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21.The document that includes everything necessary to actually implement the design project is the detailed design proposal. 22.The use of prepackaged business process blueprints is seldom used in system design specifications or proposals. 23.It is important to design system reports that have appropriate titles and captions. 24.Regarding general systems design considerations, implementing adequate.
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FILL-IN THE BLANK QUESTIONS 31.To determine the activities that are critical to keeping a project on schedule, __________ __________ must be obtained for each individual activity of the project. 32.An announcement by management regarding project execution will have the benefit of minimizing __________. 33.Any successful systems implementation requires that considerable attention be given.
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ESSAYS 103.Explain how activity-based costing differs from traditional overhead allocation techniques. 104.Distinguish between MRP and MRP II. 105.Why is it important to design control systems in a quick-response manufacturing system before the manufacturing system is implemented? .
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MATCHING QUESTIONS 96.Presented below is a list of terms relating to accounting information systems, followed by definitions of those terms. Required:  Match the letter next to each definition with the appropriate term. Each answer will be used only once. _____  1. Advanced integration technologies (AIT) _____  2. Bill of materials _____  3. Solids modeling _____  4..
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66.One benefit of using the Warnier-Orr methodology as a fact-gathering technique is that it: a.  is easy to understand and use b.  can be used to document any type of system c.  forces a top-down, structured approach to analysis d.  All of these answers are correct. 67.In the Warnier-Orr methodology, how would the repetitions associated.
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FILL-IN THE BLANK QUESTIONS 31.It is crucial that all major systems development efforts have the support of __________ __________. 32.General systems development objectives include the overall __________ objectives relating to the company’s long-run planning. 33.Prioritizing systems development projects should be done in the same way as in __________ __________. 34.A small change in an.
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76.Which of the following design alternatives is the  difficult to evaluate? a.  Deciding whether reports should be generated automatically or on-demand b.  Deciding whether processing should be in batch mode or online c.  Deciding whether the alternatives meet all major objectives for the system d.  Deciding whether existing personnel can manage the system 77.Once system.
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76.The operational principle behind factoring a project into phases and tasks is: a.  top-down design with successive refinement b.  to schedule all activities according to CPM methodology c.  that each specific task or phase should provide a deliverable at its completion d.  to use analytic flowcharts to factor a project into modules 77.One goal of.
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101.A company president has been told by the chief information officer that a certain systems analysis and design project is at the stage of having “design specifications prepared.” Required: Identify what systems design phases have occurred and what phases need to take place to complete this project? Solution: Systems design proceeds from the.
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100.Ace Fasteners is a small manufacturing company. The controller has been preparing aging schedules and found that company’s invoices are not being sent out in a timely manner. The accounts receivable department has told the controller that it is not getting information when orders are completed and shipped due to.
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TRUE/FALSE QUESTIONS 1.The terms field, data item, attribute, and element are synonyms. 2.A field would be composed of “customer name” and “customer account number.” 3.Variable-length records are easier to manipulate than fixed-length records because the size of the variable-length record is generally smaller than the fixed-length record. 4.Occurrences are also known as instances. 5.Related groups.
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MULTIPLE-CHOICE QUESTIONS 46.Fields associated with other fields in a logical grouping are known as: a.  elements b.  records c.  data items d.  attributes 47.In the CUSTOMER record, the field NAME contains the word “Jones” along with 20 spaces after the last character. This is an example of a: a.  variable-length record b.  data item c.  fixed-length record d.  trailer 48.In data.
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76.Which of the following is a common benefit of UPC standardization? a.  Paper invoices are no longer needed. b.  Inventory levels are reduced. c.  Cross-referencing of inventory codes is eliminated. d.  Physical inventory counts are no longer needed. 77.The production planning report that discloses the availability of labor and machine resources is the: a.  production schedule b. .
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TRUE/FALSE QUESTIONS 1.Delays are routine during implementation because it is impossible to anticipate all potential problems during the systems design process. 2.Gantt charts can be very helpful because they show the order in which activities must be performed. 3.Selecting and training personnel is one of the implementation activities that are carried out based.
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98.Presented below are three lists. The first list contains design considerations for system elements. The second list contains the system elements, and the third list contains the definitions of the design considerations. Required: Insert the Roman numeral of the system element(s) that apply to the design consideration in the first column..
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FILL-IN-THE-BLANK QUESTIONS 31.The smallest block of data that can be stored and retrieved in an information system is a(n) __________. 32.__________ are one of the fundamental building blocks used to construct databases. 33.The term __________ ________ order applies to a field on which the file is not sorted. 34.In the E-R conceptual model, the.
