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56) When her older brother hides behind the sofa, Carmella looks behind the sofa to find him. Carmella has developed ______________. a. object permanence b. equilibration c. conservation d. assimilation 57) Which of the following is the correct order of stages in Piaget's theory of cognitive development? a. formal operational, concrete operational, preoperational, sensory motor b. preoperational,.
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46) Jean Piaget is best known for his pioneering work in the area of ________ development. a. social b. cognitive c. psychosocial d. identity 47) The study of changes in memory, thought, and reasoning processes that occur throughout the lifespan is called _____________. a. mind development b. biodevelopment c. child psychology d. cognitive development 48) In Piaget's theory, the process.
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21) _______ is most famous for his theory that all children go through a series of sequential intellectual stages. a. Ainsworth b. Bowlby c. Gesell d. Piaget 22) The belief that one is the centre of the world is called by Piaget: a. animism. b. egocentrism. c. self-centring. d. centrismic thinking. 23) Which of the following states has as a.
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11) Phyllis feels hungry even after she has eaten large meals and has been gaining weight. A doctor diagnoses her with a neurological disorder that affects a specific structure in the brain. Which of the following is most likely to be the affected brain region? a. thalamus b. basal ganglia c. hypothalamus d. locus.
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36) The first systematic surveys of sexual behaviour were conducted from 1938 to 1952 by a. Masters and Johnson. b. Meston and Buss. c. Alfred Kinsey. d. Sigmund Freud. 37) Kinsey believed that a. sexual orientation was an either/or situation. b. sexual orientation was on a continuum. c. sexual orientation was too sensitive to be studied. d. premarital sex.
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1) A group of psychologists studies how adults change and grow, both psychologically and physiologically, as they age. These psychologists are most like ___________. a. personality psychologists b. social psychologists c. organizational psychologists d. developmental psychologists 2) The description and explanation of behavioural changes in the individual and the differences between individuals from conception to.
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81) Which statement is most consistent with the James-Lange theory of emotion? a. "I run because I'm afraid." b. "I'm happy because I laugh." c. "I'm crying because I'm sad." d. "I'm anxious because I perspire." 82) What is the correct sequence of events in emotional response according to the Cannon-Bard theory? a. stimulus --> emotion.
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86) Which is an example of facial feedback hypothesis? a. smiling in order to draw a smile from a friend b. avoiding eye contact in order to avoid talking to someone c. making yourself smile, then finding that your mood is more positive d. trying to make eye contact in order to flirt with.
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101) You don’t like a supper your partner has prepared, but you decide to thank your partner for preparing it rather than stating your opinion. Which of the ”four horsemen of the relationship apocalypse” have you just avoided? a. criticism b. contempt c. defensiveness d. stonewalling 102) Your partner says he is hurt that you.
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1) Motivation is best described as a. the physiological triggers that tell us we may be deprived of something and cause us to seek out what is needed, such as food. b. the body's physiological processes that allow it to maintain consistent internal states in response to the outer environment. c. the stimuli.
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91) According to the two-factor theory of emotion, appraisal of the situation would come _______ the physical arousal and _______ the experience of emotion. a. before; after b. after; before c. before; before d. after; after 92) Schachter proposed that two things have to happen before emotion occurs: _____ and _____. a. physical arousal; fight or.
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96) The highest level of moral reasoning, called __________ morality, is based on internal principles that transcend society. a. conventional b. postconventional c. preconventional d. retroconventional 97) Young Jamal is asked whether it is right for a police officer to give a speeding ticket to a man who is driving his daughter to the hospital.
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2) Research into the sexual response cycle of men and women has revealed some surprising similarities and differences. Describe some of these similarities and differences. 3) Lie detectors are a common part of many television shows and movies. How does the traditional polygraph detector work? Do they appear to actually determine.
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11) Schacter-Singer's famous emotion experiment showed that a. physiological arousal came after emotional arousal. b. a physiologically aroused person will label his arousal as greater when people are duped or misled. c. emotional arousal is greater when people are duped or misled. d. emotions start in the cortex and are sent to one's internal.
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41) Equipment to measure physiological activity during sexual activity was used by a. Kinsey. b. Freud. c. Skinner. d. Masters and Johnson. 42) The four stages of sexual activity include excitement, plateau, orgasm and a. refraction. b. rest. c. reinforcement. d. resolution. 43) The first phase of the sexual response is a. excitement. b. plateau. c. orgasm. d. resolution. 44) The second phase of the.
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71) Which of the following is true regarding lie detectors? a. Lie detectors are accepted as valid evidence in most U.S. courts, but not in other countries. b. Research suggests that traditional polygraphs are about 78% accurate as lie detectors. c. Polygraphs are able to detect arousal, but are not valid indicators of.
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6) From the second week until the third month after conception, the developing organism is called a(n) __________. a. neonate b. fetus c. zygote d. embryo 7) The __________ roughly resembles a human being. a. zygote b. fetus c. embryo d. placenta 8) The drug most abused by pregnant women is __________. a. nicotine b. marijuana c. cocaine d. alcohol 9) The most obvious change.
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1) Sexual orientation is defined primarily by whether or not an individual engages in same-sex behaviour. a. True b. False 2) Maslow hypothesized movement through a hierarchy of needs, beginning with survival needs for sleep, food, and water and reaching needs for self-actualization. a. True b. False 3) Loneliness is a risk factor for illnesses such.
