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16) To conform is to yield to __________. a. social norms b. cognitive dissonance c. secondary processes d. response cues 17) Asch (1951) used __________ to study informational conformity. a. the “kinetic effect” b. the latency of response c. social loafing in a tug of war group d. line lengths 18) Changing one's behaviour in response to real or perceived.
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1) The leading cause of preventable death in Canada today is obesity. a. True b. False 2) According to set point theory, the body tries to maintain body weight within a relatively small range. a. True b. False 3) In terms of health, both spouses benefit equally from marriage. a. True b. False 4) Some stress is actually beneficial.
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1) The Stanford Prison Study has been criticized on the basis of _____________. a. methodological weaknesses b. inability to replicate it c. lack of real-life application d. ethics 2) In the famous Milgram experiment on obedience, who received a shock? a. the “learner” b. no one c. the confederate d. the subject 3) Following orders is referred to as _______.
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56) Which major life event on the Social Readjustment Rating Scale has the highest number of "stress units"? a. Divorce b. Marriage c. Death of a spouse d. Damage to the home 57) Adelaida hears a rattling sound as she hikes through the desert. Her muscles tense and her blood pressure rises. According to Hans.
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91) According to some researchers, one way to measure implicit prejudice is to a. use the Implicit Associations Test. b. count the number of stereotypes they use when describing individuals. c. ask participants how they feel about different racial and ethnic groups. d. use the Open Demonstration of Hostility Measurement Scale. 92) Which of the.
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11) Learned, relatively enduring feelings about objects, events, or issues are called ___________. a. norms b. opinions c. attitudes d. emotions 12) What theory was advanced by Festinger? a. balance b. cognitive heuristic c. cognitive dissonance d. confirmation bias 13) According to Festinger, the feeling of discomfort that results from the realization that our beliefs and our behaviours are discrepant.
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11) Which statistic is commonly used to screen people for weight categories that indicate whether they are considered normal weight, underweight, overweight, or obese? a. set point b. positive energy balance c. body mass index d. obesity rate 12) The body mass index allows people to a. calculate how many calories they should eat each day. b..
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81) The Type A behaviour pattern is a significant predictor of _____________. a. mental illness b. coronary heart disease c. cancer d. respiratory illnesses 82) Which Type A personality characteristic is the key trait that is linked to heart disease? a. hostility b. compulsiveness c. competitiveness d. chronic irritability 83) ____________refers to the processes used to manage demands, stress, and.
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6) Which of the following has been the MOST DIFFICULT for health psychologists to demonstrate through research? a. Smoking is correlated with watching movie stars smoke. b. Watching movie stars smoke causes adolescents to smoke. c. Adolescents who smoke identify with movie stars who smoke. d. Adolescents who smoke are exposed to more smoking.
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46) Cognitive dissonance is a. a state of tension that occurs when a person simultaneously holds two cognitions that are psychologically inconsistent. b. the tendency of members of a group to avoid taking responsibility for their actions because they assume that others will do so. c. the tendency for members of a close-knit.
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81) According to the self-serving bias concept, we tend to use ______________ attributions for ourselves when we do something well, and_______________ attributions when we fail or commit errors. a. external; internal b. internal; external c. dispositional; internal d. external; situational 82) A politician wants to be re-elected in his district. The politician knows that half.
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1) ________ is the leading cause of preventable disease and death in Canada. 2) It is believed that ________ is responsible for the fact that watching television is correlated with obesity in men, whereas spending more time on a computer is not. 3) Events or stimuli which trigger a stress response are.
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41) Miranda is questioning whether her upcoming business trip, where she must travel through an area with many mountains, will pose a danger for her. As such, this example illustrates _______________. a. a stress reaction b. coping c. primary appraisal d. secondary appraisal 42) Imagine that you have just flunked a class. You evaluate this.
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26) High stress levels and poor nutrition put children who grow up in low socioeconomic status communities at a greater risk of developing ___________ as adults. a. schizophrenia b. heart disease c. post-traumatic growth d. social contagion 27) People with low socioeconomic status tend to have worse health than do those with high status. One.
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46) The Social Readjustment Rating Scale was designed to measure change due to ________________. a. natural disasters b. major life events c. social difficulties d. negative life events 47) The Social Readjustment Rating Scale measures stress related to _____________. a. positive and negative life events b. only negative life events c. only positive life events d. internal stressors 48) ______________.
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96) What term do psychologists use for the phenomenon that occurs when people are less likely to aid a person in trouble if there are other people around who are also potential helpers? a. bystander effect b. sole-witness effect c. subtle aggressive effect d. antisocial behaviour effect 97) A car crash woke John from his.
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a. increased steadily b. decreased steadily c. stayed relatively constant d. increased for men and decreased for women 2. What effect does watching food commercials have on the eating habits of viewers? a. Food commercials generally have little to no effect on eating habits. b. People are more likely to eat the specific product being advertised.
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1) _____________ psychologists study both positive and negative impacts that humans' behaviour and decisions have on their health, survival, and well-being. a. Physiological b. Developmental c. Health d. Medicinal 2) Health psychologists are primarily interested in how an individual's ____________ affects his or her health. a. physiology b. genetics c. development d. behaviour 3) Unlike in the past, most premature.
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76) The tendency to give too much emphasis to personal factors when accounting for other people's actions is called a. the primacy effect. b. defensive attribution. c. the fundamental attribution error. d. the just world hypothesis. 77) When people are trying to find reasons for someone else's behaviour, they tend to a. ignore dispositional attributions in.
