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11.The database administrator is responsible for the security and integrity of the database. 12.A backbone system is completely finished, tested, and ready for implementation. 13.The internal auditor represents the interests of third-party outsiders. 14.Information Technology (IT) audits can be performed by both internal and external auditors. 15.The single largest user of computer services is.
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ESSAY 82.What is the conceptual systems design phase?  What are the elements of conceptual design specifications? 83.What is the objective of output design?  What are the output design considerations?  What are the various categories of outputs? 84.What are the different approaches to system conversion? .
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ESSAY 1.Contrast the responsibilities of operations management, middle management, and top management. Explain the different information needs for each level of management. 2.Explain the difference between data and information. Data are facts which may or may not be processed; data have no particular impact on the user. Information is processed data that causes.
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11.Total costs are usually lower and less time is required for vendor preparation and company evaluation when requests for proposal are solicited based on a)exact equipment needs. b)generalized software needs. c)specific hardware and software specifications. d)None of the above are correct. 12.Information given to vendors should include a)a budget for software.
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31.A help desk can encourage, support, coordinate, and control end-user activities.  A help desk department may be organized with front-line and second-line analysts and technicians.  What would be one duty of second-line help desk personnel? a)handling complicated queries requiring research b)provide callers with scripted answers c)using expert systems to quickly.
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31.An appraisal function housed within the organization that performs a wide range of services for management is a.internal auditing b.data control group c.external auditing d.database administration 32.Advantages of a database system include all of the following except a.elimination of data redundancy b.open access to all data by all users c.single update for changes in data d.confidence that all data.
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71.Software that automates aspects of the software development cycle is called a)SDLC. b)RFP. c)ASP. d)CASE. 72.Where is the responsibility for the development of end-user computing applications typically placed? a)End users b)Help desk c)Information Technology Services Department d)Programmers 73.Callow Youth Clothing (CYC) declared bankruptcy in 2007 and has since closed 27 stores, which amounts to over half of its retail outlets..
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61.A project development team at Midwest Construction was assigned the task of improving the efficiency of the firm’s accounting information system. As part of the ______ step in systems development life cycle, the team has initiated an end user training program in preparation for switching over to the new system. a)systems.
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SHORT ANSWER 70.What four main events of interest are included in a typical production cycle REA diagram? 71.Give an example of an M:N Agent-Event relationship 72.Why is the event Issue Debt  often modeled as a separate event entity? 73.Why might an REA diagram show relationships between agents? 74.Why might an REA diagram show relationships between.
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11.At the end of the conceptual design phase the development team prepares a conceptual systems design report.  What item below is not considered a rationale for issuing the report? a)it can be used to guide physical systems design activities b)it communicates how management and user information needs will be met.
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51.There are four steps involved in developing a prototype.  Which step emphasizes speed and low cost rather than efficiency of operation? a)first b)second  c)third d)fourth 52.What is the emphasis of the first step involved in developing a prototype? a)develop a good prototype into a fully functional system b)speed and low.
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61.Which of the following is not one of the types of documentation that should be prepared for a new system? a)Management b)Operations c)User d)Development 62.Debugging is an activity that is most closely related to which of the following? a)Desk checking b)Structured programming c)Program maintenance d)Hierarchical program design 63.Subdividing program code into small, well-defined modules is a)debugging. b)structured programming. c)program maintenance. d)hierarchical program design 64.Developing program.
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Chapter 20 MULTIPLE CHOICE 1.What is one activity that is not one of the responsibilities of accountants to help keep a project on track? a)ensuring that the project is on schedule b)evaluating and measuring benefits c)helping programmers write code d)monitoring costs 2.Developing a general framework for implementing user requirements and solving problems.
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ESSAY 91.What are the relative advantages and disadvantages of custom software and canned  software for meeting application software needs? 92.What is end-user computing? Why has end-user computing seen explosive growth? What are the advantages and risks of end-user computing? 93.What is prototyping?  When is prototyping appropriate?  What are the steps involved.
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21.A network of arrows and nodes representing project activities that require an expenditure of time and resources and the completion of initiation of activities, respectively, is called a)a Gantt chart. b)a PERT diagram. c)a SDLC cycle. d)CASE. 22.Which planning technique does not show the relationships among various activities? a)Gantt chart .
