Multiple Choice Questions
1. (p. 43) In a study of human sexuality, a scientist : 1411444
Multiple Choice Questions
1. (p. 43) In a study of human sexuality, a scientist records various kinds of sexual encounters between heterosexual couples. The tape is then studied to ascertain patterns in their sexual behavior. Which of the following best describes this method of studying sexuality?
B. Eye tracking
C. Direct observations
D. Implicit Association Test
2. (p. 43) Which of the following is the most common method for measuring sexuality?
A. Eye tracking
B. Implicit Association Test
D. Pupil dilation
3. (p. 43) In a study, participants were made to wear optical devices that measured the point of their gazes. They were shown pictures in order to evaluate which parts of the pictures the participants stared at the most. Which of the following methods is described in this example?
B. Genital measures
C. Content analysis
4. (p. 45) Which of the following is a limitation of the use of fMRI in studying brain activity?
A. Participants must be lying very still to get good images.
B. Participants must not eat anything for 12 hours before they are tested.
C. The anatomy is measured but not the actual brain activity.
D. Repeated exposure may lead to brain damage.
5. (p. 45) A sex researcher is interested in studying the sexual behavior of all sexually-active 18-year-old Hispanic males living in the United States. He ultimately manages to study each one of these individuals. In this example, the researcher has gathered data from a:
D. probability sample.
6. (p. 45) A sex researcher is interested in conducting a study on the sexual behavior of African-American individuals in polyamorous relationships and manages to contact 60 such individuals to participate in the study. In research terms, this group of participants is defined as the researcher's:
D. control group.
7. (p. 45) A sex researcher is interested in understanding the trends in contraceptive use among women living in the United States. For this purpose, he obtains a convenience sample of 70 sexually-active 21-year-old females across the country. However, upon closer investigation, it was discovered that all the participants had one characteristic in common—they all had engaged in intercourse before the age of 15. Based on this we may conclude that:
A. the sample is highly representative of the entire female population of the country.
B. the results obtained from the study may not be true of all 21-year-old females.
C. the results obtained from the study are free from volunteer bias.
D. the results obtained from the study may be extrapolated to the population.
8. (p. 45) The most difficult part of the sampling procedure in sex research is:
A. contacting the people identified in the sample.
B. getting the people in the sample to participate.
C. adopting a method for obtaining the sample.
D. identifying the population to be sampled.
9. (p. 45) People who refuse to participate in sex research differ in some ways from those who do participate. This leads to the problem of _____.
C. implicit association
D. volunteer bias
10. (p. 45) In a study of sexuality, 500 possible participants were considered for a sample. These people were contacted and asked to participate in the study. Half of them agreed to participate. However, a majority of the participants were male. Which of the following problems is this study most likely to have due to high male participation?
A. Observer bias
B. Probability sampling
C. Volunteer bias