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Chapter 003 - The Dynamic Cell Key     Multiple Choice Questions   1. Cancerous cells:     A.   Divide uncontrolled B.   Squeeze into spaces where normal cells cannot C.   Create their blood supply D.   Secrete biochemicals that blast pathways through healthy tissues E.   All are correct   BLOOM'S LEVEL: 1. Remember LEARNING OUTCOME: 03.00.01 Describe the properties of a cell. SECTION: 03.01 TOPIC: Cell Structure   2. The scientist (scientists) given credit for first using the term cell to describe the basic unit of life is (are):     A.   Mathias Schleiden and Theodore Schwann B.   Robert Hooke C.   Louis Pasteur D.   Rudolf Virchow E.   Antony van Leeuwenhoek   BLOOM'S LEVEL: 1. Remember LEARNING OUTCOME: 03.00.01 Describe the properties of a cell. SECTION: 03.01 TOPIC: Cell Structure   3. The scientist (scientists) given credit for disproving the theory of spontaneous generation is (are):     A.   Robert Hooke B.   Mathias Schleiden and Theodore Schwann C.   Rudolf Virchow D.   Antony van Leeuwenhoek E.   Louis Pasteur   BLOOM'S LEVEL: 1. Remember LEARNING OUTCOME: 03.00.01 Describe the properties of a cell. SECTION: 03.01 TOPIC: Cell Structure   4. The scientist (scientists) given credit for formulating the "cell theory" is (are):     A.   Robert Hooke B.   Louis Pasteur C.   Rudolf Virchow D.   Mathias Schleiden and Theodore Schwann E.   Antony van Leeuwenhoek   BLOOM'S LEVEL: 1. Remember LEARNING OUTCOME: 03.00.01 Describe the properties of a cell. SECTION: 03.01 TOPIC: Cell Structure   5. The scientist (scientists) given credit for making the first record of microorganisms from observations with his (their) microscopes is (are):     A.   Robert Hooke B.   Mathias Schleiden and Theodore Schwann C.   Antony van Leeuwenhoek D.   Louis Pasteur E.   Rudolf Virchow   BLOOM'S LEVEL: 1. Remember LEARNING OUTCOME: 03.00.01 Describe the properties of a cell. SECTION: 03.01 TOPIC: Cell Structure   6. The scientist (scientists) given credit for adding the third tenet (all cells come from preexisting cells) to the cell theory is (are):     A.   Robert Hooke B.   Mathias Schleiden and Theodore Schwann C.   Rudolf Virchow D.   Louis Pasteur E.   Antony van Leeuwenhoek   BLOOM'S LEVEL: 1. Remember LEARNING OUTCOME: 03.00.01 Describe the properties of a cell. SECTION: 03.01 TOPIC: Cell Structure   7. The original three tenets of the cell theory are:     A.   All organisms have DNA, DNA is the fundamental unit of life and all cells come from preexisting cells B.   All organisms are made of one or more cells, the cell is the fundamental unit of life and all cells come from preexisting cells C.   All organisms have DNA, all organisms are made of cells and all cells produce proteins D.   All organisms are made of one or more cells, the cell is the fundamental unit of life and all cells have a nucleus E.   All organisms are made of one or more cells, all cells contain DNA and all cells come from preexisting cells   BLOOM'S LEVEL: 1. Remember LEARNING OUTCOME: 03.01.01 Define a cell using the components of cell theory. SECTION: 03.01 TOPIC: Cell Structure   8. The ways by which a cell avoids surface limitations to diffusion does not include:     A.   Having a nucleus B.   A flattened shape C.   Being long and thin D.   Having specialized structures for labor which are termed organelles E.   Having a vacuole filled with water   BLOOM'S LEVEL: 1. Remember LEARNING OUTCOME: 03.01.01 Define a cell using the components of cell theory. SECTION: 03.01 TOPIC: Cell Structure   9. The primary structural component of a cell membrane is:     A.   A cholesterol molecule B.   A protein molecule C.   A phospholipid molecule D.   An enzyme E.   A sugar molecule attached to a protein   BLOOM'S LEVEL: 1. Remember LEARNING OUTCOME: 03.01.01 Define a cell using the components of cell theory. SECTION: 03.01 TOPIC: Cell Structure   10. A phospholipid molecule:     A.   Has a hydrophilic head that is repelled by water B.   Has hydrophilic tails that are repelled by water C.   