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Study Resources (Accounting)

104) Define information and explain its characteristics. 105) Explain the data factors that drive information quality. 106) Why must data be timely in order to make information useful? Explain with an example. 107) Explain the reasons for the need of sufficient data. 108) Explain the costs involved in data creation. .
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81) A ________ is a set of rules that two communicating devices follow. A) source code B) protocol C) domain D) machine code 82) A ________ is a special-purpose computer that receives and transmits wired traffic on a LAN. A) control pad B) trackball C) protocol D) switch 83) Which of the following statements is true of digital subscriber.
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51) ________ consist(s) of electronic components and related gadgetry that input, process, output, and store data according to instructions encoded in computer programs. A) Software B) Hardware C) Programs D) Operating systems 52) ________ are small, portable magnetic storage devices that can be used to transfer data from one computer to another. A) Cloud servers B) Thumb.
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21) A database application is a collection of forms, reports, queries, and application programs that serves as an intermediary between users and database data. 22) Reports refer to the structured presentation of data using sorting, grouping, filtering, and other operations. 23) In the case of single-user databases, the application, the DBMS, and.
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11) The five-component framework can be used when assessing the scope of new systems. 12) Changing the structure of existing databases is an easy task. 13) Ordering additional hardware for an information system is a complex task. 14) Procedures link information systems to processes. 15) A process cannot be supported by more than one.
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41) A browser like Google Chrome usually implements the File Transfer Protocol. 42) Most e-commerce applications use the three-tier architecture. 43) In the three-tier architecture, the server tier consists of computers, phones, and other devices that have browsers that request and process Web pages. 44) XML is the most popular markup language for.
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21) Changes in structured processes are easy to implement. 22) Control is critical in structured processes. 23) Innovation is not expected in structured processes, but it is required in dynamic processes. 24) Effectiveness is an important characteristic of both structured and dynamic processes. 25) Procedures for dynamic processes typically delimit what the users of.
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31) The Internet is a network of networks connecting LANs, WANs, and other internets. 32) NIC (Network Interface Controller) devices in laptops and printers have been replaced by WNIC (wireless NIC) devices. 33) For two devices to communicate, they must use the same protocol. 34) Wireless LAN connections are governed by IEEE standard.
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61) A megabyte is equal to ________. A) 1,024 bytes B) 1,024 KB C) 1,024 TB D) 1,024 GB 62) The cache and main memory lose their contents when the power is off. Hence, they are considered to be ________. A) kinetic B) static C) volatile D) nonvolatile 63) CPU speed is expressed in cycles called ________. A) hertz B) bytes C) bits D).
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67) Which of the following is an industry barrier for new entrants in an established market? A) low financial investments B) government policies C) low customer switching costs D) accessible distribution channels 68) Willoughby Inc., a large chain of superstores, sources its products from thousands of suppliers who have limited product differentiation. The products stored.
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86) State Moore's Law and describe its effects on the business environment. 87) What is abstract reasoning and systems thinking? Give an example for each. 88) Explain the meaning of collaboration and experimentation with the help of examples. 89) Define management information systems. 90) What are processes, information systems, and information? .
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48) A database is required instead of a spreadsheet when ________. A) professionals need to keep track of things B) a user requires control over data C) lists involve data with multiple themes D) one or more users want to access the same data 49) Which of the following is the smallest data element in.
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21) Native applications created for one OS must be recoded to run on a different OS. 22) Thin-client applications are limited by the capabilities of the browser. 23) A given version of a thin-client application will run only on one operating system. 24) Updates to thin-client applications require re-installation of the operating system. 25).
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41) Supporting functions of the value chain add value indirectly, and hence do not incur costs. 42) It is difficult to calculate the margin of supporting activities because the specific value added by supporting activities is difficult to know. 43) Manufacturing systems use linkages to reduce inventory costs. 44) Value chains and linkages.
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1) Business processes involve resources, such as people, computers, and data and document collections. 2) All repositories are databases. 3) Most businesses choose not to standardize business processes in order to avoid inconsistencies in results. 4) Standardized business processes reduce risks. 5) The five-component framework is present in every information system, from the.
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68) The database administrator of an organization constantly manages the processing rights and responsibilities of employees. This is an example of a(n) ________ task. A) development B) recovery C) adaptation D) operational 69) Which of the following database administration tasks is related to adaptation? A) monitoring backup procedures B) conducting training for users C) monitoring database performance D) managing.
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105) Briefly describe the processing device of a computer. 106) Define bits and bytes. What are the different units of data for computer memory? 107) Describe an operating system and an application program. 108) Explain the differences between horizontal-market, vertical-market, and one-of-a-kind application programs. .
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31) Human intuition does not play any role in a dynamic process. 32) Efficiency means accomplishing the process with minimum resources. 33) The instructions of a dynamic process are more rigid when compared to a structured process. 34) Rather than being controlled, dynamic processes are adaptive. 35) Information systems that support a dynamic process.
