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Programs which use search algorithms to search a small set of documents

Question : Programs which use search algorithms to search a small set of documents : 2162311

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

41) Programs which use search algorithms to search a small set of documents that have already been manually reviewed are:

A) OCR programs

B) Native format programs

C) Predictive coding programs

D) All of the above

42) Which of the following is true about both TIFF and PDF?

A) The size of the files and memory required for storing documents are the same.

B) The amount of time needed to transfer documents is the same.

C) Both are used to convert paper documents into electronic files.

D) Both are currently supported by Adobe.

43) Corporate clients realize that the cost of ________ is a significant part of a cost/benefit analysis, used to determine a settlement offer, perhaps surpassed only by the actual trial.

A) Filing

B) Service of process

C) Discovery

D) Pleadings

44) Which of the following is an example of an extreme sanction for failing to properly deliver documents under a discovery request?

A) Extension of the date for trial

B) A verbal warning

C) Instruct the jury that the missing document was unfavorable to the party who failed to provide it

D) Continuance

45) Which case filed in the U.S. District Court of New York was one of the first cases to offer guidance on the issues surrounding electronic storage and electronic discovery?

A) The Brown case

B) The Zubulake case

C) Telxon Corporation Securities Litigation

D) The Bates case

46) Which has become the standard software tool in many paperless offices for creating PDF files?

A) Sanction

B) Microsoft Word

C) PaperPort by Nuance

D) Adobe Acrobat

47) Information within an electronically created document which describes who created the document, when it was created, when it was modified and by whom is called:

A) Computer format

B) Metadata

C) TIFF

D) Native format

48) Which rule under the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure specifically recognizes that parties may withhold information, otherwise discoverable if the information is privileged?

A) Rule 26

B) Rule 34

C) Rule 33

D) Rule 35

49) Counsel has a duty to effectively communicate discovery obligations to the client, which may entail putting a ________ on potentially discoverable documents.

A) Litigation hold

B) Spoliation alert

C) Discovery breach

D) Delay

50) What is metadata?

A) The name for electronic filing procedures

B) Information about the document, including location, content, and author

C) Information found from basic hacking of a document

D) Sequential numbering of documents that aids in locating and identifying resources

51) The Federal Rules of Civil Procedure have been amended to permit "claw-back" provisions which essentially protect:

A) Inadvertent disclosure of confidential information

B) Inadvertent conversion of files from native format to PDF

C) Inadvertent destruction of electronic records

D) All of the above

52) Electronic tools are replacing manual examination of electronically stored documents to save costs by using:

A) Predictive coding

B) Converting native format to computer format

C) Scanning documents

D) All of the above

53) ________ is the removal of confidential information (or at least that which is claimed to be confidential) or material prepared for trial under the work product doctrine.

A) Redacting documents

B) Scanning documents

C) Converting documents

D) All of the above

54) ________ holds the copyright for the TIFF specification.

A) Adobe Acrobat

B) Nuance Power PDF

C) Microsoft Word

D) None of the above

55) Reviewing electronic documents produced in discovery that were created in different formats can be more efficient when:

A) They are converted to one format

B) Paper copies are requested

C) Multiple software programs are used

D) All of the above

56) Because the costs of litigation related to electronic discovery of the records and documents maintained by a large corporate defendant are significant:

A) Plaintiffs and defendants should share the cost in proportion to their ability to pay

B) Large corporate defendants should bear the cost

C) Plaintiffs should entirely bear that cost, even if it discourages them to file suit

D) None of the above

57) Litigation hold requires a potential defendant to:

A) Save all documents related to any dispute

B) Save all documents related to a dispute once defendant has been served with a complaint

C) Save all documents related to a dispute once defendant reasonably believes a lawsuit may be filed

D) None of the above

58) Reviewing documents in electronic discovery is:

A) Easier than paper discovery — checking to be certain no privileged information is disclosed is a task handled by computers

B) Harder than paper discovery — checking for privileged information by computer may not be as reliable as human review of documents and result in inadvertent disclosure

C) The same as paper discovery — checking to be certain no privileged information is disclosed

D) None of the above

59) Information technologists:

A) Are not necessary where the paralegal has a good knowledge of electronic format of documents, efforts and problems in producing electronic documents, and the latest developments

B) Should always be used as experts in a case with electronic discovery

C) Are members of the legal team that understand electronic format of documents, efforts and problems in producing electronic documents, and the latest developments

D) Should not be utilized by the legal team as they are not required to maintain confidentiality

60) Which are general provisions of discovery?

A) Requests for information are continuing in nature and subject to being supplemented.

B) Requests for information that have already been provided are duplicative.

C) Requests for information that are more easily obtained from another source are burdensome.

D) All of the above

 

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