Has a hydrophilic head that is attracted to water D.   Has a hydrophobic head that is repelled by water E.   Has hydrophobic tails that are attracted to water   BLOOM'S LEVEL: 1. Remember LEARNING OUTCOME: 03.03.01 Explain how the chemical structure of phospholipids enables them to form a bilayer in water. SECTION: 03.03 TOPIC: Cell Structure   11. A cell membrane is not:     A.   A fluid structure B.   A rigid structure C.   A mosaic structure D.   A bilayered structure E.   Composed of phospholipid molecules   BLOOM'S LEVEL: 1. Remember LEARNING OUTCOME: 03.03.01 Explain how the chemical structure of phospholipids enables them to form a bilayer in water. SECTION: 03.03 TOPIC: Cell Structure   12. A micrometer is:     A.   0.000001 of a meter B.   0.1 of a meter C.   0.01 of a meter D.   0.001 of a meter E.   0.00001 of a meter   BLOOM'S LEVEL: 1. Remember LEARNING OUTCOME: 03.00.01 Describe the properties of a cell. SECTION: 03.01 TOPIC: Cell Structure   13. A prokaryotic cell:     A.   Has a nucleus B.   Does not have a nucleus C.   Has a cell wall made of chitin D.   Is at least ten micrometers in diameter E.   Has membrane-bounded organelles   BLOOM'S LEVEL: 1. Remember LEARNING OUTCOME: 03.02.01 Compare and contrast the three domains of life. SECTION: 03.02 TOPIC: Cell Structure   14. A eukaryotic cell:     A.   Has a cell wall with peptidoglycan B.   Is usually smaller than a prokaryotic cell C.   Does not have membrane-bounded organelles D.   Has membrane-bounded organelles E.   Does not usually have a nucleus   BLOOM'S LEVEL: 1. Remember LEARNING OUTCOME: 03.02.01 Compare and contrast the three domains of life. SECTION: 03.02 TOPIC: Cell Structure   15. The three domains in the Woese system of classification are:     A.   Monera, Bacteria, and Eukarya B.   Fungi, Protista, and Animalia C.   Archaea, Eukarya, and Protista D.   Monera, Bacteria, and Eukarya E.   Archaea, Bacteria, and Eukarya   BLOOM'S LEVEL: 1. Remember LEARNING OUTCOME: 03.02.01 Compare and contrast the three domains of life. SECTION: 03.02 TOPIC: Cell Structure   16. The kingdoms in the domain Eukarya include:     A.   Protista, Monera, and Animalia B.   Fungi, Protista, and Archaea C.   Bacteria, Fungi, and Animalia D.   Animalia, Plantae, and Bacteria E.   Animalia, Plantae, and Protista   BLOOM'S LEVEL: 1. Remember LEARNING OUTCOME: 03.02.01 Compare and contrast the three domains of life. SECTION: 03.02 TOPIC: Cell Structure   17. The cell wall of bacteria:     A.   Helps prevent the cell from bursting B.   Protects the cell C.   All are correct D.   Contains peptidoglycan E.   Gives the bacterium a distinctive shape   BLOOM'S LEVEL: 1. Remember LEARNING OUTCOME: 03.02.01 Compare and contrast the three domains of life. SECTION: 03.02 TOPIC: Cell Structure   18. Penicillin halts bacterial infections:     A.   By stimulating a person's immune system B.   By damaging the cell membrane C.   By interfering with the construction of the cell wall D.   By causing the DNA of a bacterium to mutate E.   All are correct   BLOOM'S LEVEL: 1. Remember LEARNING OUTCOME: 03.02.01 Compare and contrast the three domains of life. SECTION: 03.02 TOPIC: Cell Structure   19. The smallest certifiable living organism is:     A.   A bacterium called Mycoplasma B.   A virus C.   A nanobe D.   A protozoan called Giardia E.   All are correct   BLOOM'S LEVEL: 1. Remember LEARNING OUTCOME: 03.02.01 Compare and contrast the three domains of life. SECTION: 03.02 TOPIC: Cell Structure   20. Members of Archaea are often referred to as extremeophils because they live in conditions of extreme:     A.   Temperatu re B.   Salinit y C.   Hea t D.   All are correct   BLOOM'S LEVEL: 1. Remember LEARNING OUTCOME: 03.02.01 Compare and contrast the three domains of life. SECTION: 03.02 TOPIC: Cell Structure   21. The theory of endosymbiosis is based on:     A.   The knowledge that ribosomes are structures found in bacteria, plants, and animals B.   The experiments in which bacteria were made to grow in plant cells forming chloroplasts C.   The knowledge that chloroplasts and mitochondria resemble bacteria D.   