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Study Resources (Accounting)

152) A small manufacturer of custom-made sports equipment has hired you as a systems consultant. You have completed a systems survey and found that the company is experiencing wide-ranging problems in its manufacturing and delivery systems, including bottlenecks in production and shipping, and quality control concerns because customer feedback indicates.
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131) Presented below is a list of terms relating to accounting information systems, followed by definitions of those terms. Required: Match the letter next to each definition with the appropriate term. Each answer will be used only once. ________ 1. Ring structure ________ 2. Alias ________ 3. ISAM ________ 4. Relational algebra ________ 5. Tuple ________ 6..
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63) Fields associated with other fields in a logical grouping are known as A) elements. B) records. C) data items. D) attributes. 64) In the CUSTOMER record, the field NAME contains the word "Jones" along with 20 spaces after the last character. This is an example of a A) variable-length record. B) data item. C) fixed-length record. D) trailer. 65).
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112) The tools and technologies used to implement a given project are in the A) the physical design. B) the conceptual framework. C) enterprise architecture. D) project development environment. 113) The project development environment includes the following except A) project collaboration platform. B) integrated development environment. C) software versioning system. D) customer-supplier stacks. 114) In the project development environment, serving.
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93) The processing time required to maintain a fully inverted file A) is fast since the entire index can be loaded into primary memory. B) is almost instantaneous because long indexes can be factored into subindexes. C) is fast when two processors are used simultaneously to process the data and index files at.
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31) A database together with database software is database agnosticity. 32) A database management system is independent of the application software therefore permitting upgrading or modifying the eBusiness application without changing data or database software. This is referred to as database agnosticity. 33) Software tools such as Casewise are used to visually.
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154) A company president has been told by the chief information officer that a certain systems analysis and design project is at the stage of having "design specifications prepared." Required: Identify what systems design phases have occurred and what phases need to take place to complete this project? 155) Briefly discuss some.
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132) Presented below is a list of terms relating to accounting information systems, followed by definitions of those terms. Required: Match the letter next to each definition with the appropriate term. Each answer will be used only once. ________ 1. Logical data structure ________ 2. Key ________ 3. Node ________ 4. DQL ________ 5. Element ________ 6..
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11) Nominalization is the process of applying rules to normal forms in relational database structures. 12) In the first normal form, repeated groups are allowed. 13) An index file is fully inverted when indexes exist for all of its fields. 14) Sequential-access files are often referred to as ISAM files. 15) Using the direct-access.
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92) The best standard to use in developing estimates for the completion time of systems development projects in an organization is A) a vendor-developed standard. B) an industry-average standard. C) a standard recommended by a consultant. D) a standard developed by the organization's experience. 93) There is no general agreement of standard project phases and.
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11) An important criterion used in selecting projects for development is the project's expected return on investment. 12) The basic resource in any systems project is time. 13) The project leader uses a project accounting system to fulfill his or her project control responsibilities. 14) The task completion schedule, based on task time.
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125) Presented below is a list of terms relating to accounting information systems, followed by definitions of those terms. Required: Match the letter next to each definition with the appropriate term. Each answer will be used only once. ________ 1. Network diagram ________ 2. Parallel operation ________ 3. Modular conversion ________ 4. Project management ________ 5..
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31) The SPICE approach categorizes processes into five broad areas and scores "capability level" on a 10-point scale. 32) A project development environment refers to the tools and technologies used to implement a given project. 33) Within the project development environment the project collaboration platform serves to optimize management of the implementation.
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31) Audits of computer service centers do not require as high a degree of technical expertise as do audits of computerized applications. 32) Risk-based auditing provides assurances relating to the effectiveness of an organization's enterprise risk management process. 33) In RBA, the subject of the audit is how well the management prevents.
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62) A list of activities that is strategic to the project to keep it on schedule is called A) the critical path. B) a PERT diagram. C) a Gantt chart. D) the manager's priority matrix. 63) Good project management uses plans for implementing a system. The plans should provide A) specific budget information. B) a breakdown of.
