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46) What is the process by which a patient projects feelings about other individuals onto the psychoanalyst? a. resistance b. reactance c. countertransference d. transference 47) Not all psychodynamic theories focus on repressed sexual and aggressive conflicts. For example, ____________ is a type of psychodynamic therapy that focuses primarily on how early childhood experiences and.
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1) According to your textbook, two of the major barriers to mental health treatment are a. time and money. b. a lack of therapists and racism. c. rigid diagnostic criteria for mental illness and insurance companies. d. pharmaceutical companies and medical lobbyists. 2) Which of the following is true about the stigma associated with psychological.
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21) Cognitive psychologists are concerned with the scientific study of __________. a. reinforcement b. alienation and apathy c. mental processes d. self-actualization 22) Psychologists use techniques based on ___________. a. cultural ethnocentrism b. objective introspection c. philosophical logic d. the scientific method 23) An individual's personality, as well as situational variables, will determine that person's _______. a. behaviour b. predispositions c. uniqueness d. all.
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31) In what brand of psychotherapy would a clinical psychologist attempt to uncover the underlying unconscious conflicts and impulses that are the cause of one's psychological difficulties? a. behavioural b. cognitive-behavioural c. humanistic d. psychoanalytic/psychodynamic 32) Carlita has just come from her first therapy session. To better understand Carlita's generalized anxiety, the therapist asked her.
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26) When problems exist between parents and children, their problems are usually BEST handled by a. psychoanalysis. b. family therapy. c. operant conditioning. d. individual therapy. 27) Prefrontal lobotomy is one form of a. shock treatment. b. EST. c. drug therapy. d. psychosurgery. 28) Lithium is a naturally occurring a. drug. b. enzyme. c. salt. d. plant. 29) Which of the following has been fairly.
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16) Today, people in need of serious, long-term care often live in _________________ centers, which are a humane alternative to the asylums of the past. a. deinstitutionalization b. residential treatment c. insight d. therapeutic alliance 17) A major goal of modern inpatient psychiatric treatment is a. keeping people with mental illness out of the community for.
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21) Systematic desensitization is especially useful as a treatment for a. panic disorders. b. schizophrenia. c. depression. d. phobias. 22) _______ therapy assumes that problem behaviours are learned and, as such, can be unlearned. a. Behaviour b. Group c. Gestalt d. Person-centered 23) A technique which assumes it is impossible to be relaxed and anxious at the same time is a..
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91) Medications which affect psychological function are collectively referred to as ______________ drugs. a. psychotropic b. tricyclic c. psychedelic d. antipsychotic 92) In order to have an effect, drugs used to treat psychological disorders must be able to a. reduce neurotransmitter activity in the brain. b. increase neurotransmitter activity in the brain. c. cross from one side of.
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41) According to Freud, the ___________ of the dream refers to the hidden, symbolic meaning of the dream, which, if correctly interpreted, reveals the unconscious conflicts that created the nervous disorder. a. manifest content b. free association c. latent content d. resistance 42) After many sessions of psychodynamic therapy, Dan at some point experiences reluctance.
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11) Randi is a practitioner of crystal healing: the use of different crystals to treat medical disorders ranging from headaches to cancer. Crystal healers like Randi use scientific terminology (e.g., energy, vibrations, etc.) when explaining the technique to patients, but do not use the scientific method to develop or test.
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51) Client-centered therapy is a type of ______ therapy. a. insight b. behaviour c. cognitive d. reality 52) ________ client-centered therapy centers on the patient's goals and ways of solving problems. a. Rogers' b. Freud's c. Beck d. Ellis 53) Andre's mother acts as if she will be very disappointed in him if he does not become a doctor or.
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1) Physicians who are trained to treat psychological disorders are called a. clinicians. b. counsellors. c. psychiatrists. d. psychiatric psychologists. 2) John dreamed that he was in a train that entered a tunnel. If a psychologist believed that the dream expressed John's unconscious sexual desires, the psychologist would likely be a a. humanist b. learning theorist c. personologist d..
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101) How are atypical antipsychotics different from traditional antipsychotic medications? a. Atypical antipsychotics are older. b. Atypical antipsychotics work by increasing GABA activity in the brain. c. Atypical antipsychotics only treat the negative symptoms. d. Atypical antipsychotics are less likely to cause tardive dyskinesia. 102) In general, typical antipsychotic drugs work by a. inhibiting the reuptake.
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11) In the psychoanalytic technique of _______, the patient is encouraged to say whatever thoughts come to mind, regardless of their order or appropriateness. a. abreaction b. cathexis c. free association d. transference 12) A student finds himself hating a professor because the latter reminds him of his abusive father. In psychoanalytic terms, the student.
