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Which of the following should be planned at the beginning of a project

Question : Which of the following should be planned at the beginning of a project : 2153850

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

1) Which of the following should be planned at the beginning of a project rather than at the end?

A) Finding sources

B) Research assistants

C) Data analysis

D) None of the above

2) Which of the following, when keyed to questionnaire items, enables the identification and examination of questionnaire content to ensure proper coverage, balance, and non-duplication of items?

A) Examination list

B) Questionnaire key

C) Q-list

D) Variables list

3) Which of the following is concerned with the process by which the raw data gathered by some instrument or measurement are converted into numbers for analysis purposes?

A) Data management

B) Analysis management

C) Data analysis

D) Process management

4) Which of the following is NOT one of the steps in the data management process?

A) Excluding all data which do not conform with stated hypothesis

B) Collecting the information with the data-gathering instrument

C) Using a codebook

D) Transferring this information onto a codesheet

5) Which of the following must be completed prior to the actual coding?

A) Manipulation

B) Editing

C) Cleaning

D) Expurgation

6) Which of the following is the assignment of numerical values to responses (information) gathered by a research instrument?

A) Merging

B) Editing

C) Syncing

D) Coding

7) Which of the following refers to a guidebook for numerically classifying each question to be coded?

A) Legend

B) Guidebook

C) Codebook

D) Reference book

8) Which of the following involves checking the work of coders for accuracy?

A) Coder exactness

B) Coder monitoring

C) Code checking

D) Code testing

9) Which of the following is the most widely used means of inputting data?

A) Hand-to-hand

B) Keyboard entry

C) Voice-to-text

D) Voice data entry

10) Which of the following involves double checking the data file in search of errors, many of which are inevitable despite the conscientiousness of workers?

A) File accuracy search

B) Data verification

C) Entry accuracy verification

D) None of the above

11) Which of the following involves summarizing and using univariate statistics?

A) Complex data presentation

B) Complex computations

C) Simple computations

D) Simple data presentation

12) Which of the following are meaningful ways of standardizing data so that useful comparisons can be made between unequal populations?

A) Proportions

B) Rates

C) Percentages

D) All of the above

13) Which of the following refers to the number of crimes divided by population, per 100,000 population?

A) Recidivism rate

B) Crime rate

C) Violation rate

D) Delinquency rate

14) Which of the following are an attractive means of capturing the reader's attention as well as of summarizing data, particularly information from frequency distributions?

A) Graphs

B) Pictorial presentations

C) Both A and B

D) None of the above

15) Which of the following are a highly inaccurate means of depicting crime change that fails to control for population growth?

A) Crime clocks

B) Crime charts

C) Crime maps

D) Crime graphs

16) Which of the following are presentations of quantitative data in a summary or uniform fashion?

A) Tables

B) Graphs

C) Charts

D) Clocks

17) Which of the following refers to graphical circles whose pieces represent proportions of some phenomenon and total 100 percent?

A) Pie charts

B) Bar graphs

C) Frequency polygons

D) All of the above

18) Which of the following consist of rectangles whose width often represents the class intervals and the height represents quantity or amount?

A) Pie charts

B) Bar graphs

C) Frequency polygons

D) All of the above

19) Which of the following depicts the frequency or percentages of the midpoint of each score value are plotted and connected by a straight line that begins and ends at the baseline?

A) Pie charts

B) Bar graphs

C) Frequency polygons

D) All of the above

20) Which of the following tables consists of a two-variable cross tabulation and examines how one variable influences the other?

A) Bivariate table

B) Parallel table

C) Bilateral table

D) None of the above

21) Which of the following refers to the process of introducing or controlling for third variables (control or test factors) by subclassifying original tables?

A) Amplification

B) Augmentation

C) Expansion

D) Elaboration

22) Which of the following takes place when the partial tables replicate or reproduce the relationship in the original table?

A) Explanation

B) Replication

C) Interpretation

D) Suppression

23) Which of the following occurs when the relationship observed in the original bivariate table weakens or disappears in the partial tables?

A) Explanation

B) Replication

C) Interpretation

D) Suppression

24) Which of the following occurs when the partial table relationships weaken or disappear and the control variable is an intervening one (occurs between X and Y)?

A) Explanation

B) Replication

C) Interpretation

D) Suppression

25) In which of the following, despite no relationship in the original bivariate table, does a relationship occur in the partial tables?

A) Explanation

B) Replication

C) Interpretation

D) Suppression

Solution
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