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MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS   1. It difficult to identify environmental causes of

Question : MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS   1. It difficult to identify environmental causes of : 1991659

MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS

 

1. It is difficult to identify environmental causes of change over time in longitudinal studies because

a. it is virtually impossible to identify all possible causes of change.

b. longitudinal research tends to be experimental rather than descriptive.

c. genetic factors cause almost all change over time.

d. the interplay of genes and environment is minimal for almost all behaviors.

2.  The approach to research in which an investigator studies the same people or the same population with different people over time is called

a.  multiple baseline research.

b.  cross-sectional research.

c.  longitudinal research.

d.  trend research.

3.  Lewis Terman’s study of gifted children that continued to follow them through adulthood and into old age constitutes

a.  multiple baseline research.

b.  cross-sectional research.

c.  trend research.

d. longitudinal research.

4.  Researchers have studied a group of nurses over several decades, collecting data on a variety of health and lifestyle issues.  This type of research is called

a.  longitudinal research.

b.  cross-sectional research.

c.  trend research.

d.  multiple baseline research.

5.  When research involves the simultaneous comparison of two different groups, it is termed

a.  multiple baseline research.

b.  cross-sectional research.

c.  longitudinal research.

d.  panel research.

6.  A researcher who wants to know if elderly people are more health conscious than younger people could study a group of elderly people and a group of young people to assess any differences.  Such an approach would involve

a.  multiple baseline research.

c.  longitudinal research.

d.  cross-sectional research.

7.  Many decades ago, psychologists discovered that comparisons of young and old people revealed that cognitive functioning declined in old age when cross-sectional research was used.  The same result did not appear with longitudinal research.  The problem here is that the results in the cross-sectional research were affected by

a.  cohort effects.

b.  baseline effects.

c.  wave effects.

d.  trend effects.

8.  Differences across age groups that occur because of different life experiences as the people in each age group grew up in very different circumstances are called

a.  baseline effects.

b. cohort effects.

c.  wave effects.

d.  trend effects.

9. When investigators take random samples from the same population over time, the methodology is called a

a. trend study.

b. cohort study.

c. cohort-sequential study.

d. panel study.

10. Researchers in the state of Vermont studied randomly selected high school students over time to see what percentage of them had experienced thoughts of suicide. This long-term study is an example of a

a. cohort study.

b.trend study.

c. cohort-sequential study.

d. panel study.

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