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11.What was a key factor that enabled the Liberal Party to maintain its national dominance after 1993? a.the decline in Quebec separatism and the Bloc Québécois b.the decline of the Reform Party as a Western protest party c.the split between Reform and Progressive Conservatives d.the dip in Liberal support in Quebec and Ontario 12.Which among.
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  TRUE/FALSE 1.As in other countries, the internet is the leading source of political information for Canadians. 2.At the time of Confederation, the poor were excluded from voting. 3.Low levels of voter turnout have sometimes been blamed on Canada’s electoral system. 4.The small minority of Canadians who do join parties are not typical of broader.
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  SHORT ANSWER 1.What is the notwithstanding clause? 2.What are three types of rights that can be overridden by the notwithstanding clause? 3.In 1982, some groups were disappointed that two categories of rights were not listed in the Charter. What were these two categories? .
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11.The _________, a panel of judges primarily from the British House of Lords, acted as the highest court of appeal for Canada in constitutional and civil matters until 1949. a.Supreme Court of the United Kingdom b.Equality and Human Rights Commission c.British Human Rights Tribunal d.Judicial Committee of the Privy Council 12.Although this had been lacking.
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  TRUE/FALSE 1.Don Cherry was voted the “Greatest Canadian” by CBC viewers in 2004. 2.Americans are more likely than Canadians to be religious. 3.The political values of Albertans are more individualistic than those of people living in Saskatchewan. 4.The decline in trust and confidence in politicians and political institutions may be part of a general.
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11.In Canada, voter turnout has _________over the past 25 years. a.increased significantly b.decreased significantly c.stayed the same d.increased slowly 12.In Canada, the decline in voter participation rates in federal elections in the early twenty-first century has been blamed on _________. a.generational replacement b.changes to the electors list c.media coverage of elections d.deliberative democracy 13.Of the following, who is least likely.
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11.The Constitution Act, 1867, gave the Canadian Cabinet the right to __________ provincial legislation within one year of its passage. a.legalize b.reduce c.amend d.disallow 12.One reason why the Canadian federal system has become more decentralized is the_________ of the provinces. a.moderation b.diversity c.knowledge d.weakness 13.If a federal system can be described as highly centralized, this means that a large amount.
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11.What was missing from the Constitution Act, 1982, with regard to Aboriginal rights? a.A requirement to hold constitutional conferences with Aboriginal representatives b.Aclause that spelled out the specific nature of Aboriginal rights c.Equal application of rights to all Aboriginal peoples d.Equal application of rights to Aboriginal males and females 12.In the Charlottetown Accord, Aboriginal self-government.
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MULTIPLE CHOICE 1.A fusion of powers means that the legislative powers and the _________ powers are linked. a.executive b.right-wing c.judicial d.bureaucratic 2.The formal executive branch of government consists of the Queen, the Privy Council, and the _________. a.governor b.Senators c.leader of the Opposition d.Governor General 3.Because of the nature of the executive, Canada is described as a _________. a.republic b.constitutional monarchy c.British colony d.common democracy 4.The.
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  TRUE/FALSE 1.Two-party systems typically produce single-party governments. 2.In the 1988 election, more Canadians voted for parties that opposed the Free Trade Agreement than for the Conservatives. 3.Canada has never had a female Prime Minister. 4.Political party members are disproportionately Canadian-born individuals of European ancestry. 5.The New Democrats are among only two major parties that operate.
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MULTIPLE CHOICE 1.Pierre Trudeau once called these people “trained seals” who did the bidding of the government without thinking for themselves. Who was he talking about? a.Members of Cabinet b.Liberal backbenchers c.The Speakers of the House d.Committee chairs 2.Which among the following is considered to be an important function of Parliament? a.Representation b.Sublimation c.Delegation d.Origination 3.___________ means that we feel obligated.
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MULTIPLE CHOICE 1.For what past injustice did the Canadian government accept responsibility and pay about $1.9 billion in compensation in 2008? a.Abuse experienced in residential schools b.Violation of treaty rights c.Seizure of Aboriginal lands d.Unequal treatment of men and women 2.In 1867, the Constitution Act gave exclusive jurisdiction over the governance of Aboriginal people to the_________. a.Parliament.
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  SHORT ANSWER 1.The Responsibility to Protectreport argues that there is a collective international responsibility to protect in the face of what four major threats to human security? 2.What was the key provision of the NATO alliance formed between the United States, Canada, and several European countries in 1949? 3.What does NO .
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  TRUE/FALSE 1.The government’s authority comes ultimately not from Parliament but from the Crown. 2.The powers of the prime minister are explicitly set down in the Constitution Act, 1867. 3.In Canada, the party’s parliamentary caucus chooses the prime minister, and the caucus can remove him or her. 4.All ministers must take an oath committing them.
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11.The text suggests that Canadians generally have a collectivist strand to their political culture, rather than an individualist one, as do many Americans. Which of the following is good evidence that this true? a.Institutions that reflect the economic mode of production b.Greater levels of unionization in Canada c.A less deferential attitude to authority d.A.
