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Study Resources (Accounting)

152) A small manufacturer of custom-made sports equipment has hired you as a systems consultant. You have completed a systems survey and found that the company is experiencing wide-ranging problems in its manufacturing and delivery systems, including bottlenecks in production and shipping, and quality control concerns because customer feedback indicates.
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63) Fields associated with other fields in a logical grouping are known as A) elements. B) records. C) data items. D) attributes. 64) In the CUSTOMER record, the field NAME contains the word "Jones" along with 20 spaces after the last character. This is an example of a A) variable-length record. B) data item. C) fixed-length record. D) trailer. 65).
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154) A company president has been told by the chief information officer that a certain systems analysis and design project is at the stage of having "design specifications prepared." Required: Identify what systems design phases have occurred and what phases need to take place to complete this project? 155) Briefly discuss some.
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83) In the object-oriented modeling technique, an object class has the following structure: PAPER_INVENTORY (SUPPLIER_NO, DISCOUNT) What is the structure of the subclass COPY having the unique attributes QUANTITY and TYPE? A) COPY (QUANTITY, TYPE) B) COPY (SUPPLIER_NO, QUANTITY, TYPE) C) COPY (SUPPLIER_NO, DISCOUNT, QUANTITY, TYPE) D) COPY (PAPER_INVENTORY, QUANTITY, TYPE) 84) Network, tree, and relational models.
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11) An important criterion used in selecting projects for development is the project's expected return on investment. 12) The basic resource in any systems project is time. 13) The project leader uses a project accounting system to fulfill his or her project control responsibilities. 14) The task completion schedule, based on task time.
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109) Once system design alternatives have been laid out and documented, they must be evaluated. The primary criteria for selecting the alternative for implementation purposes should be A) cost versus benefits. B) simplicity versus complexity. C) user acceptance of the alternative. D) feasibility. 110) In the preparation of design specifications, which of the following activities.
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73) Four records have the record structure: PART (PART_NO, WARHSE). PART (101,1) PART (101,2) PART (103,1) PART (106,1) Which of the following would be appropriate to use as a record key? A) PART B) PART_NO C) WARHSE D) Answers B and C combined would form a record key. 74) To process and locate records in files, it is necessary to.
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119) Which of the following database design techniques shows the interrelationships between files, their contents, and their uses? A) Data structure diagrams B) Record layouts C) File-related matrices D) File analysis sheets 120) A file-related matrix reveals that a file's data item A is used in six different reports, while data item B in the.
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31) Most deficiencies in a systems plan become obvious during the planning and analysis phases of the systems development life cycle. 32) Iterative or agile approaches to systems development require constant communication and require all phases of the systems life cycle to be carried on simultaneously. 33) The whole concept of service-oriented.
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93) The processing time required to maintain a fully inverted file A) is fast since the entire index can be loaded into primary memory. B) is almost instantaneous because long indexes can be factored into subindexes. C) is fast when two processors are used simultaneously to process the data and index files at.
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125) Presented below is a list of terms relating to accounting information systems, followed by definitions of those terms. Required: Match the letter next to each definition with the appropriate term. Each answer will be used only once. ________ 1. Network diagram ________ 2. Parallel operation ________ 3. Modular conversion ________ 4. Project management ________ 5..
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69) RUP development framework has four phases called the ________, ________, ________, and ________ phases. 70) Milestones corresponding to ________ of each phase must be achieved before it is accepted by the management. 71) Object-oriented approach focuses on defining ________. 72) In OO, objects are said to possess ________ and ________. 73) ________ are.
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31) The SPICE approach categorizes processes into five broad areas and scores "capability level" on a 10-point scale. 32) A project development environment refers to the tools and technologies used to implement a given project. 33) Within the project development environment the project collaboration platform serves to optimize management of the implementation.