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133) Listed below are ten examples of file organization. Required: From the following three choices, match the file organization technique with each of the ten examples listed. All techniques will be used more than once. S = Sequential IS = Indexed-sequential D = Direct access ________ 1. A large manufacturing company pays all employees once.
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130) Presented below is a list of terms relating to accounting information systems, followed by definitions of those terms. Required: Match the letter next to each definition with the appropriate term. Each answer will be used only once. ________ 1. DBA ________ 2. Inheritance ________ 3. Occurrence ________ 4. Branch ________ 5. Database model ________ 6. Record ________.
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159) What are the differences between logical flow diagrams and analytic flowcharts? 160) What is the Rational Unified Process and what are the four phases incorporated in its framework? 161) Describe object-oriented design and analysis and how UML diagrams will aid OO. Also describe what effect transformation will have on the process.
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127) The Arnold Steel Company controller is concerned about the dollar costs associated with recent system problems. Specifically, she has mentioned what seems to be a lot of system downtime, lack of responsiveness to user queries and report requests, and the fact the data entry department's keying times have risen.
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153) Ace Fasteners is a small manufacturing company. The controller has been preparing aging schedules and found that the company's invoices are not being sent out in a timely manner. The accounts receivable department has told the controller that it is not getting information when orders are completed and shipped.
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40) ________ auditors commonly undertake audits that are reviewed and relied upon by ________ auditors. 41) When batch processing was the dominant method used in computerized data processing, the ________ approach provided an adequate audit. 42) A clear and obvious benefit is obtained from the ________ analysis capability provided by information technology. 43).
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50) ________ can be effectively used in conjunction with a test data technique. 51) Application controls are divided into ________ general areas. 52) The primary audit technique used in an information systems development audit is the review and testing of related ________. 53) Documentation governing the design, development, and implementation of application systems.
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51) ________ is a successive refinement to the project plan. 52) A(n) ________ chart is an ideal way to factor a project into phases and tasks and to document such a plan. 53) Regarding project costs, project resources tend to be spent at a(n) ________ rate as a project proceeds toward completion. 54).
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60) "Auditing with the computer" A) is only performed by external auditors. B) involves activities related to compliance testing. C) is only performed by internal auditors. D) involves activities related to substantive testing of account balances. 61) "Auditing through the computer" refers to A) substantive tests. B) compliance tests. C) transaction tests. D) application control tests. 62) An interim audit A).
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103) The cost of processing per transaction in a high-activity environment is the lowest in which of the following file organization techniques? A) Indexed B) Sequential C) Direct D) Indexed-sequential 104) Response time is affected by A) disk access time. B) how data records are physically distributed on the disk. C) the database management system but not the.
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1) Auditing activities undertaken during substantive testing of account balances can be described as "auditing through the computer." 2) The external auditor serves the firm's stockbrokers, the government, and the general public. 3) Total audit cost is increased significantly when some audit resources are directed at reviewing and verifying the internal controls.
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11) ITF is a powerful information system audit technology. 12) Parallel simulation processes test data through real programs. 13) Parallel simulation is appropriate where transactions are sufficiently important to require a 100 percent audit. 14) GAS has a long history of usage because public accounting firms developed it in the 1960s. 15) Some embedded.
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72) Which of the following activities occurs during the detailed systems design phase? A) Computer programming B) File conversion C) Documentation D) Evaluation 73) The design specifications for a computer program are determined by A) top management. B) users. C) the design team. D) the computer programmer. 74) One of the most important parts of systems implementation that is often.
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83) In the object-oriented modeling technique, an object class has the following structure: PAPER_INVENTORY (SUPPLIER_NO, DISCOUNT) What is the structure of the subclass COPY having the unique attributes QUANTITY and TYPE? A) COPY (QUANTITY, TYPE) B) COPY (SUPPLIER_NO, QUANTITY, TYPE) C) COPY (SUPPLIER_NO, DISCOUNT, QUANTITY, TYPE) D) COPY (PAPER_INVENTORY, QUANTITY, TYPE) 84) Network, tree, and relational models.