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  TRUE/FALSE 1.In the Constitution Act, 1867, the residual power was given to the provincial governments. 2.Classical federalism refers to a view that each level of government should be autonomous. 3.The federal government’s spending power is explicitly provided for in the Constitution Act, 1867. 4.Canada’s federal system has been largely symmetrical but with some asymmetrical.
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11.Proponents of Canada's electoral system argue that it_________. a.fosters stability by facilitating the creation of a majority government b.strengthens the hand of the executive branch c.rewards parties whose support is widely distributed across the country d.encourages gerrymandering 12.In Canada’s electoral system, a candidate wins a constituency only when he or she receives _________. a.more votes than.
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  TRUE/FALSE 1.Canada was a signatory of the treaty establishing the League of Nations following World War I. 2.Although Canada was not directly involved in the Vietnam War, Canadian companies produced many of the armaments used by the United States. 3.Pierre Trudeau gradually phased out the deployment of nuclear weapons during his time as.
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  SHORT ANSWER 1. As applied to Canada, Hartz’s founding fragments theory suggests that the Canadian political culture should be analyzed in terms of which “fragments”? 2. What is the definition of a political ideology? 3. Seymour Martin Lipset identifies two key events in the formation of Canadian and American political culture. What are.
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  SHORT ANSWER 1.What is the Council of the Federation? 2.Explain the difference between intrastate and interstate federalism. 3.Which two cases led the Supreme Court of Canada to rule on legislative authority of the two levels of government in environmental questions? .
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MULTIPLE CHOICE 1.The definition of an interest group is an organization that_________. a.uses pluralist theory to understand political decisions b.pursues common interests while trying to influence public policies c.runs candidates for public office hoping to form the government d.focuses only on the economic needs of its members 2.Pluralist theory contends that interest groups_________. a.represent the diversity of.
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MULTIPLE CHOICE 1.In the text, three general perspectives on Canada’s place in the world are discussed: the liberal internationalist, peripheral dependence, and _________ perspectives. a.hegemonic state b.commodity c.mediocre power d.complex neo-realism 2.According to John Kirton’s notion of a “principal power,” Canada is a country that is fundamentally concerned with _________. a.its popularity and image on the world.
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  TRUE/FALSE 1.In Canada, the Anti-Terrorism Act was criticized for restricting hate speech. 2.The Constitution Act, 1867, places some limits on parliamentary supremacy by dividing legislative authority between the federal and provincial governments. 3.The Canadian Bill of Rights of 1960 applied to both provincial and federal governments. 4.The Charter does not apply to businesses, private.
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11.Who among the following strongly favoured incorporating the Charter of Rights and Freedoms in the Canadian constitution? a.Réne Lévesque b.Pierre Trudeau c.Robert Bourassa d.William Aberhart 12.In contrast to the Canadian Bill of Rights of 1960, the Charter of Rights and Freedoms  _________. a.has an important preamble b.applies only to the federal government c.clearly empowers the courts to invalidate.
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11.What resolution adopted at an Imperial Conference in 1926 declared that Britain and the dominions (including Canada) are autonomous and in no way subordinate one to another? a.The Constitution Act b.The Balfour Declaration c.The Charter of Rights and Freedoms d.The Empire Declaration 12.At the end of the Cold War, the international system underwent a fundamental.
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11.________ ministers lead government departments that deliver services directly to the public at large or segments of the public. a.First b.Executive c.Secretary d.Line 12.Responsible government is the chief means by which the legislature can exercise some control over the business of government in a Parliamentary system. The legislature does this by ensuring _________. a.a majority of.
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  TRUE/FALSE 1.Public interest groups are those that pursue selective benefits for their members that are not generally available. 2.Selective benefits are only available to the members of a specific interest group and are not generally available to the public at large. 3.The structure of Canadian tax laws tends to work against the interests.
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  SHORT ANSWER 1.Canada’s Constitution is not written in a single formal legal document that establishes all the rules for governing the country, although formal documents are among its basic elements. Aside from formal documents, what are the other three elements that make up Canada’s constitution? 2.What did Pierre Trudeau and other political.
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  SHORT ANSWER 1.To which groups of Aboriginal people did the constitutionally enshrined rights in the Constitution Act, 1982, apply? 2.What is meant by the term citizens plus? 3.What are three features that make Aboriginal title to land distinct from other claims, according to the Supreme Court’s decision in the Gitksan and Wet’suwet’en cases? 4.What.
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MULTIPLE CHOICE 1.Under Canadian law, the fundamental purpose of all political parties is to_________. a.expand the franchise b.organize opposition to the government c.manage public finances d.endorse candidates for elections 2.Brokerage theory maintains that parties _________. a.have rigid ideological principles b.lack coherent ideological programs c.appeal to specific regional interests d.appeal to specific class interests 3.A pattern of electoral competition that emerges between.
