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Study Resources (Anatomy And Physiology)

  Multiple-Choice Questions 1) Which of the following products used by humans sometimes comes from plants? A) fuel B) clothing C) food D) all of the above 2) Most domesticated food crops come from which of the following plant groups? A) cycads B) gymnosperms C) ferns D) angiosperms 3) Which of the following best characterizes the monocots? A) embryo with one seed leaf,.
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11)  According to the text, the phrase, “Reports of its death have been greatly exaggerated.” sums up the history of A) biopsychology. B) physiology. C) Cartesian dualism. D) nature-or-nurture thinking. E) comparative psychology. 12)  All behavior is the product of A) an organism’s genetic endowment. B) an organism’s experience. C).
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Fill-in-the-Blank Questions 1)  In the early 20th century, the nature side of the nature-nurture debate was championed by European __________. 2)  Asomatognosia is typically produced by lesions to the right __________. 3)  Modern biology began in 1859 with the publication of On the __________ by Darwin. 4)  Social dominance plays a.
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5)  If you were to become a biopsychologist, in which division of biopsychology would you like to specialize and why? 6)  Discuss the concept of converging operations, explain its critical role in biopsychological research, and give a specific example. 7)  It is important to think critically about biopsychological claims. Discuss.
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11)  The division of biopsychology that makes the greatest use of functional brain imaging is __________. 12)  There is more to biopsychology than the study of the neural mechanisms of behavior. The division of biopsychology that best illustrates this point is __________. 13)  Korsakoff's syndrome is most prevalent in chronic.
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51)  Experimental evidence suggests that the brain damage commonly observed in people who consume a lot of alcohol is caused by A) the direct toxic effects of alcohol on the brain. B) thiamine deficiency. C) vitamin B1 deficiency. D) all of the above E) both A and B 52)  Scientists.
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Art Questions 1) Which of the following is the site of carbon dioxide uptake by a plant? A) root hairs B)  leaves C) rhizomes D) internodes 2) Examine the figure below. Which of the following add ammonium to the soil by decomposing organic matter? A) nitrifying bacteria B) ammonifying bacteria C) nitrogen-fixing bacteria D) denitrifying bacteria 3) When considering.
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  Multiple-Choice Questions 1) Which of the following best describes the essential difference between plant and animal nutrition? A) Plants use inorganic substances and energy from the sun to produce their own food. B) Plants use organic substances to produce their own food. C) Plants absorb food through their roots. D) Plant and animal nutrition are.
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Multiple Choice Questions 1)  The general intellectual climate of a culture is referred to as its A) canon. B) guano. C) Zeitgeist. D) converging operations. E) confounds. 2)  A major purpose of Chapter 2 of Biopsychology is to teach you not to think about the biology of behavior in terms of A).
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37)  CNS is to PNS as oligodendrocytes are to A) astrocytes. B) oligodendroglia. C) glial cells. D) Schwann cells. E) microglia. 38)  In the CNS, axons are myelinated by A) vesicles. B) oligodendrocytes. C) unipolar cells. D) astrocytes. E) Schwann cells. 39)  Myelination A) causes neural degeneration. B) penetrates the.
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81)  Which of the following is a large structure visible on the dorsal surface of the human brain stem? A) pituitary B) cerebellum C) optic chiasm D) hypothalamus E) mammillary body 82)  The inferior and superior colliculi compose the A) thalamus. B) hypothalamus. C) tectum. D) hippocampus. E) cerebellum. 83) .
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Essay and other multiple-mark Questions 1)  Discuss the history and current view of the nature-nurture issue. 2)  Describe the model of the biology of behavior that has been adopted by most biopsychologists. Use a diagram in your answer. 3)  Briefly summarize the main stages of human evolution beginning 410 million years.
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21) Which of the following have thick secondary cell walls strengthened with ligin, and support plants like steel beams in a building? A) parenchyma cells B) collenchyma cells C) sclerenchyma cells D) water-conducting cells 22) Which of the following are the most abundant cell type found in most plants? A) parenchyma cells B) collenchyma cells C) sclerenchyma cells D).
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51)  To locate the terminals of axons that project from a particular brain structure, an investigator would employ A) a retrograde tracing technique. B) an anterograde tracing technique. C) labeled chemicals that are readily transported back to the neuron’s nucleus. D) a Golgi stain. E) a Nissl stain. 52)  The.
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91)  Epigenetic investigation, although of recent origin, has already identified A) many active areas of nongene (junk) DNA. B) various kinds of small RNA molecules. C) histone remodeling as an important mechanism by which experience can influence gene expression. D) DNA methylation as an important epigenetic mechanism. E) all of the.
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61)  Mendel A) studied dichotomous pea-plant traits. B) began his experiments by crossing the offspring of true-breeding lines. C) collaborated with Darwin. D) all of the above E) both A and B 62)  Mendel’s early experiments challenged the central premise upon which previous ideas about inheritance had rested. This was.
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11) Which of the following best describes the condition in which the terminal bud of many plants produces hormones that inhibit growth of axillary buds? A) foliage determination B) cortical influence C) apical dominance D) axial dominance 12) You trim two different houseplants. The first houseplant becomes bushier, but the pruning does not affect the.
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31) Which of the following hormones promotes seed dormancy? A) cytokinin B) ethylene C) gibberellin D) abscisic acid 32) Which of the following is exemplified by a pea tendril contacting a string or wire and coiling around it for support? A) gravitropism B) geotropism C) thigmotropism D) phototropism 33) Experimental plants that were sent up in space shuttle missions did.