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CH 19 MULTIPLE CHOICE 1.Which statement below regarding the development of an AIS is false? a)A newly designed AIS always meets user needs for a time period. b)Changes to the AIS are often difficult to make after requirements have been frozen into specifications. c)The development process can take so long that the.
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87.What is computer-aided software (or systems) engineering (CASE)?  What are the advantages and disadvantage of CASE technology? 88.Explain the concept of an application service provider. 89.What are the key things an organization can do to enhance an RFP to be sent to vendors? 90.Briefly discuss how an organization can develop.
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MULTIPLE CHOICE 1.Which of the following is not a business resource? a.raw material b.labor c.information d.all are business resources 2.Which level of management is responsible for short-term planning and coordination of activities necessary to accomplish organizational objectives? a.operations management b.middle management c.top management d.line management 3.Which level of management is responsible for controlling day-to-day operations? a.top management b.middle management c.operations management d.executive management 4.The ability to.
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51.When would a company go through a systems development life cycle? a)only when major changes are needed b)only when minor changes are needed c)Usually a company only goes through one complete systems development life cycle, after which the only phase that is repeated is the operations and maintenance phase. d)whenever.
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11.The Transaction Processing System includes all of the following cycles except a.the revenue cycle b.the administrative cycle c.the expenditure cycle d.the conversion cycle 12.The primary input to the Transaction Processing System is a.a financial transaction b.an accounting record c.an accounting report d.a nonfinancial transaction 13.When designing the data collection activity, which type of data should be avoided? a.data that is relevant b.data.
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SHORT ANSWER 81.Briefly identify the difficulties encountered when developing an AIS. 82.What are the three methods of obtaining software?  What is a turnkey system? 83.What are the guidelines for successfully purchasing custom software when using an outside vendor? 84.What is a help desk?  What are the uses of a help disk?.
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CH 18 MULTIPLE CHOICE 1.Organizations continually face the need for new, faster, and more reliable ways of obtaining information.  One reason why companies change their systems is to increase quality, quantity, and the speed with which information can be accessed and processed.  Such an improvement may result in an improved product or.
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31.There are several important aspects to be considered during a feasibility study.  The aspect that asks the question, "Can people use the system and will they use it?" is called a)economic feasibility. b)operational feasibility. c)scheduling feasibility. d)technical feasibility. 32.The question of economic feasibility is important when designing and implementing a.
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71.Refer to the table below, which shows the results of payback, net present value, and internal rate of return analysis of four projects. Which is preferred by the internal rate of return criterion?   a)A b)B c)C d)D 72.Refer to the table below, which shows the results of payback, net present value, and internal rate of.
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21.The least costly approach to systems acquisition is a)canned software. b)custom software. c)modified software. d)prototyping. 22.Which of the following is not appropriate for end user development? a)performing statistical analyses b)preparing schedules and lists c)retrieving information from databases d)updating database records 23.What is the basic function of a help desk? a)develop.
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4.Several disadvantages of distributed data processing have been discussed. Discuss at least three. 5.Name and explain the purpose of the three major subsystems of the AIS: 6.What are the three primary functions performed by the transaction processing system? 7.The most commonly stated benefits of DDP are cost savings, increased user satisfaction, and improved.
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11.Why have re-engineering efforts been made to integrate AIS and MIS? 12.Why is it important to organizationally separate the accounting function from other functions of the organization? 13.The REA model is based on the premise that “business data must not be preformatted or artificially constrained and must reflect all relevant aspects of.
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41.When is a proposal to conduct a systems analysis prepared? a)after a written request for systems development is prepared b)after the development team completes the survey of the existing AIS c)after the initial investigation of the project is approved d)before the initial investigation 42.During which phase of systems analysis does.
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SHORT ANSWER 72.How can accountants help in the SDLC process? 73.What factors does a steering committee consider when evaluating different system designs? 74.What is the purpose of a conceptual systems design report? 75.What are the controls design considerations in a new AIS? 76.What is systems implementation?  How do you plan for.