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6) For Maslow, the most highly evolved motive is _______. a. esteem b. physiological need c. intellectual need d. self-actualization 7) The correct order of Maslow's hierarchy of motives from most primitive to the most complex and human is _______. a. safety, physiological, belongingness, esteem, self-actualization b. physiological, esteem, self-actualization, safety, belongingness c. physiological, esteem, safety, belongingness, self-actualization d..
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5) According to the psychologist ________ humans have a "hierarchy of needs," such that basic needs must be met before higher needs can be addressed. 6) ________ motives reflect a desire to understand or overcome a challenge for its own sake. 7) A ________ is a device that can measure physiological arousal.
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16) According to Piaget, the stage of cognitive development between two and seven years of age, in which the individual becomes able to use mental representations and language to describe, remember, and reason about the world, though only in an egocentric fashion, is the __________ stage. a. concrete operations b. preoperational c. sensorimotor d..
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31) _______________ is an eating disorder characterized by a fear of being fat, a distorted body image, radically reduced consumption of food, and emaciation. a. Anorexia nervosa b. Body-image distortion c. Bulimia d. Leptin 32) An eating disorder characterized by episodes of excessive eating followed by forced vomiting or the use of laxatives is called a..
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91) __________ is to girls as __________ is to boys. a. Menarche; spermarche b. Spermarche; menarche c. Puberty; adolescence d. Adolescence; puberty 92) During menarche, adolescents experience a. the onset of menstruation. b. the first ejaculation. c. voice changes. d. the end of menstruation. 93) Excessive risk taking during adolescence is caused, at least in part, by the fact that.
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46) Rashid has just had an orgasm. However, his partner is still excited and wants Rashid to continue his sexual activity. Unfortunately, Rashid has lost his erection. Rashid is probably now in the a. refractory period. b. male menopause. c. disruptive period. d. plateau. 47) Masters and Johnson reported that unlike men, women a. can only.
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61) According to Piaget, a child in the _____________ stage of cognitive development should be able to understand many mathematical concepts such as transitivity, but is likely to have difficulty understanding the more abstract ideas found in algebra. a. formal operational b. preoperational c. concrete operational d. sensorimotor 62) During which of Piaget's stages does.
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66) Procrastination is least likely to occur with which combination of motivation and goal for completing the project? a. performance; avoidance. b. performance; approach c. mastery; approach d. mastery; avoidance 67) Emotion is defined as a. the process by which the facial muscles send messages to the brain about bodily changes. b. a behaviour with the following.
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5) Children who are born both deaf and blind show the same facial expressions and emotions as people who see and hear. a. True b. False 6) The polygraph detects the physiological patterns of responses that are specific to lying. a. True b. False 7) The facial feedback hypothesis and the James-Lange theory are conceptually very.
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26) What event marks the end of the Piagetian stage of sensorimotor development? a. the ability to do abstract thinking b. the ability to do reversible thinking c. the development of conservation d. the development of object permanence 27) Piaget attributed cognitive development to the interaction of what two processes? a. assimilation and accommodation b. assimilation and.
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61) _______________motivation is the drive to perform at high levels and to accomplish significant goals. a. Reward b. Performance c. Achievement d. Approach 62) ____________motives are geared toward gaining rewards or public recognition. a. Mastery b. Performance c. Egocentric d. Approach 63) _______________ goals are positive experiences that you seek directly. a. Approach b. Performance c. Mastery d. Learning 64) _______________ goals involve the effort.
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6) Recent research has confirmed Piaget's belief that children are egocentric through the entire preoperational stage. a. True b. False 7) Adolescents are more likely to engage in risky behaviour when they are in the presence of other adolescents. a. True b. False 8) Older adults who exercise their brains with challenging activities have a better.
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41) In a study discussed in your textbook, researchers surveyed mothers from different cultures about when they expected their newborns to develop specific motor skills such as walking. In cultures where the mothers expected their children to reach these milestones earlier, a. their children actually matured slower than average. b. their children.
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86) ___________ marks the transition from childhood to adolescence. a. Marriage b. Entering the formal operational stage c. Puberty d. Becoming 13 years old 87) Which of the following is an example of a primary sex characteristic? a. changes in vocal tone b. growth of the breasts c. growth of the genitals d. growth of facial hair 88) The body's.
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106) Which of the following marks the biological beginning of adulthood according to psychologists? a. the loss of virginity b. turning 18 c. puberty d. The start of adulthood is usually defined by sociocultural norms and does not have a biological marker. 107) The cessation of menstruation is called ___________. a. menopause b. endometriosis c. menarche d. the climacteric 108).
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21) Which of the following would NOT be considered a psychological factor that motivates eating? a. social setting b. low blood sugar c. flavor and texture d. portion size 22) Most people have a preference for foods with a high fat content (e.g., red meat, cheese, cream). From an evolutionary perspective, what does this suggest? a..
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111) As people move into old age, the speed of cognitive processing a. slows down. b. increases, but only for those who take vitamins. c. declines along with crystallized intelligence. d. does not change at all. 112) In general, as older adults age, a. all cognitive abilities decline. b. no cognitive abilities decline in healthy adults. c. some.
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