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Study Resources (Accounting)

31) Which of the following illustrates the use of information systems to focus on market niche? A) A hot tub dealer's use of information systems to determine which models and options its customers are most likely to buy. B) A shoe manufacturer's use of information systems in selling custom, made-to-order shoes directly.
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20) Benchmarks are specific standards for business processes set by industry leaders. 21) Which of the following is not one of the competitive forces of Porter's model? A) Suppliers B) Other competitors C) External environment D) Customers 22) A manufacturer of deep-sea oil rigs may be least concerned about which of these marketplace forces? A) Product differentiation B).
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41) Data management technology consists of: A) the physical hardware and media used by an organization for storing data. B) the detailed, preprogrammed instructions that control and coordinate the computer hardware components in an information system. C) the software governing the organization of data on physical storage media. D) the hardware and software used.
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41) From your reading of the case study discussing airline baggage handling, which of the following business objectives is central to driving the improvement of baggage-handling information systems? A) Survival B) Competitive advantage C) New products and services D) Operational excellence 42) Which type of system would you use to determine what trends in your.
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51) A report generator is a type of: A) procedural language. B) second-generation language. C) graphics language. D) fourth-generation language. 52) Microsoft Word is an example of: A) open-source software. B) word-processing software. C) software productivity suite. D) data management software. 53) Two categories of fourth-generation languages are: A) graphics language and application software package. B) utility software and computer language translation.
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21) The five basic entities that make up any business are suppliers, customers, employees, products and services, and: A) its environment. B) manufacturing and production. C) sales and marketing. D) invoices and payments. 22) Promoting the organization's products or services is a responsibility of the ________ function. A) finance and accounting B) human resources C) manufacturing and production D).
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41) Purchasing computing power from a central computing service and paying only for the amount of computing power used is commonly referred to as: A) grid computing. B) utility computing. C) client/server computing. D) autonomic computing. 42) An example of autonomic computing is: A) virus protection software that runs and updates itself automatically. B) software programmed to.
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11) Which of the following SQL commands specifies the filter condition of an SQL statement? A) Where B) From C) And D) Select 12) What is the difference between a procedural programming language and a non-procedural programming language? 13) Besides retrieving data from a relational database, what else can you do with SQL statements? Nice Lawn Database.
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41) The primary activities of a firm include: A) inbound logistics, operations, outbound logistics, sales and marketing, and service. B) inbound logistics, operations, outbound logistics, technology, and service. C) procurement, inbound logistics, operations, technology, and outbound logistics. D) procurement, operations, technology, sales and marketing, and service. 42) The support activities of a firm include: A) inbound.
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Match the database integrity rule to the appropriate definition. A) Each record in the database must have a unique identifier called a primary key. B) Data referenced and stored in related tables must be consistent across the database. C) The field values must be from a predefined domain. D) The primary key value cannot.
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21) As discussed in the chapter opening case, Disney's implementation of new information systems in their amusement parks can be seen as an effort to achieve which of the primary business objectives? A) Customer and supplier intimacy B) Improved decision making C) Operational excellence D) New products and services 22) Journalist Thomas Friedman's description of.
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11) In the age of the Internet, Porter's traditional competitive forces model is still at work, but competitive rivalry has become much more intense. 12) In the value chain model, primary activities are most directly related to the production and distribution of the firm's products and services that create value for.
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Objective 4 1) In SQL, Data Definition Language statements create, alter, and drop database objects. 2) SQL DML statements select, insert, update, and delete database records. 3) The SQL command ALTER changes the relational database, such as adding a new field to a specific table. 4) The SQL command DROP deletes a database.
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11) ________ depicts the relationship among entities in the database. 12) A specific customer, such as Vincent, is an entity ________. 13) A ________ relationship are problematic when designing databases 14) In a one-to-many relationship in an ERD, the entity on the one side (customer) is called a ________ entity and.
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21) Software that organizes, manages, and processes business data, such as data concerned with inventory, customers, and vendors, is called: A) system software. B) application software. C) data management software. D) network software. 22) Software that manages the resources of the computer is called: A) system software. B) application software. C) data management software. D) network software. 23) Software used.
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86) Define business process. What might be a business process used at a hospital? 87) Describe the four steps taken in solving a business problem. 88) What are the three dimensions to business problems? Give an example of each. 89) The department chain you work for has had numerous complaints about slow customer.
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88) What is the connection between organizations, information systems, and business processes? 89) Define and give an example of a cross-functional business process within a firm. 90) The automotive parts supply company you work for, Auto4U, has noticed that one of its brands of hubcaps is not selling nearly as well as.
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61) A firm that locates all systems development and operations at its headquarters is using a ________ system configuration. A) unilateral B) centralized C) decentralized D) networked 62) ________ typically develop a single information system, usually at the home base, and then replicate it around the world. A) Domestic exporters B) Multinational firms C) Franchisers D) Transnational firms 63) Which.