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21) The technique used for studying conformity was developed by a. Festinger. b. Asch. c. Lewin. d. Thorndike. 22) A very cohesive group, insulated from outside opinion, with a respected leader, must make a decision quickly. As they deliberate, this group should be especially aware of the phenomenon called a. deindividuation. b. social facilitation. c. groupthink. d. group polarization. 23).
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76) Research suggests that two ways in which cancer patients can potentially slow the disease's progressions are a. stimulating the body's fight-or-flight response and guided imagery b. strenuous exercise and stimulating the HPA axis c. allowing themselves to become angry about having cancer and accepting that they will probably die. d. learning anger management.
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41) Which statement best describes an important finding of Milgram's classic research? a. Individuals easily conform to group norms. b. The presence of other people makes aggression more likely. c. People will easily obey an authority figure and do harm to others. d. Agreeing to a small request makes it more likely you will.
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6) Most ulcers are caused by stress. a. True b. False 7) Optimists are better protected against coronary heart disease than are pessimists. a. True b. False 8) Circumstances in which people have little or no control are less stressful because they do not require decisions or choices. a. True b. False 9) When people feel their sense of.
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21) The increase in the number of children living sedentary lifestyles is likely due in part to ___________. a. video games b. increased time spent in school c. stress d. television advertising 22) For __________, lower income is associated with higher obesity rates, while the opposite is true for ___________. a. adults; children b. children; adults c. men;.
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1) According to set point theory, a person’s initial weight is determined by: a. heredity. b. eating habits during adolescence and adulthood. c. diet during the first two years of life. d. the mother's diet before birth of the child. 2) According to __________ theory, when a person add 10% to their weight their metabolism.
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106) ________________ is a protein in the nervous system that promotes survival, growth, and formation of new synapses. a. Flavonoid b. Omega-3 fatty acid c. Oxytocin d. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor 107) What is BDNF? a. a stress hormone b. a nutrient found in various plants c. a brain protein which increases following intense exercise d. a type of meditation 108).
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26) Groupthink can be avoided by a. having a strong leader. b. inviting outsiders to give their opinions. c. striving for a consensus among members. d. having bright, well-informed members. 27) What is the tendency to make internal attributions when we succeed and external attributions when we fail? a. self-attribution error b. fundamental attribution error c. self-serving bias d..
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36) Overtime, groups of people who interact regularly can become increasingly similar in terms of body weight, smoking habits, and even happiness. This increased similarity is likely due to ____________. a. genetic factors b. social contagion c. set point changes d. coincidence 37) ________ occurs when the demands of a situation exceed our ability to.
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71) When driving down the highway, Caesar could not help but notice the young-looking teenager who seemed to be driving in a reckless manner. He immediately assumed that he was one of those defiant, careless, and irresponsible teens who really did not deserve a licence. Caesar just made a(n) a. situational.
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71) The hormones vasopressin and oxytocin are associated with _______________ and might be related to ________. a. positive social relationships; good health b. positive social relationships; poor health c. childhood stress; good health d. childhood stress; poor health 72) Men who experience ongoing stress are at a much higher risk of developing coronary heart disease.
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16) According to set point theory, the set point is initially set by _______________, but can be modified by ______________. a. genetic factors; environmental factors b. environmental factors; genetic factors c. exercise; caloric intake d. caloric intake; exercise. 17) According to set point theory, which of the following could cause a person's set point to.
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51) Generally speaking, low levels of arousal facilitate ______________, while higher levels of arousal facilitate ______________. a. studying; test taking b. test taking; studying c. solving complex tasks; solving simple tasks d. solving simple tasks; solving complex tasks 52) The term "fight-or-flight response" was coined by American psychologist ______________. a. William James b. Walter Cannon c. Francis Sumner d..
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6. The health benefits of close social relationships, such as marriage, appear to be due in part to a hormone called _____. a. HPA b. cortisol c. oxytocin d. Helicobacter pylori 7. Which aspect of Type A personality is most closely correlated with increased risk for heart disease? a. competitiveness b. anger and hostility c. patience d. worrying about.
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56) The ________ technique involves asking for an unreasonably large request before asking for the small request you are hoping to have granted. a. foot-in-the-door b. door-in-the-face c. low-ball d. bait-and-switch 57) Miranda received a phone call from a telemarketer for a local charity. The telemarketer asked for a $1000 donation. When Miranda refused, the.
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86) When looking at a glass that is neither completely full nor completely empty, a(n) __________ might say "that glass is half full," while a(n) ____________ might say " no, that glass is half empty!" a. pessimist; optimist b. realist; pessimist c. optimist; realist d. optimist; pessimist 87) Adena looks on the bright side of.
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61) When you are under stress, the _______________ sends messages to the endocrine glands along two major pathways. a. amygdala b. hippocampus c. hypothalamus d. corpus callosum 62) When a person is under stress, the hypothalamus activates the __________ system, producing the release of epinephrine and norepinephrine into the body. a. somatic nervous b. reticular activating c. parasympathetic.
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6) Following the direct orders of someone in a position of higher authority is called: a. compliance. b. conformity. c. obedience. d. consent. 7) _______ found that normal people in normal times will often follow orders to hurt innocent people. a. Solomon Asch b. Kurt Lewin c. Carolyn Sherif d. Stanley Milgram 8) In the Milgram experiment on obedience, the.
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1) Social norms are specific sets of behaviours that are associated with a position within a group. a. True b. False 2) Conformity is sometimes a conscious decision. a. True b. False 3) In variations of Stanley Milgram's study on obedience, "teachers" were more likely to disobey and refuse to continue when the experimenter wore street.
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