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31) Psychoanalysis was a therapy technique designed by __________. a. Fritz Perls b. Sigmund Freud c. Carl Rogers d. Alfred Adler 32) Genuineness, empathy, unconditional positive regard, and self-growth are all associated with ________ therapy. a. gestalt b. humanistic c. cognitive d. behavioural 33) Freud believed that many psychological problems were the result of: a. feelings and emotions repressed during childhood. b..
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76) Research discussed in your textbook suggests that virtual reality exposure therapy might help a. suicidal adolescents. b. girls and young women with negative body-image issues. c. people with substance abuse problems. d. soldiers returning from combat with PTSD. 77) Miranda is in treatment for alcoholism, and her doctor has prescribed Antabuse, which will make.
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11) Physicians who specialize in mental health and diagnose and treat mental disorders primarily through prescribing medications that influence brain chemistry are called a. psychiatrists. b. clinical psychologists. c. medical psychologists. d. biopsychologists. 12) Rihanna goes to a mental health professional for help with her depression. While waiting for the therapist, she notices the medical.
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56) Carl Rogers asserts that an effective psychotherapist will a. actively confront and challenge his or her client's erroneous beliefs. b. interpret important transference and resistance behaviours for his or her client. c. provide unconditional positive regard toward his or her client. d. seek to identify how negative reinforcement is promoting maladaptive behaviours, feelings,.
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66) Systematic desensitization is specifically designed to help a person to deal with his or her a. depression. b. dissociative identity disorder. c. phobia. d. psychopathic personality. 67) Cherise finds out that she is being transferred to an office located on the tenth floor of a building. The problem is that she fears heights so.
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81) _________________ involves helping clients identify and change irrational and overly emotional ways of thinking. a. Exposure b. The systems approach c. Cognitive restructuring d. Stress inoculation training 82) Franco feels like he fails at everything he tries. His cognitive-behavioural therapist helps Franco change this overly pessimistic view of himself and helps Franco to focus.
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36) Of the following, which type of therapist would be more interested in a client's past rather than the current situation? a. psychoanalytic b. rational-emotive c. behavioural d. Gestalt 37) Which of the following approaches is based on the premise that people naturally strive to reach their potential and lead a fulfilling life? a. psychoanalytic b. behavioural c..
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71) Rhona's therapist is attempting to treat her agoraphobia by riding the subway with her during rush hour on the first day of treatment. The therapist is most likely doing this as part of a treatment known as a. systematic desensitization. b. aversive conditioning. c. flooding. d. transference 72) Estella is afraid of cats. To.
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21) Empirically supported treatments refer to a. treatments for which only anecdotal evidence of effectiveness are available. b. treatments that are effective for all psychological disorders and this effectiveness has been established through rigorous scientific testing. c. treatments that are effective for specific disorders and this effectiveness has been established through the use.
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26) A _____________ is a statistical method that helps researchers to combine the findings from several research studies. a. meta-analysis b. beta-analysis c. correlation d. standard deviation 27) According to your textbook, analysis of several studies investigating the effectiveness of the self-help book Feeling Good suggests that self-help books probably have a. no effect. b. a negative.
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61) Who of the following is LEAST likely to benefit from insight therapy? a. a middle-aged mother of two b. a 20-something mailroom clerk c. a man who has been experiencing panic attacks d. a 6-year-old with intellectual disabilities 62) Psychologists who practice behavioural therapy focus on the client's a. unconscious anxieties. b. relationships with parents. c. potential.
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91) John Watson believed that psychology should involve the study of a. behaviour. b. the mind. c. the brain. d. consciousness. 92) Which school of psychology questioned whether psychologists should study mental processes? a. psychoanalysis b. behaviourism c. Gestalt psychology d. humanism 93) What advice might John B. Watson have offered to psychologists of his time? a. "Focus on observable behaviour." b..
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86) Instead of focusing just on individual family members, family therapists usually try to understand how each family member interacts with, and contributes to, the overall family dynamic. This is referred to as a. therapeutic alliance. b. the systems approach. c. insight therapy d. object relations therapy 87) Cognitive-behavioural therapies have been found to be.
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16) Which method of treating phobias involves progressive relaxation and exposure to the feared object (either actual or imagined)? a. extinction b. systematic desensitization c. punishment d. token economy 17) Psychotherapies that emphasize changing clients' perceptions of their life situation as a way of modifying their behaviour are called a. behaviour therapy. b. client-centred therapy. c. cognitive therapy. d..
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6) In client-centered therapy, the therapist provides empathy and unconditional positive regard to the client. a. True b. False 7) A key part of cognitive-behavioural therapy is identifying and changing irrational, unproductive ways of thinking. a. True b. False 8) MAOIs are among the most commonly prescribed type of antidepressants. a. True b. False 9) Although it is an.