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11.A project is a specific application that has been approved for development. 12.An important criterion used in selecting projects for development is the project’s expected return on investment. 13.The basic resource in any systems project is time. 14.The project leader uses a project accounting system to fulfill his or her project control responsibilities. 15.The.
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21.SQL is a non-procedural programming language. 22.In SQL, WHERE must be used to determine which records from the tables listed in the FROM clause will appear in the results of the SELECT statement. 23.In SQL, the IN operator allows the selection of rows within a column value which matches any value from.
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56.The company should inform users that a new system is being developed: a.  as late as possible, to eliminate the possibility that some employees might oppose the      new system b.  after the design plan is complete, to avoid employee interference and confusion c.  as soon as possible, to maximize user acceptance of.
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66.The most expensive approach to final systems testing is: a.  parallel operation b.  modular conversion c.  the direct approach d.  the file conversion approach 67.The Weapons Testing Laboratory is implementing a new computer system. It desires to use the safest final system testing approach. It should choose: a.  the direct approach b.  parallel operation c.  the cutoff approach d. .
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86.Which of the following reports specifies production cost variances? a.  Completed production cost report b.  Resource usage report c.  Factor availability report d.  Production order report 87.In traditional accounting methods, predetermined overhead rates are based on: a.  machine hours b.  utilities consumed c.  direct labor hours or direct labor costs d.  depreciable lives of machinery and equipment 88.The predetermined overhead.
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66.Which of the following is the  internal control over disposals of fixed assets? a.  Periodically analyze the scrap sales revenue and the repairs and maintenance expense      accounts. b.  Periodically compare removal work orders and disposal authorization. c.  Separate the duties of the official authorizing a disposal and the official approving      removal.
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MATCHING QUESTIONS 96.Presented below is a list of terms relating to accounting information systems, followed by definitions of those terms. Required:  Match the letter next to each definition with the appropriate term. Each answer will be used only once. _____  1. Forms design _____  2. Systems planning _____  3. Upwardly compatible _____  4. Integration _____  5. Dedicated.
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101.World Voice is a long-distance telephone service provider that is in the process of overhauling its fixed-asset applications system. Required: Identify the individual data items that should be included in the database for each of the company’s fixed assets. 102.Southwestern Pride is a company that processes and packs vegetables for sale in.
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21.A weekly cost report that is available three weeks after the report date is still an effective tool for overall project control purposes. 22.If data are input into the project accounting system that is both accurate and timely, it can produce revised cost estimates that are both accurate and timely. 23.The level.
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92.Presented below is a list of terms related to project leader responsibilities. Required: For each term, insert the letter for the project leader responsibility to which the term relates. Use  for planning,  for scheduling, and  for control Each letter will be used more than once. _____  1. Progress and time reporting _____  2..
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86.Which of the following database design techniques shows the interrelationships between various kinds of records? a.  Data structure diagrams b.  Record layouts c.  File-related matrices d.  File analysis sheets 87.Which of the following database design techniques shows the interrelationships between files, their contents, and their uses? a.  Data structure diagrams b.  Record layouts c.  File-related matrices d.  File analysis.
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MULTIPLE-CHOICE QUESTIONS 46.A list of activities that is strategic to the project to keep it on schedule is called: a.  the critical path b.  a PERT diagram c.  a Gantt chart d.  the manager’s priority matrix 47.Good project management uses plans for implementing a system. The plans should provide: a.  specific budget information b.  a breakdown of the.
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66.In the object-oriented modeling technique, an object class has the following structure: PAPER_INVENTORY (SUPPLIER_NO, DISCOUNT) What is the structure of the subclass COPY having the unique attributes QUANTITY and TYPE? a.  COPY (QUANTITY, TYPE) b.  COPY (SUPPLIER_NO, QUANTITY, TYPE) c.  COPY (SUPPLIER_NO, DISCOUNT, QUANTITY, TYPE) d.  COPY (PAPER_INVENTORY, QUANTITY, TYPE) 67.Network, tree, and relational models are examples.
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76.The processing time required to maintain a fully inverted file: a.  is fast since the entire index can be loaded into primary memory b.  is almost instantaneous because long indexes can be factored into subindexes c.  is fast when two processors are used simultaneously to process the data and index files      at.
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PROBLEMS 94.The estimated time to complete a portion of a systems development project is 20 employee-hours.  Use the adjustment factors below to calculate the revised time estimate to reflect that (a) the task is judged to be simple, (b) the task will be assigned to a high-competency junior employee, and (c).
