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31.Researchers are now looking for new ways to stimulate the brains of severely depressed individuals. One method, called __________, involves the use of a pulsing coil held to a person’s skull at the left prefrontal cortex.


b.deep brain stimulation

c.electroconvulsive therapy

d.transcranial magnetic stimulation

32.Which of the following procedures requires surgery to implant electrodes into the brain and an embedded box               under the collarbone?

a.deep brain stimulation

b.electroconvulsive therapy

c.prefrontal lobotomy

d.transcranial magnetic stimulation

33. A therapist is interested in interpreting dreams and in having clients relate stories about their childhoods. This person is most likely to be a:

a. client-centered therapist.

b. psychodynamic therapist.

c. cognitive therapist.

d. behavior therapist.

34.Ralph is a bright student but he procrastinates. He postpones writing term papers and gets incomplete grades from his teachers that eventually become F’s. After exploring his early childhood memories with a therapist for almost a year, Ralph comes to the insight that he procrastinates as a way of expressing anger toward his parents. The treatment method used to help Ralph deal with his problem is most likely:

a.psychodynamic therapy.

b.behavior therapy.

c.cognitive therapy.

d.humanist therapy.

35.The originator of the famous “talking cure” in psychology was:

a.Sigmund Freud.

b.Carl Rogers.

c.John Watson.

d.Albert Ellis.

36. Maureen is in therapy because she is very frightened of her father and feels tongue-tied around him. After a few months, she begins to feel frightened of her therapist also. According to Freud, this would be an example of:

a. object relations.

b. counterconditioning.

c. transference.

d. an existential crisis.

37.Which of the following is an element of psychodynamic therapy?



c.unconditional positive regard


38.When a patient comes in complaining of a headache, the therapist views the headache as the tip of a mental iceberg, with the real problem hidden in the deep unconscious. Which type of therapy would this represent?





39.A therapist’s goal is to delve into the unconscious processes of his patients. He is most likely to consider               himself a practitioner of:

a.client-centered therapy.

b.rational emotive therapy.

c.psychodynamic therapy.

d.existential therapy.

40.The proponents of ________ therapies also refer to their methods as “depth” therapies.





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