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Study Resources (Accounting)

21) Every computer has a(n) ________, which is a program that controls that computer's resources. A) operating system B) browser C) central processing unit D) instruction set 22) Which of the following operating systems was developed by the open source community? A) Opera B) Windows C) Linux D) Mac OS 23) Which of the following operating systems is most commonly.
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11) A(n) ________ is a program that controls the computer's resources. A) cache B) operating system C) CPU D) bus 12) When there is not enough memory to load additional programs in the main memory, the operating system removes some programs/data and replaces it with the newly requested programs/data through a process called ________. A) data.
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  Multiple Choice 1) The distinguishing characteristic of a LAN is ________. A) that it connects at multiple locations B) that it connects at a single location C) that it is a network of networks D) that all lines need not reside at the same geographic location 2) A ________ connects computers at different geographic locations. A) LAN B).
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True or False 1) Databases are required to keep track of lists with multiple themes. 2) A database is a self-describing collection of integrated records. 3) Bytes, which are characters of data, are grouped into rows. 4) Columns are also called records. 5) The collection of data for all columns is called a file. 6) A.
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6) Define information. 7) Explain data with an example. 8) Define accurate information. Why is an information system providing accurate information crucial to an organization? 9) Explain the importance of timeliness of information in an organization. 10) In some cases, developing systems that provide information in near real time is much more difficult.
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11) What role does an individual's thinking play in the five components of an information system? 12) Define relevant data. Explain the importance of relevant data in an organizational context. 13) Explain the importance of just barely sufficient data in the information age we live in. 14) What are the costs associated with.
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Essay 1) Briefly describe how organizational strategy determines the structure of information systems. 2) Describe Porter's five forces model. 3) What are the four competitive strategies based on Porter's five forces model? 4) How does competitive strategy determine value chain structure? .
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21) Which of the following refers to information that is based on correct and complete data, and has been processed correctly as expected? A) relevant information B) measurable information C) accurate information D) timely information 22) A monthly report that arrives 6 weeks late is an example of information that is not ________. A) timely B).
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11) Pure database data in raw form are most pertinent and useful. 12) Each of the elements of the database application system calls on the database management system to process the database tables. 13) Most organizations develop their own DBMS. 14) DB2 is a popular DBMS product that is licensed from Microsoft. 15) Hypertext.
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5) Distinguish between a primary and a support activity in the value chain. Support activities are business functions that assist and facilitate the primary activities. 6) Differentiate between value and margin. 7) Describe, using an example, the primary activities in a value chain. 8) What is a value chain? List the primary activities in.
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9) What is virtualization? 10) How can individuals and firms buy computer programs? 11) What is unique about Linux as an operating system? 12) What are the different categories of application programs? 13) What are the drawbacks of developing custom application software for an organization? .
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21) Collecting, storing, and physically distributing the product to buyers describes which of the following primary activities? A) inbound logistics B) sales and marketing C) outbound logistics D) operations/management 22) Inducing buyers to purchase the product and providing a means for them to do so describes which of the following primary activities? A) inbound logistics B) sales.
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  Multiple Choice 1) Porter originally developed the five forces model to determine ________. A) the potential profitability of an industry B) the nature of competitive industrial environments C) the reason why certain industries collapse D) the means by which to improve industrial viability 2) The competitive strategy followed by an organization is derived from its ________. A).
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Essay 1) What is a business process? Define activities. 2) List the components of a business process. 3) Briefly describe a repository. 4) Briefly describe data flows. 5) Describe the process of automation against the background of the five-component framework of an information system. .
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True or False 1) Competitive strategy determines an organization's value chain. 2) Porter originally developed the five forces model in order to understand organizations' competitive environment. 3) According to Porter's five forces model, a company is profitable if all the five competitive forces are strong. 4) The bargaining power of competitors is one of.
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21) Automation moves work from the software component to the data component. 22) One of the major benefits of an information system is labor savings. 23) Data that is summed is called information. 24) Information is data presented in a meaningful context. 25) Information is data processed by summing, ordering, averaging, grouping, comparing, or.
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21) SQL stands for ________. A) Standard Query Language B) Secondary Query Language C) Structured Query Language D) Simplified Query Language 22) ________ is an international standard language for processing a database. A) Hypertext Markup Language B) Dynamic HTML C) Structured Query Language D) Sybase Language 23) During which of the following functions of a database are tools provided for.
