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Study Resources (Accounting)

71) The CIA develops a new software named "ET Fonome" to meet its own needs and requirements. The software isn't sold to the public or other organizations. Such a software is called a ________. A) vertical-market application software B) horizontal-market application software C) one-of-a-kind application software D) VPN client software 72) Which of the.
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106) List the characteristics of structured processes. 107) What are the differences between structured processes and dynamic processes? 108) List the characteristics of dynamic processes. 109) Why is the distinction between structured and dynamic processes considered important? .
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21) A database application is a collection of forms, reports, queries, and application programs that use the DBMS to process a database. 22) A single database can have only one application and user. 23) Pure database data are valuable, but they are not pertinent or useful in raw form. 24) Application programs do.
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103) Explain the database administration tasks associated with the development of databases. 104) Explain the different operation database administration tasks. 105) Explain the different database administration tasks associated with the backup and recovery of databases. 106) Explain the different database administration tasks associated with the adaptation of databases. .
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91) Which of the following is true regarding dynamic processes? A) These processes consist of fixed steps taken in a specific control flow every time. B) These processes are, by definition, unstructured. C) The BPMN diagrams for these processes are highly specialized and variable. D) These processes rely, to a large extent, on human.
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61) A megabyte is ________. A) 1,024 bytes B) 1,024 K C) 1,024 MB D) 1,024 GB 62) To run a program or process data, a computer first transfers the program or data from the disk to the ________. A) scanner B) display C) cache D) main memory 63) The cache and main memory lose their contents when the power.
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81) Developers use ________ to define the entities that will be stored in the database and the relationships among those entities. A) the waterfall model B) spiral models C) incremental models D) the E-R data model 82) A(n)________ is an attribute (or group of attributes) whose value is associated with one and only one entity.
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81) The protocol standard IEEE 802.3 used in wired LAN connections is also called ________. A) Internet B) Ethernet C) intranet D) VPN 82) The NIC in most personal computers today supports what is called 10/100/1000 Ethernet. 10/100/100 Ethernet refers to ________. A) transmission speed in Gbps B) transmission speed in Tbps C) transmission speed in Mbps D) transmission.
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31) Data that is too fine-grained is too highly summarized. 32) Data which is easy to use results in better comprehension and thus produces better quality information. 33) Data that is too coarse is highly detailed. 34) Two people can perceive the same data but conceive different information from it. 35) Data is subjective. 36).
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1) Hardware refers to both electronic components and the related gadgetry that input, process, output, and store data. 2) The CPU stores results of operations on the flash drive. 3) Special function cards are examples of input hardware. 4) The CPU is considered "the brain" of the computer. 5) Magnetic disk is the most.
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71) Staples sells office supplies and machines, furniture, and technology and business services both in stores and online. It sells every kind of stationery that one can imagine. It has over 2,000 stores worldwide in 26 countries. This is an example of a(n) ________. A) industry-wide differentiation strategy B) focused differentiation strategy C).
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11) Database management systems are mostly developed by the organizations that use them. 12) Access and SQL Server are examples of DBMS products. 13) A DBMS is a software program; a database is a collection of tables of data, relationships, and metadata. 14) Database developers use the DBMS to create tables, relationships, and.
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91) ________ is the process of converting a data model into tables, relationships, and data constraints. A) Data acquisition B) Database design C) Data enrichment D) Data warehousing 92) The database design team transforms entities into ________. A) normal forms B) foreign keys C) tables D) bytes 93) The database design team expresses relationships by defining ________. A) normal forms B).
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11) The five components of information systems are common to all information systems, from the smallest to the largest. 12) The printer connected to a PC is an example of software. 13) A company's security protocol for logging into systems would be an example of the procedure component of an information system. 14).
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61) Which of the following is an actor in the five-component framework of an information system? A) software B) procedures C) data D) hardware 62) ________ function(s) as a bridge between the human side and the machine side of the information system framework. A) Data B) Hardware C) Procedures D) People 63) A company's ________ serve(s) as instructions for users.
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41) Supporting functions of the value chain add value indirectly and hence do not incur costs. 42) It is difficult to calculate the margin of supporting activities because the specific value added by supporting activities is difficult to know. 43) Manufacturing systems use linkages to reduce inventory costs. 44) Value chains do not.
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51) ________ consist(s) of electronic components and related gadgetry that input, process, output, and store data according to instructions encoded in computer programs. A) Software B) Hardware C) Programs D) The Internet 52) Which of the following is an example of a processing device? A) UPC readers B) special function cards C) scanners D) plotters 53) Which of the following.
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89) Explain the meaning of collaboration and experimentation with the help of examples. 90) Define management information systems. 91) What are processes, information systems, and information? 92) How does MIS help organizations achieve their strategies? 93) How does MIS relate to organizational strategy? 94) Briefly describe Porter's five forces model. .
