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6.The two main parts of the skeletal system are the ____________________ and the ____________________ skeleton. 7.The spine consists of small bones called ____________________. 8.The points of contact between two bones are called ____________________. 9.The most common type of injury to a bone is a(n) ____________________. 10.____________________ is a joint disorder characterized by an acute.
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MATCHING Match the items. a. sensory neurons b. motor neurons c. associative neurons d. neurotransmitter e. one of the four major parts of the brain f. dura mater g. arachnoid mater 1.also called interneurons 2.also called efferent neurons 3.also called afferent neurons 4.epinephrine 5.norepinephrine 6.acetylcholine 7.outer brain covering 8.middle brain covering 9.diencephalon 10.cerebrum     .
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16) A__________ period refers to the optimal time period when the normal development of a particular skill must take place. a. maturation b. initiation c. sensitive d. fast-mapping 17) Times when certain internal and external influences have a major impact on development are called _______________. a. fetal periods b. sensitive periods c. germinal periods d. latency periods 18) Suppose a.
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MATCHING Match the cranial nerve number with its name. a. I g. VII b. II h. VIII c. III i. IX d. IV j. X e. V k. XI f. VI l. XII 1.oculomotor 2.abducens 3.vestibulocochlear 4.optic 5.trochlear 6.glossopharyngeal 7.olfactory 8.hypoglossal 9.vagus 10.trigeminal 11.spinal accessory 12.facial     .
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21) The placenta is a. the tube through which a developing baby receives nourishment. b. the technical name for the "belly button." c. a specialized organ that provides nourishment and filters away waste products from the developing baby. d. the name for the developing organism until it is 8 weeks old. 22) Which of the.
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COMPLETION 1.Nearly ____________________ of our body weight comes from muscles. 2.Name the three types of muscles: ____________________, ____________________, and ____________________. 3.Name the four characteristics of muscles: _________________________, __________________________, _________________________, and _________________________. 4.The major source of energy for muscles is ______________________________. 5.______________________________ is caused by an accumulation of lactic acid in the muscles.     .
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46) According to Erikson, a sense of producing and contributing to the world is called _______. a. generativity b. self-actualization c. maturation d. worthiness 47) The cessation of menstruation is called __________. a. menopause b. endometriosis c. menarche d. the climacteric 48) Generativity or stagnation are two feelings that may dominate a person's life during a. middle adulthood. b. young adulthood. c. late.
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31) Which of the following is not a known symptom of fetal alcohol syndrome? a. facial malformations b. respiratory difficulties c. deficits in mental functioning d. growth problems 32) Greta's child has facial deformities, learning difficulties, and delayed growth. If these defects can be traced to a teratogen used by Greta when she was pregnant,.
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36) Which of the following theorists believe that people go through stages, each of which has a ”crisis” associated with it? a. Bandura b. Kohlberg c. Piaget d. Erikson 37) Erik Erikson found that each stage in personality development has a particular _______. a. crisis b. conflict c. identity d. anxiety 38) According to Erikson, the last stage of development.
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5. The ongoing development of the _____ may explain why adolescents are known to make risky or poor decisions. a. hippocampus b. temporal lobe c. prefrontal cortex d. parietal lobe 6. According to your text, which of the following statements is true regarding same-sex encounters? a. Most individuals who identify as heterosexual have never had a.
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TRUE/FALSE 1.Axons carry messages to the cell body. Dendrites carry messages away from the cell body. 2.The autonomic nervous system includes peripheral nerves and ganglia. 3.The adult brain weighs about 1,400 grams (3 pounds). 4.The brain contains four lined cavities called ventricles. 5.The cerebral cortex of the frontal lobe controls motor functions.     .
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COMPLETION 1.The ________________________ is the most highly organized system in the body. 2.Nerves carry impulses by creating electric charges in a process known as ________________________. 3.A(n) ____________________ is where a message goes from one cell to the next cell. 4.Name the three divisions of the nervous system: ____________________, ____________________, and ____________________. 5.The ____________________________ is made.
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61) Which behaviour most clearly demonstrates the existence of emotional attachment? a. delayed crawling b. a mother feeding her child c. egocentrism d. stranger anxiety 62) A mother leaves her baby with a babysitter. When the mother returns one hour later, the baby crawls to the mother crying, but then pushes her away when the.
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51) A developmental psychologist presents the conservation-of-liquid task to groups of three-, five-, and seven-year-olds to measure the children’s grasp of the concept of conservation. Which type of study is being described? a. cross-sectional b. longitudinal c. case d. naturalistic 52) A developmental psychologist is interested in the trait of neuroticism and wants to study.
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6.Inflammation of a nerve or nerve trunk is called ____________________. 7._________________________ is a condition that involves the seventh cranial nerve. 8.The instrument used to determine the electrical activity of the muscle is a(n) _________________________. 9.Reaction to a stimulus is called a(n) ____________________. 10.The autonomic nervous system includes ____________________, ____________________, and ____________________, which carry impulses.
