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TRUE/FALSE 1.The pelvic cavity contains the organs of the reproductive and excretory system. 2.The thoracic cavity protects the heart and lungs. 3.The lungs are located inferior to the diaphragm. 4.The kidneys are located within the abdominal cavity. 5.The midsagittal plane divides the body into front and back halves. 6.Caudal means “skull, or head, end” of the.
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6.The stomach is located ____________ to the diaphragm. 7.The term ____________ is used to reference the ventral surface of the body. 8.The region superior to the left inguinal region is the ____________ ____________ region. 9.The pubic area can also be referred to as the lower, or ______________, region. 10.The region inferior to the right.
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TRUE/FALSE 1.Most microorganisms have the ability to cause disease in humans. 2.Different people may experience different symptoms from the same viral infection. 3.Many fungi are sources of food and medicines that are beneficial to humans. 4.The virus that causes measles can be transmitted through the air from one person to another. 5.Most infectious diseases are.
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COMPLETION 1.The ____________________ is an accessory organ of digestion consisting of skeletal muscles that lie in many different planes. 2.____________________ teeth start to erupt at about 6 months of age and continue emerging until about 2 years. 3.Name the three major parts of the tooth: ____________________, ____________________, and ____________________. 4.The final preparation of food.
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Match the branch of anatomy with its description. a. gross anatomy d. comparative anatomy b. microscopic anatomy e. systematic anatomy c. developmental anatomy 7.study of the growth and development of an organism during its lifetime 8.study of large and easily observable structures of an organism 9.examples are dermatology, endocrinology, and neurology 10.study of similarities and differences between different animals 11.includes cytology and histology     .
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MULTIPLE CHOICE 1.The upper end of each ureter flares into a funnel-shaped structure known as the _____. a. renal pelvis c. renal papilla b. renal pyramid d. renal column   2.The Bowman’s capsule contains the _____. a. loop of Henle c. glomerulus b. collecting tubules d. afferent arteriole   3.Salt retention in the body’s tissues reduces the production of urine by _____. a. increasing the level of potassium b. increasing the secretion of ADH c. reducing the.
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11.Which is the correct sequence of the urine’s pathway as it is formed and exited from the body? a. kidney, urethra, urinary bladder, ureter b. urinary bladder, ureter, kidney, urethra c. urinary bladder, kidney, ureter, urethra d. kidney, ureter, urinary bladder, urethra   12.Which range indicates normal urinary output for a 24-hour period? a. 1,000 to 1,500 ml c. 1,500 to 2,000 ml b. 1,000 to.
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6.The adult alimentary canal, from the mouth to the anus, is about how many feet long? a. 10 c. 30 b. 20 d. 40   7.The nerves and blood supply of the teeth are contained in the _____. a. periodontal membrane c. dentin b. gingiva d. pulp cavity   8.What is the purpose of bile in the digestive process? a. encourages peristalsis c. converts starches into glucose b. stores vitamins d. breaks down fats   9.The digestive actions of the.
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COMPLETION 1.Any abnormal change in the structure or function which produces symptoms is considered a(n) ____________. 2.A(n) ____________, or cross, section is a horizontal cut that divides the body into upper and lower parts. 3.The dorsal cavity contains the ____________ cavity and the ____________ cavity. 4.The ____________ divides the ventral cavity into two parts:.
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6.Proteins are broken down into amino acids in the _________________________. 7.A(n) ____________________ is a sore, or lesion, that forms in the mucosal lining of the stomach or duodenum. 8.Bile is produced in the ____________________. 9.Excessive ____________________ may lead to dehydration and electrolyte imbalance. 10.Hidden blood in stool is called ____________________.     .
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11.What is the minimum amount of time that hands should be washed to prevent transmitting infection? a. 5 seconds c. 15 seconds b. 10 seconds d. 20 seconds   12.Certain bacteria have been designated as “super bugs” because they _____. a. are easy to transmit and, therefore, are favored by bioterrorists. b. cause especially serious respiratory infections. c. are resistant to even very powerful antibiotics. d. are spread.
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11.The area superior to the right lumbar region is the ____________ ________________ region. 12.______________ is the ability of the body to regulate its internal environment within narrow limits. 13.The metric system is a decimal system based on the power of ____________. 10 14.One tablespoon of cough medicine equals ____________ milliliters of cough medicine. 15     .
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TRUE/FALSE 1.The sensation of taste is coupled with the sense of touch. 2.Adults normally develop 32 teeth. 3.Absorption in the small intestine is possible because its lining is smooth. 4.The average person produces between 1 and 3 pints of gas per day. 5.Each part of the alimentary canal contributes to the overall digestive process.     .