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56.The general formula for calculating the inventory reorder point is: a.  average inventory usage rate multiplied by lead time b.  economic order quantity less average inventory usage rate c.  lead time multiplied by economic order quantity d.  lead time multiplied by average inventory turnover rate 57.A manufacturing company wants to know the optimal amount to.
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56.When implementing a new system, management often has to decide whether to train existing employees or hire new employees. Many times it is best to retain and retrain current employees because: a.  current employees are already familiar with the firm’s operations b.  overall employee morale is enhanced c.  current employees are already familiar.
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11.Nominalization is the process of applying rules to normal forms in relational database structures. 12.In the first normal form, repeated groups are allowed. 13.An index file is fully inverted when indexes exist for all of its fields. 14.Sequential-access files are often referred to as ISAM files. 15.Using the direct-access method, the only thing needed.
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97.Presented below is a list of terms relating to accounting information systems, followed by definitions of those terms. Required:  Match the letter next to each definition with the appropriate term. Each answer will be used only once. _____  1. Detailed design proposal _____  2. Steering committee _____  3. Systems analysis _____  4. Bottleneck _____  5. “Canned”.
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PROBLEMS 99.The following production information has been gathered from the records of the New Processes Manufacturing Company: Product: AlphaZeta Units Produced1,5007,500 Direct material cost / unit  $ 10  $ 22 Direct labor cost / unit     14     28 Direct labor hours / unit       1       2 Production machine setup3 times3 times Engineering changes 1 time2 times Additional production information is as.
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ESSAYS 97.Name five options available to organizations to train employees when a system is newly installed or modified. 98.What are some of the reasons why time estimates are often inaccurate? 99.Briefly describe the following three methods of converting from an old system to a new system, and give the advantages and disadvantages.
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ESSAYS 102.Briefly discuss some behavioral considerations that are of major importance to the systems planning and analysis phase. 103.What individuals should be involved in systems planning? 104.What are some important factors to consider when evaluating “canned” software? .
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MATCHING QUESTIONS 91.Presented below is a list of terms relating to accounting information systems, followed by definitions of those terms. Required:  Match the letter next to each definition with the appropriate term. Each answer will be used only once. _____  1. Network diagram _____  2. Gantt chart _____  3. Parallel operation _____  4. Modular conversion _____  5..
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97.Presented below is a list of terms relating to accounting information systems, followed by definitions of those terms. Required:  Match the letter next to each definition with the appropriate term. Each answer will be used only once. _____  1. RTGs _____  2. Job costing _____  3. Reorder point _____  4. MAN _____  5. Just-in-time production _____  6..
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PROBLEMS 99.A small manufacturer of custom-made sports equipment has hired you as a systems consultant. You have completed a systems survey and found that the company is experiencing wide-ranging problems in its manufacturing and delivery systems, including bottlenecks in production and shipping, and quality control concerns because customer feedback indicates jobs.
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TRUE/FALSE QUESTIONS 1.The implementation stage of a systems development project can be minimized when it involves an upgrade to an existing system. 2.Systems analysis is the first step in the systems development life cycle. 3.The role played by the systems developer is much like that of a doctor with regard to a patient. 4.The.
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11.Information requirements of a production control system might include quality control specifications. 12.A large portion of the systems analyst’s job is to collect and organize facts. 13.An closed-ended questionnaire is the same as a depth interview. 14.Structured systems analysis begins with computer program code and then, through a number of steps each decreasing.
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MULTIPLE-CHOICE QUESTIONS 46.From a cost standpoint, the phase of systems development in which more money is spent than any other area is: a.  systems analysis b.  systems design c.  systems implementation d.  systems planning 47.From a cost standpoint, the phase of systems development in which major errors can become quite costly in later stages of development.
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93.Presented below is a list of different performance measures for hardware, software, and systems personnel. The second list contains the items or personnel relating to the performance measures. Required: Match the appropriate letter to the performance measure. All letters will be used at least once, and some more than once. _____  1..
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56.Four records have the record structure: PART (PART_NO, WARHSE). PART (101,1) PART (101,2) PART (103,1) PART (106,1) Which of the following would be appropriate to use as a record key? a.  PART b.  PART_NO c.  WARSHE d.  Answers b and c combined would form a record key. 57.To process and locate records in files, it is necessary to use a(n): a. .
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98.Presented below is a list of computer file names found in quick-response manufacturing systems, followed by definitions of the terms. Required:  Match the letter next to each definition with the appropriate term. Each answer will be used only once. _____  1. Completed production-order file _____  2. Master operations file _____  3. Production data file _____ .
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