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6) Our sleeping-waking cycle follows a(n) __________ rhythm. a. infradian b. circadian c. diurnal d. ultradian 7) The low-voltage brain waves produced during relaxed wakefulness or the twilight stage between waking and sleeping are called __________ waves. a. alpha b. beta c. delta d. theta 8) The stage of sleep marked by the production of very slow delta waves is.
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11) If a researcher wanted to know how loudly a person must speak in order to be heard above the noise of two other simultaneous conversations, the researcher would likely measure the ________. a. difference threshold b. marginal intensity c. relative magnitude d. absolute threshold 12) _______ theory was developed to isolate separate measures of.
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1) A person's subjective awareness, including thoughts, perceptions, experiences of the world, and self-awareness is called a. intelligence. b. consciousness. c. mindfulness. d. creativity. 2) What term do psychologists use to designate our personal awareness of feelings, sensations, and thoughts? a. thinking b. cognition c. conscience d. consciousness 3) Our sleeping-waking cycle follows a(n) __________ rhythm. a. infradian b. circadian c. diurnal d. ultradian 4).
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81) Visual distance and depth cues that require the use of both eyes are called _______________. a. monocular cues b. diocular cues c. binocular cues d. dichromatic cues 82) When focusing on a close object that is directly in front of you, eye muscles contract to turn your eyes inward toward the nose. This is.
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71) Feature detection cells in the visual cortex respond primarily to features such as a. colour and brightness. b. size and distance. c. angles and edges. d. eyes, noses, and mouths. 72) The ventral stream is a pathway extending from the visual cortex to the temporal lobe and is where ______________occurs. In contrast, the dorsal.
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56) Which structure in your eye is most like the film in a camera? a. the retina b. the lens c. the cornea d. the pupil 57) Rods and cones are both types of _________. a. foveas b. lenses c. retinas d. photoreceptors 58) The central portion of the retina is the ____________. a. fovea b. lens c. cornea d. cones 59) _____________ are sensitive.
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76) Another name for sleepwalking is a. narcolepsy. b. somnambulism. c. REM behaviour disorder. d. sleep misperception. 77) Which of the following is true about sleepwalking? a. It is dangerous to wake a sleepwalker. b. Sleepwalking is a sign of an underlying emotional disturbance. c. Sleepwalkers are acting out a dream. d. Sleepwalking is more prevalent in childhood. 78) Sleep.
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106) What is the correct order of disorders from the most to least severe? a. minimally conscious state, persistent vegetative state, coma b. coma, persistent vegetative state, minimally conscious state c. persistent vegetative state, coma, minimally conscious state d. minimally conscious state, coma, persistent vegetative state 107) Following a car accident, Missy has only minimal.
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6) Which of the following is true of circadian rhythms? a. They are artificial inventions of timekeepers. b. They are internally driven cycles. c. They are sequences of events that occur once a month. d. They occur on the same schedule regardless of the changes from day to night. 7) The sleep–wake cycle is ultimately.
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36) Which explanation of why we sleep would predict that long-term sleep deprivation would cause cognitive declines and physical problems, such as an impaired immune system? a. preserve and protect b. activation-synthesis c. restore and repair d. problem-solving 37) Which of the following statements supports the "preserve and protect" hypothesis of sleep? a. People tend to.
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116) Which of the following drugs is a hallucinogen? a. ketamine b. barbiturates c. amphetamines d. heroin 117) Which of the following drugs is used by some cultures for spiritual and medicinal reasons? a. salvia b. ketamine c. barbiturates d. heroin 118) The active ingredient in marijuana is a. PCB. b. THC. c. LSD. d. PCP. 119) Which of the following drugs is an opiate? a..
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16) Which Gestalt principle of form perception must always occur even if other principles are also illustrated? a. figure-ground b. similarity c. proximity d. closure 17) Elements that share common features such as size, shape, or colour are viewed as a set. This defines which Gestalt law of organization? a. figure-ground b. similarity c. proximity d. closure 18) Perceiving incomplete.
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106) Once sound waves have been converted into neural activity, the ___________ carries them to the brain for auditory perception. a. auditory nerve b. basilar membrane c. cochlea d. pinna 107) Uri is walking home alone on a dark night. He hears a stick breaking and immediately turns to his right to see what made.