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6.The peripheral nervous system connects the central nervous system to structures of the body. 7.The spinal nerves are all mixed nerves. 8.Under normal circumstances, the parasympathetic system would be stronger than the sympathetic system. 9.Both the sympathetic and the parasympathetic nerves are strongly influenced by emotion. 10.Peripheral neuropathy is frequently caused by diabetes.     .
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6.Which of the following is true regarding fibromyalgia? a. It is characterized by sudden acute pain. b. The treatment is surgical. c. The etiology is a bacterial infection. d. It is a collection of symptoms (syndrome).   7.Which of the following hernias occur when the stomach pushes through the diaphragm? a. hiatal c. abdominal b. inguinal   8.Which of the following would be categorized as a recreational injury? a. torticollis c. tetanus b. rotator.
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6.Kyphosis is a. a side-to-side, or lateral, curvature of the spine. b. an exaggerated inward curvature in the lumbar region of the spine. c. a humped curvature in the thoracic area of the spine.   7.Which of the following statements is true about osteoporosis? a. It is characterized by bowleggedness. b. It is a degenerative joint disease. c. There is low bone mass and.
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11) Which of the following is true about longitudinal studies? a. The potential for cohort effects makes them difficult to interpret. b. They are generally cheaper than cross-sectional studies. c. They typically only take a few weeks to perform. d. They are more likely to suffer from attrition than cross-sectional studies. 12) One advantage to.
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6.The three meninges are the dura mater, arachnoid, and pia mater. 7.A lumbar puncture may be done to determine the effectiveness of the blood-brain barrier. 8.The cerebrum is divided into two hemispheres—right and left—by a deep groove, known as the gyri. 9.The occipital lobe houses the visual area controlling eyesight. 10.The diencephalon contains the.
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36) Which ability may take up to 2 months after birth to develop? a. discriminating odours b. seeing objects less than a foot away c. voluntary motor movements d. discriminating between different colours 37) The involuntary muscular reactions to specific types of stimulation seen in newborns are referred to as ___________. a. tremors b. reflexes c. ticks d. spasms 38).
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66) In which way do most contemporary theories of cognitive development differ from Piagetian theory? a. Learning is constructivist in nature. b. Learning is gradual rather than stagelike. c. Learning is based on general domains. d. Learning is a function of acquired knowledge. 67) Researchers are testing three groups of children aged 2½, 3½, and.
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6.Neuroglia is the type of cell that _____. a. is able to react when stimulated b. insulates, supports, and protects neurons c. is able to pass the nerve impulse generated by other cells   7.Another name for a nerve cell is _____. a. neuron c. myelin sheath b. neurilemma d. neuroglia   8.Which of the following systems consists of the brain and spinal cord? a. central nervous system c. autonomic nervous system b. peripheral.
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MULTIPLE CHOICE 1._____ is a chronic inflammatory disease of the central nervous system in which immune cells attack the myelin sheath of the nerve cell axons. a. cerebral palsy c. multiple sclerosis b. poliomyelitis d. encephalitis   2._____ is a progressive disease in which the initial symptom is usually a problem remembering recently learned information. a. dementia c. Down syndrome b. Alzheimer’s disease d. cerebral palsy   3._____ is a seizure.
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6.The coccyx is also known as the tailbone. 7.Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic, autoimmune disease. 8.A hammer toe is a condition sometimes seen in newborns. 9.A whiplash injury is trauma to the lumbar vertebrae. 10.Osteopathic physicians do not take the same licensing boards as medical doctors. 11.The clavicles are also called the collar bones. 12.Most of.
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41) Before puberty, males do not produce sperm, even though their genitals are physically equivalent to a man's. This illustrates which of the following? a. empiricism b. behaviourism c. humanism d. maturation 42) Lawrence Kohlberg is noted for his theories of __________ development. a. cognitive b. social c. moral d. emotional 43) The period of life when a person is.
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TRUE/FALSE 1.There are 200 different muscles in the body. 2.Skeletal muscles must be stimulated by nerve impulses to contract. 3.In order to function, muscles should always be slightly contracted and ready to pull. 4.Skeletal muscles that are not used will hypertrophy, and those that are used excessively will atrophy. 5.A muscle strain is a sustained.
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6.If a person is extremely stressed by the behavior of a colleague, this would mean what? a. The parasympathetic system is dominant. b. The sympathetic system is dominant. c. The central nervous system is dominant.   7.When a provider taps the knee to determine the presence of a knee-jerk reflex, what is happening? a. A message is sent to the.
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6.____________________ may be short-term or long-term. 7.The substance that serves as a liquid shock absorber protecting the brain and spinal cord is called ________________________. 8.The ____________________ is the largest part of the brain. 9.Name the three parts of the brainstem: ____________________, ____________________, and ____________________. 10.____________________ is an inflammation of the brain.     .
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Match the type of motion with its descriptor. a. flexion e. rotation b. abduction f. circumduction c. pronation g. adduction d. supination 9.movement of an extremity away from the midline 10.the palm of the hand is facing upward 11.movement that allows a bone to more around one central axis 12.includes flexion, extension, abduction, and adduction 13.the forearm turns the hand so the palm is downward or backward 14.act of bringing.