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150) Presented below is a list of terms relating to accounting information systems, followed by definitions of those terms. Required: Match the letter next to each definition with the appropriate term. Each answer will be used only once. ________ 1. Detailed design proposal ________ 2. Steering committee ________ 3. Systems analysis ________ 4. Bottleneck ________ 5..
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51) ________ is a successive refinement to the project plan. 52) A(n) ________ chart is an ideal way to factor a project into phases and tasks and to document such a plan. 53) Regarding project costs, project resources tend to be spent at a(n) ________ rate as a project proceeds toward completion. 54).
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21) SQL is a non-procedural programming language. 22) In SQL, WHERE must be used to determine which records from the tables listed in the FROM clause will appear in the results of the SELECT statement. 23) Individual logical expressions may be combined in a FROM clause with the Boolean operator AND in.
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82) The Northwest Savings Bank is implementing a new computer system. It requires that the final testing systems approach is both safe and cost-effective. The bank has planned to implement the new system over the course of the next 18 months. The bank should choose A) parallel operation. B) the direct approach. C).
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159) What are the differences between logical flow diagrams and analytic flowcharts? 160) What is the Rational Unified Process and what are the four phases incorporated in its framework? 161) Describe object-oriented design and analysis and how UML diagrams will aid OO. Also describe what effect transformation will have on the process.
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139) Data related to objects are called A) items. B) methods. C) attributes. D) characteristics. 140) The things objects do are called A) items. B) methods. C) attributes. D) characteristics. 141) ________ diagrams are used to document objects (and classes of objects) and how they communicate with each other. A) UML B) ER C) Conceptual D) Data flow 142) UML diagrams directly match objects in.
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31) A database together with database software is database agnosticity. 32) A database management system is independent of the application software therefore permitting upgrading or modifying the eBusiness application without changing data or database software. This is referred to as database agnosticity. 33) Software tools such as Casewise are used to visually.
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123) ________ is a multidimensional generalization of the 2-dimensional relational table which provides incredibly fast response times. A) OLAP B) UML C) RUP D) RAD 124) OLAP uses complicated multidimensional "indexes" called A) data mining. B) aggregations. C) drivers. D) transformers. 125) What defines an entire database being loaded into computer-internal high-speed random access memory or other high-speed electronic storage.
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1) The terms field, data item, attribute, and element are synonyms. 2) A field would be composed of "customer name" and "customer account number." 3) Variable-length records are easier to manipulate than fixed-length records because the size of the variable-length record is generally smaller than the fixed-length record. 4) Occurrences are also known.
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59) Two special problems that relate to information systems design are problems involving ________ and ________ design. 60) ________ design focuses on producing documents that provide effective interfaces between managers and the information system. 61) A(n) ________ ________ diagram shows the various data fields within a record. 62) The decision as to whether.
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92) The best standard to use in developing estimates for the completion time of systems development projects in an organization is A) a vendor-developed standard. B) an industry-average standard. C) a standard recommended by a consultant. D) a standard developed by the organization's experience. 93) There is no general agreement of standard project phases and.
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151) Presented below are three lists. The first list contains design considerations for system elements. The second list contains the system elements, and the third list contains the definitions of the design considerations. Required: Insert the Roman numeral of the system element(s) that apply to the design consideration in the first.
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129) The more complicated, unfamiliar, or innovative business and information environments become, the more it becomes necessary to A) plan and analyze upfront. B) use an iterative design approach. C) employee a project manager. D) use the waterfall method correctly. 130) Systems development means defining, shaping, and reshaping the four enterprise architectural domains of A) business,.
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79) From a cost standpoint, the phase of systems development in which more money is spent than any other area is A) systems analysis. B) systems design. C) systems implementation. D) systems planning. 80) From a cost standpoint, the phase of systems development in which major errors can become quite costly in later stages of.
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62) A list of activities that is strategic to the project to keep it on schedule is called A) the critical path. B) a PERT diagram. C) a Gantt chart. D) the manager's priority matrix. 63) Good project management uses plans for implementing a system. The plans should provide A) specific budget information. B) a breakdown of.