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96) The ____________ is the perceptual experience of the wave frequency of a sound. a. audition b. timbre c. amplitude d. pitch 97) An increase in the frequency of sound waves will correspond most directly to an increase in __________. a. amplitude b. pitch c. loudness d. decibels 98) Brightness refers to the intensity of light. The corresponding term when.
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61) Light receptors that help us to see best at night are the __________. a. foveae b. cones c. shafts d. rods 62) The process by which rods and cones become more sensitive to light in response to lowered levels of illumination is called ______________. a. afterimage resolution b. light adaptation c. dark adaptation d. afterimage adaptation 63) The ______________.
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71) When he was a young child, Jerry would sometimes wake in the middle of the night screaming. He wouldn't remember having a bad dream, but remembers experiencing raw panic. Jerry most likely had a. night terrors. b. sleep apnea. c. REM behaviour disorder d. nightmares. 72) Vanya's legs bother him while he tries to.
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126) Alcohol has a(n) ______________ effect on the nervous system by _______________ the activity of GABA. a. depressing; facilitating b. stimulating; facilitating c. depressing; inhibiting d. stimulating; inhibiting 127) At a biological level, how do psychoactive drugs primarily work? a. They alter the body's basal metabolism rate. b. They act on brain neurotransmitters and receptors. c. They disrupt.
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16) The most frequently used drug in Western societies is __________. a. alcohol b. nicotine c. cocaine d. marijuana 17) Amphetamines are __________. a. barbiturates b. stimulants c. hallucinogens d. opiates 18) Cocaine is a(n) __________. a. opiate b. stimulant c. barbiturate d. hallucinogen 19) The active ingredient in marijuana is __________. a. PCB b. THC c. LSD d. PCP 20) Chemical substances that change moods and perceptions are called.
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6) Our ________ enable us to make sense of the sensations that we are continually experiencing. a. sensory organs b. motor abilities c. perceptual abilities d. sensory abilities 7) The smallest change in stimulation that can be detected 50 percent of the time is called the __________. a. separation threshold b. difference threshold c. response threshold d. absolute threshold 8).
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111) Human perception of high-pitched tones is best explained by ___________ theory. a. frequency b. opponent process c. place d. volley 112) According to your textbook, which of the following is true regarding cochlear implants? a. They can greatly improve language comprehension and expression in young children. b. Adults do not benefit from cochlear implants. c. They are.
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46) The intensity of the reflected light that reaches our eyes is known as ____________. a. hue b. contrast c. brightness d. saturation 47) When light enters the eye, it first passes through what structure? a. cornea b. lens c. pupil d. sclera 48) When you enter a dim room, the _______________ widens to let more light in. a. pupil b. lens c..
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21) The phenomenon whereby higher doses of a drug are required to produce its original effects is __________. a. a craving b. potentiation c. tolerance d. withdrawal 22) Drugs that activate the sympathetic nervous system and produce feelings of optimism and boundless energy are called __________. a. hallucinogens b. opiates c. barbiturates d. stimulants 23) Amphetamines are __________. a. barbiturates b. stimulants c..
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36) The process of selecting one stimulus or task to focus on and ignoring or minimizing others is called ____________. a. selective perception b. selective attention c. perceptual set d. selective processing 37) Clay has played professional soccer for seven years and is easily able to tune out the sound of the crowd and all.
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91) Tom spent the morning taking pictures in the small coves of a local lake. What monocular cue is providing depth perception when the near objects in his photographs appear much larger than those on the opposite shore of the cove? a. height in plane b. interposition c. linear perspective d. relative size 92) The.
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6) Hypnotists can make subjects perform tasks they normally would never do, such as commit murder. a. True b. False 7) Hypnosis increases the overall accuracy of memory. a. True b. False 8) There is hope for recovery if the patient improves within the first few months of persistent vegetative state (PVS), but the chances for.
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11) The lowest level of a stimulus needed for the nervous system to detect a change half the time is called the ___________. a. difference threshold b. just noticeable difference c. sensory adaptation d. absolute threshold 12) When Ann went to her doctor, he gave her a hearing test. During the test, the doctor presented.
