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71) The physical stimuli for the sense of hearing are called _______ waves. a. alpha b. radio c. sound d. beta 72) Frequency determines _______. a. pitch b. amplitude c. timbre d. overtones 73) The height of a sound wave represents its _______. a. pitch b. amplitude c. timbre d. overtones 74) Decibels are used to measure _______. a. frequency b. amplitude c. loudness d. overtones 75) The hammer, anvil,.
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21) Gestalt theorists propose that much of what we see is divided into: a. proximal and distal. b. figure and ground. c. standard and deviant. d. chromatic and monocular. 22) Perceptions differ from sensations in that: a. perceptions depend as much on prior experience as they do on neural cues travelling between receptors and the brain. b..
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51) The voltage of a neuron's ______________ is typically around –70 millivolts. a. postsynaptic potential b. resting potential c. action potential d. graded potential 52) During an action potential, the electrical charge inside the neuron is _________ compared to the electrical charge outside the neuron. a. positive b. balanced c. negative d. neutral 53) When a neuron is sufficiently stimulated.
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96) Which neurological disorder is caused by degeneration of the myelin sheath? a. multiple sclerosis b. cystic fibrosis c. Parkinson’s disease d. Alzheimer’s disease 97) How does communication between neurons occur? a. through graded potentials b. through action potentials c. through neurotransmitters d. through axons 98) Carmen, who is right-handed, sustained a head injury and is now unable to speak.
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96) As Joe walks to his car late at night, he hears footsteps behind him. Feeling afraid, Joe grips his keys and quickens his pace. It is likely that Joe's ____________ has been activated. a. hypothalamus b. hippocampus c. amygdala d. cerebellum 97) Eating, drinking, sexual behaviour, and body temperature control are most strongly influenced.
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91) The hemisphere of the brain that acts as an interpreter, helping us with sequencing and logic, is the __________. a. front b. rear c. left d. right 92) It is believed that the hypothalamus controls ________. a. aggression b. social learning abilities c. long-term mechanisms of body weight d. biological motives 93) The notion that human language production is.
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86) Carrie misread the number 13 as the letter B because she was expecting to see a letter rather than a number. Which term best characterizes this phenomenon? a. perceptual constancy b. selective attention c. feature binding d. perceptual set 87) Which Gestalt principle is used to add visual impact during Olympic opening and closing.
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56) Which of the following is NOT a monocular cue? a. clearness b. linear perspective c. retinal disparity d. texture 57) When you look out the window of a car that is traveling 100 km/h, objects at different locations appear to move in different directions and different speeds. This apparent motion is known as a. the.
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76) Hearing begins when sound waves bump against the _______. a. earlobe b. eardrum c. oval window d. round window 77) The hammer, anvil, and stirrup are all located in the _______. a. middle ear b. inner ear c. external ear d. oval window 78) The patch of nasal membrane tissue that houses receptor cells for smell is the __________. a..
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46) The __________ speeds up the passage of electrical messages by acting as an insulator of the neuronal signal. a. blood-brain barrier b. terminal button c. myelin d. synaptic vesicles 47) Kalika is told by her physician that her symptoms are caused by a loss of myelin. Her diagnosis would most likely be a. Parkinson's disease. b..
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86) There are approximately __________ individual cells in your brain alone. a. 10 million b. 100 million c. 100 billion d. 10 trillion 87) An auto accident rendered Chris's nervous system unable to send messages for him to breathe, so he is on a respirator. Which brain structure was damaged in the accident? a. pons b. medulla c..
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66) The main excitatory neurotransmitter in the nervous system that plays a role in memory and learning is a. glutamate. b. GABA. c. acetylcholine. d. serotonin. 67) African naked mole rats show no behavioural response when exposed to capsaicin, the active ingredient in chili peppers. This is most likely due to the fact that they.
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61) Which neurotransmitter is associated with sleep, mood, and appetite? a. GABA b. serotonin c. dopamine d. acetylcholine 62) Andy has decided to seek medical help for mood disturbances and appetite problems. Which neurotransmitter is most likely involved in the problems Andy is experiencing? a. GABA b. dopamine c. serotonin d. acetylcholine 63) Elizabeth was driving on the freeway when.
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1) Rod inherited two different versions of a gene for hair colour from his parents. Therefore Rod can be described as ___________ for that trait. 2) Within an interbreeding population, the frequency of genes can change over many generations. This process is called ___________. 3) The activity of neurons is highly dependent.
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11) Having a dimple on your chin is determined by a single gene pair. If you inherited one dimple gene and one non-dimple gene from your parents, you could be described as ____________ for this trait. a. heterozygous b. homozygous c. phenotypical d. genotypical 12) If two corresponding genes at a given location on a.
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81) Which part of the brain can be thought of as a major switching station that directs incoming information to the correct brain structure? a. midbrain b. thalamus c. cerebellum d. reticular activating system 82) The motor impulses/commands associated with the muscular coordination and movements necessary for one to write originate in which lobe of.
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6) Serotonin affects neurons involved in sleep, appetite, and mood. a. True b. False 7) The autonomic nervous system controls skeletal muscles. a. True b. False 8) The brain stem's two main structures are the medulla and the pons. a. True b. False 9) After split-brain surgery, patients are unable to walk or to care for the physical needs.
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16) A nerve impulse from one neuron affects the activity of a neighbouring neuron at a point of interaction called the a. corpuscle. b. synapse. c. transmission cleft. d. neuronal junction. 17) Specialized cells in the brain that send and receive information are called a. limbic cells. b. neurons. c. ganglia. d. gonads. 18) Axons a. may be up to a.
