Quick Quiz – textbook page 591
A.Match these treatments with the problems for which they are typically used:
d.depression and anxiety
B.What are five cautions about taking medications for psychological disorders?
C.Several years ago, a news story reported that scientists had high hopes for new pills that would help people quit smoking, lose weight, and kick their addictions. The pills supposedly worked by blocking pleasure centers in the brain that make people feel good when they smoke, overeat, drink liquor, or use other drugs. Based on what you have read in this section, what might you learn in a follow-up story two years later? Why?
Quick Quiz – textbook page 600
Match each method or concept with the therapy associated with it:
3.facing the fear of death
4.reappraisal of thoughts
5.unconditional positive regard
6.exposure to feared situation
7.avoidance of “catastrophizing”
8.assessment of family patterns
Quick Quiz – textbook page 610
1.In general, which type of psychotherapy is most effective for depression?
2.What kind of psychologist is trained to help people cope with chronic illness or disability or recover from injury?
3.What are four possible sources of harm in psychotherapy?
4.Ferdie is spending too much time playing softball and not enough time studying, so he signs up for “sportaholic therapy” (ST). The therapist tells him the cure for his “addiction” is to quit softball cold turkey and tap his temples three times whenever he feels the urge to play. After a few months, Ferdie announces that ST isn’t helping and he’s going to stop coming. The therapist gives him testimonials of other clients who swear by ST, explaining that Ferdie’s doubts are actually a sign that the therapy is working. What is the scientific flaw in this argument? (Bonus: What kind of therapy might help Ferdie manage his time better?)