21.The tendency for journals to publish studies that have positive findings, rather than negative or ambiguous results, is called:
22.A person may have short-term success with antipsychotic or antidepressant drugs, but at least half of
patients stop taking them, often because of the ________ of the medication.
b.unpleasant side effects
23.Many people respond positively to a new drug just because of the enthusiasm surrounding it and their own expectations that the drug will make them feel better. This phenomenon is called the:
24.After a long period of controlled trials, the FDA approves a drug for the treatment of school-aged boys with ADHD. After it is approved, doctors are permitted to prescribe it:
a.only for school-aged boys with a diagnosis of ADHD.
b.for anyone diagnosed with ADHD.
c.for other conditions, but only to school-aged boys.
d.for other conditions and to populations other than school-aged boys.
25. Which treatment is LEAST likely to be used today?
a. drug therapy
b. prefrontal lobotomy
d. behavior therapy
26.In the 1950’s, Emily had a procedure done to her in which the doctor used an instrument to cut the nerve fibers connecting her prefrontal cortex to the rest of the brain. This procedure, called _____________, left her withdrawn and unable to care for herself.
b.deep brain surgery
27.Balthazar is being treated through a procedure in which electrodes are placed on both sides of his head and a brief current is turned on. The current triggers a seizure that lasts about a minute, causing his body to convulse. This type of treatment is known as:
28.________ is a procedure used in cases of prolonged and severe major depression, in which a brief brain seizure is induced.
b.Magnetic resonance therapy
d.Positron emission tomography
29.Electroconvulsive therapy has been used successfully to treat ________ that has not responded to other treatments, but its effects are short lived.
30.Electroconvulsive therapy and transcranial magnetic stimulation are primarily used to treat: