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TRUE/FALSE 1.The adult skeletal system has about 150 bones. 2.An osteocyte is a mature bone cell. 3.The center of the bone shaft that is filled with yellow bone marrow is called the endosteum. 4.Osteoclasts do their work during the resorption process. 5.The hyoid bone is part of the appendicular skeleton.     .
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11.Milk of magnesia is an example of a(n) _____ liquid. a. acid c. neutral b. base   12.Which of the following is required for the body to function at an optimum level of health? a. highly acidic level c. state of homeostasis b. highly alkaline level d. none of the above   13.Which of the following is an example of an extracellular fluid? a. tears c. fluid within the cell b. blood d. urine   14.Which of the.
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6.A pressure ulcer (decubitus) that has a skin break through all layers of the skin is classified as stage _____. a. I c. III b. II d. IV   7.Which of the following conditions is caused by a parasite? a. ingrown nails c. head lice b. fungal infections d. warts   8.Which level of burn may not be painful? a. first-degree burn c. third-degree burn b. second-degree burn d. fourth-degree burn   9.A patient who has burns on the entire.
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6.____________________ is a sex-linked blood disorder passed on the X chromosome. 7.Radiation and the chemical benzene are examples of _________________________. 8.The modification of genes outside an organism’s natural reproductive process is called ______________________________. 9.It is estimated that everyone carries two or three recessive ____________________ genes. 10.The ____________________ is a small package of DNA that.
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6.Enzymes are specialized protein molecules found in all living cells. 7.RNA structures are unique for each person and so are usable as a means of identification. 8.Another name for a base is alkali. 9.Buffers help a living organism to maintain a constant pH value. 10.Nuclear medicine is a branch of medicine that uses radioactive.
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TRUE/FALSE 1.Hydrogen is an example of an atom. 2.Medical imaging refers to invasive techniques and processes. 3.Electrolytes are responsible for the acidity or alkalinity of solutions and can conduct an electrical charge. 4.Fructose found in fruit and honey is an example of a disaccharide. 5.Phospholipids are lipids that contain cholesterol.     .
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6.Some of the phospholipids of the cell membrane are hydrophilic. What does that mean? a. They attract water. b. They repel water. c. They alternate between attracting and repelling water.   ANS:A 7.In mitosis, which of the following phases is known as the resting stage? a. interphase d. anaphase b. prophase e. telophase c. metaphase   8.Which type of stem cell can give rise to any type of cell in the.
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MATCHING Match the system with the function. a. skeletal f. excretory b. muscular g. nervous c. digestive h. endocrine d. respiratory i. reproductive e. circulatory j. integumentary   1.communicates, controls, and coordinates body activity 2.determines posture, produces body heat, and provides for movement 3.helps regulate body temperature; establishes a barrier between the body and the external environment; eliminates waste, synthesizes vitamin D; contains receptors for temperature, pressure, and pain 4.removes waste products of metabolism from the.
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9.____________________ and _____________________ are specialized cells. 10.The number of chromosomes for the human being is _____________________. 11.Chromosomes store the hereditary material called __________________________. 12.When a cell increases in size, it is called _____________________.     .
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6.The nucleus of a cell is contained with a nuclear membrane, which is impermeable. 7.Necrosis is an orderly process by which cells intentionally die. 8.Stem cells are primal cells common to all multicellular organisms. 9.Adult stem cells are undifferentiated cells found throughout the body that divide to replenish dying cells and regenerate damaged.
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MATCHING Match each condition with its definition. a. oliguria f. polyuria b. anuria g. cystitis c. renal calculi h. dysuria d. hydronephrosis i. chronic renal failure e. pyelonephritis j. uremia 1.stones formed in the kidney 2.frequent need to urinate 3.diminished production of urine 4.painful urination 5.accumulation of fluid in the kidney 6.lack of urine formation 7.retention of urinary waste products in the blood 8.inflammation of kidney tissue and renal pelvis 9.inflammation of the lining of the urinary bladder 10.gradual loss of.
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TRUE/FALSE 1.Every cell is surrounded by cytoplasm. 2.Most of the cell’s energy comes from spherical, or rod-shaped, organelles called mitochondria. 3.All cells reproduce at the same rate. 4.Osmosis is the movement of solutes across a semipermeable membrane. 5.An older person possesses 10 percent fewer cells than a younger adult.     .
