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41) Which of the following is NOT a function of the hypothalamus? a. regulating eating b. regulating sleeping c. relaying sensory inputs to the higher centres in the brain d. regulating the ”restorative” functioning of the autonomic nervous system after an emergency has passed 42) The hypothalamus does NOT control a. bowel movements. b. sweating. c. reactions to.
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111) Dr. Fernwood is a research psychologist. The main focus of her research is to use psychological knowledge to find ways to reduce bullying in schools. Dr. Fernwood's research could be described as ____________ psychology. a. basic b. forensic c. applied d. I/O 112) No matter what they specialize in, psychologists who teach and/or conduct.
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66) Which hemisphere of the cerebral cortex is usually dominant in language tasks? a. the front hemisphere b. the rear hemisphere c. the left hemisphere d. the right hemisphere 67) The part of the brain that interprets visual information is the __________. a. occipital lobe b. temporal lobe c. parietal lobe d. frontal lobe 68) A young woman recovering from.
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51) The autonomic nervous system is responsible for a. controlling the skeletal muscles. b. sending sensory input to the brain. c. making choices and decisions. d. the activity of internal organs and glands. 52) The part of the nervous system that allows the brain to regulate digestion, heart rate, and respiration without our conscious attention.
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51) A(n) ____________ involves an extremely deep and detailed information-gathering from a single individual over a long period of time. a. case study design b. correlational design c. experimental design d. naturalistic observation design 52) Sarah, a graduate student in psychology, just heard about a five-year-old child who has already learned calculus. She is thinking.
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21) The most important factor to ensure that one's results apply to other people in other settings is to use a. a convenience sample. b. extremely small sample sizes. c. random assignment. d. a random sample. 22) Although not ideal, researchers often use _______________ samples, which are samples of individuals that are the most readily.
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71) ”Split-brain” patients are patients who have had _________. a. a prefrontal lobotomy b. their cerebellum split in the middle c. their corpus callosum cut d. a fracture skull in which bone fragments penetrated into the brain 72) The part of the brain that controls hearing, does some additional processing of visual information, and is.
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46) The branch of the autonomic nervous system that prepares the body for quick action in an emergency is the __________ division. a. central b. secondary c. sympathetic d. parasympathetic 47) The system that relays messages in the form of electrochemical impulses throughout the body is called __________. a. the arousal system b. the nervous system c. the.
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56) Sasha read about a study in the newspaper that reported a relationship between schizophrenia and crime. What type of research design was most likely used in this study? a. naturalistic observation b. case study design c. correlational design d. experimental design 57) Which term best describes the correlation between depression and fatigue? a. illusory b. zero c..
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56) Dr. Watson wanted to know which gender was better at sharing at the sixth-grade level, so he went to the local middle school to observe lunch periods. This is a form of ____________. a. case study b. naturalistic observation c. experimental design d. confirmation bias 57) A researcher is interested in determining how frequently.
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56) The parasympathetic and sympathetic divisions make up the a. motor cortex. b. endocrine system. c. autonomic nervous system. d. neocortex. 57) When the sympathetic nervous system assumes control of the involuntary bodily processes during a stressful situation, which of the following changes is likely to occur? a. digestion slows down b. less blood is pumped to.
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2) Anecdotal evidence, appeals to authority, and appeals to common sense are all considered poor forms of evidence. Provide an example of each and explain why claims based on them cannot be trusted. 3) Describe and compare correlational research and experimental research. What key advantage does experimental research have over correlational.
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91) Ryan, a professional bass fisherman, is trying to determine which lure is most effective on Wake by Lake: the plastic worm he normally uses or the new minnow-style lure he bought yesterday. Based on this scenario, what would constitute the control? a. the new minnow lure b. the plastic worm c. both.
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16) A research method in which the real-life behaviour of a pre-selected person or a group is studied in depth for some time through the use of observation, interviews, and writings (such as letters) is the _____________ method of research. a. survey b. psychometric c. case study d. naturalistic observation 17) As part of an.
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31) The glands that secrete hormones directly into the bloodstream are called __________. a. lymph glands b. exocrine glands c. hippocampal glands d. endocrine glands 32) Endocrine glands are glands that secrete __________. a. excitory neurotransmitters b. inhibitory neurotransmitters c. hormones d. enzymes 33) Chemical substances released by the endocrine glands to help regulate bodily functions are __________. a. enzymes b. neurotransmitters c..
