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77.              Data redundancy occurs: A.when shared databases are utilized. B.when inventory has the same data in its files as sales has in its files. C.when customer addresses are needed by both shipping and billing. D.in all properly designed database management systems. 78.Concurrency: A.provides all departments with the same data at the same time. B.may require the same.
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87.              Processing of a flat file table is: A.random. B.sequential. C.random or sequential, selectable by the user. D.direct. 88.Flat file records are: A.kept in random order. B.kept is sequential order. C.linked to other records by a common attribute. D.interactive and real-time processed. 89.Tables in a flat file database must: A.must contain at least two data items at the intersection of each.
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11.An entire set of files is a database. 12.An entire record forms a “database.” 13.Magnetic tape is a storage medium that allows only a sequential access type of storage. 14.Sequential access means that data are stored in sequential or chronological order. 15.Random access means that any data item on the storage media can be.
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– CHAPTER 12 – SHORT ANSWER QUESTIONS 119.What characteristics of administrative processes are different from the characteristics of revenue, expenditures, or conversion processes? 120.How do other processes (revenue, expenditures, conversion) affect the general ledger? 121.How would you describe capital? .
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21.If real-time processing is to occur, database records must be stored on random access media. 22.Data redundancy occurs when the same customer has more than one database record. 23.Concurrency means that all of the multiple instances of the same data are exactly alike. 24.A record pointer identifies a specific record in a flat.
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TRUE / FALSE 1.E-business is the use of electronic means to enhance business processes. 2.E-commerce is electronically enabled transactions between a business and its customers. 3.E-commerce is the use of electronic means to enhance business processes. 4.E-commerce only involves transactions between the business and its customers. 5.Packet switching is the method used to send data.
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194.Describe the advantages and disadvantages of using a distributed database and distributed data processing. Do you think the advantages are worthwhile? Explain your answer.               195.Describe the ethical obligations of companies to their online customers. .
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CHAPTER 13 – MULTIPLE CHOICE 46.Data is A.the interpretation of facts that have been processed. B.the set of facts collected from transactions. C.set of facts pertaining to accounts payable. D.set of facts pertaining to accounts receivable. 47.Information is A.the interpretation of facts that have been processed. B.the set of facts collected from transactions. C.set of facts pertaining to accounts.
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21.The AICPA Trust Services Principles state that the customer should be given the choice regarding the collection and retention of data. 22.The AICPA Trust Services Principles state that the customer need not be contacted if a business is going to release non-sensitive information about the customer to a third party. 23.The supply.
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31.Data warehouse files are non-volatile, and not frequently updated while operational databases are updated with each transaction that affects them. 32.HIPs, or high-impact processes, are the critically important processes that must be executed correctly if the organization is to survive and thrive. 33.Tools commonly used in data mining are OLAP, ROLAP, and.
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TEXTBOOK – CHAPTER 13 – PROBLEMS               191.Differentiate between batch processing and real-time processing. What are the advantages and disadvantages of each form of data processing? Which form is more likely to be used by a doctor’s office in preparing the monthly patient bills? .
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137.Ethical issues associated with data collection and storage include all of the following except: A.collecting only the necessary information for the transaction. B.selling non-sensitive information only to trusted agents. C.correcting errors in data as quickly as possible. D.precluding unnecessary access of customer data by employees. 138.It is the ethical responsibility of employees: A.to review customer records.
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TEXTBOOK – CHAPTER 13 – SHORT ESSAY               184.Arrange the following data storage concepts in order from smallest to largest, in terms of their size: file, record, database, character, and field.               185.Think of a telephone book as a database. Identify the fields likely to be used in this database. If you.
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149.For each report shown, indicate in the appropriate column whether the report is likely to be for internal or external users (some reports may be both), and whether data would come exclusively from the general ledger. Report Name Internal or External Exclusively G/L Data? Income statement Aged accounts receivable Inventory stock status Open purchase orders Machine down-time Cash flow.
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139.How would operational internal reports differ from financial internal reports? 140.How does time horizon affect the type of information in internal reports? 141.Why are managers, rather than employees, more likely to engage in unethical behavior in capital and investment processes? .
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11.Regional ISPs connect to the backbone through lines that have less speed and capacity than the backbone. 12.Local ISPs connect to the backbone through lines that have less speed and capacity than the backbone. 13.A web server is a computer and hard drive space that connects to the backbone through lines that.
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192.Allibyr Company does not use a database system; rather, it maintains separate data files in each of its departments. Accordingly, when a sale occurs, the transaction is initially recorded in the sales department. Next, documentation is forwarded from the sales department to the accounting department so that the transaction can.
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117.              Proper data analysis of data warehouse files: 1.improves short-term planning. 2.improves long-term planning. 3.enhances the ability to meet customer needs. 4.increase performance. A.1, 2, 3, and 4. B.2, 3, and 4. C.1, 3, and 4. D.1, 2, and 4. 118.The various types of online analytical processing (OLAP) does not include: A.MOLAP – Multidimensional online analytical processing. B.NOLAP – Notational online.
