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11. In which parts of the body would Sam likely lose strength during middle adulthood?

a)back and leg muscles

b)hamstrings

c)hands and arms

d)torso

12. By what age have most people lost, on average, 10% of their maximum strength?

a)55

b)60

c)65

d)70

13. By age 60, what percent of strength is lost in most people?

a)5%

b)10%

c)15%

d)20%

14. A group of highly athletic people in their early 50s are meeting with a developmental specialist to discuss the changes of middle age.  Self-image becomes the major topic of discussion, and the group asks the specialist to discuss self-image issues in middle adulthood.   What could the specialist tell the group?

a)                    Middle-aged adults whose self-image is tied to their physical attributes may find the changes of middle adulthood particularly challenging as they face the signs of aging.

b)Self-image tends to strengthen for athletic adults as they age.

c)Physical appearance is less important to adults as they age, because they tend to appreciate the value of their increased wisdom and experience.

d)Adults who were not very athletic or physically attractive earlier in life tend to have a more difficult time accepting the physical changes of aging in middle age.

15. Which of the following has become a stereotypical emblem of middle adulthood?

a)living will

b)impotence

c)reading glasses

d)cane

16. José is beginning to lose the ability to detect fine spatial detail in close and distant objects.  Which of the following terms refers to his condition?

a)loss of visual acuity

b)presbyopia

c)glaucoma

d)presbycusis

17. At which age does visual acuity begin to decline?

a)40

b)45

c)50

d)55

18. The loss of near vision in middle adulthood is referred to as

a)visual acuity.

b)presbycusis.

c)glaucoma.

d)presbyopia.

19. Tomasina finds herself holding books and newspapers further from her eyes in order to read and bring material into focus.  Her eye exam reveals she has

a)farsightedness.

b)visual acuity problems.

c)presbyopia.

d)mysbyopia.

20. Which of the following makes it more difficult for people in middle adulthood to navigate a dark room?

a)decline in distance perception

b)loss of depth perception

c)loss of elasticity in the lens

d) decreased fluid in the eye

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