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61.Benathir Donathat, director of the project committee, has received approval from management for implementation of a new accounting information system. After putting out an RFP, the committee settled on a vendor that will deliver all hardware and software required on a lease basis. Their decision is to go with a)canned software. b)a.
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41.Developing and putting teams in charge of products is an application of which business process reengineering principle? a)have output users perform the process b)have those who produce the information process it c)integration of parallel activities  d)organize around outcomes, not tasks 42.What factor underlies the seven principles of reengineering? a)advances in.
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31.Flowcharts, record layouts, decision tables, and related items are part of a)determining user needs. b)documenting the program. c)testing the program. d)training program users. 32.Effective AIS training involves a)instruction on new hardware and software. b)orientation to new policies and operations. c)planning and scheduling so it occurs before system testing and conversion..
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SHORT ANSWER 1.Entities outside the organization with a direct or indirect interest in the firm, such as stockholders, financial institutions, and government agencies, are called ____________________. 2.The process of breaking a system into smaller subsystem parts is called ______________________________. 3.Transactions with trading partners include ____________________ and ____________________. 4.A system is a group of two.
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51.Some investigation must occur during the postimplementation review process to prepare the report and wrap-up systems development activities.  An analyst who asks the question, "Does the system produce actual and complete data?" is investigating what postimplementation factor? a)accuracy  b)compatibility c)goals and objectives d)reliability 52.Data conversion requires data to be modified.
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11.One step in the systems development life cycle (SDLC) identifies and evaluates design alternatives and to develop design specifications.  This step is called a)conceptual design. b)implementation and conversion. c)physical design. d)systems analysis.  12.In which step of the SDLC do all of the elements of the system come together? a)conceptual design.
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11.Sales of products to customers, purchases of inventory from vendors, and cash disbursements are all example of __________________________. 12.The three major subsystems of the AIS are _______________________________, ___________________________, and _______________________________. 13.The __________________________ and __________________________ standards that characterize the AIS clearly distinguish it from the MIS. 14.The transaction processing system is comprised of three.
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92.Discuss the relative advantages and disadvantages of the four different methods for gathering data during a systems survey. 93.Discuss the aspects that must be considered during a feasibility study. 94.What are some of the reasons why behavioral problems occur when a new AIS is introduced? .
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41.What is the name for the type of testing where copies of real transaction and file records are used rather than hypothetical ones? a)acceptance testing b)debugging c)desk checking d)program walk-through 42.In __________, old and new systems are operated simultaneously for a period of time. a)direct conversion b)parallel conversion c)phase-in conversion.
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SHORT ANSWER 80.Identify the main reasons why companies change existing systems? 81.Name the five phases of the systems development life cycle.  82.What are the three other main activities performed during the SDLC? 83.Who makes up the project development team and what is the team's purpose? 84.What are the five phases of.
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Chapter 1—The Information System: An Accountant’s Perspective TRUE/FALSE 1.Information is a business resource. 2.An information system is an example of a natural system. 3.Transaction processing systems convert non-financial transactions into financial transactions. 4.Information lacking reliability may still have value. 5.A balance sheet prepared in conformity with GAAP is an example of discretionary reporting. 6.The Management Reporting System.
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21.Which consideration is not of concern in controls design? a)security b)alphabetical control c)audit trail d)validity 22.The accountant wants to make sure that all cash disbursements are made only to legitimate vendors.  Which of the following control considerations will deal with this concern? a)security b)accuracy c)authorization d)validity 23.The sales department wants.
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21.Which function manages the financial resources of the firm through portfolio management, banking, credit evaluation, and cash receipts and disbursements? a.accounting b.finance c.materials management d.distribution 22.Which of the following is not part of the accounting function? a.managing the financial information resource of the firm b.capturing and recording transactions in the database c.distributing transaction information to operations personnel d.managing the.
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Chapter 2—Introduction to Transaction Processing TRUE/FALSE 1.Processing more transactions at a lower unit cost makes batch processing more efficient than real-time systems. 2.The process of acquiring raw materials is part of the conversion cycle. 3.Directing work-in-process through its various stages of manufacturing is part of the conversion cycle. 4.The top portion of the monthly bill.
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