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– CHAPTER 12 – PROBLEMS 150.Compare source of capital processes with sales processes in terms of a. the frequency of transactions; b. the volume of transactions; c. the magnitude in dollars of a single transaction; and d. the manner of authorization. 151.Compare investment processes with sales processes in terms of               a. the frequency of transactions; b. the.
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97.              Structured query language (SQL): A.isolates data within tables. B.takes advantage of the primary record key to link tables. C.is a complex language used to extract data from a limited number of tables. D.does not allow conditions to be put on the query. 98.With structured query language (SQL): A.one-to-one relationships can be determined. B.one-to-many relationships can be.
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167.What four conditions are required for all types of databases?               168.Within a hierarchical database, what is the name for the built-in linkages in data tables? Which data relationships can be contained in a hierarchical database?               169.Which database models are built on the inverted tree structure? What are the disadvantages of.
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156.              Data mining would be useful in all of the following situations except A.identifying hidden patterns in customers’ buying habits. B.assessing customer reactions to new products. C.determining customers’ behavior patterns. D.accessing customers’ payment histories. 157.A set of small databases where data are collected, processed, and stored on multiple computers within a network is a A.centralized database. B.distributed.
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TRUE / FALSE 1.Data are the set of facts collected from transactions. 2.Information is the set of facts collected from transactions. 3.Information is the interpretation of data that have been processed. 4.Data must be collected to complete a transaction such as a sale. 5.Data does not need to be stored in most cases. 6.The requirements to.
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107.              Data within the data warehouse: A.is volatile – its release is restricted and potentially hazardous to the organization. B.is volatile – it may be deleted by specific users. C.is nonvolatile – it does not change rapidly. D.is nonvolatile – is protected against deletion. 108.The data warehouse: A.contains five to ten years of historical data in.
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127.              Disadvantages of distributed databases include all except: A.increased difficulty in managing the database. B.maintaining integrity of the data. C.easier security controls. D.easier control of the database configuration. 128.Advantages of distributed databases include all except: A.easier incremental growth. B.multiple site access for processing. C.decreased user involvement. D.increased user control. 129.Automatic integrated backup means: A.that each site must accomplish its own backup. B.one.
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173.Which type of database model has the most flexibility for querying? How does this flexibility assist management?               174.What are the first three rules of normalization? What is meant by the statement that the rules of normalization are additive?               175.Differentiate between a data warehouse and an operational database. .
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67.              Batch processing: A.occurs when dissimilar transactions are grouped and processed as a group. B.occurs when similar transactions are grouped into a batch and processed as a group. C.occurs when the transaction is processed as soon as it is entered. D.would not be used for payment to vendor type transactions since they are time.
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164.What is the term for the software program(s) that monitors and organizes the database and controls access and use of data? Describe how this software controls shared access.               165.Describe the trade-offs of using the hierarchical model of database storage.               166.Describe the organization of a flat file database. .
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178.Identify and describe the analytical tools in OLAP.               179.Differentiate between centralized data processing and distributed data processing.               180.What are the “clients” and “servers” in a client/server distributed database system?               181.Why is control over unauthorized access so important in a database environment? .
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57.              A field is: A.a row within a record. B.a column within a record. C.a series or collection of records. D.a character is a single letter, number, or symbol. 58.A record is: A.an entire set of fields for a specific entity. B.a series of characters. C.a collection of files. D.another name for a database. 59.A field is A.an entire set.
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152.Exhibit 12-9 shows a screen capture from Dynamics GP® accounting software. The following modules in Dynamics GP® are shown: > Financial               > Sales               > Purchasing               > Inventory               > Payroll               > Manufacturing               >Fixed Assets 153.              For each of the transactions listed, explain which module would you choose and why. a. Entering an invoice received.
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TEXTBOOK – CHAPTER 13 – SHORT ANSWER QUESTIONS               159.How does data differ from information?               160.Why is it important for companies to store transaction data?               161.Which type of data storage medium is most appropriate when a single record of data must be accessed frequently and quickly? .
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187.Arrange the following database models in order from earliest development to most recent: network databases, hierarchical databases, flat file databases, and relational databases.               188.Categorize each of the following as one-to-one, one-to-many, or many-to-many relationships. Subsidiary ledgers and general ledgers. Transactions and special journals. General ledgers to trial balances.               189.How might a company use.
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TEXTBOOK – CHAPTER 13 – END OF CHAPTER QUESTIONS 146.Which of the following best describes the relationship between data and information? A.              Data is interpreted information. B.              Information is interpreted data. C.              Data is more useful than information in decision making. D.              Data and information are not related. 147.A character is to a field as A.water is.
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132.In what way are subsidiary ledgers and special journals replicated in accounting software? 133.Within accounting software systems, what is the purpose of limiting the number of employees authorized to post to the general ledger? 134.In a complex IT system, how may a customer actually “authorize” a sale? .
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170.Which database model is used most frequently in the modern business world? Why do you believe it is frequently used?               171.How is the primary key used in a relational database?               172.What language is used to access data from a relational database? Why is the language advantageous when accessing data? .
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