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140) Describe the index, prime area, and overflow area in an ISAM file structure. 141) Describe how list organization and multilist organization work in tree and network databases. Also, distinguish between a list structure and a ring structure in the implementation of tree and network structures. How does the list organization.
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21) Specific documentation showing the nature of application controls in a system is known as control flowcharting. 22) Most information system audits follow a four-phase structure, which is followed by analysis and reporting of results. 23) An audit program is a detailed list of the audit procedures to be applied on a.
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41) To determine the activities that are critical to keeping a project on schedule, ________ ________ must be obtained for each individual activity of the project. 42) An announcement by management regarding project execution will have the benefit of minimizing ________. 43) Any successful systems implementation requires that considerable attention be given.
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1) Delays are routine during implementation because it is impossible to anticipate all potential problems during the systems design process. 2) Selecting and training personnel is one of the implementation activities that are carried out based on the design plan. 3) The degree of success for a new system development project is.
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70) Information technology is used to perform some audit work that otherwise would be done manually. The use of information technology by auditors is A) essential. B) mandatory under AICPA Statements of Auditing Standards. C) optional. D) at the sole discretion of the manager in charge of the audit. 71) An external auditor conducts an.
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123) ________ is a multidimensional generalization of the 2-dimensional relational table which provides incredibly fast response times. A) OLAP B) UML C) RUP D) RAD 124) OLAP uses complicated multidimensional "indexes" called A) data mining. B) aggregations. C) drivers. D) transformers. 125) What defines an entire database being loaded into computer-internal high-speed random access memory or other high-speed electronic storage.
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129) What are some of the reasons why time estimates are often inaccurate? 130) Briefly describe the following three methods of converting from an old system to a new system, and give the advantages and disadvantages of each: •direct approach •parallel operation •modular conversion 131) What is the ultimate objective of breaking down an overall.
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73) Four records have the record structure: PART (PART_NO, WARHSE). PART (101,1) PART (101,2) PART (103,1) PART (106,1) Which of the following would be appropriate to use as a record key? A) PART B) PART_NO C) WARHSE D) Answers B and C combined would form a record key. 74) To process and locate records in files, it is necessary to.
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82) The Northwest Savings Bank is implementing a new computer system. It requires that the final testing systems approach is both safe and cost-effective. The bank has planned to implement the new system over the course of the next 18 months. The bank should choose A) parallel operation. B) the direct approach. C).
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102) In all operational systems it becomes necessary to make changes. A change made because of a computer programming error not detected until the system begins operation is typically caused by a(n) A) bug. B) virus. C) worm. D) unexpected design contingency. 103) Modifications to the system may be necessary as environmental conditions and information.
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21) SQL is a non-procedural programming language. 22) In SQL, WHERE must be used to determine which records from the tables listed in the FROM clause will appear in the results of the SELECT statement. 23) Individual logical expressions may be combined in a FROM clause with the Boolean operator AND in.
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134) A database contains the following data: Student Schedule (Student#, Student_name, Major, Course#1, ClassTime1, Location1, Course#2, ClassTime2, Location2, Course#3, ClassTime3, Location3) Required: Normalize this relation through the third normal form. 135) Assume that the customer master file and the transaction file consist of the record numbers shown in the following sequence: Master file3, 7,.
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113) Database dictionaries are defined and controlled by A) a DBA. B) a DBMS. C) the SQL DML component. D) the organization's steering committee. 114) Which of the following is an alias? A) A file whose records consist of data item descriptions B) The use of more than one name for the same field C) The user having.
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1) The terms field, data item, attribute, and element are synonyms. 2) A field would be composed of "customer name" and "customer account number." 3) Variable-length records are easier to manipulate than fixed-length records because the size of the variable-length record is generally smaller than the fixed-length record. 4) Occurrences are also known.
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