all types of ________ disorders. a. mood b. dissociative c. personality d. anxiety 22) Which cluster of personality disorders contains paranoid, schizoid, and schizotypal personality disorders? a. the anxious and fearful cluster b. the odd and eccentric cluster c. the dramatic and emotional cluster d. the erratic and somatoform cluster 23) A person who.
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31) Which of the following is NOT used in biomedical therapy? a. electric shock b. language c. drugs d. surgery 32) Which of the following is NOT a biomedical therapy? a. ECT b. psychosurgery c. tertiary prevention d. chemotherapy 33) Electroconfulsive therapy is mainly effective in treating a. depression. b. schizophrenia. c. anxiety disorders. d. all of the above. 34) The procedure known as _______.
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26) Self-injury, such as the intentional cutting of one's self, is most closely associated with which personality disorder? a. antisocial b. avoidant c. dependent d. borderline 27) Cindy craves the attention of everyone around her. The few friends that she has admit that Cindy is "full of herself," and acts like she is better than.
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41) Stephanie has been displaying a range of new neurotic behaviours over the past few months. Her therapist, who is a supporter of the psychodynamic perspective, suspects that these odd behaviours are due to repressed traumatic memories from Stephanie’s childhood. What approachto treatment would the therapist most likely take? a. analyze.
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6) Any pattern of behaviour that causes people significant distress, increases the risk of injury or death, and/or harms their ability to function in daily life is called a. maladaptive. c. stress syndrome. d. adaptive behaviour. 2) The behaviour impairs the ability to function in day-to-day activities; 3) The behaviour increases the risk of injury,.
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91) Experiencing extremes in motor behaviour is one symptom associated with a. catatonic schizophrenia. b. disorganized schizophrenia. c. paranoid schizophrenia. d. undifferentiated schizophrenia. 92) The primary feature of ______ schizophrenia is severe disturbance of motor behaviour. a. disorganized b. catatonic c. residual d. paranoid 93) While doing volunteer work at a mental hospital, Mary is put on a ward for.
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46) Feeling fearful but not knowing why is characteristic of a. phobias. b. anxiety disorders. c. dissociative neurosis. d. amnesia. 47) A patient in a mental hospital exhibits disordered thinking, perceptual abnormalities, unusual emotions, and suspiciousness. This person is probably suffering from a. schizophrenia. b. bipolar disorder. c. passive-aggressive personality. d. a dissociative disorder. 48) The belief that you are.
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36) What general category of psychological disorders is characterized by a disruption in one's complete and unified sense of conscious awareness, memory, and identity? a. anxiety disorders b. dissociative disorders c. personality disorders d. schizophrenia 37) Ned seeks therapy after having recurrent episodes of feeling "detached from himself" for several months, but he has not.
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26) June often experiences episodes during which her heart rate accelerates by more than 50 beats per minute despite encountering no emergency. June suffers from a. obsessive-compulsive disorder. b. generalized anxiety disorder. c. acrophobia. d. panic disorder. 27) Someone with "stage fright" might have a(n) a. particular phobia. b. environmental phobia. c. specific phobia. d. social phobia. 28) Phobias, obsessive-compulsive.
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6) Family therapists take a(n) _______ approach to therapy, meaning that they try to understand how each family member contributes to the overall family dynamic. 7) SSRIs have been shown to increase _______, the growth of brand-new neurons, in the hippocampus. 8) Because some theories suggest that schizophrenia is caused, in part,.
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36) A procedure which severs the connections from parts of the brain that control emotions is a. limbic curettage. b. trephining. c. ECT. d. prefrontal lobotomy. 37) Which treatment is MOST likely to be used today? a. drug therapy b. prefrontal lobotomy c. ECT d. in vitro therapy 38) Tardive dyskinesia is a side effect of a. barbiturate use b. psychosurgery c. ECT d..
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