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MULTIPLE CHOICE 1.The dorsal cavity contains the _____. a. heart and lungs c. structures of the nervous system b. major organs of digestion ANS:C 2.Lateral means _____. a. near the beginning of a structure c. toward the midline b. near the front of the body d. toward the side   3.The midsagittal plane divides the body into _____. a. anterior and posterior portions c. upper and lower sections b. cephalic and caudal halves d. left and right.
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6.Most respiratory infections are caused by bacteria. 7.If the level of carbon dioxide in the blood is too low, it can result in dizziness and fainting. 8.Respiratory infections account for between 40 and 50 percent of all infections. 9.Quiet breathing at a normal rate is called eupnea. 10.The most difficult part of breathing for.
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TRUE/FALSE 1.Sound is produced by air being expelled from the lungs and passed over the larynx. 2.External respiration involves the use of oxygen to release energy stored in nutrient molecules such as glucose. 3.The larynx gives resonance to the voice. 4.There are about 500 million alveoli in the adult lung. 5.Chemical control of respiration is.
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11.In the metric system, which of the following is used to measure weights? a. grams c. liters b. meters d. milliliters   12.Place the following prefixes in the order of smallest to largest. a. micro, milli, centi c. centi, milli, micro b. milli, centi, micro d. micro, centi, milli   13.The provider instructs the patient to take 1 gram of acetaminophen for their fever. The patient only has capsules marked.
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COMPLETION 1.____________________ refers to the ability of an organism to produce disease. 2.Infection from ____________________ is spread through the bites of fleas, tick, mites, and lice. 3.The ______________________________ is an interactive process that involves the agent, host, and environment. 4.In terms of the chain of infection, a person whose normal defense mechanisms are impaired.
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6.It is normal for freshly voided urine to contain a significant amount of bacteria. 7.Urine is moved down the ureters by means of gravity. 8.Hormones play an important role in regulating the function of the urinary system. 9.Neurogenic bladder is a condition related to aging. 10.Peritoneal dialysis is controlled mainly by patients.     .
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8.Children receive a vaccine to protect them against _________________________, a disease characterized by severe coughing attacks. 9.Infants should be placed on the ____________________ when sleeping in order to reduce the risk of SIDS. 10.Chronic bronchitis and emphysema are referred to collectively as _________________________________________.     .
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TRUE/FALSE 1.A normal adult usually requires between 1,600 and 3,000 calories a day, depending on age, sex, body weight, and degree of physical activity. 2.The human body stores reserves of energy as fat in fat cells. 3.Carbohydrates are structurally more complex than fats and proteins. 4.Essential amino acids are produced by the body as.
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MULTIPLE CHOICE 1.The structure that regulates the entrance of food into the duodenum is called the _____ sphincter. a. cardiac c. anal b. pyloric d. duodenal   2.The digestive juice that breaks down protein into amino acids is _____. a. trypsin c. lipase b. amylase d. bile   3.The _____ is the largest organ in the body. a. pancreas c. stomach b. liver d. gallbladder   4.Inflammation of the intestine caused by bacterial or viral infection is called _____. a. enteritis c. appendicitis b. gastritis d. diverticulosis   5.A chronic, progressive.
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6.Which of the following is an example of diffusion? a. inhalation of air into the lungs b. build-up of carbon dioxide in the cells c. warming and moistening of inhaled air before it passes to the alveoli d. passage of oxygen from the alveoli to the blood   7.Where does oxygen release the energy stored in nutrients to provide heat.
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MATCHING Match each infection with the causative microorganism. a. bacteria d. rickettsia b. fungi e. virus c. protozoa f. helminths 1.athlete’s foot 2.common cold 3.genital herpes 4.gonorrhea 5.hepatitis 6.influenza 7.Lyme disease 8.malaria 9.pinworms 10.urinary tract infection     .
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6.The beneficial and poisonous levels of many trace elements are very close in quantity. 7.Based on dietary guidelines released in 2010 and the new MY PLATE icon, it is suggested that a healthy plate be comprised of one-third fruit and vegetables. 8.Nuts and seeds are good sources of protein. 9.Farmers who falsely label.
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COMPLETION 1.A(n) ____________________ is an opening between an artery and vein that provides an insertion site to enable dialysis treatments. 2.The ____________________ is the basic structural and functional unit of the kidney. 3.The ______________________________ stores urine until about 1 pint is accumulated. 4.____________________ increase urinary output by inhibiting the reabsorption of water. 5.The sudden loss.
