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Study Resources (Anatomy And Physiology)

31) Which of the following is almost always associated with being overweight and underactive? A) type 1 diabetes B) type 2 diabetes C) type 3 diabetes D) hypoglycemia 32) Which of the following glands is located nearest the kidneys? A) ovaries B) pineal gland C) parathyroid glands D) adrenal glands 33) Which of the following glands secretes hormones that enable.
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31) Modern conservation science increasingly aims at ______. A) protection of federally listed endangered species B) countering pollution C) sustaining entire ecosystems D) maintenance of genetic diversity within species 32) Species found in only one place on Earth are called ______ species. A) hot spot B) exotic C) keystone D) endemic 33) Small areas that have a large number of.
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11) Muscular action propels food through the alimentary canal by a process called ______. A) circular contractions B) active transport C) peristalsis D) progurgitation 12) What is the epiglottis? A) a muscle that moves the esophagus into line with the pharynx during swallowing B) a muscle that moves the trachea out of line with the pharynx during.
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  Multiple-Choice Questions 1) What is a population? A) a group of organisms that occupy the same general area B) a group of individuals of a single species that occupy the same general area C) a group of individuals of a single species that occupy the same general area and all the abiotic factors that.
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21) In what part of the ocean are phytoplankton found? A) pelagic realm B) intertidal zone C) benthic realm D) aphotic zone 22) What name is given to the seafloor? A) pelagic realm B) intertidal zone C) benthic realm D) aphotic zone 23) The temperate zones ______. A) have the coolest climates on Earth B) are relatively wet C) are relatively dry D) are.
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  Multiple-Choice Questions 1) The two major divisions of the nervous system are the ______. A) sympathetic and parasympathetic B) CNS and PNS C) sensory and motor D) voluntary and involuntary 2) The cells that carry electric signals from one part of the body to another in the nervous system are _____. A) dendrites B) neurons C).
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  Multiple-Choice Questions 1) The present rate of species loss ______. A) suggests that about 25% of all plant and animal species may be extinct by the end of the century B) is about the same as it has been during the last 100,000 years C) is as much as 100 times higher than at.
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  Multiple-Choice Questions 1) Hormones are usually transported through ______ and affect only cells with ______. A) ducts... specific receptors B) intercellular junctions... cell junctions C) blood vessels... specific receptors D) blood vessels... cell junctions 2) If a cell is like a house, which one of the following is most similar to the way that a steroid.
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  Multiple-Choice Questions 1) What distinguishes animals from other eukaryotes? A) They are multicellulars. B) They ingest food. C) They are heterotrophs. D) They use photosynthesis. 2) The common ancestor of all animals is likely to have been a(n) ______. A) colonial, flagellated protist B) colonial, ciliated protist C) colonial, flagellated bacterium D) sponge 3) Which of these exhibits radial symmetry? A) butterfly B).
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Art Questions 1) The following figure illustrates ______. A) diastolic blood pressure B) systolic blood pressure C) the pulmonary circuit D) the systemic circuit 2) Examine the figure below. The one-way flow of blood in veins is maintained by ______. A) blood pressure B) muscles pressing against the veins C) their thick walls D) valves 3) Examine the structure.
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  Multiple-Choice Questions 1) Which of the following is one of the body's first lines of defense against infection? A) several antibodies B) obstacles such as skin and mucous membranes C) increased production of certain hormones and changes in the blood circulation D) none of the above 2) What kinds of cells engulf whatever foreign cells and.
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Art Questions 1) Examine the following figure. What is special about the target cells that allows them to respond to the hormone? Only the target cells ______. A) are close enough to the blood vessels to respond B) touch the blood vessels C) have specific receptors to the hormone D) located in organs next.
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31) ______ the direct source of energy for cells. A) Fats are B) Glucose is C) ATP is D) Amino acids are 32) Most human need about ______ kcal per day. A) 500-700 B) 1,300-1,800 C) 2,500-3,000 D) 20,000-30,000 33) Your metabolic rate depends on ______. A) your age B) your activity levels C) genetics D) all of these 34) You must obtain ______. A) essential.
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11) Which one of the following statements is true? A) Meiosis in oogenesis produces four mature eggs from one primary oocyte. B) Oogenesis begins during puberty. C) Spermatogenesis begins before birth. D) Oogenesis in humans is completed after stimulation by sperm. 12) Menstruation ______. A) involves the breakdown of the endometrium B) is stimulated by HCG C) occurs.
