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  11. Program goals represent _____. a. empirical indicators b. desired outcomes c. inputs d.

Question :   11. Program goals represent _____. a. empirical indicators b. desired outcomes c. inputs d. : 2132718

 

11. Program goals represent _____.

a. empirical indicators

b. desired outcomes

c. inputs

d. standards

12. Problem analysis, coupled with scientific realism, helps public officials use:

a. research to select different methods

b. research to measure the effects of policies

c. research to determine which program to start

d. research to select and assess alternative courses of action

13. With regard to evaluation designs, which of the following statements is not accurate?

a. variation in the levels of treatment delivered by a program can be a major threat to the validity of even randomized evaluation studies

b. uncontrolled variation in treatment is equivalent to unreliable measurement of the independent variable

c. controlled variation in treatment represents a threat to generalizability

d. varying degrees of participation by clients in a program will impact the outcome

14. Randomization may not be appropriate for assignment of people to treatment or programs for all of the following reasons except _____.

a. practical reasons

b. agency support

c. ethical reasons

d. legal reasons

15. Relating to randomization, which of the following statements is inaccurate?

a. as the number of exceptions to random assignment increases, the statistical equivalence of the experimental and control groups decreases

b. when exceptions to random assignment are made, no bias enters the selection process

c. randomization in experiments for evaluation purposes are best suited for programs where exceptions are at a minimum

d. Random assignment of people to receive some especially desirable or punitive treatment may not be possible for legal, ethical, and practical reasons.

 

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