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111) Which treatment is LEAST likely to be used today? a. drug therapy b. frontal lobotomy c. ECT d. behaviour therapy 112) Which brain region are neurosurgeons most likely to lesion to treat severe cases of depression and obsessive-compulsive disorder? a. prefrontal cortex b. hippocampus c. cerebellum d. anterior cingulate cortex 113) Electroconvulsive (ECT) therapy is used today primarily to.
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41) Steve, a college student, is seeing a psychologist because of his intense fear of people. His counsellor feels that Steve's fear is a product of unresolved conflicts about his parents and his childhood experiences with them. Steve's therapist is most characteristic of which school of psychology? a. behaviourism b. psychoanalytic c. humanistic d..
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36) Free association is a technique used in ___________ therapy. a. psychodynamic b. family c. person-centered d. cognitive-behavioural 37) Sigmund Freud would agree that _______________ may be useful in treating a psychological disorder. a. systematic desensitization b. dream analysis c. flooding d. exposure treatment 38) Julio tells his therapist that he dreamt of a large blue monster that was about.
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26) Carl Rogers and Abraham Maslow are _______. a. behaviourists b. psychoanalysts c. humanists d. cognitivists 27) Who of the following believes humans have a natural motivation to reach their highest potential? a. Maslow b. Skinner c. Adler d. Jung 28) _______ is the name of the theory that emphasizes the concept that humans are positively motivated and progress toward.
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46) Dr. Martian claims that aliens are real and have been performing mind experiments on humans for years. Which principle of critical thinking is most important to consider when evaluating this claim? a. being curious b. avoiding emotional reasoning c. examining the nature of the source of the evidence d. tolerating ambiguity 47) Dr. Siela.
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31) Being skeptical about a claim means a. asking if there is sound evidence to support it. b. realizing that most complex issues do not have easy answers. c. not believing the claim, no matter what. d. believing the claim unless evidence to the contrary is presented. 32) As a critical thinker, what habit is.
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116) One of the side effects of electroconvulsive therapy is a. short-term amnesia. b. tardive dyskinesia. c. temporary blindness. d. depression. 117) Imani is trying a relatively new treatment for her major depression. When she visits the doctor, he puts a machine against her head which stimulates specific regions in her brain. Happily for Imani,.
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96) A frequently prescribed drug therapy for managing one's depression is a. Adderall. b. Lithium. c. Prozac. d. Thorazine. 97) Who would benefit most from taking lithium? a. Zara, who is near death from starving herself b. Jonathan, who swings from mania to thoughts of suicide c. Joshua who has hallucinations and delusions d. Barbara, who experiences excessive worry.
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6) Which of the following mental health professionals is most likely to have either a PhD or a PsyD and diagnose and treat mental health problems ranging from the everyday to the chronic and severe? a. clinical psychologist b. research psychologist c. psychiatrist d. counseling psychologist 7) Dr. Snider has a PsyD degree and works.
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6) Which of the following, according to Rogers, is MOST likely to become a fully functioning person? a. someone with a strongly developed superego b. someone with an extroverted personality c. someone brought up with conditional positive regard d. someone brought up with unconditional positive regard 7) Unconditional positive regard is most important to a. Freud. b..
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21) A perennial question for educational psychologists is, "Why do some students in a class succeed while others perform poorly?" According to the biopsychosocial model, which of the following is a possible explanation for this phenomenon? a. biological differences in brain structures and chemistry b. social and cultural differences among students c. cognitive,.
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1) Men are less likely than women to seek treatment for psychological issues. a. True b. False 2) Psychiatrists typically have a PhD in psychology or a PsyD. a. True b. False 3) Almost all psychologists agree with the empirically supported treatment approach. a. True b. False 4) Freud believed that with insight and better understanding of past experiences,.
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56) Which of the following is true regarding Darwin's theory of evolution? a. It applies to physical characteristics, but not to behaviour. b. It applies to behaviour, but not to physical characteristics. c. It applies to physical characteristics as well as to behaviours. d. It was discredited along with Francis Galton's concept of eugenics. 57).
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16) Psychology is said to have begun when a. medicine was seen to be ineffective in treating neurosis. b. Wilhelm Wundt started the first psychological laboratory. c. Sigmund Freud opened his private practice in Vienna. d. it was discovered in the early 1900s that many illnesses have no medical basis. 17) Psychologists stopped relying on.
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16) What property do hypotheses and theories share? a. They are both types of educated guesses. b. They both integrate numerous findings and observations. c. They are both types of opinions or beliefs. d. In order to be scientific, they both must be capable of being proven false. 17) When a psychologist uses the term.
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