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112) Explain the difference between thin-client and native applications, and describe the advantages and disadvantages of each. 113) What is a computer network? Explain the different types of computer networks. 114) Explain how wired and wireless devices connect to a LAN. 115) Explain HTTP and HTTPS in general terms. .
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47) Which of the following statements best describes Moore's Law? A) A computer processor becomes obsolete within 18 months. B) The speed of a computer processor doubles every 18 months. C) The number of transistors per square inch on an integrated chip doubles every 18 months. D) The total number of transistors produced in.
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71) Which of the following statements is true about processes and procedures of an information system? A) Each information system has a different procedure for every process it supports. B) A process will have the same procedure for every information system. C) Changes to an information system will not affect the processes that.
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81) Dynamic processes are evaluated on effectiveness more than efficiency because ________. A) they are difficult to change B) the efficient use of resources does not matter in the case of such processes C) they are highly controlled and standardized D) they change so fast that it is often not possible to measure efficiency.
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11) Efficiency and effectiveness occur only at the operational and strategic levels of processes. 12) Inbound logistics processes include scheduling the equipment, people, and facilities necessary to build or assemble a product or provide a service. 13) The primary objective of sales and marketing processes is to find prospects and transform them.
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41) Normalized tables are faster to process than tables that haven't been normalized. 42) A foreign key is essential in relational databases to represent the relationship between two tables. 43) The accuracy of a database design is independent of the corresponding data model. 44) Users are the final judges as to what data.
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100) List the characteristics of structured processes. 101) What are the differences between structured processes and dynamic processes? 102) List the characteristics of dynamic processes. 103) Why is the distinction between structured and dynamic processes considered important? .
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57) Ellen is the marketing manager of Qtopia Inc. She often develops ideas and plans with the help of her colleagues, and provides and receives critical feedback. According to Reich's four critical skills, Ellen is displaying ________ skills. A) collaboration B) systems thinking C) abstract reasoning D) experimentation 58) ________ is defined as making a.
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31) In an entity-relationship (E-R) diagram, an entity is represented by a triangle, and the relationships between entities are represented by dotted lines. 32) A line in an E-R diagram is used to represent the attributes of the entities. 33) A many-to-many (N:M) relationship means that more than one entity is allowed.
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1) The CPU selects instructions, processes them, performs arithmetic and logical comparisons, and stores results of operations in memory. 2) The CPU stores results of operations on the flash drive. 3) Main memory is also called random access memory (RAM). 4) The CPU is considered "the brain" of the computer. 5) Magnetic disks are.
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95) Define value, margin, and value chain. 96) What are the primary activities in the value chain? 97) What are the support activities of a value chain? 98) How does Porter define procurement, technology, human resources, and firm infrastructure? 99) Explain the meaning of value chain linkages with the help of an example. 100) Define.
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96) How is the five-component framework used to estimate the scope of new information systems? 97) Arrange the components of an information system in the correct order based on difficulty and disruption. 98) Explain the role of procedures. 99) Explain the two broad categories of processes with relevant examples. .
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71) Which of the following is an example of a horizontal-market application software? A) a software developed by the IRS for its own needs B) ArtRage, the iPad application C) AutoCad D) Microsoft Excel 72) Which of the following is a feature of open source projects? A) The source code of the program cannot be modified. B).
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61) Which of the following components of a functioning information system includes the computer, keyboard, and monitor? A) software B) procedures C) data D) hardware 62) Which of the following components of an information system functions as a bridge between the human side and the machine side of the information system framework? A) data B) hardware C) software D).
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21) Every business process has one or more possible objectives. 22) Clearly communicated objectives help process participants better understand how the process can be improved. 23) Managers need not make unstated objectives of a process explicit. 24) A reasonable measure is one that is valid and compelling. 25) Accurate measures are exact and precise. 26).
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11) Operating systems generally do little application-specific work. 12) Unix is generally regarded as being more easy to use than Windows. 13) Mac OS is the operating system used on the iPhone, iPad, and iPod Touch. 14) Vertical-market application software provides capabilities that can be applied across all organizations and industries. 15) Machine code.
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51) A(n) ________ is referred to as a sequence of activities for accomplishing a function. A) value chain B) information system C) business process D) repository 52) A(n) ________ is referred to as a task within a business process. A) activity B) schedule C) role D) plan 53) A ________ is referred to as a subset of the activities in.
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58) Relational databases represent relationships using ________. A) foreign keys B) file systems C) metadata D) unique identifiers 59) Metadata are ________. A) code used for server-side processing B) error logs of databases C) data that describe data D) encrypted data transmissions 60) A(n) ________ is a program used to create, process, and administer a database. A) operating system B) DBMS C) information.
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41) Unlike data, information remains constant from person to person. 42) Good information is conceived from accurate, correct, and complete data. 43) Data must be accurate in order to improve the quality of information. 44) Information system users ought to rely on data if it appears in the context of a Web page. 45).
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