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76) The only research design that allows one to make inferences on cause- effect is the ________ design. a. case study b. correlational c. experimental d. naturalistic observation 77) What is the main difference between an experiment and a correlational study? a. A correlational study involves the manipulation of variables, while an experiment does not. b. An.
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31) In an experiment, a researcher manipulates one variable to see how it affects a second variable. The manipulated variable is called the a. dependent variable. b. experimental variable. c. independent variable. d. placebo. 32) A group of students was asked to write an essay in support of the legalization of marijuana. They were paid.
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106) ______________ psychologists are generally interested in how the behaviour of individuals can be influenced by other people. a. Social b. Gestalt c. Behavioural d. Humanistic 107) Kurt Lewin is often cited as the founder of which perspective? a. social psychology b. cognitive psychology c. behaviourism d. humanistic psychology 108) A central theme in social psychology is that a. human behaviour.
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16) Humanistic psychology is an approach emphasizing that psychologists need to focus on the whole of the perception and experience, rather than its parts. a. True b. False 17) The cognitive perspective is an approach that emphasizes mental processes in thinking, memory, language, and other areas of behaviour. a. True b. False 18) Applied psychology is.
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21) A researcher wished to study the relationship between high school grades and post-secondary grades. Of the following research methods, which would be the most appropriate? a. case study b. correlation c. experiment d. survey 22) A correlation of .00 means a. you made a mistake in calculation. b. you did not find out anything about the.
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81) Why is it important to make sure that different participant groups are roughly equivalent in terms of personal characteristics (e.g., age, gender) before any independent variable is introduced? a. It is important to treat all research participants equally so that they feel that they are not being manipulated. b. Research ethics.
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11) Sigmund Freud's work using hypnosis to cure patients made him realize that many of his patients' symptoms had mental, not physical, causes and this led to the development of psychoanalysis. a. True b. False 12) Psychoanalysis emphasizes the influence of unconscious urges and memories on behaviour. a. True b. False 13) Credit for establishing psychology.
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26) In an experiment to test the effects of anxiety on performance, the dependent variable is the __________. a. amount of anxiety b. age of the person c. person's performance d. cause of the anxiety 27) In an experiment, a researcher manipulates one variable to see how it affects a second variable. The second variable,.
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16) __________ is the extent to which a measure assesses what it claims to measure. a. Operationalization b. Reliability c. Validity d. Control group 17) Jasmine took a self-administered online intelligence test three times yesterday and obtained scores of 124, 128, and 125. This made her feel great because the score she received from the.
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1) Before beginning an experiment, researchers use ____________________ to define exactly how variables like "intelligence" or "happiness" will be measured. 2) ____________________ are a major problem in psychology research, and can cause participants to change their behaviour based on how they think they are supposed to behave. 3) Before research findings can.
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1) Psychology is best defined as the study of mental illness and abnormal behaviour. a. True b. False 2) A hypothesis is a testable prediction about processes that can be observed and measured. a. True b. False 3) A good hypothesis is one that is stated in the most general terms possible. a. True b. False 4) Theories are.
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11) According to your text, which of the following have researchers concluded about the "Mozart effect"? a. Listening to classical music, but not other types of music, causes a long-lasting improvement in several types of thinking and reasoning. b. Listening to all types of music causes a long-lasting improvement in several types.
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111) In order to organize and summarize a large set of data, use a set of mathematical techniques called a. hypothesis testing. b. inferential statistics. c. descriptive statistics. d. variability testing. 112) Which of the following is the correct description of frequency? a. the number of observations that fall within a certain category or range of.
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6) Psychoanalysis was developed by _________ as a way to treat his patients. 7) Wundt's primary research method was training volunteers to use _________. 8) Although Ivan Pavlov is usually credited with its discovery, professor Edwin Twitmyer was one of the first people to study _________. 9) While popular with audiences, television shows.
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61) The structure in the hindbrain that controls certain reflexes and coordinates the body's movements is the __________. a. medulla b. cerebellum c. pons d. reticular formation 62) The part of the brain that receives sensations of touch, balance, and bodily position and oversees spatial abilities is the __________. a. occipital lobe b. temporal lobe c. parietal lobe d..