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97) Discuss the symmetry of the five-component framework. 98) Explain why a variety of skills are required to develop an information system. 99) Why is the term "data" not interchangeable with the term "information"? 100) Explain the data factors that drive information quality? 101) Why must data be timely in order to make information.
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95) What are the different competitive strategies according to Porter's model?? 96) Define value, margin, and value chain. 97) What are the primary activities in the value chain? 98) What are the support activities of a value chain? 99) How does Porter define technology, human resources, and firm infrastructure? 100) Explain the meaning of value.
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81) Porter defined ________ broadly to include research and development and other activities within the firm for developing new techniques, methods, and procedures. A) technology B) human resources C) firm infrastructure D) MIS 82) Porter defined ________ to include recruiting, compensation, evaluation, and training of full- and part-time employees. A) human resources B) firm infrastructure C) operations D) employee.
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1) A business process is a sequence of activities for accomplishing a function. 2) All repositories are databases. 3) Most businesses choose not to standardize business processes in order to avoid inconsistencies in results. 4) Standardized business processes reduce risks. 5) A system is a group of components that interact to achieve some purpose. 6).
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61) Which of the following is a popular DBMS product from Microsoft? A) PowerPoint B) Outlook C) Silverlight D) Access 62) A ________ is a software program; while a ________ is a collection of tables of data, relationships, and metadata. A) database; DBMS B) DBMS; database C) spreadsheet; DBMS D) database; spreadsheet 63) ________ is an international standard language for.
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71) In an office, a(n) ________ is an information system. A) air-conditioner B) projector C) telephone D) conference room schedule 72) What is the primary difference between data and information? A) Information is processed to get data. B) Data is processed to get information. C) Data, unlike information, is related to hardware. D) Information, unlike data, is a component.
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41) The database design team transforms entities into tables and expresses relationships by defining foreign keys. 42) A data integrity problem is created due to inconsistent data in the database. 43) The data integrity problem occurs only if data are duplicated. 44) Normalized tables cannot eliminate data duplication, but they can be faster.
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21) Wide area networks connect computers that reside in a single geographic location. 22) The Internet is a network of networks connecting LANs, WANs, and other internets. 23) Most LAN connections are made using unshielded twisted pair (UTP) cable. 24) If a connection carries a lot of traffic, it is advised to replace.
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41) Innovation is not expected in structured processes, whereas innovation is required in dynamic processes. 42) Effectiveness is an important characteristic of both structured and dynamic processes. 43) Using social networking sites to generate buzz about next season's product line is an example of a structured process. 44) Changes to dynamic processes are.
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51) Which of the following is a nonroutine cognitive skill that would provide one with job security? A) abstract reasoning B) tax accounting C) communication skills D) computer knowledge 52) ________ is the ability to make and manipulate models. A) Abstract reasoning B) Systems thinking C) Collaboration D) Experimentation 53) Miguel proposes a new design idea for an automobile to.
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51) A(n) ________ is a sequence of activities for accomplishing a function. A) task B) information system C) business process D) repository 52) Recording final grades is a(n) ________ ,whereas filling out the grade reporting form is a(n) ________. A) business process; activity B) activity; business process C) activity; task D) task; business process 53) What do rectangles with rounded.
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110) Describe an operating system and an application program. 111) Explain the differences between horizontal-market, vertical-market, and one-of-a-kind application programs. 112) Explain the difference between thin clients and thick clients and describe the advantages and disadvantage of each. .
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91) The layered protocol used in the Internet is ________. A) TCP/IP B) SMTP C) FTP D) HTTP 92) Because public IP addresses must be unique worldwide, their assignment is controlled by a public agency known as ________. A) CERN B) IEEE C) ICANN D) ISO 93) A(n) ________ is a number that identifies a particular device on the public.
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31) A modulator/demodulator converts the digital data in the computer to a wavy, or analog, signal. 32) DSL stands for dual subscriber line. 33) DSL modems operate on the same lines as voice telephones, but do not interfere with voice telephone service. 34) ADSLs have similar upload and download speeds. 35) Narrowband lines typically.
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41) The Internet transports messages as a single packet, through a router. 42) Routers are special purpose computers that move traffic from one node on a network to another. 43) TCP provides reliable internet transport and IP provides internet routing. 44) Most e-commerce applications use the three-tier architecture. 45) In the three-tier architecture, the.
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61) Which of the following appropriately justifies a company's decision to develop an information system? A) to project a modern and progressive image B) to achieve organizational strategy C) for the sake of exploring technology and being innovative D) to avoid falling behind the technology curve 62) Which of the following is the first stage.
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51) A(n) ________ is a self-describing collection of integrated records. A) identifier B) key C) entity D) database 52) In a database, a ________ refers to a character of data. A) byte B) form C) query D) key 53) Bytes are grouped into columns, which are also called ________. A) rows B) fields C) files D) bits 54) In a database, rows are also.
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