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Study Resources (Anatomy And Physiology)

1) In caring for a fractured clavicle, which of the following methods of splinting should you use? A) sling only B) figure-eight bandage C) traction splint D) swath only 2) An obvious and palpable lump over the tip of the shoulder would be an indication of shoulder: A) separation. B) dislocation. C) fracture. D) strain. 3) What type of splint.
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11) Which of the following would not be used to treat a poisoning victim? A) activated charcoal B) syrup of ipecac C) colloidal oatmeal D) calamine lotion 12) The adult dose for activated charcoal is: A) 1 gram/kilogram of body weight. B) 2 grams/kilogram of body weight. C) 10 grams/kilogram of body weight. D) 20 grams/kilogram of body.
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1) Most brain injuries are caused by: A) recreation. B) disease. C) trauma. D) sports. 2) A brain injury in which the head comes to a sudden stop but the brain continues to move back and forth inside the skull is: A) coup-contrecoup. B) a brain contusion. C) an epidermal hematoma. D) a subdural hematoma. 3) When the.
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1) The internal bleeding that results from a ________ can be severe enough to cause deep shock and/or death. A) contusion B) hematoma C) crush injury D) wound 2) Contusions, hematoma, and crush injuries are all types of: A) closed injuries. B) open injuries. C) fractures. D) lacerations. 3) A collection.
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35) Soft-tissue injuries are often the most obvious and dramatic and usually the most serious type of injury. 36) A traumatically induced injury that disrupts the normal continuity of the tissue, organ, or bone is referred to as a wound. 37) In a contusion, the dermis remains intact but there.
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28) Head injuries affect 500,000 children under fourteen years of age. 29) Skull fracture itself presents little danger unless accompanied by brain injury. 30) When assessing a head wound, palpate the wound to determine size and depth of the injury. 31) To control bleeding of an open or depressed skull injury,.
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21) Dull eyes, dilated pupils, and shallow irregular breathing are signs of what stage of shock? A) compensatory B) progressive C) irreversible 22) You can prevent shock by: A) controlling bleeding. B) giving the victim an alcoholic drink. C) giving the victim an aspirin. D) cooling the victim quickly. 23) The best position.
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1) When the body cannot compensate quickly enough for uncontrollable bleeding, the result is: A) cardiac arrest. B) a heart attack. C) unresponsiveness. D) shock. 2) Platelets help the blood to: A) clot. B) control infection. C) carry oxygen. D) carry carbon dioxide. 3) The severity of bleeding depends on its source; the most difficult.
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21) Drooling, difficult speech, and pain around the ears are all signs of: A) lower jaw fracture. B) upper jaw fracture. C) nasal fracture. D) malar fracture. 22) What is the first priority in caring for a victim of maxillofacial (jaw and face) fracture? A) splinting the jaw B) controlling bleeding C).
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1) Poisoning is the ________ cause of accidental death in the United States. A) number-one B) second leading C) third leading D) fourth leading 2) Toxic dusts, gases, and fumes are poisons that enter the body through: A) ingestion. B) inhalation. C) injection. D) absorption. 3) How many of all poisoning incidents involve drugs? A) one-fourth B) two-thirds C) one-half D) three-fourths.
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21) Pain associated with movement is a sign of spinal injury. Assess the victim's pain by: A) asking the victim to move. B) moving the victim yourself. C) asking the victim where it hurts. D) looking for bruising. 22) What is the most reliable sign of spinal injury in a responsive victim? A) impaired breathing B).
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31) Poisons can enter the body through ingestion, intention, injection, or absorption. 32) The goal of first aid care for swallowed poisons is to rid the body of the poison before it enters the intestinal tract. 33) Half of all plant poisonings are caused by mushrooms. 34) If all signs.
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1) Which one of the following statements about chest injuries is not true? A) All chest trauma should be considered life threatening until proven otherwise. B) Chest injury is the number-one leading cause of death from trauma. C) Victims of chest injury can look fine but deteriorate suddenly. D) You.
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31) The most dramatic chest injuries are usually the most life-threatening as well. 32) There are two categories of chest injury: open and closed. 33) Hemoptysis is the coughing up of dark brown blood. 34) Flail chest, defined by two or more adjacent ribs fractured in two or more places,.
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25) The acromioclavicular joint is the joint in the shoulder where the clavicle and scapula join. 26) A shoulder separation is a more severe injury than a dislocation. 27) To care for a mild shoulder separation, immobilize the shoulder with a roller or elastic bandage. 28) Because the growth plate.
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33) Bandaging too tightly and not covering the entire dressing are the two most common mistakes in bandaging. 34) If a bandage becomes loose, wounds may bleed or become infected and broken bones can further displace. 35) You should frequently check the color and warmth of skin beyond an elastic.
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21) When assessing a victim for abdominal injury, gently palpate all: A) upper extremities. B) parts of the head and neck. C) lower extremities. D) quadrants. 22) Often victims with abdominal injuries will be found: A) sitting upright. B) on their back with head elevated. C) on their side in fetal position. D) on.
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11) Why must a hemophiliac be transported by EMS to a hospital immediately? A) Their blood clots very quickly. B) A hemophiliac will not bleed. C) Their blood will not clot without additional medication. D) There is no need for EMS assistance. 12)  Arterial bleeding is characterized by: A) dark red blood. B) dark blue blood. C) bright.
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21) An improvised splint should not be: A) light in weight. B) firm and rigid. C) padded. D) shorter than the bone. 22) Before and after splinting, it is important to assess: A) breathing patterns. B) blood loss. C) pulse and sensation. D) responsiveness. 23) Improper splinting can result in: A) increased distal circulation. B) reduced distal circulation. C) reduced transport time. D).
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1) The human musculoskeletal system is composed of more than ________ muscles. A) 200 B) 300 C) 600 D) 500 2) Which of the following is not one of the four major functions of the skeletal system? A) to give shape and form to the body B) to support the body C) to protect major body organs D) protect.
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11) In caring for metacarpal (finger) fractures, assess for circulation every few minutes by checking: A) for sensation in the fingertips. B) for discoloration of the fingertips. C) radial pulse. D) capillary refill. 12) With nondisplaced fractures of the fingers, there is usually a great deal of: A) swelling. B) deformity. C) pain. D) numbness. 13) A tenderness when.
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11) The use of two gauze rolls, wrapped alternately around and across the wound until it is wrapped completely is an example of: A) roller bandages. B) cravat bandages. C) triangular bandages. D) improvised bandage. 12) Generally, elastic roller bandages are not encouraged for use to: A) compress a strain. B) compress a.
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21) After activating the EMS system, the next priority when caring for a victim of inhaled poisons is to: A) get the victim into fresh air. B) check for contraindicating injuries. C) start artificial ventilation. D) start CPR. 22) If you suspect the victim has inhaled carbon monoxide, move the victim at least ________ feet.
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41) Charcoal briquettes used for outdoor cooking can be crushed up and ingested for an ingested poisoning victim. 42) The signs and symptoms of carbon monoxide poisoning change with time and intensity of the poisoning. 43) If people and pets in the same environment share the same symptoms, you should.
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