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COMPLETION 1.All living organisms must ____________________ to continue their species. 2.____________________, also called conception, occurs when the sperm and egg nuclei combine. 3.The primary sex organs of the female are the ____________________. 4.During pregnancy, the ____________________ expands to accommodate the growing embryo and a large amount of fluid. 5.The primary sex organs of the male.
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6.Which of the following means to kill or destroy? a. peri c. ser b. -cidal d. -ac   ANS:B 7.Part of the process of epithelial tissue repair is the formation of a cicatrix. What is another name for cicatrix? a. scar c. suture b. scab   8.Which of the following is an example of an organ? a. nervous system c. carbon b. epithelial tissue d. stomach   9.Which of the following statements is true regarding tissue and organ transplants? a. A.
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6.____________________ is an inflammation of the skin that may be nonspecific. 7.___________________ is a highly contagious fungal infection marked by raised, itchy, circular patches with crusts. 8.A bacterial infection of the hair follicle is called a(n) ____________________. 9.A burn that involves only the epidermal layer is classified as a(n) ____________________. 10.A skin lesion characterized.
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MATCHING Match the condition with its descriptor. a. acne vulgaris f. basal cell carcinoma b. athlete’s feet g. rosacea c. impetigo h. shingles (herpes zoster) d. psoriasis i. warts e. herpes j. boils   1.contagious fungal infection 2.also called carbuncles and are painful 3.common and chronic disorder of the sebaceous glands 4.chronic inflammatory skin disease characterized by dry, reddish patches that are covered with silver-white scales 5.common inflammatory disorder characterized by chronic redness and irritation of the.
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6.The ______________________________ is the outside opening through which urine leaves the body. 7.____________________ involves the passage of blood through a device with a semipermeable membrane to rid the blood of harmful wastes, extra salt, and water. 8.The second step in urine formation is ____________________. 9.The term used to describe the limit of reabsorption.
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6.A male is considered to be sterile if he produces less than how many spermatozoa in one ml of seminal fluid? a. 5 million c. 15 million b. 10 million d. 20 million   7.A zygote is a(n) _____. a. human sex cell c. unfertilized egg cell b. fertilized egg cell d. process of cell division   8.Which of the following occurs during the follicle stage of the menstrual cycle? a. An.
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5. _____________________ is the diffusion of water or any other solvent molecule through a selective permeable membrane. 6.When cell division does not occur in the usual pattern, a(n) ______________________ results. 7.The recommended classification system for cancer is the ________________________________. 8.The process by which malignant tumors spread to other parts of the body is.
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11.During ejaculation, semen is expelled to the outside of the male body through the _____. a. ejaculatory ducts c. seminiferous tubules b. ductus deferens (vans deferens) d. urethra   12.Which of the following methods of contraception, when used correctly, is generally the most effective? a. condoms c. spermicides b. birth control pills d. withdrawal   13.Which of the following is the only contraceptive method that also provides some protection against.
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COMPLETION 1.Molecules that contain carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen are known as ____________ _____________. 2.Molecules known as ______________ ____________ are the building blocks of protein. 3.The smallest particles of elements that enter into chemical reactions are ____________. 4.The number of protons in an atom is equal to the number of ____________. 5.The number of elements found.
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15.Vaginal yeast infections commonly occur as a result of a woman _____. a. having unprotected sex c. taking antibiotics b. going through menopause d. using birth control pills   16.Which of the following methods of contraception must be coordinated carefully with the woman’s menstrual cycle in order to be effective? a. IUD c. abstinence b. diaphragm d. rhythm   17.During which of the following stages of human development do the.
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Match the skin lesion with it characteristics. a. papule d. nodule b. bulla e. macule c. pustule 11.solid, elevated lesion less than 1 cm in diameter 12.localized changes in skin color of less than 1 cm 13.a vesicle or bullae that becomes filled with pus 14.solid and elevated, but deeper than a papule 15.a large blister     .
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COMPLETION 1.A(n) ____________________ is the basic structural unit of the body. 2.____________________ is a sticky semifluid material found between the nucleus and the cell membrane. 3.The process of cell division of the gamete is called ____________________. 4.The three common states of matter are ____________________, ____________________, and ____________________.     .
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TRUE/FALSE 1.Most inherited mutated genes pass on a beneficial characteristic. 2.Lethal genes can cause death at any time during the human life cycle, from the zygote stage to a mature adult human being. 3.When parents share similar gene pools, their chances of having spontaneous abortions and stillbirths increase. 4.Cures have been discovered for most.