Evidence from the fossil record E.   Similarities between chloroplasts and other organelles in animals   BLOOM'S LEVEL: 1. Remember LEARNING OUTCOME: 03.04.01 Identify the functions of the organelles. SECTION: 03.04 TOPIC: Cell Structure   22. An organelle found in plant cells and some members of the kingdom Protista but not in animal cells is:     A.   A centriole B.   A ribosome C.   A cell membrane D.   A lysosome E.   A chloroplast   BLOOM'S LEVEL: 1. Remember LEARNING OUTCOME: 03.04.01 Identify the functions of the organelles. SECTION: 03.04 TOPIC: Cell Structure   23. The most prominent organelle in most eukaryotic cells is the:     A.   Endoplasmic reticulum B.   Nucleu s C.   Ribosom e D.   Nucleolu s E.   Cell membrane   BLOOM'S LEVEL: 1. Remember LEARNING OUTCOME: 03.04.01 Identify the functions of the organelles. SECTION: 03.04 TOPIC: Cell Structure   24. The function of the nucleolus is:     A.   Protein synthesis B.   Photosynthes is C.   Transport of material into and out of the nucleus D.   Assembly of components of ribosomes E.   Assembly of mRNA   BLOOM'S LEVEL: 1. Remember LEARNING OUTCOME: 03.04.01 Identify the functions of the organelles. SECTION: 03.04 TOPIC: Cell Structure   25. The rough or smooth endoplasmic reticulum do not:     A.   Produce proteins B.   Produce lipids C.   Detoxify poisons D.   Produce mRNA E.   Form vesicles for transport to the Golgi apparatus   BLOOM'S LEVEL: 1. Remember LEARNING OUTCOME: 03.04.01 Identify the functions of the organelles. SECTION: 03.04 TOPIC: Cell Structure   26. The Golgi apparatus is not:     A.   An organelle B.   A processing center C.   Studded with ribosomes D.   Is not a stack of membrane enclosed sacs E.   Involved with secretion of cellular substances   BLOOM'S LEVEL: 1. Remember LEARNING OUTCOME: 03.04.01 Identify the functions of the organelles. SECTION: 03.04 TOPIC: Cell Structure   27. The main organelles and structures involved with milk production and secretion in their correct sequence are:     A.   Nucleus, nuclear pore, rough ER, smooth ER, transport vesicle, Golgi body, vesicle for secretion B.   Nucleus, smooth ER, rough ER, nuclear pore, transport vesicle, Golgi body, vesicle for secretion C.   Nucleus, transport vesicle, rough ER, smooth ER, Golgi body, vesicle for secretion D.   Nucleus, nuclear pore, Golgi body, rough ER, transport vesicle, smooth ER, vesicle for secretion E.   None of these are correct   BLOOM'S LEVEL: 1. Remember LEARNING OUTCOME: 03.04.01 Identify the functions of the organelles. SECTION: 03.04 TOPIC: Cell Structure   28. Which of the following are cellular digestion centers?     A.   Peroxisomes and ribosomes B.   Lysosomes and peroxisomes C.   Ribosomes and chloroplasts D.   Chloroplasts and ribosomes E.   Lysosomes and Golgi apparatus   BLOOM'S LEVEL: 1. Remember LEARNING OUTCOME: 03.04.01 Identify the functions of the organelles. SECTION: 03.04 TOPIC: Cell Structure   29. Chloroplasts are not:     A.   Glucose factories B.   Responsible for respiration C.   Found in plants D.   Organelles that carry out photosynthesis E.   Found in members of the kingdom protista   BLOOM'S LEVEL: 1. Remember LEARNING OUTCOME: 03.04.01 Identify the functions of the organelles. SECTION: 03.04 TOPIC: Cell Structure   30. Mitochondria do not:     A.   Have their own DNA B.   Extract energy from nutrients C.   Have two membrane layers D.   Have cristae E.   Carry out photosynthesis   BLOOM'S LEVEL: 1. Remember LEARNING OUTCOME: 03.04.01 Identify the functions of the organelles. SECTION: 03.04 TOPIC: Cell Structure   31. In most mammals the DNA found in mitochondria is inherited from:     A.   The father only B.   The mother and father C.   Neither parent D.   The mother only   BLOOM'S LEVEL: 1. Remember LEARNING OUTCOME: 03.04.01 Identify the functions of the organelles. SECTION: 03.04 TOPIC: Cell Structure   32. A central vacuole:     A.   Produces protein B.   Produces turgor pressure C.   Produces mRNA D.   Stores genetic information E.   