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MULTIPLE CHOICE 1.In 2001, Canada’s Anti-Terrorism Act included penalties for support of terrorist organizations. One other provision of this act was that it allowed _________. a.unlawful search and seizure b.police to arrest suspects without a warrant c.the use of rubber bullets during demonstrations d.suspects to raise bail money 2.In 1988, the Supreme Court struck down Canada’s.
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MULTIPLE CHOICE 1.When Premier Danny Williams of Newfoundland and Labrador ordered the Canadian flag removed from all provincial buildings, he was objecting to a _________. a.change in the wording of the Canadian Constitution b.reduction in equalization payments to the province c.federal government decision to appoint a Supreme Court justice d.decision to overturn a piece of.
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11.Pluralist theory argues that activities of interest groups result in policies that are _________. a.subject to legal challenge b.very expensive c.in the public interest d.easier to understand 12.The following statements are all things a _________theorist might say. a.rational choice b.Marxist c.state-centred d.public interest 13.The definition of an institutionalized interest group is one that has, among other things, _________. a.a business base b.a.
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  TRUE/FALSE 1.The formation of Canada in 1867 created an independent country rather than a British colony. 2.Canada’s Constitution was not a fully Canadian document until 1982. 3.The Constitution Act, 1867, was a British law, and so prior to 1982 any request to change it had to be made to London. 4.Because of their importance,.
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MULTIPLE CHOICE 1.In the text, political culture is said to include the fundamental and widely held political beliefs, orientations, and _________of a political community. a.opportunities b.values c.hobbies d.ethnicities 2.Political socialization refers to ___________________. a.the process by which political culture is passed down b.the process by which political behaviour can be studied and predicted c.the process by which immigrant values.
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11.La survivance is a strategy to_________. a. prevent English-Canadians from dominating industry and finance in Quebec b. protect the French-Canadian nation by resisting assimilation c. encourage the Quebec middle classes to become Canadian citizens d. relinquish control over language rights to English-Canadians 12.What was the Quiet Revolution? a.An era of political and social change with an.
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11.One of the problems with representation by population in the House of Commons is that it leads to _________. a.weak budgetary decisions b.uncivilized behaviour c.bureaucratic wrangling d.dominance by central Canada 12.A _________ is described as an MP who relies on their personal judgment when making decisions for their constituents and country. a.trustee b.delegate c.party member d.symbol 13.In this role, the.
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  TRUE/FALSE 1.In Canada, the voting age is 19. 2.Constitutionally, a province can have fewer seats in the House of Commons than it has Senators. 3.In Canada, an election can result in a majority government in the House even when a majority of votes went to other parties. 4.In a PR electoral system, coalition governments.
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  TRUE/FALSE 1.Most countries in the world are nation-states, in which the total population shares a single ethnic culture. 2.Canadians attach different meanings to the Canadian identity and express multiple and often overlapping allegiances to other identities. 3.The Canadian government has reserved seats in the House of Commons and the Senate for the representation.
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MULTIPLE CHOICE 1.In 2010, downtown Toronto became “ground zero” in a violent clash between police and demonstrators outside a meeting of the G20. Why had the G20 summit been convened? a.To discuss water exports under the free trade agreement b.To discuss the recovery from the global recession and the European debt crisis c.To discuss.
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  SHORT ANSWER 1.What are two criticisms that have often been made of media coverage of election campaigns? 2.What two key changes to campaign donations rules have been introduced in recent times? 3.What are three long-term influences on voter behaviour discussed in the text? 4.Describe at least tw .
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  TRUE/FALSE 1.The average lifespan of Aboriginals in Canada is several years less than other Canadians. 2.The Aboriginal population in Canada is growing rapidly. 3.Unlike many other indigenous peoples in the Americas, Canada’s indigenous peoples were never conquered by the European powers. 4.Under the Indian Act, Aboriginal people were considered to be legally wards of.
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MULTIPLE CHOICE 1.What feature of the Meech Lake Accord was Elijah Harper objecting to when he delayed debate on it in the Manitoba legislature in 1990? a.The absence of any Aboriginal concerns b.The Charter of Rights and Freedoms c.Changes to the amending formula d.The lack of provincial government input 2.According to the text, Canada’s constitution consists.
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MULTIPLE CHOICE 1.Why did 19-year-old Sondos Abdelatif quit her position as a prison guard trainee in 2007? a.She was told she could not wear her hijabwhile on duty. b.She was told she could not pray during her lunch break. c.She was prohibited from distributing religious material to other prison guards. d.She was subject to racial.
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  SHORT ANSWER 1.Describe at least three non-political activities that professional associations (such as doctors’ groups or lawyers’ groups) take part in. 2.What are the arguments against government sponsorship and support for interest groups? 3.What was the Court Challenges Program? .
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MULTIPLE CHOICE 1.An electoral system is one which translates the votes that people cast into _________ in the House of Commons. a.rules of procedure b.representation of parties c.committee decisions d.Senate seats 2.Which among the following is at present not included among the legal requirements to vote in Canada? a.proof of address b.another registered voter to vouch for you c.three.
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