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Study Resources (Accounting)

81) Describe each type of organizational change enabled by information technology. Give an example of each type of change, as it might be illustrated through the operations of a hotel. 82) What is the business importance of managing the quality of business processes? Describe two methods of quality management. 83) You.
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71) ________ refers to the application of knowledge, skills, tools and techniques to achieve specific targets within specified budget and time constraints. 72) One of the five major variables in project management, ________ is an indicator of how well the project satisfies management objectives. 73) A(n) ________ is a method for deciding.
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11) Which of the following is NOT a tier in the accounting system architecture? A) Report tier B) Database tier C) User tier D) Application tier 12) Which tier in the accounting system architecture that consists of onscreen forms? A) User tier B) Application tier C) Database tier D) Accounting tier 13) When using an accounting database system, such as.
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31) Categories of tools for BPM include all of the following except A) tools to integrate existing systems to support business processes' improvements. B) tools to automate business processes. C) tools to identify and document business processes. D) tools to test the security of business processes. 32) Which process develops a detailed description of the.
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1) The cost of a project is based on the time taken to complete the project. 2) An information system project's scope is directly related to its business requirements. 3) The information systems steering committee is composed of information systems managers and end-user managers responsible for overseeing several specific information systems projects. 4).
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31) Which of the following project management variables indicates how well the project satisfies management objectives? A) goals B) risk C) quality D) scope 32) The central method used in a portfolio analysis is to A) inventory all of the organization's information systems projects and assets. B) perform a weighted comparison of the criteria used to evaluate.
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Match the following cycles with their corresponding accounting system module. A) Customers Module B) Vendors Module C) Banking Module D) Financial Module E) Employees Module 14) Payroll Cycle 15) Sales Cycle 16) Financial Cycle 17) Purchasing Cycle 18) When looking at an accounting system using the aerial view, you see A) Detailed information recorded in the accounting system B) Information available on.
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14) Which symbol is used by IT professionals to represent the enterprise network? A) Cloud B) Star C) Circle D) Square 15) What is the purpose of Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) software? A) Help identify the end of a product's life cycle B) Identify new trends in consumer purchasing C) Analyze an organization's sales projections D) Help managers control.
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11) Real options pricing models use the concept of options valuation borrowed from the financial industry. 12) The larger the systems project, the more risk the project runs in terms of being completed on time, within budget, and according to project requirements. 13) The systems analyst is the catalyst for the entire.
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21) On average, private sector IT projects underestimated budget and delivery time of systems by ________ percent. A) 30 B) 40 C) 50 D) 60 22) As discussed in the chapter, which of the following is not one of the immediate consequences of inadequate software project management? A) cost overruns B) organizational conflict C) time slippage D) technical shortfalls 23).
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87) Differentiate between intangible and tangible benefits and list three examples of each. In what types of systems are intangible benefits more predominant? 88) What is the purpose of using a real options pricing model to estimate the potential value of an information systems project? .
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31) Most large companies with overseas operations have inherited A) recently built technology platforms for international systems. B) batch-oriented reporting from independent foreign divisions to corporate headquarters. C) transaction-oriented reporting based at the home office for overseas business. D) global marketing systems developed domestically. 32) In terms of global business strategy and structure, a domestic.
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51) Object-oriented modeling is based on the concepts of A) objects and relationships. B) classes and objects. C) class and inheritance. D) objects and inheritance. 52) Object-oriented development could potentially reduce the time and cost of writing software because A) object-oriented programming requires less training. B) iterative prototyping is not required. C) objects are reusable. D) a single user.
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11) Object-oriented development is more incremental than traditional structured development. 12) CASE tools facilitate the creation of clear documentation and the coordination of team development efforts. 13) The oldest method for building information systems is prototyping. 14) Prototyping is more iterative than the conventional lifecycle. 15) A problem with prototyping is that the systems.
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Objective 1 1) An IT auditor must understand the terms and definitions used by accounting and IT professionals. 2) Which of the following are NOT part of the basic functions of an enterprise system? A) Hiring B) Output C) Input D) Processing 1) A Supply Chain Management (SCM) system is a subsystem of an Accounting System. 2) Activities.
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61) An example of using an internal integration tool would be to A) define task dependencies. B) include user representatives as active members of the project team. C) create a PERT chart. D) hold frequent project team meetings. 62) Formal planning and control tools A) enable a project to have sufficient technical support for project management.
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51) Of the following, which is not one of the three central principles recommended in this chapter for a firm organizing itself for international business? A) Organize value-adding activities along lines of comparative advantage. B) Establish a single office responsible for international systems and a global CIO position. C) Disperse production and marketing.
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71) A software package evaluation process is often based on a series of questions sent to vendors, called a(n) ________. 72) A(n) ________ is an organizational change that involves rethinking the nature of the business and the nature of the organization itself. 73) A systems analysis includes a(n) ________ that is used.
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44) Spreadsheets containing data extracted from a relational database are called what? A) Shadow data B) Ghost data C) Gray data D) Intelligent 45) Which of the following is NOT considered an information asset? A) Shadow data systems B) Business intelligence applications C) Electronic records D) None of the above 46) Which act requires publicly traded companies to assess the.