Produces energy from nutrients   BLOOM'S LEVEL: 1. Remember LEARNING OUTCOME: 03.04.01 Identify the functions of the organelles. SECTION: 03.04 TOPIC: Cell Structure   33. Which are recycling centers for the cell?     A.   Ribosome and Golgi apparatus B.   Endoplasmic reticulum and chloroplast C.   Mitochondria and nucleus D.   Central vacuole and lysosome E.   All are correct   BLOOM'S LEVEL: 1. Remember LEARNING OUTCOME: 03.04.01 Identify the functions of the organelles. SECTION: 03.04 TOPIC: Cell Structure   34. A cytoskeleton is:     A.   A structure that aids in the process of cell division B.   Found in the cytoplasm of eukaryotic cells C.   A system of tracks used for transport D.   Composed of microtubules and microfilaments E.   All are correct   BLOOM'S LEVEL: 1. Remember LEARNING OUTCOME: 03.05.01 Compare and contrast the structure and function of cytoskeletal proteins. SECTION: 03.04 TOPIC: Cell Structure   35. Cilia are not:     A.   Found on prokaryotic cells B.   Found on eukaryotic cells C.   Used for movement D.   Short appendages E.   Composed of microtubules   BLOOM'S LEVEL: 1. Remember LEARNING OUTCOME: 03.05.01 Compare and contrast the structure and function of cytoskeletal proteins. SECTION: 03.04 TOPIC: Cell Structure   36. Flagella are not:     A.   Found on eukaryotic cells B.   Found on prokaryotic cells C.   Used for movement D.   Composed of microtubules E.   Short appendages   BLOOM'S LEVEL: 1. Remember LEARNING OUTCOME: 03.05.01 Compare and contrast the structure and function of cytoskeletal proteins. SECTION: 03.04 TOPIC: Cell Structure   37. A junction that is a protein channel linking the cytoplasms of adjacent cells is called:     A.   A tight junction B.   A gap junction C.   An adhering junction D.   An anchoring junction E.   A micro tubular junction   BLOOM'S LEVEL: 1. Remember LEARNING OUTCOME: 03.06.01 Compare and contrast different cell junctions. SECTION: 03.04 TOPIC: Cell Structure   38. A structure found in prokaryotic cells, plant cells, and animal cells is a:     A.   Cell wall B.   Chloropla st C.   Ribosom e D.   Mitochondr ia E.   Ciliu m   BLOOM'S LEVEL: 1. Remember LEARNING OUTCOME: 03.00.01 Describe the properties of a cell. SECTION: 03.01 TOPIC: Cell Structure   39. Cells typically keep their surface to volume ratio low. If a cell was a cube and you doubled the height, width, and length of the cell, how much would the surface area increase?     A.   2- fold B.   4- fold C.   It would stay the same D.   9- fold E.   8- fold   BLOOM'S LEVEL: 3. Apply LEARNING OUTCOME: 03.00.01 Describe the properties of a cell. SECTION: 03.01 TOPIC: Cell Structure   40. Cells typically keep their surface to volume ratio low. If a cell was a cube and you doubled the height, width, and length of the cell, how much would the volume increase?     A.   2- fold B.   8- fold C.   It would stay the same D.   9- fold E.   4- fold   BLOOM'S LEVEL: 3. Apply LEARNING OUTCOME: 03.00.01 Describe the properties of a cell. SECTION: 03.01 TOPIC: Cell Structure   41. What is the selective advantage of keeping the surface to volume ratio low in a cell?     A.   Maximize the relative surface area to exchange nutrients and gasses B.   Maximize the relative surface area for cooling C.   Provide more volume to store more organelles D.   Provide more volume to store more nutrients E.   Saves energy by making more membrane relative to the volume of the cell   BLOOM'S LEVEL: 3. Apply LEARNING OUTCOME: 03.00.01 Describe the properties of a cell. SECTION: 03.01 TOPIC: Cell Structure   42. What is the selective advantage of a mature red blood cell being flat rather than a sphere?     A.   Their surface area to volume will decrease, making it easier for them to fit through arteries and veins B.   Provides more membrane for the electron transport chains where oxygen is consumed C.   Provides more sites for the membrane-bound hemoglobin molecules which transport oxygen D.   Saves energy by making more membrane relative to the volume of the cell E.   Maximize the relative surface area to exchange gasses  

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