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MATCHING Match each anatomical part with its function. a. anterior nares f. alveoli b. turbinates g. pleural fluid c. cilia h. bronchi d. mucous membrane i. larynx e. pharynx j. diaphragm 1.increase(s) movement of air in the nasal cavity 2.serve(s) as passageway for air and food 3.provide(s) passage for air from trachea to lungs 4.enable(s) entry of air from the outside environment 5.warm(s) and moisten(s) air entering from the outside environment 6.serve(s) as point of exchange of.
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6.Which of the following is an example of an agent in the chain of infection? a. handwashing c. a contaminated pillowcase b. a virus d. roper nutrition.   7.In the chain of infection, which of the following would most likely serve as a portal of exit? a. nose c. hair b. fingernail d. ear   8.Which of the following is an example of a host in the chain of infection? a. insect.
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6.Emotional stress can increase an individual’s chance of becoming a susceptible host for infection. 7.If a health care worker is wearing gloves during a client procedure, it is not necessary to wash the hands immediately following the procedure. 8.Used needles should never be recapped. 9.If transmission-based precautions are used, it is not necessary.
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11.What is the basal metabolic rate for a 28-year-old woman who is 65 inches tall and weighs 135 pounds? a. 1,822 c. 1,533 b. 1,681 d. 1,402   12.The body’s basal metabolic rate (BMR) is the amount of energy needed by the body _____. a. to maintain current weight c. at rest b. to perform vigorous exercise d. to gain weight   13.The general range for a healthy body mass.
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6.Which organ performs the major role in excreting wastes from the body? a. lungs c. skin b. colon d. kidneys   7.Which process is the first step in the formation of urine in the nephrons? a. absorption c. reabsorption b. filtration d. secretion   8.What causes filtrate to flow from the blood into the glomerulus? a. increase in blood pressure in the capillaries b. hormonal secretions c. stimulation from the nerves d. level of salt in the blood   9.How.
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COMPLETION 1.____________________ facilitates the release of energy stored in nutrient molecules. 2.____________________ is the physical and chemical process by which the body supplies its cells and tissues with oxygen. 3.The ____________________ is a flap of cartilage that prevents food and liquids from entering the trachea. 4.____________________ is an inflammation of the membranes that cover.
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MULTIPLE CHOICE 1.Disaccharides are a type of _____. a. protein c. vitamin b. carbohydrate d. fat   2.Water makes up about _____ percent of our total body weight. a. 25 to 35 percent c. 45 to 55 percent b. 35 to 45 percent d. 55 to 65 percent   3.The abbreviation for the type of cholesterol that removes fat from cells is _____. a. LDL c. HDL b. VLDL d. VHDL   4.Milk, cheese, and dark green vegetables are good sources.
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Match the life function with the applicable body system. a. movement e. secretion b. ingestion f. excretion c. transport g. regulation (sensitivity) d. growth 12.digestive system 13.skeletal system 14.circulatory system 15.nervous system 16.endocrine system 17.muscle system 18.urinary system     .
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9.Name the two types of antibody tests used to screen for AIDS: _______________________________ and ____________________________________. 10.When a person is infected with a virus, but does not develop symptoms of that virus, the person is said to be ____________________. 11.Drugs are used to control the HIV virus by blocking ______________________________. 12.The Centers for Disease.
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TRUE/FALSE 1.Excretion is the process of moving nitrogenous waste material, excess salts, and excess water from the body. 2.Each kidney has more functional capacity than is ordinarily needed. 3.The kidneys share one ureter. 4.Caffeine increases the loss of sodium ions, thus increasing the loss of water. 5.Urinary incontinence is frequently observed in the elderly.     .
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MATCHING Match each mineral and vitamin with its function. a. calcium f. vitamin A b. iodine g. vitamin B3 c. iron h. vitamin B12 d. potassium i. vitamin E e. zinc j. vitamin K 1.synthesizes red blood cells 2.metabolizes vitamin A 3.enables normal blood clotting 4.is a component of thyroid hormones 5.enables normal metabolism 6.maintains the body’s water balance 7.forms bones and teeth 8.acts as an antioxidant 9.is a component of hemoglobin 10.enables night vision     .
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MULTIPLE CHOICE 1.The main reason that the spores of disease-causing bacteria are dangerous is that they _____. a. are very difficult to destroy b. cause very serious infections c. cause infections that are difficult to diagnose d. destroy the cells they inhabit   2.Which of the following microorganisms must live inside the cell of another organism in order to secure nourishment.
