MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS   1.  The approach to research in which investigators

Question : MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS   1.  The approach to research in which investigators : 1991650



1.  The approach to research in which investigators record behavior exactly as it occurs, attempting to avoid interpretation, is called

a.  subject reactivity.

b.  observational research.

c.  anthropomorphic research.

d.  quasi-experimental.

2.  The study of the behavior of human and nonhuman animals in the natural environment, without any manipulation of variables, is called

a.  subjective research.

b.  anthropometric research.

c. observational research.

d.  quasi-experimental research.

3.  Psychologists Jenni and Jenni (1976) studied how students carried books across campus by observing the behavior without intervening and without student knowledge.  Such research would be considered

a.  observational research.

b.  quasi-experimental research.

c.  longitudinal research.

d.  case study research.

4.  If an investigator engages in observational research that involves monitoring behavior exactly as it occurs in a lab setting prior to the development of research hypotheses, that investigator is conducting

a.  particularistic research.

b.  ethological research.

c.  time-point sampling.

d.  systematic observation.

5.  When researchers do not know exactly what behaviors to expect in their observational research, they can set up an artificial situation in a lab and observe behaviors in a preliminary study.  Based on the preliminary data, the researchers can then generate hypotheses about behavior in the actual study.  The preliminary study would involve

a.  systematic observation.

b.  observational research.

c.  anthropomorphic research.

d.  quasi-experimental research.

6.  When researchers study behaviors of humans or nonhumans as they occur in everyday setting, the research is referred to as

a.  universalistic.

b.  naturalistic.

c.  ecological.

d.  nonreactive.

7.  When investigators have a specific goal to their research, like solving a problem in the workplace, the research they develop is called

a.  naturalistic.

b.  universalistic.

c.  particularistic.

d.  anthropomorphic.

8.  If researchers wanted to study how long museum visitors looked at various displays in order to learn more about how to set up the displays, the investigators could monitor the behaviors of the visitors.  Such research would be called

a.  universalistic.

b.  continuous.

c.  reactive.

d.  particularistic.

9.  If investigators wanted to verify a theoretical principle of behavior and used an observational approach, their method would be classified as

a.  universalistic.

b.  systematic.

c.  interobserver.

d.  anthropomorphic.

10. Rai and Fiske (2010) have noted that in cultural research, naturalistic observation may be more useful than interviewing or surveying people because

a. even native speakers of a language have trouble interviewing different people from their own culture.

b. there are fewer ethical issues in studying private behaviors of people in other cultures.

c. in some cultures, people may find some questions about their behaviors offensive, so observational research can reduce this problem.

d. universalistic research is easier to conduct using observational methods than particularistic research is.

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