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53) What are the three database essentials an accounting professional needs to know? Define and provide an example of each. 54) What are Database Forms, Database Queries, and Database Reports? Please provide an example of each. 55) What is the purpose of a primary key? What would happen if a relational database.
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58) How can data in an accounting information system improve decision making? Provide examples of these decisions. 59) What is the difference between data, information, and business intelligence? 60) What are the three vital functions an accounting system servers? Please define each. 61) What are the advantages and disadvantages of using a shadow.
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1) The first step in establishing a corporate strategy and structure for globalization is to determine the appropriate technology platform. 2) Global business drivers can be divided into two groups: general cultural factors and specific business factors. 3) The growth of powerful communications technologies and the emergence of world cultures create the.
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Match the database table to the appropriate transaction cycle. A) Banking Cycle B) Sales Cycle C) Purchasing Cycle D) Financial Cycle E) Payroll Cycle 11) General Ledger 12) Account Transactions 13) Time Worked 14) Employee 15) Purchase Order 16) Cash Receipts 17) Customer 18) Database ________ store pieces of information about people, events, and objects. 19) Database ________ are used to search the database.
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Objective 3 1) Database fields are pieces of information about event, people, and objects. 2) To retrieve data stored in a relational database, each record must have one or more unique identifier. 3) What IT professionals call people or things, accounting professionals call objects. 4) A database table that stores data about items a.
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41) All of the following are intangible benefits of information systems except A) improved asset utilization. B) increased organizational learning. C) improved operations. D) reduced workforce. 42) Which of the following is not a tangible benefit of information systems? A) reduced rate of growth in expenses B) lower computer expenses C) improved resource control D) increased productivity 43) The principal.
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Objective 3 1) The Vendors Module of a baseline accounting system relates to the sales cycle. 2) The Customer Module of a baseline accounting system includes creating purchase orders. 3) The Banking Module of a baseline accounting system includes bill paying transactions. 4) Accounting software often includes a navigation screen that represents the major.
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Objective 4 1) Processes are related activities or events that create value. 2) An IT audit includes auditing the System Development Life Cycle (SDLC). 3) What are the three key factors to consider for a successful accounting system? A) People, budget, and time B) Time, processes, and technology C) People, processes, and technology D) Processes, budget, and.
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41) In a parallel conversion strategy, the new system A) is tested by an outsourced company. B) replaces the old one at an appointed time. C) and the old are run together. D) is introduced in stages. 42) In the direct cutover conversion strategy, the new system A) is tested by an outsourced company. B) replaces the.
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71) A(n) international information systems ________ consists of the basic information systems required by organizations to coordinate worldwide trade and other activities. 72) The global ________ created by television, the Internet, and other globally shared media permits different peoples around the world to develop common expectations and values. 73) A(n) ________ is.
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21) The four kinds of structural organizational change enabled by IT, in order from least to most risky, are A) rationalization, automation, reengineering, and redesigning. B) rationalization, automation, reengineering, and paradigm shift. C) automation, rationalization, reengineering, and paradigm shift. D) automation, redesigning, restructuring, and paradigm shift. 22) In automation A) business processes are simplified. B) business processes.
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41) In centralized systems A) development occurs at the home base and operations are handed over to autonomous units in foreign locations. B) each foreign unit designs its own unique solutions and systems. C) systems development and operations occur in an integrated and coordinated fashion across all units. D) systems development and operations occur.
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61) Which of the following is not one of the main benefits to implementing global systems? A) superior management and coordination B) vast improvements in operation C) new economies of scale at production facilities D) reduced hardware costs 62) When developing a global system, bringing the opposition of local groups into the process of designing.
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11) In a duplicated systems building strategy, each foreign unit designs its own solutions and systems. 12) To avoid the cost and uncertainty of moving information across national boundaries, most multinational firms have developed information systems within each European country. 13) With the growth of the Internet and reliable phone networks, skilled.
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61) Which type of fourth-generation language tool contains preprogrammed modules that can be used to create entire applications? A) PC software tools B) report generators C) application generators D) application software packages 62) Fourth-generation tools cannot replace conventional development tools because they A) cannot handle large numbers of transactions or extensive procedural logic. B) are not designed.
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86) What are the organizational principles a company should follow to develop a global company and its information systems support structure? Do you agree? Would you change these principles, or add others? Support your answer. 87) List at least four difficult problems for management in the development of the international information.
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51) The organizational activities working toward the adoption, management, and routinization of a new information system are called A) production. B) maintenance. C) implementation. D) acceptance. 52) One example of an implementation problem is A) poor user interface. B) inadequate user training. C) project running over budget. D) changes in job activities and responsibilities. 53) According to your reading of.
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21) A force in the environment to which businesses must respond and that influences the direction of the business is called a business A) driver. B) threat. C) process. D) matrix. 22) The major dimensions of international systems architecture include each of the following except A) the global environment. B) corporate global strategy. C) technology platform. D) transborder data.
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Objective 2 1) Data stored in a data warehouse is used for routine business activities. 2) The ________ is responsible for managing the enterprise's databases. 3) Data stored in a ________ may be current data, historical data, or future estimates. 4) In a ________ database structure, a parent record can have many child records.
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