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71) The ________ regulates and maintains constant internal bodily states by stimulating the pituitary gland. a. thalamus b. hypothalamus c. amygdala d. hippocampus 72) Which endocrine gland controls all of the other glands in the body? a. thyroid gland b. adrenal gland c. pancreas d. pituitary gland 73) The pituitary gland is known as the _______ gland because it controls.
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121) A functional MRI (fMRI) measures a. structures of the brain. b. structural detail of various structures. c. the release of energy from water in biological tissue. d. the flow of blood within the brain. 122) Which technique measures the electrical activity of brain cells directly? a. MRI b. fMRI c. PET scan d. MEG 123) An area of damage.
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66) Hertz is a unit of measurement of __________. a. frequency b. amplitude c. loudness d. overtones 67) The middle ear includes the ______. a. ear canal b. round window c. hammer d. basilar membrane 68) The flexible membrane inside the cochlea is called the a. round window. b. eardrum. c. oval window. d. basilar membrane. 69) An increase in the frequency of sound waves.
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31) ________ are receptors that are best for seeing details. a. Cones b. Rods c. Bipolar cells d. Ganglion cells 32) The inner lining on the back of the eyeball that is sensitive to light is called the _______. a. fovea b. retina c. iris d. optic nerve 33) Light is focused on the retina by the _______. a. cornea b. pupil c..
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101) The endocrine system is to _________________ as the nervous system is to ________________. a. glands; muscles b. autonomic system; somatic system c. hormones; neurotransmitters d. hypothalamus; pituitary gland 102) What is one of the primary functions of adrenalin? a. It prevents the breakdown of fatty acids. b. It stimulates the digestive tract. c. It contracts the heart.
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1) Humans have 23 pairs of chromosomes. a. True b. False 2) Monozygotic twins are more likely to share a trait with high heritability than are dizygotic twins. a. True b. False 3) A heritability estimate around .53 for a trait indicates that 0.53% of the individual differences in the trait can be attributed to genetic.
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61) If perceptual information aiding in depth perception must be drawn simultaneously from both eyes, it is referred to as _______. a. a monocular cue b. a binocular cue c. contralateral input d. a duoretinal image 62) A drawing of a gravel road depicts the tiny rocks as becoming smaller and less distinct as one.
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31) Which best describes the current understanding of gender differences in cognitive abilities? a. There are no gender differences in cognitive abilities. b. There is currently a debate about whether these differences are genetic or the result of cultural and environmental factors. c. There is no evidence that these differences are biological. d. There.
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86) The part of the brain that controls breathing, heartbeat, and posture is the a. pituitary gland. b. neocortex. c. hypothalamus. d. medulla. 87) The medulla, pons, and cerebellum are all part of the a. midbrain. b. hindbrain. c. spinal cord. d. forebrain. 88) The part of the hindbrain that controls such things as breathing, heart rate, and blood pressure.
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36) Which part of the neuron is responsible for manufacturing proteins? a. axon b. cell body c. dendrite d. membrane 37) The branchlike structures that receive messages from other neurons are called a. axons. b. nerve bundles. c. dendrites. d. synapses. 38) Which part of the neuron acts like an antenna to receive messages from other neurons? a. cell body b. dendrite c..
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46) Single-eye vision is to _______ as double-eye vision is to _______. a. kinetic; monocular b. monocular; kinetic c. monocular; binocular d. binocular; monocular 47) You are seated at a small table talking to a friend opposite you who is drinking coffee. As she lifts the cup off the saucer and raises it to her.
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1) What number reflects the amount of differences in a population attributable to genetic influences? a. concordance b. heritability c. eugenics index d. correlation coefficient 2) A young woman returns from a day at the beach to find she has developed a severe sunburn. Which neurons are sending the messages from her burned skin to.
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41) The purity, richness, or vividness of a hue is known as its __________. a. brightness b. saturation c. additive mix d. depth 42) The Young-Helmholtz theory of colour vision assumes that a. colour receptors exist in opposing pairs. b. colour perception is determined by differences in the firing rates of three types of retinal cells. c. there.
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21) A heritability of .37 indicates what about a trait? a. 0.37% of individual differences in the trait can be attributed to environmental factors. b. 0.37% of individual differences in the trait can be attributed to genetic factors within the population. c. 37% of individual differences in the trait can be attributed to.
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116) Small electrodes are pasted onto Miranda's scalp and are connected by wire to a machine that translates the electrical energy from her brain into wavy lines on a moving piece of paper. From this description, it is evident that Miranda's brain is being studied through the use of a. a.
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81) As she walks out of the living room, Gloriann turns out the light. In this example, Gloriann's __________ nervous system is active. a. sympathetic b. parasympathetic c. autonomic d. somatic 82) The subdivision of the peripheral nervous system that consists of nerves that control organs and glands is called the ___________ nervous system. a. somatic b..
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6. What is a synapse? a. the site where a “message” is transmitted from one nerve cell to another b. a chemical substance that is released by a transmitting neuron c. a fatty coating that increases the rate at which messages travel through neurons d. the part of the neuron that keeps it alive 7..
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36) Photo receptors that see best at night are the _______. a. foveas b. cones c. shafts d. rods 37) The range of electromagnetic wavelengths that we can see is called the a. visible spectrum. b. acuity range. c. visual field. d. visual angle. 38) Adaptation is the process in which a. receptor cells become linked to one another. b. receptor sensitivity.
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