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MATCHING Match each condition or infection to its description. a. dysmenorrhea f. benign prostatic hypertrophy b. endometriosis g. chlamydia c. menorrhagia h. gonorrhea d. toxic shock syndrome i. genital herpes e. epididymitis j. trichomoniasis 1.excessive or prolonged menstrual bleeding 2.enlarged prostate 3.bacterial STD in which males may experience painful urination and discharge of pus 4.uterine tissue located outside the uterus 5.protozoan infection that causes itching and burning of the vagina in females and urethra in males 6.potentially.
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11.Elastic cartilage is located within the intervertebral discs. 12.Smooth muscle tissue provides for involuntary muscle movement. 13.Connective tissue membranes may be found in the joint cavities and are called synovial membranes. 14.The mucous membrane that lines the interior cavities of the body is called the visceral membrane. 15.Granulation occurs in the primary repair of.
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MULTIPLE CHOICE 1.Skin cells that undergo random changes as a person ages provide an example of a(n) _____. a. chromosomal mutation c. somatic mutation b. gene mutation d. inherited mutation   2.A mutagenic agent _____. a. helps prevent mutations b. causes mutations in many cells at the same time c. slows down the rate of mutation d. speeds up the rate of mutation   3.What is chorionic villi sampling? a. diagnostic test in.
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TRUE/FALSE 1.The skin is designed to screen out any harmful ultraviolet radiation contained in sunlight. 2.The dermis is the outermost layer of the skin. 3.Perspiration is 50 percent water, 25 percent salt, and 25 percent organic materials. 4.An intact skin surface is the best way the body can defend itself against pathogens. 5.The loss of.
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MATCHING Match each disorder with its description. a. phenylketonuria f. cystic fibrosis b. sickle cell anemia g. thalassemia c. Tay-Sachs disease h. hemophilia d. Duchenne’s muscular dystrophy i. Down syndrome e. Huntington’s disease j. Turner’s syndrome 1.missing enzyme causes brain damage that results in mental and motor deterioration 2.anemia accompanied by enlargement of the spleen and possible congestive heart disease 3.abnormality of red blood cells interfering with ability to carry oxygen 4.impairment of skeletal muscles.
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6.The sex of a child is determined by the genetic material of the mother. 7.Pituitary hormones play a significant role in the reproductive process. 8.The changes experienced during menopause are strictly physical in nature. 9.Testosterone is secreted as needed for the creation of sperm in the male. 10.It is relatively easy to surgically correct.
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MATCHING Match the term with the best descriptor. a. chromatin f. nucleoplasm b. chromosomes g. cell membrane c. phospholipids h. organelles d. cells i. endoplasmic reticulum e. nuclear membrane j. cilia 1.look like a balloon with tails 2.body is made up of trillions of them that live for a few weeks or months, die, and are replaced 3.DNA and protein arranged in a loose and diffuse state 4.another name for nuclear envelope 5.chromatin condenses to form.
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6.Epithelial tissue allows for movement and provides support for other types of tissues. 7.Putting two thin layers of tissue together forms membranes. 8.Serous membranes produce a thin, watery fluid and line surfaces leading to the outside of the body. 9.Columnar epithelial cells line the digestive tract and parts of the respiratory system. 10.Collagen is.
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6.The medical prefix epi- means upon. 7.If a person is described as an albino, you would expect their skin to be unusually ruddy in color. 8.Hyperthermia means below normal heat. 9.Certain medications can increase the risk of obtaining a sunburn. 10.The treatment for malignant melanoma is cryosurgery.     .
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MULTIPLE CHOICE 1.The various shades of human skin color are determined by the amount of _____. a. keratin in the skin c. papillae b. melanin in the skin d. Merkel cells   2.Nails are formed by the _____ layer. a. epidermal c. hypodermal b. dermal d. subcutaneous   3.Skin is protected by a thick, oily substance called _____. a. sebum c. melanin b. keratin d. mucus   4.The number-one way to prevent the spread of disease is _____. a. bathing daily c. wearing gloves b. keeping the.
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9.____________________ ____________________ is involved in the process of heredity. 10.Compounds can be classified into the following three groups: ____________________, ____________________, and ____________________.     .
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TRUE/FALSE 1.An organ is a group of specialized cells that secrete materials used elsewhere in the body. 2.Serous membranes line surfaces and spaces that lead to the outside of the body. 3.Synovial membranes secrete synovial fluid, which prevents friction inside the joint cavity. 4.The respiratory system carries oxygen and nourishment to the cells of.