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11) What is the defining characteristic of the outermost components (hardware and people) of the IS framework? A) They take actions. B) They are the costliest components in the framework. C) They are both sets of instructions. D) They are sunk costs. 12) The software and procedure components of the IS framework are both ________. A).
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21) The application program serves as an intermediary between the Web server and the database. 22) The lost-update problem can be prevented by a type of locking which must be used to coordinate the activities of users who know nothing about one another. 23) Enterprise DBMS products are designed for smaller, simpler.
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11) Process quality can be measured in two dimensions: process effectiveness and process efficiency. 12) Buyers read vendor and product data from the vendor data repository, but they don't write them. 13) Effectiveness is the ratio of benefits to cost. 14) An activity is considered automated when it is characterized by people following.
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31) Accurate information is information that is based on correct and complete data, and has been processed correctly as expected. 32) The quality of our thinking is a large part of the quality of the information system we use, especially for unstructured processes. 33) Just barely sufficient information is information that is.
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21) The S in HTTPS stands for ________. A) site B) safety C) speed D) secure 22) One very common use of FTP is to ________. A) maintain Web sites B) transmit emails C) format responses D) implement protocol 23) The ________ is the Internet-based network of browsers and servers that process HTTP or HTTPS. A) FTP B) SMTP C) Web D) Data link 24).
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True or False 1) Hardware consists of electronic components and related gadgetry that input, process, output, and store data according to instructions encoded in computer programs or software. 2) Printers are examples of output hardware. 3) A flatbed plotter is an example of an input device. 4) The CPU selects instructions, processes them, performs.
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11) According to Porter, to be effective, the organization's goals, objectives, culture, and activities must be consistent with the organization's strategy. 12) Organizations analyze the structure of their industry, and, using that analysis, they formulate a competitive strategy. 13) A business that selects a differentiation strategy would always structure itself around least-cost.
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  Multiple Choice 1) A ________ is a network of activities, roles, resources, repositories, and data flows that interact to accomplish a business function. A) workgroup B) task force C) grid D) business process 2) ________ are specific tasks that need to be accomplished as part of the business process. A) Repositories B) Resources C) Activities D) Databases 3) A ________.
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Multiple Choice 1) Which device listed below is an example of an output hardware device? A) keyboard B) flatbed plotter C) CPU D) magnetic disk 2) Which of the following is considered to be input hardware? A) keyboard B) printers C) speakers D) screen projectors 3) One ________ = 1024 kilobytes. A) terabyte B) megabyte C) gigabyte D) bit 4) All computer data is represented by.
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21) The last part of the definition of MIS is that information systems exist to help businesses achieve their strategies. 22) Information systems can be bought whereas information technology cannot. 23) Strong passwords have five or more characters. 24) Good passwords contain a complete dictionary word. 25) If your password is complex, it is.
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31) ________ products process large organizational and workgroup databases. A) Relational DBMS B) Personal DBMS C) Enterprise DBMS D) Structured DBMS 32) Which of the following is an example of an enterprise DBMS product? A) Paradox B) dBase C) FoxPro D) DB2 33) Which of the following is true of enterprise DBMS products? A) Enterprise DBMS products are designed for small.
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21) The most frequently used instructions are stored in the cache. 22) Main memory of the computer contains instructions for the operating system (OS). 23) Memory swapping is the process of transferring data between the main memory and the cache. 24) When you work on a spreadsheet program like Excel, the program is.
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  Multiple Choice 1) The purpose of a database is to ________. A) use special technology to monitor a single theme B) design, write, test, troubleshoot, and maintain the source code of computer programs C) use a logical data model of information to describe and build architectures D) help people keep track of things 2) A ________.
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21) A company uses the outbound logistics activity to deliver the finished product to a customer. 22) Porter's model of business activities includes linkages, which are interactions across value activities. 23) Firm infrastructure excludes general management, finance, accounting, legal, and government affairs. 24) Supporting activities contribute to a margin and are easier to.
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11) Which protocol standard used for wired LAN connections specifies hardware characteristics, such as which wire carry which signals? A) intranet B) WiMax C) Ethernet D) EVDO 12) Which of the following statements about LAN protocols is true? A) The access point uses both the 802.3 and 802.11 standards. B) The IEEE 802.11 protocol is also called.
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