166. Having a perception of control over an outcome : 1411838
166. Having a perception of control over an outcome is the main difference between the theory of reasoned action and the theory of planned behavior.
167. Betty wants to lose weight. She has a positive attitude and feels that her friends, family, and co-workers are supportive. The theory of reasoned action suggests that effective change requires these factors, and also requires individuals to have nonspecific intentions about their behaviors.
168. The theory of planned behavior considers a person’s perception of control over an outcome.
169. If a person has decided to change a behavior but has not yet acted on that decision, he or she is in the preparation/determination stage.
170. Relapse is considered to be abnormal in people who are trying to quit a bad habit.
171. Transcendence means that individuals are consciously engaged in maintaining their healthy lifestyle.
172. People who really want to change a problematic behavior are always successful on their first try.
173. Julius was obese and had repeatedly failed in his attempts to lose weight, even when his uncle offered him monetary and material rewards. After college, he finally succeeded at getting into better shape. He explained that he wanted to do it for himself. According to self-determination theory, the main factor in Julius’ success was intrinsic rather than extrinsic motivation.
174. Setting short-term achievable goals distract individuals from achieving their target.
175. Social sharing refers to turning to others who act as a sounding board or a willing ear.