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31) Thermoreceptors detect ______. A) motion B) sound C) pressure D) temperature 32) If aqueous humor is not drained, the likely result will be the development of ______. A) glaucoma B) myopia C) astigmatism D) hyperopia 33) Which one of the following statements is true? A) Cones are more sensitive to light than rods. B) Rods can.
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Multiple Choice Questions 1)  The human brain weighs about A) 0.3 kilograms (0.7 pounds). B) 0.8 kilograms (1.8 pounds). C) 1.0 kilograms (2.2 pounds). D) 1.3 kilograms (2.9 pounds). E) 2.3 kilograms (5.1 pounds). 2)  The human brain is composed of various cells, including about 100 billion that are specialized to.
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71)  The myelencephalon is often called the A) midbrain. B) hypothalamus. C) brain stem. D) medulla. E) cortex. 72)  The caudal part of the forebrain is the A) telencephalon. B) diencephalon. C) myelencephalon. D) reticular formation. E) midbrain. 73)  The midbrain is A) part of the mesencephalon. B) part of.
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Art Questions 1) What is the likely effect of pruning a plant? A) the plant will grow taller B) the plant will grow bushier C) the plant will produce flowers D) the plant will grow more roots 2) The figure below illustrates ______. A) lateral dominance B) secondary growth C) determinate growth D) primary growth 3) Examine the figure.
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Fill-in-the-Blank Questions 1)  According to the text, __________ played a key role in the emergence of the field of biopsychology by writing a book published in 1949. 2)  The study of nervous system disorders is called __________. 3)  A __________ -subjects design is an experimental design that involves testing a different.
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11)  According to the textbook, the science of biopsychology as it is practiced today emerged as a discipline in about A) 1549. B) 1649. C) 1749. D) 1849. E) 1949. 12)  Which of the following is the youngest scientific discipline? A) physics B) astrology C) biology D) biopsychology E) chemistry.
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41)  In psychophysiology, the usual measure of brain activity is the A) EKG. B) ANS. C) EEG. D) electroencephalogram. E) both C and D 42) Many schizophrenics have A) regular EEG waves. B) irregular heartbeats. C) difficulty in the smooth visual tracking of regularly moving objects. D) both A.
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31)  Research that is intended to bring about direct benefit to humankind is A) biopsychological research. B) pure research. C) case-study research. D) applied research. E) correlational research. 32)  The corpus callosum is a A) large medical dictionary. B) source of hypothalamic hormones. C) membership directory of the Society for.
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101)  The sensitive period for the development of a particular trait is the period A) of chronic pain. B) of sexual receptivity. C) of fertility. D) of neural regeneration. E)  during which a particular experience must occur to have a major effect on the development of the trait. 102)  The sensitive.
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Art Questions 1) Examine the figure below. Once an action potential is triggered, ______. A) the interior of the cell becomes positively charged relative to the outside B) the interior of the cell becomes negatively charged relative to the outside C) all ion channels close D) the cell soon reaches threshold 2) Examine the neurotransmitters.
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41)  About 200 thousand years ago, early hominins were gradually replaced in the African fossil record by A) old-world monkeys. B) accountants. C) modern humans. D) primates. E) Australopithecus. 42)  Metaphorically, evolution is a A) scale. B) ladder. C) book. D) bush. E) soap dish. 43)  The last surviving hominin.
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11) Which of the following convert soil ammonium to nitrate? A) nitrifying bacteria B) ammonifying bacteria C) denitrifying bacteria D) nitrogen-fixing bacteria 12) Which of the following best describes the role of plant root nodules in plants such as peas and beans? A) They house nitrogen-fixing bacteria. B) They help absorb nutrients from the soil. C) They are.
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21)  The advantage of humans over other primates as subjects in biopsychological research is that they A) are often cheaper. B) can report their subjective experiences. C) can follow verbal directions. D) all of the above E) none of the above 22)  The term "within-subjects design" refers to experiments in.
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41)  The particular glial cells that engulf cellular debris and trigger inflammation are A) microglia. B) Schwann cells. C) astrocytes. D) oligodendrocytes. E) oligodendroglia. 42)  The largest glial cells are A) astrocytes. B) Schwann cells. C) microglia. D) magnoglia. E) oligodendrocytes. 43)  The Golgi stain colors neurons A) violet. B).
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5)  Describe how structural genes are expressed, that is, transcribed and then translated into proteins. Use a diagram in your answer. 6)  Discuss the human genome project and its major findings.  What research has been stimulated by the major finding of the human genome project? 7)  Discuss the interaction of.
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21) Which of the following describes how phloem sap moves within a plant? A) bulk-flow mechanism B) sugar-flow mechanism C) pressure-flow mechanism D) sink-to-source mechanism 22) A location in a plant where sugar is stored or consumed is a _____. A) sugar sink B) sugar source C) sugar bank D) phloem pool 23) A farmer decides he wants to grow.
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Essay and other Multiple-mark Questions 1)  Discuss biopsychology's (behavioral neuroscience's) special role in neuroscientific research, and describe four other disciplines of neuroscience. 2)  Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of humans as subjects in biopsychological research. 3)  Compare experimental and quasiexperimental research. 4)  Compare physiological psychology and neuropsychology, and discuss how these.
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31) In which structure do pollen grains develop? A) stamen B) sepal C) filament D) anther 32) The ______ enclose and protect the flower bud, while the ______ advertise the flower to insects and other pollinators. A) anthers... petals B) carpels... stigmata C) sepals... stamens D) sepals... petals 33) The main parts of a flower are modified versions of which.
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