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51) In choosing the best solution for a business problem, one of the most important considerations is: A) change management. B) existing resources and skills. C) employee training. D) outcome measurement. 52) The final step in the four-step model of business problem solving is: A) outcome. B) implementation. C) change management. D) feedback. 53) Which of the following would not.
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11) In the REA model, the ________ event consumes business resources. A) Purchasing B) Buying C) Giving D) Taking 12) In the REA model, the ________ event compensates the consumed resource with a different or same type of resource. A) Purchasing B) Buying C) Giving D) Taking 13) Which REA diagraming rule states every event entity must relate to.
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Objective 2 1) Sometimes, in an entity relationship diagram, the entity relationship is written on the connection line. 2) Entity identifiers are attributes that uniquely identify an entity occurrence. 3) For a single occurrence of one entity (one customer), cardinality defines the maximum and minimum number of occurrences that might relate to the.
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84) The text describes Michael Porter's view of the Internet as somewhat negative. What negative influences does Porter see? Describe several positive influences the Internet has on business. Do these outweigh the negative influences? 85) You are advising the owner of Smalltown Computer, a new, local computer repair store that also.
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1) Senior management is responsible for directing the day-to-day activities of the business. 2) Operational-level manufacturing systems deal with the firm's long-term manufacturing goals, such as where to locate a new plant. 3) Transaction processing systems are most commonly encountered at the senior management level of an organization. 4) TPS help managers monitor.
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51) Network economics: A) applies the law of diminishing returns to communities of users. B) applies traditional economics to networked users. C) sees the cost of adding new members as inconsequential. D) balances the high cost of adding new members to a community against the lower cost of using network infrastructure. 52) In network economics,.
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61) An information skill important for a marketing major would be: A) an understanding of online transaction and reporting systems. B) an understanding of product management enterprise systems. C) an understanding of supplier management enterprise systems. D) an understanding of enterprise systems that enhance leadership. 62) Consider an information system in a moving company that.
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Match the normalization rule to the appropriate definition. A) No field can have multiple values. B) Every identifier should be a candidate key C) The table identifier (primary key) should not be a composite key. 22) Rule 1: First Normal Form (1NF) 23) Rule 2. Second Normal Form (2NF) 24) Rule 3. Boyce-Codd Normal Form (BCNF) 25).
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31) In a multitiered network: A) the work of the entire network is centralized. B) the work of the entire network is balanced over several levels of servers. C) processing is split between clients and servers. D) processing is handled by multiple, geographically remote clients. 32) A client computer networked to a server computer, with.
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61) A wiki is a type of collaborative: A) social network. B) blogging. C) virtual world. D) web site. 62) Second Life is an example of a: A) virtual world. B) wiki. C) social networking site. D) mind mapping tool. 63) The most widely used collaboration software tool used by very large firms is: A) Lotus Notes. B) Microsoft SharePoint. C) Google Apps. D).
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81) Identify the different types of systems used for the different levels of management in a business. 82) You are consulting on software purchases for a young translation agency, whose headquarters are in New Jersey, but who works with translators located globally. Headquarters needs to share documents with translators, and groups.
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11) Teams are formal business groups that are created to accomplish a specific task. 12) Decision-support systems often use information from external sources. 13) ESSs are designed to serve the middle management of the organization. 14) ESSs are designed to incorporate data about external events, but they also draw summarized information.
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81) What is BPM? What are the steps involved in practicing BPM? 82) Value chain analysis is useful at the business level to highlight specific activities in the business where information systems are most likely to have a strategic impact. Discuss this model, identify the activities, and describe how the model.
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85) Eternal Friend, a family-owned manufacturer of pet caskets, has grown exponentially over the last few years. However, they are having difficulty in preparing for future growth. The only information system used at Eternal Friend is an antiquated accounting system. The company has one manufacturing plant located in Arkansas, and.
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71) Mass customization allows a company to offer individually-tailored products using the same production resources as mass production. 72) The ________ model highlights the primary or support activities that add a margin of value to a firm's products or services where information systems can best be applied to achieve a competitive.
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81) Define operational excellence. How can information systems help achieve it? 82) You work for an auto manufacturer and distributor. How could you use information systems to achieve greater customer intimacy? 83) What important managerial function is impaired by not having access to timely and accurate information? What is the effect of.
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31) The average number of tickets sold daily online is an example of: A) input. B) raw data. C) meaningful information. D) output. 32) Output: A) is feedback that has been processed to create meaningful information. B) is information that is returned to appropriate members of the organization to help them evaluate the input stage. C) transfers raw.
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1) IT infrastructure technology is the set of physical devices required to operate the entire enterprise. 2) Today, most system and application software is custom built by in-house programmers. 3) Systems integration means ensuring the legacy systems work with new elements of the infrastructure. 4) Using an online storage service such as DropBox.
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