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21) How does Helicobacter pylori cause gastric ulcers in humans? A) It neutralizes the acids of the stomach. B) It causes the production of excess acid in the stomach. C) It damages the stomach's mucus coat. D) It causes the stomach to produce stronger acids. 22) Most nutrient absorption occurs in which part of the.
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  Multiple-Choice Questions 1) Ecology is the study of ______. A) life B) human effects on the environment C) interactions between humans and other species D) interactions between organisms and their environments 2) Which of the following is abiotic? A) a protist B) a plant C) a fungus D) a rock 3) If you study how two species of finches compete for.
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11) Why do diseases involving widespread infection often result in a fever? A) The inflammatory and immune responses result in extra heat production. B) The microorganisms trick the brain's temperature control center into creating a hot environment that favors their growth. C) The brain's temperature control center responds to inflammation by creating.
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  Multiple-Choice Questions 1) Spiders are ______. A) herbivores B) filter feeders C) carnivores D) omnivores 2) Digestion is ______. A) the absorption of nutrients B) breakdown of food into small nutrient molecules that the body can absorb C) churning of food in the stomach and intestine D) eating 3) The four stages of food processing are, in order: A) ingestion, absorption, elimination,.
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11) If a population's growth rate decreases as the population size approaches carrying capacity, the population's growth follows a(n) ______ model. A) exponential B) hypergeometric C) logistic D) geometric 12) In a population that is following a logistic growth pattern, what shape does the population's growth curve most closely resemble? A) S B) J C) ∧ D) ∪ 13) ______.
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Art Questions 1) The figure below shows population cycles of snowshoe hare and lynx. Recent field studies suggest that the most likely explanation for these cycles is ______. A) periodic winter storms B) excessive predation of snowshoe hares C) nearly unlimited food for hares during the summers D) boom and bust cycles in lemming.
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Art Questions 1) Annelids are most closely related to ______. A) chordates B) arthropods C) molluscs D) echinoderms 2) What type of symmetry does this organism exhibit? A) asymmetrical B) binomial C) radial D) bilateral 3) The figure below shows a planarian. Bilateral symmetry and a highly branched gastrovascular cavity all suggest that the planarian is a(n) ______. A).
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31) ______ are the mammalian group that lay eggs. A) Eutherians B) Tunicates C) Monotremes D) Marsupials 32) All chordates have ______. A) a dorsal, hollow nerve cord and a notochord B) a post-anal tail and a single opening for the mouth and anus C) a cranium and vertebrae D) pharyngeal slits and a cranium 33) The lancelet is a(n).
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Art Questions 1) One function of this organ system is _____. A) thermoregulation B) excretion C) exchange of gases between the blood and air D) transport of substances throughout the body 2) One function of this organ system is _____. A) excretion of urea B) production of gametes C) protection of the body D) thermoregulation 3) The figure below shows.
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21) Leukemia ______. A) decreases the production of white blood cells B) increases the production of red blood cells C) is a cancer of the white blood cells D) is a cancer that arises in the lungs 22) You increase your risk of cardiovascular disease by reducing your consumption of ______. A) fruits and vegetables B) red.
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11) A(n) ______ is an example of a mollusc that does not have a shell. A) octopus B) snail C) squid D) oyster 12) Which animals have a cylindrical body that is tapered at both ends? A) Platyhelminthes B) Cnidarians C) Annelids D) Roundworms 13) There are more species of ______ than of any other type of animal. A) nematodes B) molluscs C).
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Art Questions Please refer to the following art to answer the following question(s). 1) Refer to the figure above.  This photo represents ______ community(ies). A) 0 B) 1 C) 2 D) You cannot tell from the photo. 2) In the ecosystem shown above, a toxin that accumulates in body tissues would have the largest effect on.
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  Multiple-Choice Questions 1) Which of the following is an aspect of asexual reproduction that is sometimes disadvantageous? A) It allows animals that do not move around to produce offspring without finding mates. B) It allows an animal to produce many offspring quickly. C) It saves the time and energy of gamete production. D) It.
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21) A(n) ______ is an example of a chordate that is not a vertebrate. A) lancelet B) echinoderm C) bird D) fish 22) Among vertebrates, the unique feature of lampreys and hagfish is the ______. A)  presence of a cartilaginous skeleton B)  absence of a backbone C) absence of jaws D)  absence of a post-anal tail 23) Rays are a.
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Art Questions 1) Examine the figure below. Which part of Earth receives the greatest intensity of solar radiation? A) Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn B) equator C) North and South Poles D) all parts of Earth receive the same intensity of solar radiation. 2) Examine the figure below.  Phytoplankton live in the _____. .