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MATCHING Match each condition with its major signs and/or symptoms. a. gastroesophageal reflux disease f. diverticulitis b. hiatal hernia g. cholecystitis c. gastric ulcer h. pyloric stenosis d. inflammatory bowel disease i. cirrhosis e. hepatitis j. heartburn 1.backflow of stomach acid into the esophagus 2.chronic diarrhea 3.sore in the lining of the stomach 4.inflamed colon wall 5.replacement of normal liver tissue with connective tissue 6.stomach contents move up into the esophagus 7.inflamed liver 8.inflamed gallbladder 9.protrusion of the stomach above.
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6.Fats should provide no more than what percentage of a person’s daily caloric intake? a. 10 percent c. 30 percent b. 20 percent d. 40 percent   7.Which of the following fats would be the BEST choice for individuals who have high cholesterol levels? a. monosaturated c. saturated b. polyunsaturated d. trans   8.Which of the following foods tends to help lower cholesterol levels? a. eggs c. beef b. liver d. oat bran   9.Two minerals that are especially important.
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11.How do cellulose-containing foods, such as fruits and vegetables, help the process of digestion? a. encourage formation of acids in the stomach b. provide essential enzymes c. contribute to the bulk of feces d. promote peristalsis   12.Which process is regulated by secretions of the thyroid gland? a. digestion c. defecation b. metabolism d. absorption   13.Periodontal disease is a bacterial infection of the _____. a. gums c. peritoneum b. liver d. pancreas   14.Many common diseases of the digestive.
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5.During ____________________, the external intercostals lift the ribs upward and outward; during ____________________, the ribs are pushed downward and inward. 6.The respiratory infection that affects the most people each year is the _________________________. 7.The respiratory center is located in the ______________________________ in the brain.     .
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MULTIPLE CHOICE 1.The exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide between the lungs, body, and outside environment is called _____. a. external respiration c. cellular respiration b. internal respiration d. oxidation   2.A deep, prolonged breath that fills the lungs, believed to be caused by the need to increase the level of oxygen in the blood, is called _____. a. coughing c. sneezing b. hiccups d. yawning   3.The amount of air.
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6.The time interval between entry of an infectious agent into the host and the onset of symptoms is the ____________________ stage. 7.The time period during which an individual is manifesting specific signs and symptoms of an infectious process is the ____________________ stage. 8.An infection acquired in a hospital or health care facility.
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6.Which of the following is known as the study of microscopic one-celled organisms, multicelled organisms, plants, animals, and humans? a. biology c. physiology b. anatomy   7.Which of the following conditions would occur on the anterior part of the body? a. injury to the bottom of the foot c. bruise on the back of the head b. ventral hernia   8.A scratch on the left thigh.
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6.____________________ is/are found only in plant foods such as whole grain breads, cereals, and fruits. 7.The ______________________________ is legally required to include information on servings, calories, and nutrient content. 8.The most common nutritional disorder in the United States today is ____________________. 9.The refusal to eat because of a fear of being overweight is.
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MATCHING You must make a notation on a patient’s record. Match the correct anatomical terminology to the description of the location. a. pain in the back b. pain below the right ribs c. a cut in the lower part of the right arm d. heartburn e. stomach cramps f. right inguinal hernia 1.proximal to wrist 2.lumbar region 3.epigastric area 4.right hypochondriac area 5.umbilical area 6.right iliac area     .
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6.The purpose of the uvula is to help prevent food from entering the windpipe when swallowing. 7.Gum infections can lead to serious conditions, such as heart disease. 8.The vermiform appendix has no known function in the digestive process. 9.An important function of the colon is to help regulate the body’s water balance. 10.Bacteria in.
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11.If a client has a condition called orthopnea, this means that she _____. a. experiences painful breathing b. breathes too slowly to inhale sufficient air c. breathes rapidly and shallowly d. has difficulty breathing when he is lying down   12.Which of the following infectious diseases is increasing in incidence after being on the decline for many years? a. tuberculosis c. pneumonia b. diphtheria d. SARS   13.Asthma is a.
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COMPLETION 1.____________________ is/are an essential component of all body tissues. 2.____________________ is/are the main source of energy for the body. 3.A(n) ____________________ is a unit that measures the amount of energy contained within the chemical bonds of foods. 4.____________________ has/have twice as many calories as the other calorie-containing nutrients. 5.____________________ play(s) a major role in.
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