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76) Stewart is sitting in his office, which is lighted with a bluish neon light, eating a red apple. Even though the apple is bathed in bluish light, he continues to perceive it as red. This illustrates: a. the trichromatic theory. b. retinal disparity. c. the opponent-process theory. d. colour constancy. 77) Kevin watches as.
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41) Jet lag is typically the worst when travelling a. north. b. south. c. east. d. west. 42) Freud called the hidden meaning of a dream its __________ content. a. surface b. manifest c. unconscious d. latent 43) Dr. Sanchez is a psychoanalyst who is interested in analyzing dreams using Freud's perspective. As a psychoanalyst, he focuses on interpreting the.
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41) Light, a central player in our visual perception of the world, is a form of _____________. a. chemical energy b. mechanical energy c. vibration d. electromagnetic energy 42) Visible light with a short wavelength and a high amplitude would be perceived as _____________. a. reddish and dim b. bluish and dim c. reddish and bright d. bluish and.
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86) Sleep displacement would occur in which scenario? a. flying from New York to Los Angeles b. flying from New York to Athens Greece c. flying from New York to Buenos Aires. d. flying from New York to Buffalo. 87) Studies of the impact of sleep deprivation have had an impact on what type of.
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116) To help identify objects with our sense of touch, we move the object in our hands and actively explore it. This is known as ___________. a. gustation b. haptics c. kinesthesis d. nociception 117) The name given to the sense of our body position is _____________. a. gustation b. the kinesthetic sense c. somatosensory sense d. the vestibular.
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1) The ________ releases a hormone called melatonin, which is critical to maintaining the sleep-wake cycle. 2) An EEG recording showing ________ waves would indicate that the subject is either in Stage 3 or 4 sleep. 3) Sleep researchers use the term ________ to collectively refer to sleep stages 1–4. 4) Young children.
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51) The coloured part of the eye that contains muscles to contract or expand the pupil is the ____________. a. lens b. fovea c. iris d. cornea 52) Which of the following is the correct order in which light passes through the structures of the eye? a. lens, pupil, cornea b. lens, cornea, pupil c. cornea, lens, pupil d..
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6) A patient with severe brain injury would be diagnosed as being in a ________ if all signs pointed to a complete loss of consciousness. 7) Opiates bind to receptors for ________, which are neurotransmitters that reduce pain and produce pleasurable sensations. This explains why opiates have a similar effect. 8) Because.
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21) Miley is concerned that advertisers are using subliminal messages to make her buy their products. Based on the information in your textbook, what should you tell her? a. You're right, subliminal messages are very powerful. b. It's unclear; almost no research has been done on subliminal perception. c. Don't worry; people cannot.
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121) Ursula is an army veteran who had to have her leg amputated after an explosive device detonated near her. Surprisingly, she still awakens in the middle of the night and feels her missing leg itching, twitching, or even hurting. Ursula is experiencing _________________ sensations. a. amputation syndrome b. gate-control c. phantom limb d..
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11) If Alice's strange adventures in Wonderland were actually the dreams of a young girl, they probably occurred when she was in __________ sleep. a. stage 1 b. stage 2 c. stage 4 d. REM 12) Freud called the hidden meaning of a dream its _______ content. a. surface b. manifest c. unconscious d. latent 13) According to Freud, the.
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111) Amphetamines are a. barbiturates. b. stimulants. c. hallucinogens. d. opiates. 112) Which of the following drugs is a stimulant? a. mescaline b. alcohol c. amphetamines d. psilocybin 113) Despite its dangers, a young man continues to take cocaine because of the feeling of euphoria it produces for him. This powerful arousal of his nervous system is probably due to.
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126) Which of the following is the most recently identified of the basic taste sensations? a. fatty b. acrid c. umami d. sour 127) Which of the following is true regarding supertasters? a. Supertasters have many more taste buds than non-supertasters. b. Less than 1% of the population are supertasters. c. Supertasters prefer sweet and fatty foods. d. The.
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86) While riding on a train, David notices that the trees and telephone poles close to the tracks seem to flash by, while the buildings, trees, and mountains that are farther away seem to move by more slowly. This phenomenon is called _______________. a. aerial perspective b. subliminal motion c. motion parallax d. motion.
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