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76) If the limbic system were destroyed, which of the following structures would be damaged? a. cerebellum and corpus callosum b. cerebellum and amygdala c. amygdala and hippocampus d. hippocampus and corpus callosum 77) Which of the following is NOT a lobe of the brain? a. corpus callosum b. frontal c. occipital d. parietal 78) The somatosensory cortex is located.
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6) Surveys and questionnaires are used to collect self-report data. a. True b. False 7) A correlation of –.80 is a stronger relationship than a correlation of +.50. a. True b. False 8) If a group of researchers find that the number of books fifth grade students read is positively correlated with their scores on an.
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51) In an experiment, the group of subjects to which the experimental group is compared is called the a. comparison group. b. standard group. c. confederate group. d. control group. 52) In an experiment concerning the effect of auditory feedback on accuracy in writing computer programs, one group hears a computer-simulated voice say each character.
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11) Researchers are not allowed to deceive participants about the purpose of the study. a. True b. False 12) The right to give informed consent stays with a volunteer throughout the entire study, and they should be able to withdraw at any point. a. True b. False 13) Researchers must give participants total anonymity. a. True b. False 14).
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41) Which of the following is a strength of experiments? a. They cannot be repeated by anyone other than the experimenter. b. They allow for the establishment of cause-effect relationships. c. They are not subject to demand characteristics since the subjects do not know they are being observed. d. They allow us to draw.
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61) When plotting data, Dr. Ryeburn notes that the distribution has an elongated tail to the right. Which descriptive statistic would offer the best measure of central tendency in this case? a. mean b. median c. standard deviation d. range 62) Dr. Jamal has decided to increase the sample size of a study from 20.
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26) The entire area composed of the axon terminal of one neuron, the synaptic cleft, and the dendrite or cell body of the next neuron is called the _________. a. synaptic vesicle b. synaptic knob c. synaptic space d. synapse 27) Most axon terminals contain a number of tiny oval sacs called __________. a. synaptic vesicles b..
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11) Dr. Welsh is doing experiments using drugs. He is concerned that his subjects will respond to demand characteristics. He may want to control for this by using which of the following? a. stratification b. two independent variables c. a placebo d. randomization 12) Mr. Marshall hired June to collect data from a group of.
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1) In order to be scientific, it must be possible to _________ a hypotheses. 2) For psychologists, _________ means that we apply scientific methods carefully, examine our assumptions and biases, and tolerate ambiguity when the evidence is inconclusive. 3) The principle of _________ holds that, when dealing with competing theories, the simplest.
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101) Memory researchers like Herman Ebbinghaus and Frederick Bartlett contributed to the beginning of the ____________ perspective. a. humanistic b. psychoanalytic c. cognitive d. behaviourist 102) The origins of the cognitive perspective can be traced back to a handful of European psychologists who were studying a. memory. b. behaviour. c. computers. d. language. 103) The early perspective called gestalt psychology.
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21) Dr. Chapin has just finished a delicate brain operation. He turns to a group of interns and says, ”She probably lost about 1000 ___________, but since she still has over 100 billion left, she should recover nicely.” Dr. Chapin was most likely referring to a. parts of the brain. b. neurons. c..
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6) ____________________ designs are the only research method that can provide strong evidence for cause-and-effect relationships. 7) To study the effect of subliminal advertising on consumer behaviour, participants were randomly assigned to watch a movie either with or without subliminal advertising. The group of participants that saw the movie without the.
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96) The MKUltra project is often cited as an example of a. unethical research on animals. b. unethical research on human beings. c. why it is sometimes necessary to deceive participants. d. why REBs sometimes cause more harm than good. 97) What is the purpose of a research ethics board? a. to help protect research participants.
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36) The process of establishing causal relationships is associated most with a. naturalistic observation. b. experiments. c. correlation. d. surveys. 37) A researcher tests the hypothesis that students who study in the room where they take their tests will perform better on the tests than students who study in other rooms. She requires one group.
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116) A friend of yours is interested in getting a graduate degree and eventually becoming a clinical psychologist. She wants her education to focus almost exclusively on the practice of clinical psychology, and to include very little research or scientific training. Which type of graduate degree programs should she apply.
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