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Which of the following refers to levels on which variables may be measured
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Question : Which of the following refers to levels on which variables may be measured : 2153845

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

1) Which of the following refers to levels on which variables may be measured?

A) Interval

B) Nominal

C) Ordinal

D) All of the above

2) Which of the following represent the simplest level of measurement?

A) Ordinal level variables

B) Interval level variables

C) Nominal level variables

D) Ratio level variables

3) Which of the following contain all the properties of nominal variables, but they also enable the placement of objects into ranks, that is, highest to lowest?

A) Ordinal level variables

B) Interval level variables

C) Nominal level variables

D) Ratio level variables

4) Which of the following refers to a measurement that places responses in mutually exclusive categories and has no mathematical meaning?

A) Ordinal level variables

B) Interval level variables

C) Nominal level variables

D) Ratio level variables

5) Which of the following contain all the elements of nominal and ordinal data and also assume equal distance between objects on a scale?

A) Ordinal level variables

B) Interval level variables

C) Nominal level variables

D) Ratio level variables

6) Which of the following not only assume the interval quality of data, but they also have a fixed meaningful zero point?

A) Ordinal level variables

B) Interval level variables

C) Nominal level variables

D) Ratio level variables

7) Which of the following refers to attempts to increase the complexity of the level of measurement of variables from nominal to at least ordinal and hopefully interval/ratio?

A) Aggregate

B) Increasing

C) Scaling

D) None of the above

8) Which of the following are developed by the researcher and are based primarily on face validity (the scale appears to be measuring what one intends to measure) and professional judgment?

A) Index scales

B) CRM scales

C) Random scales

D) Arbitrary scales

9) Which of the following refers to the Uniform Crime Reports index that features an attempt to combine the most serious and best measures of recorded crime?

A) FBI index

B) Scale index

C) Crime index

D) UCR index

10) Which of the following is NOT a UCR index offense?

A) Narcotics possession

B) Robbery

C) Burglary

D) Larceny

11) Which of the following is NOT one of the three major types of attitude scales?

A) Thurstone Scales

B) Likert Scales

C) Calvin Scales

D) Guttman Scales

12) Which of the following refers to an attitude scale that relies on ratings by judges of scale items?

A) Thurstone Scales

B) Likert Scales

C) Calvin Scales

D) Guttman Scales

13) Which of the following refers to Thurstone's method that used judges to decide scale scores by sorting items into categories?

A) Constant appearing intervals

B) Random appearing intervals

C) Equal appearing intervals

D) None of the above

14) Which of the following consist of a simple summation of usually a five-point bipolar response ranging from strongly agree to strongly disagree?

A) Thurstone Scales

B) Likert Scales

C) Calvin Scales

D) Guttman Scales

15) Which of the following insists that an attitude scale should measure one and only one dimension (unidimensionality)?

A) Thurstone Scales

B) Likert Scales

C) Calvin Scales

D) Guttman Scales

16) Which of the following refers to the requirement of the Guttman scale that the items measure only one dimension (or concept); this is assumed if ninety percent reproducibility is achieved?

A) Multi-dimensionality

B) Unidimensionality

C) Poly-dimensionality

D) All of the above

17) Which of the following refers to an attitudinal scale procedure in which the respondents sort questions (on cards) into predetermined categories?

A) Q Sort Method

B) P Sort Method

C) Scientific Method

D) None of the above

18) Which of the following is a five-point scale that evaluates the methodological rigor and type of research design of studies?

A) Semantic Scale

B) Scientific Methods Scale

C) Q Scale

D) None of the above

19) Which of the following attitude scaling procedures consists of usually a seven- or nine-point bipolar rating scale where respondents are asked to indicate their perception of the tag or description provided?

A) Semantic differential

B) SMS identical

C) SMS

D) None of the above

20) Which of the following refers to procedures that assign weight or severity rating to various crimes?

A) Crime Seriousness Scale

B) Niederhoffer Scale

C) Sellin-Wolfgang Index

D) Severity of Offense Scale

21) Which of the following tries to account for both the quality (seriousness) and the quantity of an act?

A) Crime Seriousness Scale

B) Severity of Offense Scale

C) Sellin-Wolfgang Index

D) Niederhoffer Scale

22) Which of the following attempts to forecast crime commission or success or failure on probation/parole?

A) Estimate scale

B) Prediction scale

C) Forecast scale

D) Projection scale

23) Which of the following refers to the sentencing/parole prediction scheme used by the U.S. Parole Commission to predict recidivism?

A) Greenwood Score

B) Salient Factor Score

C) USPC Factor Score

D) None of the above

24) Which of the following was aimed at selective incapacitation, individualization of sentences on the basis of predictions that particular offenders are likely to commit serious crimes at a high rate if not incarcerated?

A) Salient Factor Index

B) UCR Index

C) Rand Seven-Factor Index

D) None of the above

25) Which of the following refers to a scale used to predict the likelihood of future violence?

A) Violent crime predictor scale

B) Predictor scale

C) Lethality assessment scales

D) Forecast scale

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