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41) To determine the activities that are critical to keeping a project on schedule, ________ ________ must be obtained for each individual activity of the project. 42) An announcement by management regarding project execution will have the benefit of minimizing ________. 43) Any successful systems implementation requires that considerable attention be given.
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129) What are some of the reasons why time estimates are often inaccurate? 130) Briefly describe the following three methods of converting from an old system to a new system, and give the advantages and disadvantages of each: •direct approach •parallel operation •modular conversion 131) What is the ultimate objective of breaking down an overall.
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1) Delays are routine during implementation because it is impossible to anticipate all potential problems during the systems design process. 2) Selecting and training personnel is one of the implementation activities that are carried out based on the design plan. 3) The degree of success for a new system development project is.
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153) Ace Fasteners is a small manufacturing company. The controller has been preparing aging schedules and found that the company's invoices are not being sent out in a timely manner. The accounts receivable department has told the controller that it is not getting information when orders are completed and shipped.
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127) The Arnold Steel Company controller is concerned about the dollar costs associated with recent system problems. Specifically, she has mentioned what seems to be a lot of system downtime, lack of responsiveness to user queries and report requests, and the fact the data entry department's keying times have risen.
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11) Nominalization is the process of applying rules to normal forms in relational database structures. 12) In the first normal form, repeated groups are allowed. 13) An index file is fully inverted when indexes exist for all of its fields. 14) Sequential-access files are often referred to as ISAM files. 15) Using the direct-access.
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72) Which of the following activities occurs during the detailed systems design phase? A) Computer programming B) File conversion C) Documentation D) Evaluation 73) The design specifications for a computer program are determined by A) top management. B) users. C) the design team. D) the computer programmer. 74) One of the most important parts of systems implementation that is often.
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102) In all operational systems it becomes necessary to make changes. A change made because of a computer programming error not detected until the system begins operation is typically caused by a(n) A) bug. B) virus. C) worm. D) unexpected design contingency. 103) Modifications to the system may be necessary as environmental conditions and information.
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149) Presented below is a list of terms relating to accounting information systems, followed by definitions of those terms. Required: Match the letter next to each definition with the appropriate term. Each answer will be used only once. ________ 1. Forms design ________ 2. Systems planning ________ 3. Upwardly compatible ________ 4. Integration ________ 5. Dedicated.
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41) Ruby and Python are pure, native object-oriented languages. 42) UML diagrams are used to document objects and classes and how they communicate with each other. 43) UML diagrams are ideal for OO development; however, they are difficult to use to create source code. 44) Model driven architecture is the main architecture used.
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49) It is crucial that all major systems development efforts have the support of ________ ________. 50) General systems development objectives include the overall ________ objectives relating to the company's long-run planning. 51) Prioritizing systems development projects should be done in the same way as in ________ ________. 52) A small change in.
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112) The tools and technologies used to implement a given project are in the A) the physical design. B) the conceptual framework. C) enterprise architecture. D) project development environment. 113) The project development environment includes the following except A) project collaboration platform. B) integrated development environment. C) software versioning system. D) customer-supplier stacks. 114) In the project development environment, serving.
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99) One benefit of using the Warnier-Orr methodology as a fact-gathering technique is that it A) is easy to understand and use. B) can be used to document any type of system. C) forces a top-down, structured approach to analysis. D) All of these answers are correct. 100) In the Warnier-Orr methodology, how would the.
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113) Database dictionaries are defined and controlled by A) a DBA. B) a DBMS. C) the SQL DML component. D) the organization's steering committee. 114) Which of the following is an alias? A) A file whose records consist of data item descriptions B) The use of more than one name for the same field C) The user having.
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103) The cost of processing per transaction in a high-activity environment is the lowest in which of the following file organization techniques? A) Indexed B) Sequential C) Direct D) Indexed-sequential 104) Response time is affected by A) disk access time. B) how data records are physically distributed on the disk. C) the database management system but not the.
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