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Art Questions 1) The animal in the accompanying figure illustrates ______. A) fission B) regeneration C) budding D) none of the above 2) The figure shows male reproductive anatomy. In a human male reproductive system ______. A) sperm mature in the urethra B) the vas deferens conducts sperm between the testis and epididymis C) the sperm travel.
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Art Questions 1) Examine the numerous long structures extending from the surface of some of the cells in the following figure. Cells with these long structures could be found lining ______. A) the digestive tract B) arteries C) veins D) the trachea 2) The figure below shows a Y-shaped antibody molecule. How many antigens can.
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11) Aquatic organisms ______. A) have a waxy coating to prevent water loss B) may experience problems with water balance C) typically have a plentiful supply of nitrogen D) never find light to be in short supply 12) Which nutrients often limit the distribution and abundance of photosynthetic organisms? A) water and oxygen B) nitrogen and phosphorus C).
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21) Which type of ecosystem has low production but nonetheless contributes a large proportion of Earth's total net primary production? A) tropical rain forest B) coral reef C) open ocean D) desert 22) Why are most food chains limited to three to five trophic levels? A) The higher the trophic level, the larger the organism; the.
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Art Questions 1) The figure below shows ______. A) the chemical digestion of a protein B) the building of a protein by the enzyme pepsin C) the mechanical digestion of a protein D) the addition of a water molecule to add an amino acid to a protein 2) The figure below shows that ______.   A).
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31) What is the name of the functional unit of the kidney? A) renal unit B) urinary bladder C) nephron D) filtrate 32) Reabsorption is the movement of substances from the ______ to the ______. A) blood... nephron B) filtrate... blood C) kidney... urinary bladder D) blood... filtrate 33) Secretion is the movement of substances from the ______ to the.
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31) Permafrost, or permanently frozen subsoil, characterizes _____. A) temperate deciduous forest B) chaparral C) tundra D) coniferous forest 32) Most of the temperate grassland in North America has been converted to ______. A) cities B) farmland C) national parks D) suburbs 33) Water moves from land to the atmosphere through _____. A) precipitation only B) transpiration only C) transpiration and evaporation D) evaporation.
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11) Which of these convert organic matter to inorganic matter by breaking down dead organisms? A) producers B) detritivores C) decomposers D) primary consumers 12) Most decomposers are _____. A) plants and fungi B) bacteria and plants C) fungi and prokaryotes D) animals 13) Bears eat berries, humans, and large fish; large fish eat smaller fish and insects; humans eat.
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31) Which of the following compounds do mast cells produce? A) interferon B) allergens C) histamine D) perforin 32) Anaphylactic shock ______. A) occurs when blood vessels constrict abruptly B) is a symptom of an immunodeficiency disease C) causes blood pressure to drop dangerously D) has no treatment 33) It is best to receive an organ transplant from a donor.
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31) In the human respiratory system, gas exchange occurs across the cells of the ______. A) diaphragm B) trachea C) bronchi D) alveoli 32) Together, inhalation and exhalation are referred to as ______. A) diffusion B) breathing C) active transport D) negative pressure 33) Breathing is regulated by ______. A) the diaphragm and chest muscles B) the spinal cord C) the circulatory system D).
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11) Which of the following has both endocrine and nonendocrine functions? A) pancreas B) salivary gland C) anterior pituitary gland D) skeletal muscle 12) Which of the following is a nonsteroid hormone? A) glucagon B) a progestin C) a glucocorticoid D) androgen 13) Which of the following is part of the brain? A) thymus B) hypothalamus C) adrenal cortex D) thyroid 14) Which one of.
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  Multiple-Choice Questions 1) In animals, individual cells are grouped into _____. A) organs B) tissues C) organisms D) organ systems 2) The connection between form and ______ is a basic concept of biology. A) structure B) adaptation C) function D) environment 3) A physiologist is a biologist who studies the ______. A) structure of living things B) structure of body parts C) evolution.
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  Multiple-Choice Questions 1) Animals such as hydras and jellies can exchange gases directly with the environment by ______. A) diffusion B) active transport C) osmosis D) bulk transport 2) In humans, oxygen is delivered to the cells of the body by ______. A) a closed circulatory system B) an open circulatory system C) diffusion D) diffusion and facilitated diffusion 3).
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21) Which of the following results from cleavage? A) formation of the nervous system B) formation of the notochord C) more cells D) segmentation 22) The liver, pancreas, and lining of the digestive tract come from ______. A) ectoderm B) endoderm C) mesoderm D) neural crest cells 23) Gastrulation ______. A) changes a hollow embryo into a solid gastrula B) changes.
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