Question : What is the cultural origin of the majority of Australia's population : 2161283
MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.
41) What is the cultural origin of the majority of Australia's population?
A) United States
B) East Asia (China, Japan, Korea)
D) South Asia (India, Pakistan)
E) British Isles (England, Scotland, Ireland)
42) What was the purpose of the White Australia Policy?
A) to clean up the country's white sand beaches, which had been seriously polluted by mining
B) It was an ethnic isolationist policy established by the Australian government, which sought to place the country's entire aboriginal population on reservation-like holdings in the far western portion of the country.
C) to promote the emigration of Australians who were of European descent to other nations in the South Pacific
D) to promote immigration of (white) North Americans and Europeans to Australia at the expense of non-white groups
E) to encourage Australians of European descent to migrate from Australia's densely settled east coast to the more sparsely settled interior and west coast
43) What percent of Australia's current population is foreign-born?
44) In recent decades, the majority of immigrants coming to Australia have come from
B) islands in Oceania
C) troubled areas of Sub-Saharan Africa
D) the United States
E) New Zealand
45) The Maori account for approximately what percentage of New Zealand's population?
46) Most native languages of Oceania belong to which language family?
C) Pidgin English (Pijin)
47) The highlands of which island are home to more than one thousand languages?
A) New Zealand
B) New Guinea
D) New Caledonia
48) Why did South Asians migrate to Fiji?
A) They were fleeing civil war in India.
B) to fill labor shortages in the sugarcane fields
C) They came to colonize Fiji.
D) They had committed crimes in India, and came as prisoners.
E) They came as a result of a government policy in India to relieve overcrowding.
49) The Indian laborers who came to Fiji in the 19th century practice
50) What is the situation today between indigenous Fijians and Indo-Fijians in Fiji?
A) The two groups coexist peacefully.
B) Intermarriage between the two groups is common.
C) The Indo-Fijians have enslaved the indigenous Fijians.
D) Ethnic tensions exist between the two groups.
E) The indigenous Fijians have enslaved the Indo-Fijians.
51) In which part of Australia will one most likely find indigenous languages spoken?
A) the west coast
B) the northern region and interior
D) Sydney and Melbourne
E) the southern coast
52) Papua New Guinea had been a colony of which nation?
A) United Kingdom
B) United States
53) New Caledonia has close political ties to
A) United States
C) New Zealand
D) United Kingdom
54) What is the "Pacific Solution" as proposed by Australia?
A) to sink any ship laden with refugees from reaching Australian territorial waters
B) a government policy designed to dissuade refugees from targeting Australia as their goal
C) a multinational agreement to ban nuclear weapons testing in the Pacific
D) a bilateral agreement with New Zealand to close off the Tasman Sea to commercial fishing from vessel which are not registered in Australia or New Zealand
E) the annexation of Papua New Guinea to help improve its economy
55) The oldest two independent states in the region are
A) Palau and the Solomon Islands
B) Fiji and the Marshall Islands
C) New Caledonia and Papua New Guinea
D) Kiribati and Tuvalu
E) Australia and New Zealand
56) Which of the following places is NOT a sovereign and independent state as of 2016?
A) Papua New Guinea
B) New Caledonia
57) What strategy has been valuable to both Maoris and Aborigines in their efforts to gain greater control over their ancestral land and resources?
B) labor strikes
C) consumer boycotts
D) the political process
E) acts of terrorism
58) What was the main purpose of the Native Title Bill, which became law in Australia in 1993?
A) to compensate Australia's aboriginal population for lands they had given up
B) to restrain the autonomy of Australia's aboriginal population
C) to establish an aboriginal state in the northeastern portion of Western Australia
D) to grant Australia's aboriginal population the state of Tasmania
E) to grant Australia's aboriginal population the right to establish gambling operations on their lands
59) Why are Maori land claims more contentious in New Zealand than are Aboriginal claims in Australia?
A) Maori have threatened violence and have long been unwilling to compromise
B) Maori intend to build heavy industrial plants on land they claim as their own
C) Aboriginal claims in Australia are strictly for ceremonial places, such as cemeteries and sacred sites
D) New Zealand has a long history of ignoring all Maori land claims
E) Maori constitute a larger proportion of the population and their land claims are more valuable than Aboriginal claims in Australia
60) What country has seen its influence in Oceania grow considerably in the last decade?
B) the Philippines
E) Great Britain