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6.Triglycerides are a type of _____. a. protein c. carbohydrate b. fat d. glycogen   7.The nucleus of every human cell contains how many chromosomes? a. 23 c. 69 b. 46 d. 92   8.The sour taste of lemons is due to the presence of a compound called a(n) _____. a. acid c. salt b. base d. pH   9.When an acid and a base are combined, they form a salt and water. This type of reaction is called a(n).
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COMPLETION 1.____________________ is the branch of biology that studies how the genes are transmitted from parents to offspring. 2.____________________ is the term for a change that occurs in the nucleus of gametes, and it is passed on to the next generation. 3.______________________________ helps prospective parents make informed decisions about having children. 4.A(n) ____________________ disorder.
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COMPLETION 1.A(n) ____________________ is a thin layer of tissue that covers a surface, lines a cavity, or divides a space or organ. 2.Organs are held in place and body parts are bound together by _____________________ tissue. 3.A(n) ____________________ is the basic structural unit of the body. 4.A(n) ____________________ is a structure made up of.
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MULTIPLE CHOICE 1.A neoplasm _____. a. is always malignant c. may be benign b. is also known as a tumor d. b or c   ANS:D 2.A structure that digests worn-out cells and bacteria is called a(n) _____. a. ribosome c. peroxisome b. lysosome d. mitochondrion   3.The most important organelle within the cell is the _____. a. cytoplasm c. golgi apparatus b. nucleus d. mitochondrion   4.An orderly series of steps in which the DNA in the nucleus of the cell.
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6.The smallest unit of a compound is a(n) ____________________. 7.A positively or negatively charged particle is called a(n) ____________________. 8.The four groups of organic compounds are ____________________, ____________________, ____________________, and ____________________ ____________________.     .
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MULTIPLE CHOICE 1.The study of the chemical reactions of living things is called _____. a. anatomy c. physiology b. biochemistry d. physics   2.Sitting is a chair is an example of _____ energy a. potential c. ongoing b. kinetic   3.Atoms that are alike combine to form the next stage of matter, which is a(n) _____. a. compound c. element b. molecule   4.Water makes up what percentage of our body weight? a. 35% to 40% c. 75% to 80% b. 55%to 65% d. greater.
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COMPLETION 1.Special antifungal powders are used to treat blisters that occur between the toes in the condition of _____________________. 2.A chronic, noncontagious inflammatory skin disease is called ____________________. 3.A skin condition in which intensely itchy wheals or welts appear is called ____________________. 4.____________________ are cells that form and contain black pigment. 5.Malignant ____________________ is commonly.
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TRUE/FALSE 1.All of the inherited traits possessed by offspring are established at the time of fertilization. 2.Some sexually transmitted infections can be passed from the mother to her child during the birth process. 3.The prostate gland is about the size and shape of a pear. 4.Sexually transmitted diseases are transmitted through the exchange of.
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6.A(n) ____________________ is a cut or incision on the skin where infection is not present. 7.The ____________________ process will form new vertically upstanding blood cells. 8.____________________ helps in the process of blood coagulation. 9.Name the four main types of tissues: ____________________, ____________________, ____________________, and ____________________. 10.The brain, nerves, spinal cord, and ganglia are organs.
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6.____________________ is the term given to the process that ends the female’s reproductive years. 7.____________________ means the absence of a menstrual cycle. 8.Benign growths that occur in the wall of the uterus are called _________________________. 9.Inflammation of the testes is called ____________________. 10.The most common form of cancer in males over the age of.
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MULTIPLE CHOICE 1.Human somatic cells contain _____ chromosomes. a. 16 c. 46 b. 26 d. 56   2.The process by which an ovum is released from an ovary is called _____. a. ovulation c. menstruation b. fertilization   3.The breakdown in the lining of the endometrium occurs in the _____ stage of the menstrual cycle. a. follicle c. corpus luteum b. ovulation d. menstruation   4.The male sex hormone is called _____. a. progesterone c. estrogen b. testosterone d. myometrium   5.A group of symptoms sometimes exhibited prior to.
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MULTIPLE CHOICE 1.The internal and external surfaces of the body are covered by _____ tissue. a. adipose c. endothelial b. cytoplasm d. epithelial   2.Flat, irregularly shaped cells that line the heart are called _____. a. squamous epithelial c. columnar epithelial b. cuboidal epithelial d. exocrine   3.The type of tissue that surrounds various organs and supports nerve and blood vessels is called _____. a. adipose c. glandular b. areolar d. fibrous   4._____ tissue makes up the skeleton of the.
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