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MATCHING Match the name of the skeletal muscle with its location. a. muscle of facial expression c. muscle of the lower extremity b. muscle of the trunk d. muscle of the upper extremity 1.frontalis 2.rectus abdominis 3.trapezius 4.internal oblique 5.gluteus maximus 6.orbicularis oculi 7.gastrocnemius 8.deltoid 9.brachialis 10.pectoralis major     .
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6) Daniel is interested in studying how children's behaviour changes when they grow up in high-risk environments. He enlists 500 children and their parents to take part in his research, and observes these children once a year for 20 years. Although this research is time-consuming and expensive, it gives very.
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6.Exercise and training will alter the ____________________, ____________________, and ____________________ of a muscle. 7._________________________ can occur to muscles that are infrequently used. 8._________________________ occur when there is injury to the muscle tendon in the front of the shin. 9.____________________ diagnose and treat patients whose health problems are associated with the body’s muscular, nervous,.
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COMPLETION 1.The process in which mineral matter replaces previously formed cartilage is called ____________________. 2.Bones grow from the shaft, or ____________________, toward the end of the bones, or the ______________________. 3.Name the five functions of the skeletal system: ______________________________, ______________________________, ______________________________, ______________________________, and ______________________________. 4.The average growth in females continues to about ______________________________ years;.
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COMPLETION 1.A(n) ____________________ is composed of bundles of nerve fibers enclosed by connective tissue. 2.____________________ and ____________________ nerves are part of the peripheral nervous system. 3.There are ____________________ pairs of spinal nerves and ____________________ pairs of cranial nerves. 4.The two divisions of the autonomic nervous system are the ____________________ and ____________________. 5.The simplest type of.
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TRUE/FALSE 1.The peripheral nervous system includes all the nerves that connect the brain and spinal cord with sensory receptors, muscles, and glands. 2.A nerve composed of fibers carrying impulses to the brain or spinal cord from muscles or glands is called an efferent nerve. 3.The spinal nerves are named in relation to their.
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56) A child and her mother are walking through an aquarium. The child knows there are such things as fish, but has never seen a starfish before. Upon seeing one, she says “See the fishie.”Which term best explains the child’s comment? a. assimilation b. accommodation c. egocentrism d. equilibration 57) When Angela plays the game.
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1) One disadvantage of cross-sectional studies is that the differences between ages may be due to ________, and not developmental factors. 2) A (n) ________ is first created when a sperm and an ovum fuse together. 3) According to Piaget, ________ occurs when children add new information, but interpret it based on.
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MATCHING Match the statement in the first column with the structure in the second column. a. movable joint b. immovable joint c. area between two articular cartilages d. partially movable joint e. lining of the articular cartilage f. example of a pivot joint g. joint connected by tough fibrous tissue h. elastic material between vertebrae 1.diarthrosis 2.amphiarthrosis 3.disk 4.synovial membrane 5.synarthrosis 6.synovial cavity 7.suture 8.radius and ulna     .
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MULTIPLE CHOICE 1.Ligaments are _____. a. fibrous bands that connect bones to muscles b. osteocytes c. fibrous bands that connect bones and cartilages d. joints   2.How many bones are in the skull? a. 8 c. 22 b. 12 d. 36   3.Which bones make up the upper jaw? a. maxilla c. parietal b. ethmoid d. lacrimal   4.When a fracture is repaired surgically, it is called _____. a. open reduction c. traction b. closed reduction   5.Which of the following types of fractures is the simplest type? a. compound, or.
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MULTIPLE CHOICE 1.Which plexus supplies motor movement to the posterior of the legs and thighs? a. cervical c. lumbar b. brachial d. sacral   2.Which plexus supplies motor movement to the shoulder, wrist, and hand? a. cervical c. lumbar b. brachial d. sacral   3.The cranial nerve that regulates hearing and balance is _____. a. VIII c. V b. VI d. III   4.The cranial nerve that regulates vision is _____. a. I c. II b. IV d. V   5.A nerve composed of fibers that carry impulses from the sense.
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11.The neurotransmitter between muscle cells and the nervous system cells is _____. a. epinephrine c. norepinephrine b. acetylcholine   12.Without oxygen, brain damage will occur within _____. a. 2 to 3 minutes c. 10 to 15 minutes b. 4 to 8 minutes d. 25 to 30 minutes   13.When someone says “I need to use my gray matter,” they are referring to the _____. a. cerebellum c. cerebral cortex b. brainstem d. meninges   14.Which of the following.
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MULTIPLE CHOICE 1.The muscle on the back of the upper arm is called the _____. a. bicep c. deltoid b. tricep   2.The part of a skeletal muscle that is attached to a fixed structure is called the _____. a. origin c. prime mover b. insertion d. ligament   3.The ability of a muscle to return to its original length is called _____. a. excitability c. contractibility b. elasticity d. extensibility   4.The ability of a muscle to reduce.
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6) The ________, which is involved in impulse control, regulates mood, and facilitates planning, organizing, and reasoning, is still developing during adolescence. 7) Frederique's 5-year-old son believes that people shouldn't steal because, "They might get in trouble!" This is consistent with the ________ stage of moral reasoning. 8) Alzheimer's is a neurodegenerative.
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